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ANCIENT COINS & ANTIQUITIES - FOR SALE

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We have quietly been selling as well as trading in coins and antiquities for over fifty years. We can't understand why most established dealers are selling for such outrageous prices on the web these days.
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Updated September 2022


Numismatic Art & Antiquities
Post Office Box 2
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Please refer to Ref.# ..... example: V1004 .... when considering an order or questions.


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N.B. - antiquities are listed at the bottom of this page.



Some of the Æ denominations derived from Anne Johnston's Methoden deer Auswertung (München Colloquium, 1994), as well as their valuations in relation to silver (i.e., the silver series).




ANCIENT BRITISH CELTIC COINAGE, SOUTHERN BRITISH IRON AGE, EARLY UNINSCRIBED ISSUES: The REGNI (Regini). Crescent Lyre Type. 60-40 B.C. AR Unit, probable mint Chichester. Central cogwheel surrounded by a pellet-ring and crescent-motifs (some of which appear bird-like). Rv. Celticized scissors-headed horse galloping l., hooves turned in; below, "Chichester Lyre" motif. 11mm., 0.68gm. CCI (Celtic Coin Index) 1511 = Cottam et al, Ancient British Coins (ABC) 710 (excessively rare; rim also rather ragged), otherwise apparently unpublished.  Exceedingly Rare. Apparently only a couple or so others known.  About VF, some rim loss, toned.   Ref# V1382   $175  Sold

EX Essex Coins, Doddinghurst, Essex, England > New York collection.

The Regnenses, Regni or Regini were a British Celtic kingdom whose capital was at the modern Chichester in West Sussex.


ANCIENT BRITISH CELTIC COINAGE, SOUTHERN BRITISH IRON AGE, EARLY UNINSCRIBED ISSUES: The CATUVELLAUNI. Amersham Moon Man Type, c. 55-45 B.C. Silver Unit, probable mint Agmodesham (Amersham). Celticized beardless male hd. l. with corded (i.e. braided) hair bordered with lunate locks at hair-line. Rv. Celticized annulate triple-tailed horse l. with triple-tail; leaf motif below. 13mm., 0.85gm. British Numismatic Journal (BNJ), 1989, pl. 20, 7. Cottam et al, Ancient British Coins (ABC) 2490 (extremely rare). van Arsdell -. BMC -. Mack -. S -.  Extremely Rare.   VF, slightly porous, some rim loss, dark find-patina, well-detailed and in good relief.  Ref# V1381  $245  Sold

EX Essex Coins, Doddinghurst, Essex, England > New York collection.

Chris Rudd: "This (obverse type) is arguably the most magnificent head to appear on an ancient British coin."

See Leu Numismatik 80, lot 46 (CHF 3'800.00 ~ $3,800+): "8 known" - also see one here at Spink which realized GBP £1320 ~ $2020 (incl. buyer's fee) and ours with arguably a more artistic rendering of this important and iconic early portrait-type.

The Catuvellauni were one of the most prominent Celtic tribes of their time, and also one of the richest. They were good agriculturalists and had some of the best soil in the country on which to farm. Nevertheless, as with all the pre-Roman Celts, they left no written records.



EARLY MEDIAEVAL BRITISH COINAGE: EARLY ANGLO-SAXON ENGLAND. Secondary* Sceattas, Silver Sceat, East Kent mint, c. A.D. 720-740. Diad. and dr. Saxon male bust r., wreath-knot behind head, holding cross; dotted border. Rv. Wolf-headed, coiled serpent r.; dotted border. 10-11mm., 0.95gm. Series K, Type 32a. Abramson K400. Metcalf, Thrymsas and Sceattas in the Ashmolean Museum, 307. North, London Connected Series, 89 (very rare). BMC - (but cf. 155).  Very Rare.  Good VF/VF, toned.   Ref# V1396    Sold

An example here sold for $5100 (incl. buyer's fee).

*These "secondary" sceattas differ from the "primary" in that this second period is considered the “golden age” of the coins. At this point a wealth of various styles, creative and innovative from the previous types, come to the forefront. There are relatively few die links among the secondary sceatta which shows how varied the coinage had become
(see A. Gannon, The Iconography of Early Anglo-Saxon Coinage, p. 12). For this particular type see Gannon, ibid, p. 139 and 140, fig. 4. 47.  The denomination, sceat, derives from the Old English sceatt, meaning "wealth," "money," and "coin," which has been applied to these coins since the 17th century based on interpretations of the legal codes of Mercia and of Kent under its king Æthelberht. It is likely, however, that the coins were more often known to contemporaries as "pennies" (Old English: peningas), much like their successor silver coins (d = denarius). Sometimes referred to as "lion-headed." North calls these denarii; sometimes they are referred to as quinarii. Gannon refers to them as silver pennies (ibid, viii, fig. 4.47).

Example in the British Museum (
broken and re-glued!).



Coiled, serpent-like creatures were a common protective motif in pre-Christian artwork. This symbol was assimilated into Christianity as a representation of Christ’s Resurrection (Gannon, pp. 137-8).

" .... the 'wolf' sceattas would seem to be a coinage of five to ten years' duration, in the 730's or early 740's. Their absolute chronology cannot be determined with any greater precision as yet." - Metcalf & Walker, THE 'WOLF' SCEATTAS, p. 20

CELTIBERIAN COINAGE. SECAISA. 107-90
          B.C. Æ Unit (As)

CELTIBERIAN COINAGE
. SECAISA. 107-90 B.C. Æ Unit (As). Bare hd. of young male r.; dolphins, upwards, behind and before. Rv. Horseman with lance adv. r., horse galloping; below ground-line, Celtiberian legend: SECaIZA. 25mm., 9.81gm. Abscal/Alberola 70 (ours of far superior preservation). Burgos - (but cf. 1685). Ripolles-Abascal 1579 (ours with superior surfaces). SNG Copenhagen 362 (8.69gm. and ours in far superior condition).  Rare.  Good VF, superb very dark green, almost black patina; difficult to photograph due to the dark patina; much better "in hand."   Ref# V1301    Sold

EX Admiral Pascual Cervera collection.

For the rarity also see iNumis 6, 2008, 114 (€450, and in similar condition).

The site of this Celtiberian city-state, also referred to by archaeologists and numismatists as Secaiza, Sekaisa or Segeda II - the Alexandrine historian Appian called it Σεγήδη (6.44) - has been located at Durón, the name of a place in the town of Belmonte de Gracián, located on the right bank of the Perejiles river. It is an extension in the area of the Poyo de Mara, where Segeda I is located. Both archaeological sites are only separated by the road and the Orera ravine, where the current limit of the municipal boundaries runs. For the latest research cf. F. Burillo, The Historical Development of a Celtiberian City-State.

For this dating utilizing the latest research cf. Fernando López Sánchez, Iberian Coinage and Gens Mariana (107-90 BC).

THE BALEARES: EBUSOS
            (IBIZA). Cuarto. Second-half of the 3rd/first-quarter of the
            2nd Cent. B.C. Bull adv. l., tail erect, hd. downward
            facing. Rv. Bes
THE BALEARES: EBUSOS (IBIZA). c. 225-218 B.C. Cuarto. Bull adv. l., tail erect, hd. downward facing. Rv. Bes squatting and facing, holding mace upward in his r. hand and serpent in his l. Æ16mm., 2.28gm. Marta Campo, La Moneda en La Necrópolis de Ebusus, p. 40, fig. 30 (ours in superior overall condition). Very Scarce. Good F, very dark brownish-green patina.   Ref# V1309  $22.50

EX Admiral Pascual Cervera collection.

Ebusus (now Ibiza), received its name (Ebusus = Island of Bes) from Carthaginian colonists who had introduced the cult of the originally Egyptian god Bes.

Iberia Punic Coinage
            Balearic Islands Cuarto Bull Bes
IBERIA. PUNIC COINAGE, The BALEARIC ISLANDS: EBUSUS (Ibiza). c. 214-75 B.C. Cuarto. Bull charging l. Rv. Crowned Bes facing, holding a club and snake. Æ17mm., 2.14gm.  Campo, Las Monedas de Ebusus 37.  Very Scarce. Good F, old chip. Very dark brownish-green patina.   Ref# V1312  $22.50

Ebusus (now Ibiza), received its name (Ebusus = Island of Bes) from Carthaginian colonists who had introduced the cult of the originally Egyptian god Bes.

EX Admiral Pascual Cervera collection.

         EBUSUS (Ibiza). 214-75 B.C. Æ Unit (Octavo). Bes
            mace Punic Coinage Iberia
IBERIA. PUNIC COINAGE, The BALEARIC ISLANDS: EBUSUS (Ibiza). 214-75 B.C. Æ Unit (Octavo). Bes stg. facing, sl. squatting, holding mace in his r. hand and serpent in his l. Rv. Bearded Bes, squatting and facing, his hands resting on his knees. 10-11mm., 1.11gm. Stannard, Ebusan Coins at Pompeii and the Pompeian Pseudo-mint: A Sign of Intensive Contacts with the Island of Ebusis, p. 151, and fig. 1, no. 27. Villaronga 92.  Rare.  Good F, dark brownish-green patina.   Ref# V1311  $19.50

EX Admiral Pascual Cervera collection

Ebusus (now Ibiza), received its name (Ebusus = Island of Bes) from Carthaginian colonists who had introduced the cult of the originally Egyptian god Bes.


For the rarity also see Jesús Vico, 143, 2015, 3065.

BALEARIC ISLANDS: EBUSUS
            (Ibiza), 2nd Cent. B.C. Octavo (Æ Unit). Grimacing Bes,
            fists clenched, facing Bull
BALEARIC ISLANDS: EBUSUS (Ibiza), 2nd Cent. B.C. Octavo (Æ Unit). Grimacing Bes, fists clenched, facing; dotted border. Rv. Bull butting r. on ground-line, hd. turned, almost facing; dotted border. 10-18mm., 1.22gm.  Burgos 709. Calico 34. Very Rare. Good F, dark emerald green and find patina.    Ref# V1310    Sold

For the rarity also see Elsen, 98, 2008, 2.

EX Admiral Pascual Cervera collection.

Ebusus (now Ibiza), received its name (Ebusus = Island of Bes) from Carthaginian colonists who had introduced the cult of the originally Egyptian god Bes.




      CELTIC COINAGE
              GAUL SEQUANES Sequani 80-59 B.C. Potin Unit, Besançon
              Vesontio celticized head Bull

CELTIC COINAGE. GAUL: SEQUANES (The Sequani). c. 80-59 B.C. Potin Unit, Besançon (Vesontio). Celticized hd. l., diad. Rv. Bull, tail erect, butting l. on ground-line. 19mm., 4.62gm. BMC 308.  Castelin, SLM (Keltische Münzen: Katalog der Sammlung im Schweizerischen Landesmuseum Zürich) 823.  LT - (but cf. 5368=obv. / 5401=rev.).   Rare.  EF, an unusually attractive rendering of the bull.   Ref# V1325  $47.50

This coin EX Lanz Munich 165, 2017, 4 here (€120 ~ $140).

The city of Besançon (Latin: Vesontio) is located in Eastern France, close to the Jura Mountains and the border with Switzerland, sits within an oxbow of the Doubs River (a tributary of the Saône River); a mountain closes the fourth side. During the Bronze Age in the mid-2nd Millennium B.C. tribes of Gauls settled the oxbow. From the 1st century B.C. onward, the town had a significant military importance because the Alps rise abruptly to its immediate south, presenting a significant natural barrier. The Arar (Saône) River formed part of the border between the Haedui and their hereditary rivals, the Sequani. According to Strabo, the cause of the conflict was commercial. Each tribe claimed the Arar and the tolls on trade along it. The Sequani controlled access to the Rhine River and had built an oppidum (a fortified town) at Vesontio to protect their interests. The Sequani defeated and massacred the Haedui at the Battle of Magetobriga, in 63 B.C. with the help of the Arverni tribe and the Germanic Suebi tribe under the Germanic king Ariovistus. Julius Caesar, in his commentaries detailing his conquest of Gaul, describes Vesontio (possibly Latinized), as the largest town of the Sequani, a smaller Gaulic tribe, and mentions that a wooden palisade surrounded it. Over the centuries, the name permutated to become Besantio, Besontion, Bisanz in Middle High German and gradually arrived at the modern French Besançon. The locals retain their ancient heritage referring to themselves as Bisontins (feminine: Bisontine).


  Gaul
      MASSALIA Marseilles Silver AR Obol Apollo Wheel      

SOUTHERN GAUL
: MASSALIA, Silver Obol, 2nd Cent. B.C. (before the last quarter). Young male hd. l., hair in hook-shaped locks. Rv. Wheel with four spokes, cantoned with M and A. D'Hermy, Series 7, 63/66.  Rare.  Good F, dark grey find-patina; difficult to photograph due to the size and dark tone.    Ref# V1078   $32.50

Found Aix-en-Provence some thirty years ago.

 
   Celto-Gallic Premonetary Ring Money
          Celts Belgium Belgica BELGAE
CELTO-GALLIC PREMONETARY RING-MONEY, the Celts in Belgium (Belgica): The BELGAE, 2nd/1st Cent. (before 65) B.C. Æ22mm., 5.37gm. Cf. Gold and Bronze Ring Money (in Le Secretariat du Congres, ed., Papers of The General Session 11 of The XIVth UISPP Congress of The University Of Liège, 2001 (Oxford, 2005), p. 1; Del Mar, A., History Of Monetary Systems (in Board of Celtic Studies Bulletin Vol. 35-37 (Oxford, 1988), pp. 90 and 120.  VF, nice patina.   Ref# V1238   Sold

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich ("VF").

CAMPANIA NEAPOLIS Naples
          Silver Nomos bull Nike wreath Sambon 449b
CAMPANIA: NEAPOLIS. c. 320-300 B.C. Silver Nomos (Didrachm). Filleted female head r.; pileus behind, monogram to lower r. Rv. Man-faced bull walking r., head facing, crowned by Nike flying r. carrying wreath, monogram below. 6.91gm. Sambon 449b. Almost VF/Fine, old dark tone with portrait in high relief.   Ref.# V1028    Sold
 
EX Numismatico Tintinna, Scandiano, Italy (their description and grade).

The obverse of this issue probably represents the Siren Parthenope who was the local goddess of Neapolis. The man-headed bull reverse, with and without Victory, was a type shared by a number of Campanian cities and may have generally been understood as representing Acheloös, the father of Sirens.

APULIA ARPI Hannibal
            Æ15-16 Helmeted Athena grapes HN Italy 650 RARE
APULIA: ARPI. Time of Alliance with Hannibal. 215-212 B.C. Sicilius (Quarter-Uncia). Helmeted head of Athena r. Rv. Bunch of grapes. Æ15-16mm., 3.34gm. HN Italy 650. SNG ANS 646. Montenegro, MIAMG (Monete di Italia Antica e Magna Grecia) 1006 (R).  Rare.  Good Fine     Ref# V1159     $39.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his description, rarity and grade).

The only example sold by CNG which realized $84 against an est. of $90 w/ BP.
   
Struck during the Second Punic War in Italy when the city was in alliance with Hannibal.

Arpi (Argyrippa or Argos Hippium) was an ancient city of Apulia, Italy, 20 mi. W. of the sea coast, and 5 mi. N. of the modern Foggia.  It was founded, according to Servius by Diomed, who went from Troy directly to Italy. Its territory extended to the sea, and Strabo says that from the extent of the city walls one could gather that it had once been one of the greatest cities of Italy. The town was loyal to Rome during the war with Pyrrhus, but went over to Hannibal following the disaster at Cannae in 217 B.C.

Remains of antiquity are scanty.

         CALABRIA TARAS Tarentum AR Diobol Head Herakles
            lion-skin headress club Herakles Nemean Lion
CALABRIA: TARAS (later, Tarentum). c. 325-280 B.C. AR Diobol. Head of Herakles facing, very sl. l., wearing lion-skin headress; club at l. Rv. Herakles stg. r., wrestling the Nemean Lion ; Φ between Herakles’ legs. 11mm., 0.86gm. BMC -. SNG Cop. 995. Vlasto 1348.  Rare.  Good Fine, crystallized, some loss; obverse portrait in very high relief.   Ref# V1234    Sold

For the rarity also see CNG 81, 2009, 49;
LHS Numismatik, 100, 2007, 69; Pegasi XXVI, 2012, 19: realized $360+, $940+ and $300 w/ BPs respectively.

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz ("Good Fine, crystallized").




LUCANIA: SYBARIS. c. 550-510 B.C. AR Third Nomos. Bull standing l., hd. r.; in ex., VM (= archaic SY in retrograde). Rv. Incuse bull stg r., hd. l. in incuse; no ethnic. 19mm., 2.27gm. SNG ANS 852 (sim. cond.).  RareGood F, pleasing toning and in excellent metal for this issue.   Ref# V1438  $215

This "1/3-nomos" issue is rare; the "nomos" is not.

Here at PR $610 w/ BP (2.18gm.); hammered at $968
w/ BP here and 2.26gm.); CNG 75, 2007, 25 (2.26gm., PR $1,080 incl buyer's premium) and CNG EA 445, 2019, 28 (PR $3,121 incl. buyer's premium).

For the rarity also see Heritage Auction 3037, Lot 29894. Superior to the Stack's, New York 2011 International Sale, Lot 13 (same condition, numerous chips).

       
SYBARIS, in alliance with Laüs (Laus, Laos). AR Obol of c. 500 B.C. Bull stg. r., hd. reverted. Rv. Incuse acorn within shallow circular incuse. 8-9mm., 0.37gm. Kraay, The Coinage of Sybaris after 510 B.C., pl. IV, 3. Sternberg, H.R., Die Silberprägung von Laos ca. 510-440 v. Chr., pl. 16, 11.  RRR!  Good F, broken and repaired, but a small coin with the repair virtually invisible "in hand," particularly on the obverse, and attractive original deep find patina, the crystallized silver visible through the cracks; perhaps a half dozen specimens known.   Ref# V1420    Sold

The acorn was the iconographic symbol of Laos, and here the acorn itself is depicted in incuse within a shallow circular incuse. Apparently struck by the Sybarites at Laus after the destruction of their city.

See CNG, 31, 2018, 109 for a specimen in similar condition (although intact), but called VF, which realized $1560 (incl. buyer's fee).



LUCANIA. Laüs (Laus, Laos). c. 480/470 B.C.  AR Stater (Nomos). NGC Choice VF. ΛAS. Bearded man-faced bull stg. l., looking back; dotted border. Rv. ΛAS (retrograde). Bearded man-faced bull stg. r. 21mm., 7.67gm. Sternberg 6 (cites 7 known specimens) and pl. 15, top row, 6,4 (rim damage). Babelon Tr. -. SNG ANS 133 (Sternberg quotes 153 in error). SNG Cop. - Weber -. HN Italy 2275. Very Rare. Golden toning throughout.  Choice VF   Ref# V1597   $835

Sternberg 6.5 = SNG ANS 133 (our specimen of the same dies and of superior quality to that example).

Montenegro, MIAMG (Monete di Italia Antica e Magna Grecia) 2159 (R3=Rarissimo, ITL 2,800K ~ $1,600 in VF).
 
Sternberg, H.R., Die Silberprägung von Laos ca. 510-440 v. Chr.

For what is apparently the only example of this issue ever offered by CNG, see CNG, Classical Coins, XXXIII, March 15, 1995, p. 12, lot 94 (Very Rare, Fair, porosity, $350).

The Sybaritic bull converted into the conventional river-god type to represent the river-god Laos.






Rev. head detail:



LUCANIA: LAÜS (Laus, Laos). c. 480/470 B.C. AR Stater (Nomos). NOM (retrograde). Man-faced bull stg. l., hd. reverted; pelleted border on raised rim. Rv. ΛAS (retrograde). Man-faced bull stg. r.  21mm., 7.47gm. Sternberg 7 (490/80-470 B.C.; cites 6 known specimens) and pl. 15, top l. (5,5).  BMC -.  Babelon Tr. -. SNG ANS -. SNG Cop. -. SNG Lockett -.  SNG Oxford 644. Weber -. Montenegro, MIAMG (Monete di Italia Antica e Magna Grecia) unlisted.  Very Rare.  Choice VF     Ref# V1595    $645

EX private New York collection. NGC (photo-certificate) included.


The obverse and reverse legends of this coin taken together compose the ethnic adjective Lavinos (= “of Laos”), the river-port colony of Sybaris, to which the remaining inhabitants of the mother-city would have fled after the destruction of Sybaris by Kroton in 510 B.C.

One here at Stack’s (“VF, Very Rare”) hammered at $5,350 against an estimate of S6,000-$7,000.

The Sybaritic bull converted into the conventional river-god type to represent the river-god Laos.





LUCANIA: LAÜS (Laus, Laos). c. 470/460 BC. AR Stater (Nomos).  NGC Choice VF  ΛAS (retrograde), Bearded man-faced bull standing left, head reverted; acorn in exergue. Rv. ΛAS (retrograde), Bearded man-faced bull standing right. 19mm., 7.78gm. Babelon, Traité II/1, 2103, pl. LXVIII, 3 (= 7.78gm.!). BMC 3. Kraay-Hirmer 216. Seltman, Greek Coins, pl. 18, 1. Sternberg 15, pl. 15, 6,3 = 15,10 (obv. with flattening, rev. off-center to r. with overstriking at l.). SNG ANS 136. HN Italy 2277 (ours of superior centering).   Very Rare.  Choice VF    Ref# V1598   $685  Sold

Montenegro, MIAMG (Monete di Italia Antica e Magna Grecia) 2162 (R3=Rarissimo, ITL 2,800K ~ $1,600 in VF).
 
For the rarity also see Stack’s, The Golden Horn Collection, 12.01.2009, 2057 (Choice VF, PR $7,000).




LUCANIA: LAÜS (Laus, Laos). (Ancient Greek: Λᾶος), c. 480-460 BC. AR Triobol (Sixth Nomos). (10.5mm, 1.12g, 6h). ΛA-S (retrograde). Man-headed bull standing l., head r. Rv. Man-headed bull standing right. 1.12gm. Sternberg 12 (V9/R11). SNG ANS 137 (= 1.07gm.; the only triobol listed of this type and in inferior condition to our example with both heads off the flan). HNItaly 2276 (not illustrated and thus probably badly worn). Very Rare. Good F, obverse with some porosity, pleasant find patina.    Ref# V1589   $125

Laos was located on the west coast of Lucania near the Bruttium border at the mouth of the Lao River.

For the rarity also see CNG E327, 2014, 199 and E489, 2021, 13.

Here at $780PR w/ BP - reads HNItaly 2275 (= stater) in error & rev. o/c !


  
   


LUCANIA
: LAÜS (Laus, Laos). 480/460-460/453 B.C., AR Triobol. In alliance with Sybaris. Man-headed bull stg. l., looking back. Rv. Acorn within shallow circular incuse. 1.16gm. HN Italy 2278 (slightly chipped and in similar condition with obverse just as weakly struck).  SNG ANS 138 (= 1.02gm.).  Sternberg, H.R., Die Silberprägung von Laos, 16, V9/R14 (obv. very weak). 
Very Rare.  About F, the silver now finely crystallized but stable with darkish grey toning.   Ref# V1418  $85

EX Dr. Busso Peus Nachf.

Montenegro, MIAMG (Monete di Italia Antica e Magna Grecia) 2165 (R3, ITL 400K ~ $225 in F).
 
For the rarity also see Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. 404, 2011, 2045.

Also see Gorny & Mosch 165, 2008, 1052 (PR €329 ~ $518 incl. buyer's premium, obv. hd. also somewhat weak)

The city, founded by the people of Sybaris, was located on the right bank of the Laos, the river that marked the boundary between Lucania and Bruttii. According to Herodotus, inhabitants of Sybaris who had survived the destruction of their city took refuge in Laüs.




LUCANIA: LAÜS (Laus, Laos). 5th Century B.C. Æ14-15. Wreathed hd. of Demeter r. Rv. Bird (thrush) stg. r. on branch; above, dolphin r.; to lower r., hd. of stag. 14-15mm., 2.71gm. BMC -. MIAMG 2173 (R2).  SNG ANS 146 (condition quite similar). SNG Cop. -. Very RareGood F/Near VF, mottled brown and dark olive patina, the surfaces actually quite smooth and the mottling not at all as obtrusive as the photos would suggest with a decent portrait of good relief.   Ref# V1615   $65

The bird is most likely a thrush and in particular the λαιός (laiós), equated with the Blue Rock Thrush, as discussed in SNG ANS.

The only specimen listed on acsearch last sold by Ars Classica (Spring Sale 2020, Lot 51) realized CHF420 ~ $435 with buyer premium.

       
LUCANIA: POSEIDONIA. c. 510-480 B.C. AR Obol. ΠOM (in retrograde, counterclockwise). Poseidon, wearing chlamys dr. over both shoulders, adv. r., brandishing spear. Rv. ΠOM (clockwise). Same type l.  Rare early transitional style. 0.52gm. BMC 56. Good F  Ref# V1137  Sold

Struck during the period between the destruction of Sybaris I and II.

         

LUCANIA: POSEIDONIA. c. 445-420 B.C. AR Sixth-Stater. Poseidon in attacking posture, striding r. Rv. Bull striding l. on ground-line. 1.25gm. Unpublished? (but cf. BMC 51 = obol).  Very Rare.  Fine, bold obverse with pleasant old dark toning; thick flan.  Ref# V1136  Sold

         
LUCANIA: POSEIDONIA, c. 320-315 B.C.,  Æ13. Poseidon advancing r., wielding trident overhead. Rv. Bull butting r.; caduceus above; EY below. 2.32gm. SNG Budapest 311.  Rare.  Really Good F, thick flan and of good style with a pleasant dark brownish green patina, thick flan.   Ref# V1135  Sold


LUCANIA: PAESTUM (Poseidonia). Second Punic War (218-201 B.C.). Uncia. Diad. hd. of Artemis r., bow and quiver at shoulder. Rv.  ΠAIS.  Ear of barley; to l., pellet (mark of value) and kerykeion (caduceus). SNG ANS Lucania 765. Crawford, Paestum 7/4. HN Italy 1204. Æ11mm., 2.51gm.  Montenegro, MIAMG (Monete di Italia Antica e Magna Grecia) 2663 (R, ITL 80,000 ~ $45 in F). Rare.  About VF, dark green patina with some earthen deposits.   Ref# V1120   $29.50

Rare symbol. Kerykeion is an alternative name for the Caduceus, a symbol of commerce.


EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his attribution, rarity and grading).


LUCANIA: PAESTUM. Second Punic War (218-201 B.C.). Uncia. Diad. hd. of Artemis r.; bow and quiver on her back shoulder; pellet (= mark of value) behind. Rv. ΠAIS. Ear of barley; pellet to upper l. Æ11mm., 1.68gm. SNG ANS Lucania 763 (= 1.68gm., and our rev. somewhat sharper). HN Italy 1195. Montenegro, MIAMG (Monete di Italia Antica e Magna Grecia) 2662 (R, ITL 80,000 ~ $45 in F).  Rare.   F to Good F, rather thick flan.  Ref# V1134  $14.50

For the rarity also see Bertolami Fine Arts, 6, 2012, 66.



LUCANIA: SYBARIS, 453-448 B.C., Silver Sixth-Stater.  MV𐐒A. Poseidon adv. r., wearing chlamys ending in tassels falling over both arms, about in attack pose. Rv. A𐐒YM. Bull r. on ground-line. 1.03gm. BMC 29. SNG ANS -.  Rare.   Fine, good style for this rare issue.   Ref# V1198   Sold

This elusive issue celebrates Sybaris' short-lived alliance with Poseidonia.

 
LUCANIA: THOURION (Thourioi; later, Thurium). AR Sixth-Stater, last-quarter of the 5th Century B.C. Hd. of Athena r., wearing crested helmet. Rv. Bull on ground-line, walking r., hd. lowered; tunny below. 11mm., 1.08gm. BMC 21.  Scarce.   Mediocre/Near F    Ref# V1138   Sold

      
LUCANIA: THOURION (Thourioi; later, Thurium). AR Sixth-Stater, last-quarter of the 5th Century B.C. Helmeted hd. of Athena r. Rv. Bull on ground-line, butting r.; tunny below. 11mm., 1.01gm. BMC 100.  About Fine  Ref# V1132  $16.50



       
LUCANIA: THOURION (Thourioi; later, Thurium). AR Trihemiobol, last-quarter of the 5th Century B.C. Laur. and helmeted hd. of Athena r. Rv. ΘOΥΡIO[N]. Bull on ground-line, walking r., hd. lowered; tunny below. 10-12mm., 0.83gm.  BMC 116.  Rare. VG, pleasant dark tone not apparent in the photo.  Ref# V1133  $14.50


  
LUCANIA: VELIA (Elea). c. 440-425 B.C. Silvered Drachm. Hd. of nymph r., hair bound with fillet and turned up behind. Rv. YEΛH. Owl stg. r. on branch; to r., olive-spray. Plated. Williams, The Silver Coinage of Velia, p. 42, 208A, 22(b) = Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 246 = 2.90gm. (also plated).  3.28gm.  Rare.  Near VF, a little verdigris.  Ref# V1131  $85



BRUTTIUM UNDER HANNIBAL
. Silver Quarter-Shekel (= Hemidrachm), c. 212/211 B.C. Wreathed hd. of Tamid (Tanit/Persephone) l. Rv. Horse stg. r.  12mm., 1.68gm.  Rutter, HN Italy 2015.  Rare.  Near VF/VF    Ref# V1192   Sold

Struck during the Second Punic War.



SICILY: AKRAGAS (later, Agrigentum). c. 505 B.C. Silver Didrachm. AKPAΓ-ANTOΣ (in retrograde, running clockwise from rim). Sea-eagle stg. l. with folded wings. Rv. Fresh-water crab. 8.33gm. BMC 8. Jenkins Ia. SNG ANS 909.  SNG Cop. -. Dewing -. Babelon –. Weber -. Grose -.   Rare.  VF, unusually well centered on an oblong flan.   Ref# V1190  Sold




SICILY: AKRAGAS (later, Agrigentum), 425/20-410/06 B.C., Onkia. AK-PA. Eagle stg. l., hd. turned r., on fish. Rv. Crab; below, grouper fish r. above pellet (= onkia/uncia, mark of value).  Æ16mm., 3.21gm. CNS -. SNG ANS 1060 (our specimen of superior detail, particularly on the obverse)Rare.  Near VF, mottled green and brown patina.    Ref# V1591    Sold

Rare and unlisted in the standard reference on Sicilian bronze coins (Calciati, Corpus Nummorum Siculorum: The Bronze Coinage).

Also far superior in detail to the Triskeles specimen (18, 2016, 17).

The Onkia was worth 1/12th of a Litra, another Sicilian denomination, and has given name to the Roman Uncia, the Ounce, and the Inch, which are all 1/12ths of something.


SICILY: AKRAGAS (Agrigentum). Phintias, 287-279 B.C. Hemilitra. Laur. hd. of Zeus l. Rv. Eagle stg. l. on hare.  Æ16mm., 3.86gm.  Calciati 116. Montenegro, MIAMG (Monete di Italia Antica e Magna Grecia) 3925 (R, ITL 120K ~ $68 in F).  Scarce. About F, dark patina; difficult to photograph, better in hand.  Ref.# V1076  $17.50

Phintias took power in Akragas and ridded the city of Syracusan domination after the death of Agathokles.





SICILY
: GELA. c. 430-425 B.C. AR Litra. Horseman l., bearded and helmeted, holding in r. hand reins, and in l. spear and round shield; horse prancing: plain border. Rv. CΕΛΑΣ. Forepart of bearded man-headed bull swimming r. 13-14mm., 0.59mm. Jenkins, Gela, 401. SNG ANS 82.  Good F, toned   Ref# V1408
   Sold

SICILY: GELA. c. 415-405 B.C. Tetras. Bull butting r.; in exergue, three pellets (= 3 onkiae = 1/4 litra = tetras). Rv. Hd. of youthful male river god (Gelas) r., his hair streaming upwards; behind, barley-ear. Æ15-17mm., 2.68gm.  Montenegro, MIAMG (Monete di Italia Antica e Magna Grecia) 4219 (R, ITL 180K ~ $100 in VF).  Scarce. About VF, flan a little irregular, but a well-centered example of good style with a pleasant dark patina.   Ref# V1419   $45



SICILY: HIMERA, c. 530-520/15 B.C., Silver Litra. Cockerel (cock, rooster) stg. r. Rv. Mill-sail quadripartite incuse within linear square. 11mm., 0.72gm. BMC 12. SNG ANS 144. Very Rare.  Nearly VF, toned.  Ref# V1632  $67.50

For the dating, also see CNG E502, 2021, 41.  For the rarity also see Roma Numismatics E8, 2014, 28 (0.60gm., edge chipped, £360 ~ $600).

Montenegro, MIAMG (Monete di Italia Antica e Magna Grecia) 4248 (R3) (ITL ₤250K ~ $140 in F, ITL ₤450K ~ $250 in VF).

One example sold here at $300.



SICILY: HIMERA. c. 420-414 B.C. Æ Hemilitron (= Hexonkion). Pan with conch shell and lagobolon (hunter's stick) riding goat r.; Corinthian helmet below. Rv. Nike flying left, holding filleted aphlaston and hem of chiton; six pellets (mark of value: 6 onkia) to left. 20mm., 5.93gm. Calciati (CNS) 27. Lindgren -. SNG ANS -. SNG Cop. 318. Weber -. Montenegro, MIAMG (Monete di Italia Antica e Magna Grecia) 4279 (R3, ITL 400K ~ $225 in F, ITL 800K ~ $450 in VF). Rare.  Good F, pleasant dark olive-green patina.  Ref.# V1088  $47.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (= Good F ). See Sear GCV p. 116, no. 1108 (£50 ~ $100 in F in 1978). As CNG Auc. 327, no. 424 (PR USD $240 not including buyer's fees)



SICILY: HIMERA, 415/410 - 409/407 B.C. Æ Hemilitron (= Hexonkion). Hd. of the nymph Himera l., hair bound in ampyx and sphendone; in front, six pellets (= mark of value). Rv. Six pellets within laurel wreath. 16mm., 3.23gm. CNS I, p. 43, 35. Montenegro, MIAMG (Monete di Italia Antica e Magna Grecia) 4284 (R, ITL 220K ~ $125 in VF, ITL 480K ~ $270 in EF).  Scarce. Good VF, attractive dark greenish-brown patina, difficult to photograph, much better "in hand."  Ref.# V1027  $37.50





SICILY: KATANE (later Catana, now Catania). Period of Transitional Art. Third-Quarter of the 5th Cent. B.C. AR Litra. Hd. of Silenos (Seilen, Silenus) l., wearing ivy wreath: border of dots. Rv. KATAN-AI(Ω)N, clockwise from lower l. Winged thunderbolt between two shields decorated with stars: no border. 10-12mm., 0.73gm. BMC - (but cf. 45 = no shields). SNG ANS 1269. Rare. Minor edge chipping, otherwise, VF, dark find patina.   Ref# V1412    Sold

For the rarity also see Jean Elsen 127, 2015, 78 (=
SNG ANS 1269, and an intact flan of 0.68gm.!).

Sear GCV 774 (BMC 46): £150/$318 in VF in 1978.


         
SICILY: LEONTINI (Leontinoi: Ancient Greek: Λεοντῖνοι, the modern Lentini). 475-466 B.C. AR Obol. Facing lion's scalp. Rv. ΛE (E retrograde, clockwise at r.) - OΝ (at l. clockwise).  Barley grain. 8-9mm., 0.48gm. Boehringer, Die Münzgeschichte von Leontini 19. SNG ANS 215 (litra). Montenegro, MIAMG 4329 (R3) (ITL 250K ~ $140 in F, ITL 480K ~ $ 270 in VF).  Very Rare.  Good F, light grey toning.   Ref# V1414  $37.50

See Sear 828  £120 ~ $240 in VF in 1978.

Leontini, ancient Greek town of southeastern Sicily, 22 miles northwest of Syracuse. Originally held by the Sicels (Siculi), its command of the fertile plain on the north made it an attractive site to the Chalcidians from Naxos, who colonized it in 729 B.C. Apollo was worshipped at Leontini with special devotion; the lion, his emblem, is here obviously an allusion to the name of the town. The corn-grains remind us that the Leontine plain was renowned for its extraordinary fertility (Cic. II Verr. iii. 18).


   

SICILY
: ZANKLE (later, Messana). Period of Archaic Art. 520/515-510/494 B.C. Silver Obol. DANK beneath dolphin leaping l., within sickle-shaped band representing the harbor of Zankle. Rv. Scallop-shell in center of incuse key-pattern. 11-12mm., 0.51gm. BMC 7. Rosen 62.  RareReally Good F - Near VF, slight rim-chip and very dark, original find patina.  Ref# V1410  Sold

One here which realized over $500 w/BP in similar condition (although not chipped).

One here of similar weight although not chipped which realized well over $3,000 w/BP.

A settlement of great antiquity, Zankle was a Sicel town even before the arrival of the Chalkidian colonists around 730 B.C. The name derives from the word for "sickle" - the shape of its natural harbor. The city was renamed Messana by Anaxilas who reigned over the city from 490 B.C.


        

SICILY: MESSANA. Period of Archaic Art. Time of Anaxilas. Silver Litra, 455-451 B.C.  Hare springing r. Rv. MES within olive-wreath. 10-11mm., 0.76gm. Caltabiano,  La Monetazione di Messana (Berlin, 1993) 345. E. Clain-Stefanelli, RBN 133, 1987, pl. XI, fig. 19.1. Demeester, Les Animaux et La Monnaie Grecque (Brussels, 2003) 24. BMC - (but cf. 9 = legend; 24 = types, but legend retrograde).  Rare.  Near VF, attractive original find patina. Surfaces more attractive than the images would indicate.  Ref# V1411    Sold

Aristotle (quoted by Pollux, Onomasticon 5.75) claims that Anaxilas introduced the hare to Sicily.


SICILY: MORGANTINA, c. 340 B.C., Æ Hexas (Onkia). Youthful female hd. of Sikelia (= Sicily: a personification of the island) r., wearing laurel wreath. Rv. M-OPΓAN-TINΩN. Tripod. 15mm., 3.54gm. Gabrici 152. Very Rare. VF, attractive dark patina.  Ref.# V1026  $145

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).

       

SICILY: PANORMOS (called Ziz by the Carthaginian and Phoenician traders; the present-day Palermo), c. 336-330 B.C. Trias. Laur. male hd. (Eshmun?) l. Rv. Forepart of horse r.; below, dolphin r.  Æ13-14mm., 2.43gm.  Calciati CNS 12.  SNG ANS -. SNG Cop. -. Montenegro, MIAMG 4613 (R) (ITL 120K ~ $65 in F, ITL ₤280K ~ $150 in VF).  Rare.  Good F, pleasant dark brownish-green patina; some earthen deposits, difficult to photograph, much better "in hand."   Ref# V1160   $16.50

Ziz =
Phoenician for "flower"

Eshmun (Phoenician
: lʾšmn) was a Phoenician god of healing and the patron god of Sidon.


EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his description, rarity and grade).

        

SICILY: SELINOS (Selinus). c. 417-415 B.C. AR Litra. Nymph Eurymedusa std. l. on rock, raising her veil with her r. hand, extending her l. to hold back coiled serpent before her Rv. ΣEΛINOEΣ, above. Bearded man-headed bull stg. r. 12mm., 0.57gm. BMC 40. SNG Cop. 602. SNG ANS 711. Very Rare. Symbols weak, otherwise, Near F, toned. Quite an elusive issue.  Ref# V1413  $27.50

For the rarity (RR) also see
Gorny & Mosch 229, 2015, 1085 (€240 ~ $256).


SICILY: SYRACUSE. Deinomenids (485–465 B.C.). AR Obol of c. 480-470 B.C. Diademed head of Arethusa r. Rv. Wheel of four spokes. 8mm., 0.78gm. Boehringer 364. SNG ANS - (but. cf. 116-118 = Boehr. 368, 369 and B52). Good VF, good archaic style and nicely toned; small coin, difficult to photograph, much better "in hand." Ref# V1139   $95

EX London Ancient Coins Ltd. (their grading).

The Deinomenids (485–465): Gelon I (485 B.C.–478 B.C.), Hiero I (478 B.C.–466 B.C.), Thrasybulus (466 B.C.–465 B.C.). Thrasybulus was deposed in 465 and Syracuse had a republican government for the next sixty years. This period is usually known as the Second Democracy (465-405). The extent to which Syracuse was a democracy in the same sense as Athens during this period is debated.


      

SICILY: SYRACUSE. Under Hiero (Hieron) I, 478-466 B.C. AR Litra of 470-466 B.C. ΣVRA (R retrograde). Hd. of Arethusa r., wearing diadem of pearls; border of dots. Rv. Octopus. 12-13mm., 0.58gm. Boehringer 460.  F - Good F, dark find toning.   Ref# V1405  Sold

In the standard references the octopus is sometimes alternatively referred to as either a sepia or cuttlefish (as in BMC, McGill etc.); "octopus" is more accurate (elongated body).


    

SICILY
: SYRACUSE. Second Democracy (465-405 B.C.). AR Litra of c. 465-460 B.C. Hd. of Arethusa r., wearing diadem of pearls; border of dots. Rv. Octopus. 11-12mm., 0.59gm. Boehringer - (but cf. 450 = longer tuft of hair on neck turned upwards under diadem). SNG ANS -. Good VF/VF, very attractive dark find patina, and the obverse much more beautiful, including the surface, than the photo would indicate.   Ref# V1407    Sold

In the standard references the octopus is sometimes alternatively referred to as either a sepia or cuttlefish (as in BMC, McGill etc.); "octopus" is more accurate with this elongated body.



SICILY: SYRACUSE. Second Democracy (465-405 B.C.). AR Litra of c. 465-460 B.C. ΣVRΑ, clockwise at r. Hd. of Arethusa r., wearing diadem of pearls; border of dots. Rv. Octopus. 10-12mm., 0.73gm. Boehringer 466.  SNG ANS -. VF, the darker toning on the cheek and chin of the portrait much less noticeable than the image would indicate.   Ref# V1406   Sold

In the standard references the octopus is sometimes alternatively referred to as either a sepia or cuttlefish (as in BMC, McGill etc.); "octopus" is more accurate (elongated body).


   

SICILY: SYRACUSE. Second Democracy (465-405 B.C). AR Hemidrachm, 413-405 B.C. Helmeted hd. of Pallas-Athena facing slightly l.; two dolphins around. Rv. Charioteer driving quadriga l.; above, Nike flying r. to crown the charioteer; two confronted dolphins in ex.  14mm., 1.83gm. BMC 231. Sear GCV 946 (£450 ~ $900 in VF in 1978). VF, pleasing old dark tone.  Ref# V1212   Sold

Struck during the Second Democracy, the time of the most famous engravers at Syracuse.

EX Gitbud & Naumann ("VF").


SICILY: SYRACUSE, Second Democracy. AR Hemilitra, c. 415-405 B.C. Hd. of Arethusa l., hair bound in ampyx and sphendone, and wearing earring. Rv.  ΣY-PA, and two dolphins in each quarter of a wheel of four spokes. 10mm., 0.32gm. SNG ANS 301. SNG Lloyd 1379. Very Scarce. Broken edge, otherwise, Near VF, pleasantly toned with golden apricot iridescence and an attractive portrait (not readily apparent in the photograph).    Ref# V1335    Sold

Struck during the Second Democracy, the time of the most famous engravers at Syracuse, although this example is unsigned; possibly from the workshop of Eukleidas or Eumenes.

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).

For the dating also see Numismatica Ars Classica (NAC), 59, 2011, 1574.


SICILY: SYRACUSE. Dionysos I (405-367 B.C.), Æ Hemilitron of 405/399 B.C. Hd. of Athena l., wearing Corinthian helmet. Rv. Hippocamp swimming l. 18mm., 7.21gm. Calciati II, 76, 34. SNG ANS 438.  Montenegro, MIAMG 5078 (R).  Fine to Good F, pleasant olivish-green patina.  Ref.# V1030  $27.50


ΩEX Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co., Munich.

  
   

MACEDON: ARGILOS. AR Tetartemorion. 495-478/7 B.C. Forepart of Pegasos l. within dotted border. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square. 9mm., 0.22gm. Cf. Liampi, Argilos, 54 (as CNG Triton XVI, 272 = Thirty-Second Stater = 8mm, 0.56gm.); Babelon Traité, p. 1243, 1820 (hemiobol of 0.44gm.). Also see Psoma, S.E., ΚΑΙΡΟΣ: Contributions to Numismatics in Honor of Basil Demetriadi, p. 170, 3.   VF, pleasant find-patina.   Ref# V1630   $47.50

EX Numismatik Lanz, Munich (their grading).

CNG Triton XVI, 272 sold for $360 w/ BP.

Also see Roma Numismatics, London, E6, 2014, 94 (8mm., 0.22mm.) which realized £204 ~ $338 w/ BP

The town's name was derived from its reddish argil soil.

Tetartemorion (Ancient Greek: τεταρτημόριον tetartēmorion) is the name of a silver coin minted in Ancient Greece, valued at 1/4 of an obol. Its name means "quarter part", from tetarton, meaning a fourth, and morion: part, portion.


       

MACEDON, DISTRICT of PANGAEA (Pangea): NEAPOLIS. Last quarter of the 5th/earlier 4th Cent. B.C. AR Hemidrachm. Hd. of Gorgoneion facing, tongue protruding. Rv. Hd. of the nymph (Parthenos) of Neapolis, her hair coiled and pulled up from behind by headband. 14-15mm., 1.50gm. SNG Copenhagen 227. SNG ANS 433. SNG Berry 41. VG/Fine, flan flaws; of good style and pleasantly toned in the fields and within the devices.   Ref# V1316   $32.50

For a discussion of Parthenos at Neapolis see Larson, J., Greek Nymphs (Oxford University Press, 2001), p. 173.



     

MACEDON, PANGAEAN DISTRICT: EION. c. 470 B.C. Silver Diobol. Goose stg. r., hd. reverted; above, salamander, facing l. downwards; Θ to lower l. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square. 11mm., 0.97gm. AMNG III/2, p. 139, 37. SNG ANS 273. VF, some horn silver (oxidation).    Ref# V1326   $49.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).

One here in inferior condition and lighter weight which realized 96 euros ~ $130 w/ BP.

Many numismatic references refer to the salamander as a lizard.

The obverse must certainly reference the aquatic life (including this type of salamandra altra: cf. Stanek's Encyclopedia of the Animal Kingdom, pp. 266-7) which haunts the shores of Lake Cercinitis (and the mouth of the Strymon River where this town was located) even into modern times (cf. Head, HN, p. 197). Eion sat at the mouth of the Strymon which flows into the Aegean from the interior of Thrace. It is referred to in Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War as a place of considerable strategic importance to the Athenians during the Peloponnesian War. Eion later became the port for the nearby city of Amphipolis. (Amphipolis, founded in 437 B.C., was located about 3 miles up from the Aegean.)





                                  


MACEDON: OLYNTHOS. Chalcidian League. Silver Tetrobol, c. 410-401 B.C. Laureate head of Apollo r. Rv. X-Α-Λ / ΚΙΔ-ΕΩΝ. Kithara (lyre) of seven strings within shallow incuse. 14mm., 2.06gm. SNG ANS 531 (same dies). VF-EF  Ref.# V1033  Sold

Sear GCV 946 (£175 ~ $350 in VF in 1978).

Same artist as the Sear plate coin!


EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his dating).

Originally a colony of Chalkis (Chalcis), Olynthos (Olynthus) became the center of oppostion to Athenian imperialism in the North, and was headquarters of the Chalkidian League (formed about 432 B.C.).


MACEDON: PELLA. 323-316 B.C. Silver Tetrobol. Young hd. of Apollo r., wearing stophion (taenia). Rv. Jockey on horse leaping r.; below, fulmen. 2.37gm.  SNG Berry 124.  Rare.  F/Near F, attractive dark cabinet toning not apparent in the photo.   Ref.# V1023  Sold

Minted under Philip III. The reverse commemorates Philip II’s victory in the equestrian events at the Olympic games in 356 B.C., the year of Alexander the Great’s birth (106th Olympics: Philip II won the race, riding his horse). Prior to that time, the Macedonians were considered by other Greeks as barbarians. It was an even greater honor for Philip to win the prize. In 356 B.C. his entry won the single horse event.

    

MACEDON: SKIONE (Scione). 470-454/3 B.C. Silver Hemiobol. Hd. of Protesilaos(?) r., wearing headband.  Rv. Corinthian helmet r. within incuse square. 7mm., 0.31gm. Klein 160. SNG ANS 714.  Rare.  Near VF   Ref# V1321  Sold

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his dating, grading and rarity).

In Greek mythology, Protesilaus (Ancient Greek: Πρωτεσίλᾱος, Prōtesilāos) was a hero in the Iliad (he was the first man who dared leap ashore when the Greek fleet reached the Troad) who was venerated in northern Greece. He was the son of Iphiclus, a "lord of many sheep." As grandson of the eponymous Phylacos, he was the leader of the Phylaceans. Scione (Ancient Greek: Σκιώνη) was an ancient Greek city in Pallene, the westernmost headland of Chalcidice, on the southern coast east of the modern town of Nea Skioni. It was founded c. 700 B.C. by settlers from Achaea; the Scionaeans claimed their ancestors settled the place when their ships were blown there by the storm that caught the Achaeans on their way back from Troy. It was situated on one summit of a two-crested hill and on the slopes toward the sea ... The hill with the fortifications and the pottery fragments constituted the acropolis of ancient Scione and the hill beyond was that on which the defenders encamped 'before the city.'"  Its moment of historical importance came during the Peloponnesian War, when just after the truce between Sparta and Athens in early 423 B.C., Scione revolted against Athens and was encouraged by the Spartan general Brasidas with promises of support. The Athenians sent a fleet to retake Mende and Scione; after securing the former, they besieged Scione. In the summer of 421 they finally succeeding in reducing it; they put the adult males to death, enslaved the women and children, and gave the land to Plataea, an ally of Athens. Tim Rood writes that "Thucydides lets us feel Skione's thirst for freedom," and says the result of his account "is not criticism of Skione's folly, but pathos." W. Robert Connor says that "the ultimate destruction of Scione was one of the most notorious events in the war, and almost any Greek reader would know of its fate." By the time of the Roman Empire, Scione had "almost vanished out of existence." However, according to recent surveys, Scione survived in the Roman (imperial) period as a vicus of the Roman colony of Cassandreia.


      
 

MACEDON: TRAGILOS. c. 400-380 B.C. Dichalkon. Hd. of Hermes r., wearing petasos. Rv.  ΤΡΑΙΛΙΟΝ. Rose; to r., grain-ear. Æ15mm., 4.48gm. Apparently unpublished example of the series of SNG ANS 907-12. Very Rare. VF, an attractive portrait in high relief with a pleasing dark green patina.   Ref# V1320   Sold 

Ex Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading and rarity).

For the rarity also see Obolos (Nomos), 9, March 3rd 2018, 547.

A silver obol was divisible into eight "coppers" (χαλκοί, khalkoí).

KINGS OF MACEDON
: AEROPOS, c. 396-394 B.C. Æ Unit (Dichalkon). Male head r., wearing the Macedonian kausia (petasos). Rv. Forepart of lion r. 13mm., 1.97gm. BMC 2. SNG ANS 80.   RRR   VF, beautiful dark patina with portrait of particularly fine style for this rare coin.   Ref# V1240   $175

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).

One here with far inferior portrait which realized $270 w/ BP.

Aeropos was the guardian of Orestes, the infant son of the king Archelaus, who had been assassinated in 399 B.C. Three years later he seized the throne. His coins are rare.





The MACEDONIAN KINGDOM (Kings of Macedon): ALEXANDER III, The Great. 336-323 B.C. AR Drachm, royal mint at Abydos, 325-323 B.C. Hd. of Herakles r., wearing lion skin headdress. Rv. ΑΛΕΧΑΝΔΡΟΥ. Zeus Aëtophoros std. l.; in lower l. field, forepart of Pegasos l.; monogram below throne. 17-18mm., 4.20gm. Price 1505. SNG München 472.  VF-EF, pleasantly toned and in good metal.   Ref# V1439   Sold

One here which realized $390 w/ bp (CNG Triton IX)


   

The MACEDONIAN KINGDOM (Kings of Macedon): ALEXANDER III, The Great. 336-323 B.C. Æ Unit. Amphipolis mint, 332-323 B.C. Hd. of Alexander as Herakles r., wearing lion-skin headdress. Rv. AΛEΞANΔPOY. Club and bow in bow-case; thunderbolt above; control-mark below. 18mm., 6.41gm. Price 275. Müller 22. SNG Alpha Bank 715-6.  VF/F, attractive medium forest-green patina.  Ref# V1318    Sold


KINGS of MACEDON: Alexander III “The Great.” 336-323 B.C. Æ Unit (Dichalkon). Uncertain mint in Macedon, 325 B.C. or later.  Hd. of Alexander as Herakles r., wearing lion-skin. Rv. Bow in case and club; below, fulmen. 17mm, 5.16gm. Price 376. SNG Alpha Bank 782.  About VF, attractive very dark brown, almost black patina. Difficult to photograph because of the dark patina - much better "in hand."  Ref# V1119  $17.50



MACEDONIAN EMPIRE: KING PHILIP III Arrhidaios, Tarsos, 323-317 B.C., struck under the generals Philotas and Philoxenus in the name of Alexander (the Great), AE Unit (Hemiobol in the silver series). Hd. of Herakles wearing lion skin r., kerykeion in r. field Rv. AΛEΞANΔPOY. Above and below, bow case and club, flanked by kerykeion and star in outer fields. AE20-21, 6.64gm. Price 3061. Müller 175. SNG Alpha Bank 850.  Rare.  Really Good VF, attractive very dark patina.   Ref# V1563   Sold

One here in similar condition and lighter weight which realized over $100 with buyer premium.

Arrhidaeus or Arrhidaios (Greek: Ἀρριδαῖoς), one of Alexander the Great 's generals and his half-brother, was entrusted by Ptolemy to bring Alexander's body to Egypt in 323 B.C., contrary to the wishes of Perdiccas who wanted the body sent to Macedonia. Arrhidaeus was the son of the Macedonian king Philip II (360-336) and a Thessalian woman named Philinna. He was the elder of Alexander; however, Alexander's mother was Philip's lawful wife Olympias, and therefore, Alexander was recognized as the crown prince.



The MACEDONIAN EMPIRE: PERDIKKAS (Perdiccas), as Regent of the Empire and Supreme Commander of the Imperial Army in Asia, 323-321 B.C. Æ Half-Unit, mint in Asia Minor. Hd. of Alexander as Herakles r. Rv. ΑΛΕ (to upper l.). Rv. Rider, himation flying behind, on horse in high gallop r.; below to r., head of kerykeion between B - A. Æ20-21mm., 3.65gm. Cf. Price 372b (5.52gm., and ours of overall superior preservation). (Price refers to these as Æ units ~6 grams; in that case ours must be a half-unit).  Extremely Rare.  VF, dark brownish-green patina.   Ref# V1444  Sold

EX Ares Numismatics, Netherlands (their grading) > private New York collection


For the rarity see Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. 376, 2003, 300 (6.47gm.) and ibid. E1, 2015, 25 (6.46gm.) which each realized 250 euros not including buyer's premium.

These issues were formerly traditionally attributed to an uncertain mint in Macedon and dated to c. 323-317 B.C.



The MACEDONIAN KINGS: ANTIGONOS (Antigonus I) Monophthalmos (the One-Eyed), 320-301 B.C. As Strategos of Asia, 320-305 B.C. AR Drachm, minted at the royal mint of Abydos in honor of Alexander, 308/7 B.C. Hd. of Alexander as Herakles r. Rv. ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ. Zeus Aëtophoros std. l.; monogram in l. field; ivy leaf below throne. 18mm., 4.15gm. Price 1527. VF, pleasantly toned.   Ref# V1440    Sold

One here at CNG which realized $360 w/ BP.


KINGDOM of MACEDON: ANTIGONUS II GONATAS, 277-239 B.C., Æ14 (Quarter-Obol in the silver series), Pella or Amphipolis mint. Hd. of Athena r., wearing Corinthian helmet. Rv. Pan adv. r., naked but for hair wreathed, erecting a trophy. 14mm., 2.39gm. SNG Cop. 1210. About VF, dark brown patina.  Ref# V1104  $15

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich

        

MACEDON
: KOINON of MACEDON. Autonomous issue of c. A.D. 231-5. Triassarion. AΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ. Diad. hd. of Alexander the Great r. Rv. KOINON MAKEΔONΩN NEΩ-. Alexander, cloak flying, riding r. on leaping Bucephalus. Æ27mm., 15.34gm. Apparently unrecorded but cf. AMNG III 388 (rev. legend); BMC Macedonia p. 23, 105 (same); SNG Hunterian 737 (horse cantering); SNG Cop 1355 (Elagabalus).  VF, attractive dark patina.  Ref# V1337  SOLD
Ex Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grade).
                  

THRACE: ABDERA, c. 360 B.C. Trichalkon (Τρεις χαλκός).  Ermostrates, magistrate.  ABΔΗ ΡΙΤΩΝ. Griffin rampant l. Rv. ΕΠΙΕ ΡΜΟΣ ΤΡΑ ΤΟΥ. Laur. hd. of Apollo r. within shallow circular incuse.  Æ17-19mm., 6.32gm.  Apparently unrecorded transitional issue (but cf. BMC 89, AMNG 181, Moushmov 2463: all with reverse portrait of Apollo within a linear square border).  Very Rare.  VF, rather thick flan.  Ref.# V1128  $85  SOLD

EX Gitbud & Naumann (their attribution and grade).


          

THRACE: ODRYSAI (Odrysae). Later 5th Cent. B.C. AR Tetrobol. Devolved hd. of Gorgoneion (Medusa) facing. Rv. "Cruciform quadripartite" incuse square. 12mm., 2.41gm. Topalov 56-57 (Odrysae).  About VF, pleasantly toned.   Ref# V1329  $32.50

Imitating a drachm of Parion (Parium).

The cruciform much more apparent "in hand."

The Odrysian Kingdom was a state union of over 40 Thracian tribes and 22 kingdoms that existed between the 5th century B.C. and the A.D. 1st century.

                 
THRACE, The ODRYSIAN KINGDOM: SPARADOKOS (Alexander I Sparadocus). c. 464-444 B.C. Silver Diobol, Olynthos mint. ΣΠ-A. Forepart of horse galloping l. Rv. Eagle with outspread wings and snake, hd. l.: all within shallow incuse square. 11mm., 1.23gm.  BMC Thrace: Kings of Thrace, p. 201, 1.  Youroukova, The Coins of the Ancient Thracians (Oxford, 1976) 20.   Rare.  VF, the fields pleasantly toned.  Ref.# V1025  $85

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich/Numismatik Lanz München (his grading and rarity).

For another example of this rare issue also see Numismatik Lanz München, Auction 156 (2. June 2013), lot 91: VF (and obverse legend almost invisible), PR €260/$338

One here at CNG which realized $450 w/ buyer prem.

Sparadokos was the first of the Odrysians to strike coinage.


Another, as above.
10-11mm., 1.30gm. VF+, pleasantly toned.   Ref# V1436  $120  SOLD

   
KOTYS (Cotys) I, King of Thrace, 384-359 B.C., AR Trihemiobol (Quarter-Drachm), minted at Kypsela (Cypsela) (Κυψέλη). Bearded hd. of Kotys as Sabazios (Dionysos of Thrace) l. Rv. KO. Kotyle (twin-handled cup); ivy-leaf at r.  0.68gm. Topalov 96.  Rare. VF, toned.  Small coin with an excellent portrait not fully captured in the photograph.  Ref# V1182   Sold

The kotyle, a vessel form originating in Corinth, is here a punning allusion on the king's name as well as an attribute of Dionysos.

For the rarity also see Pegasi XXVI, 2012, 72 and
Gorny & Mosch 232, 2015, 101.

     

KINGS of THRACE (Thracian Kingdom), SEUTHES III, king of the Odrysians, 341-300 B.C.  Æ Unit, Seuthopolis (Σευθόπολις), c. 324-316 B.C.  Eagle stg. r. Rv. Name of king within wreath. 16mm., 2.01gm. SNG Stancomb 292. Youroukova 97. Peter 3.1.2.  Scarce.  About VF, good very dark patina.   Ref# V1317  Sold
 
Seuthopolis (Ancient Greek: Σευθόπολις) was founded by the Thracian king Seuthes III, and was the capital of the Odrysian kingdom. It was a city, built on the site of an earlier settlement. It was not a true polis, but rather the seat of Seuthes and his court. His palace had a dual role, functioning also as a sanctuary of the Cabeiri, the gods of Samothrace. Most of the space within the city was occupied not by homes but by official structures, the majority of the people living outside the city. It had Thracian and Greek populace. In 281 B.C. it was sacked by Celts. The dual role of Seuthes' palace (royal court and sanctuary) indicates that Seuthes was a priest–king: the high priest of the Cabeiri among the Odrysian Thracians. According to Seuthopolis’ sign, sanctuary of Dionysius/Sabazios was situated on the square. The cemetery of Seuthopolis included a number of brick tholos tombs, some covered by tumuli, in which the upper-class were interred, sometimes along with their horses. The less affluent were cremated, with modest grave goods laid alongside.

Bronze bust of King Seuthes III

The ruins of the city were discovered and excavated in 1948 during the construction of the Koprinka Reservoir. However, it was decided to continue with the construction and flood the dam, leaving Seuthopolis at its bottom.


KINGS OF THRACE. MOSTIS. 139/138 - 101/100 B.C. Æ19-21 of c. 125 B.C., most probably minted at Bisanthe. Laureate hd. of Apollo r. Rv. BAΣIΛEΩΣ MOΣTIΔOΣ. Horse adv. l.; above, monogram. 4.12gm. SNG BM 310. SNG Cop. 1174.  Rare.  Fine to Good F, legends complete.   Ref.# V1103  $27.50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich

One here which realized €360 euros ~ $460 w/ BP.



THRACE
: APOLLONIA (Pontika, Pontike, Pontica), Silver Drachm, c. 390 B.C. Hd. of Medusa (Gorgon, Gorgoneion) facing, hair in ringlets, tongue extended. Rv. Anchor with crayfish at l. and A (=Apollonia) at r.  2.81gm. Very rare variant, unrecorded for this less grotesque portrait and drachm under the Phoenician weight standard of the 4th century.  Good VF   Ref# V1152   Sold

As Lanz Auk. 80, 79 (DM350 ~ $255).

EX Professor James Hartley Nichols collection.



THRACE: APOLLONIA, ca. 390 B.C., Silver Drachm. Hd. of Gorgoneion (Gorgon, Medusa) facing, tongue extended, hair curled in circlets. Rv. Anchor; A (= Apollonia) to l.; crayfish (crab) to r.  2.85gm.  SNG Cop. 457.
Grose/McClean 7318. SNG BM 161.  Good VF   Ref# V1153    Sold

For the dating see Numismatik Lanz München Auk. 80, 77



    

    

SKYTHIA (The Scythians): OLBIA, c. 437-410 B.C. Cast Æ Hemitetartemorion. Dolphin r. Rv. APIX.  25mm., 2.08gm.  Anokhin 179.  BMC -.  SNG BM - (but cf. 374-6).  Scarce.  Fine, brownish-green patina.   Ref# V1334   $29.50

Ex Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his dating and grading).

Hemitetartemorion (eighth-obol) in the silver series.

Denomination by weight per Nieczitajlo (65).


SKYTHIA (The Scythians): OLBIA, last decade of the 5th Century B.C. Cast Æ Hemitetartemorion. Dolphin l. Rv. ΘΥ. 26mm., 1.78gm. Anokhin 180. BMC 20. SNG BM 369. SNG Stancomb 339. Good VF, attractive dark brown patina, much more attractive in hands.   Ref# V1333   $55

As Naville Numismatics, 37, 2018, 89 (EX E.E. Clain-Stefanelli collection).

Hemitetartemorion (eighth-obol) in the silver series.

Dating and denomination by weight per Nieczitajlo (86-8).

An example in only fair condition sold by Seaby's (1966) for £10 (= 1966/$26.55 ~ 2017/$200). Valued by Seaby's in Fine condition at £200 in 1975.


       

The THRACIAN ISLANDS (Islands off Thrace): THASOS, c. 500-480 B.C., Silver Hemiobol, minted at the city of Thasos. Dolphin swimming r., between pellets. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square of millsail-pattern. 8mm., 0.30gm. BMC 23 (exact same wt.).  Rare.  Near EF     Ref# V1572   $49.50   Sold

EX Lanz Munich (same attribution and grading).


     

The THRACIAN ISLANDS (Islands off Thrace): THASOS, c. 500-480 B.C.,  Tetartemorion (Eighth-Hekte, Quarter-Obol) c. 500-480 B.C. Mint: city of Thasos.  Two dolphins; in opposite directions, r. and l., around, three pellets. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square. 7mm., 0.18gm. Apparently unpublished, but cf. BMC 18-21 (hemiobols).  Rare.  Cleaning marks, otherwise VF     Ref# V1566   $47.50   Sold

EX Lanz Munich (same attribution and grading).



The THRACIAN ISLANDS (Islands off Thrace): THASOS, c. 412-404 B.C., Thasos. AR Trihemiobol. Satyr running l., holding kantharos in r. hand. Rv. ΘAΣ-IΩN. Amphora: within shallow incuse. .67gm. Le Rider, Thasiennes 27. SNG Copenhagen 1030. VF/Good F, holed.  Ref.# V1029   $49.50


The THRACIAN ISLANDS (Islands off Thrace): THASOS, c. 412-404 B.C., Thasos. AR Trihemiobol. Satyr running l., holding kantharos in r. hand. Rv. ΘAΣ-IΩN. Amphora: within shallow incuse. 10-11mm., .051gm. Le Rider, Thasiennes 27. SNG Copenhagen 1030. Fine, some flan loss. Pleasant light tone and in good relief with better surfaces than the images would imply.   Ref# V1376   Sold

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).


The THRACIAN ISLANDS (Islands off Thrace): THASOS. AR Trihemitartemorion = 3/8 obol (Phocaean Standard, silver), c. 412-404 B.C. Mint: city of Thasos.  Hd. of nymph l., hair bound with taenia. Rv. ΘΑ-Σ. Dolphin l., floating within incuse square. 6mm., 0.20gm. Apparently unpublished, but cf. BMC 63; Le Rider, Guide de Thasos, pl. I, 13; SNG Lockett 1239 (all hemiobols).  RRR!  VF, attractive old dark toning.    Ref# V1188   Sold

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).

See Berk, Gemini XI, nos. 84-86 (all hemiobols) @ $500, $350 and $500 respectively.


 

THESSALY: KIERION. c. 400-370 B.C. AR Trihemitartemorion. Laur. hd. of Zeus r. Rv. Κ-Ι-Ε from l., up circular, the Ε retrograde. Hd. of the nymph Arne r., her hair bound up and held with a band or a diadem. 7-8mm., 0.27gm. BCD Thessaly II 98 (see below).  Very Rare.  Chipped, otherwise, VF, toned.

As Triton XV, Lot 98 (sold for $1440 incl. buyer’s fee) = same dies ! - and our example somewhat sharper in strike !

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich/Numismatik Lanz München (his grading).

For the rarity also see Nomos 6, 2012, 59 ("This coin is of great rarity.").

  

Another, same issue.  7-8mm., 0.21gm.  Ex Swiss collection.  Chipped, otherwise, Good F, toned.

N.B. Hoover (in his Handbook) states that the hemiobols of this type weigh in the vicinity of 0.50 grams; these two examples, taking their flan losses into account, must therefore be considered trihemitartemoria. He records the hemiobol as very rare.


The lot of two,   Ref# V1421  $140 



THESSALY: LARISSA. c. 370-360 B.C. Dichalkon. Hd. of the nymph Larissa l., wearing pendant-earring and plain necklace. Rv. Laur. and bearded hd. of Asklepios r. with snake rising r. before him: all within shallow circular incuse. Æ16mm., 3.65gm. SNG Copenhagen 146. Very Rare. VF, pleasant dark brown patina.  Ref.# V1032  $60

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).

For the rarity also see Nomos, Auction 4, Lot 1164.


THESSALY: LARISSA. c. 360-344 B.C. Æ Trichalkon. Hd. of the nymph Larissa facing slightly l., wearing ampyx. Rv. Thessalian horseman advancing r. Æ18-20mm., 5.30gm. Rogers 287a (= HGC 4, 525 = RR).  Very Rare.  Fine  Ref.# V1102  $47.50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich.


  
THESSALY: LARISSA. c. 344-321 B.C. Æ Dichalkon. Hd. of the nymph Larissa r., wearing saccos. Rv. Horse grazing r. 15mm, 3.79gm., 12h. BCD Thessaly 390. BMC 89. Brown patina, VF/Good Fine, nice dark brown patina with a little dark red mottling.   Ref# V1109  $24.50

EX London Ancient Coins Ltd., London (their  description and grade).


       
            


THESSALY
: LARISSA, late 4th/early 3rd Cent. B.C. AR Trihemiobol. Hd. of the nymph Larissa three-quarters l., wearing ampyx. Rv. Thessalian horseman charging r. on horseback. 11mm., 1.10gm. HGC 4, 515 (= rare). Babelon IV, 5. BCD Thessaly II, 341.   Rare.  Good F   Ref.# V1106  $65

EX London Ancient Coins (LAC) - their grading. Dating according to CNG. A rare issue on the Symmachic ("League") Monetary Standard in the early Hellenistic period.

             

THESSALY: LARISSA, late 4th/early 3rd Cent. B.C. AR Obol. Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly l. Rv. Horse grazing r. 10mm, 0.66gm.  BCD Thessaly 385.6.  Scarce.  VF  Ref.# V1105   $85

EX London Ancient Coins (LAC) - their grading
. A scarce issue on the Symmachic ("League") Monetary Standard in the early Hellenistic period.

       
THESSALY: OITAIOI (Œta, Oeta). c. 279-168 B.C. Dichalkon. Wreathed hd. of Herakles Bibax r. Rv. Jawbone of boar r.; above it, spearhead r.; between them, monogram. Æ16mm., 5.12gm. Rogers 420. Scarce. Good F, pleasant dark patina.   Ref# V1307  Sold


    
THESSALY: PELINNA. First-half of the 4th Cent. B.C. Chalkon (Chalcous, Chalkus). Thessalian cavalryman, cloak flying, on horse jumping r. Rv. ΠΕΛΙΝ-ΝΑΙΚΟΝ. Thessalian infantryman adv. r., holding shield and spear. 16mm., 2.03gm. HGC 4, 280 (= RR).  Very Rare.  Near VF, pleasant very dark brownish-green patina.   Ref# V1398   Sold

For the depictions see A. Moustaka, Kulte und Mythen auf thessalischen Münzen (Cults and Myths on Thessalian Coins), Würzburg 1983, p. 55 and pl. 7, 142-143.

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).


   

THESSALY: PHARKADON (Pharcadon). Silver Obol, c. 462/1-460 B.C. Hd. and neck of bull r., hd. facing. Rv. Φ Α. Hd. and neck of horse l. within incuse square. 12mm., 0.75gm. HGC 4, 294 (= RR). Liampi, Corpus 1 (V1/R1). BCD Thessaly II 614.1.   Very Rare.  Near VF    Ref# V1324    $42.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his dating and grading).




               

THESSALY: PHARSALOS (Pharsalus), end of 5th Cent. / c. 345 B.C.,  Silver (AR) Hemidrachm.  Dies signed by Telephantos and Th–.  Helmeted hd. of Athena r.; to l., at the nape of the helmet and neck, T above Θ.  Rv. Hd of horse r.; Φ A P Σ around from upper l. (PΣ retrograde): all within incuse square. 15mm., 2.80gm. Lavva 147 (V69/R81). BCD Thessaly II unlisted (but cf. 668.3 [= signed Θ above IΠ on obverse]). Near VF    Ref# V1216   $42.50  

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).

Struck before Pharsalos joined the Macedonian Kingdom under Philip II.

There was an example in the BCD Collection which was not published in BCD.

Signed by the master engraver Telephantos and Th-, perhaps his pupil. The Attic helmet worn by Athena was relatively impractical in battle since it offers much less protection than the Corinthian helmet, so it has been suggested that the Athena on the obverse is the city’s patron goddess, Athena Polias. The horse on the reverse alludes to the fact that the Thessalians had the best cavalry and bred the best horses. Alexander the Great’s famous horse, Bukephalos, for example, came from Thessaly.

Pharsalos was an important city in the south of ancient Thessaly. It claimed to be the Homeric Phthia, the birthplace of Achilles.


   
LOCRIS (Lokris, Opuntian Locris): The LOCRI OPUNTII (Lokri Opuntii, Opuntian Lokrians, Opuntian Locrians). c. 380-338 B.C. Silver Triobol, Opous (Opus) mint. Wreathed hd of Demeter r. Rv. OΠONTIΩN. Ajax adv. r., naked but for crested helmet, brandishing sword and shield decorated with serpent; between legs on ground, crested Corinthian helmet l. and broken spear diagonally. 16mm., 2.35gm. Apparently unpublished, but cf. HGC 4, 997 (already rare).  Near VF, attractive style portrait, some horn silver.   Ref# V1217   Sold

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his dating, description and grading).




LOCRIS (Lokris, Opuntian Locris): The LOCRI OPUNTII (Lokri Opuntii, Opuntian Lokrians, Opuntian Locrians). c. 338-330 B.C. Silver Obol. ΛO (on l., downwards), KP (on r., upwards). Amphora; small bunch of grapes to upper l.; ivy leaf to upper r. Rv. Star of sixteen rays emanating from a pellet in a linear circle: the whole in a dotted circle. 11mm., 0.61gm. Delbridge, Locri Opuntii Corpus, Group 8, 105h.  Scarce.  Near VF  Ref# V1327   $35

Ex Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grade).


           

LOCRIS
(Lokris, Opuntian Locris): The LOCRI OPUNTII (Lokri Opuntii, Opuntian Lokrians, Opuntian Locrians). Last quarter of the 4th Century B.C. Æ Unit (Chalkon, χαλκον), Opous (Opus) mint. Helmeted hd. of Athena r. Rv. Bunch of grapes with tendrils and vine leaves; ΛOK to l., downwards; ΡΩN to r., upwards; O above grapes. SNG Christomanos 706. 8-12mm., 2.01gm.  RR!  F to Good F, oblong, thick flan of good golden orichalcum.   Ref# V1328   $17.50


BOEOTIA: TANAGRA. 387-374 B.C. AR Obol. Boeotian shield. Rv. T A. Protome of horse l. 0mm., 0.93gm. BMC 40. SNG Cop. -.  Rare. VF  Ref# V1115   Sold

EX Numismatik Naumann GmbH, Munich (their grade).

For the rarity also see Fritz Rudolf Künker 62, 2001, 78 and 97, 2005, 576.

Tanagra, the most important city in southeastern Boiotia, was famous for its terracottas, their fighting cocks and the best wine in Boiotia.

BOEOTIA. Federal Coinage. Earlier 3rd Cent. B.C. Æ12 (Chalkon, χαλκον), mint of Haliartos(?). Boeotian shield. Rv. Ornamented trident; on r., dolphin. 1.38gm. BCD Boiotia 77.  Rare smaller denomination.  About VF    Ref# V1140   $17.50  


BOEOTIA. Federal Coinage. Earlier 3rd Cent. B.C. Æ13 (Chalkon, χαλκον), mint of Haliartos(?). Boeotian shield. Rv. Ornamented trident; on r., dolphin. 1.94gm. BCD Boiotia 77.  VG-F    Ref# V1141   $12.50

EX Solidus Numismatik, Munich


BOEOTIA
. Federal Coinage. Earlier 3rd Cent. B.C. Æ18-19 (Trichalkon). Hd. of Athena r., wearing Corinthian helmet. Rv. Trophy of arms with helmet, shield and spear. 5.31gm. BCD Boiotia 88. Scarce. VG    Ref# V1142   Sold

    
BOEOTIA. Federal Coinage. Earlier 3rd Cent. B.C. Æ20 (Trichalkon). Hd. of Athena r., wearing Corinthian helmet. Rv. Trophy of arms with helmet, shield and spear. 5.76gm. BCD Boiotia 88. Scarce. G-VG    Ref# V1143   $4.



  

EUBOEA (Euboia): HISTAEA (Histiaia), Silver Diobol, 178-168 B.C. Hd. of the maenad Histiaea r., wearing earring and necklace, wearing wreath of grapes and vine leaves. Rv. Histiaea in long gown sitting on ship's prow r., l. hand on stylis (mast), r. resting on deck. 14mm. overall, 0.52gm.  Unpublished, including BCD Euboea, but see Münzen & Medaillen GmbH Auk. 36 (30 May 2012), no. 288. The proportionate loss to the rim unquestionably identifies this coin as the rare  diobol issue.   VF-EF, but rim loss; a little verdigris on the reverse.  Ref# V1215   Sold


ATTICA
: ATHENS. AR Tetradrachm, struck c. 431-421 B.C. Hd. of Athena r., of archaic style, wearing round earring and Attic helmet adorned with olive leaves over visor and a spiral-palmette on the bowl. Rv. Owl stg r., wings closed, hd. facing; behind, olive sprig with two leaves and berry and decrescent moon: all within incuse square. 25mm, 17.21gm. BMC Class β, 67-68, pl. IV, 2 & 3. Flament, C., Le Monnaye en Argent d’Athénes (2007), Group II 13/b and pl. VIII, 1  (c. 440-420 B.C.). SNG Fitzwilliam 3070. Starr XXII, 7.  Sverdrup & Schlyter, Modeling the Survival of Athenian Owl Tetradrachms, p. 7 (Flament IIb, 431-425 B.C.). Svoronos pl. 11, 14 (time of the Peloponnesian War, until 429). About VF, test cuts but very stable.    Ref# V1402   Sold

See one here which sold for $5,000

The trending of these issues at MA Shops
/ VCoins





ISLANDS off ATTICA
: AEGINA. c. 370-350 B.C. Chalkon. Two dolphins swimming in the same direction. Rv. Incuse square of of conventional Aeginetan “skew” pattern of five compartments; A in one of the compartments. Æ12-13mm., 2.11gm. BMC 213. Kroll, Agora, p. 220 and pl. 27, 662 (ours of superior condition). Very Rare. VF, nice dark forest-green patina with earthen highlights, and of good weight for these issues.    Ref# V1622    $70

One here which realized £156 = $210 w/ BP.


        

CORINTHIA
: CORINTH. Silver Drachm. Minted 315-306 B.C. Pegasus flying l., koppa below. Rv. Hd. of the nymph Peirene l., wearing sphendone and long earring;
delta below chin, omphalos phiale behind.  16mm., 2.42gm.  BCD -.  BMC 304. Flan a bit ragged, otherwise, nearly EF   Ref# V1201   Sold

Lovely style. For the more recent (2014) attribution of the obverse of this particular issue as depicting the head of Peirene rather than Aphrodite, see Ellen Papakyriakou/Anagnostou's COINAGE OF CORINTH. Pirene or Peirene (Πειρήνη) is the name of a fountain or spring in Greek mythology, physically located in Corinth. It was said to be a favored watering-hole of Pegasus, sacred to the Muses. Poets would travel there to drink and receive inspiration. The legend about Peirene is that she was a woman who became a spring because of her tears shed in lamentation for her son Cenchrias, who was unintentionally killed by Artemis.

     

CORINTHIA: CORINTH. c. 306-303 B.C. Chalkon (χαλκον). Pegasos flying l. Rv. Ornamented trident-head; symbol to r. Æ13mm., 2.02gm.  Apparently unpublished  (but cf. BMC 429 and BCD Corinth 258).  Rare.  VF, pleasantly toned.    Ref# V1336   $32.50

Ex Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his dating, rarity and grading).


CORINTHIA: CORINTH.
 223-196 B.C. Æ12. Hd. of Herakles r. Rv. Forepart of Pegasus r.: koppa and HP monogram below.
 1.89gm.
 BCD Korinth 310. Price Class E, 2.  Very Rare.  VF, some earthen deposits; a small coin better in hand.   Ref.# V1024  Sold

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading and rarity).



PELOPONNESOS
. PHLIASIA: PHLIOUS (Phlius). Chalkon (χαλκον, Chalkous), first-half of the 4th Century B.C. Bull butting left. Rv. Large phi with a pellet to either side. 1.44gm. BMC 14. SNG Copenhagen 10.  Rare.  G-VG  Small coin, better in hand.      Ref# V1202   Sold

EX Solidus Numismatik, Munich.



PELOPONNESOS. PHLIASIA: PHLIOUS (Phlius). Chalkon (Chalkous). c. 280-270 B.C. Bull (forepart) butting l. Rv. Large phi surrounded by garland of ivy. Æ12-13mm., 1.40gm. MacIssac Issue 3, J; BCD Peloponnesos 145-6 (otherwise apparently unrecorded). Very Rare.  F/VF   Ref# V1203   Sold

EX Solidus Numismatik, Munich.

    
The AEGEAN ISLANDS. The CYCLADES: TENOS (the island Tinos), c. late 1st Cent. B.C. / early A.D. 1st Cent., Chalkon. Trident between two dolphins swimming downwards. Rv. THN-IΩN. Cantharus (kantharos). AE15-16mm., 1.90gm. BMC (Crete and the Aegean Islands) -. SNG Cop. -.  SNG BN (Paris) 493 (similar condition).  RPC I, 1304 (similar condition).  Very Rare.   Good F, pleasant patina.    Ref# V1623   Sold

Not in BMC but one here on the British Museum site as listed by RPC at Oxford.

None on acsearch!



PONTOS
: AMISOS. Civic issue under Mithradates VI, Eupator, “The Great,” 85-65 B.C., Assarion (ἀσσάριον). Laur. hd. of Zeus r. Rv. AMIΣOY. Eagle stg. l., hd. r., on thunderbolt, wings open; monogram to l., star to r. 20-22mm., 6.60gm. SNG Stancomb 705.   Ref# V1627   Good VF, attractive dark greenish-brown patina.  $55

One here at CNG which realized $112.80 w/ BP with part of ethnic off the flan and ours of arguably better style.

      

PONTOS  (Pontus): AMISOS (Amisus). Time of Mithradates the Great (120-63 B.C.). Assarion, c. 85-65 B.C. Laur. hd. of Zeus r. Rv. ΑΜΙΣΟY (below thunderbolt). Eagle stg. l. on thunderbolt, hd. turned to r., on thunderbolt; monogram to l.; star to upper r. 21-22mm., 8.47gm. SNG BM Black Sea 1226. Good VF, attractive very dark brown, almost black patina.   Ref# V1437  $37.50

One here at CNG which realized $112.80 w/ BP, and the A in the ethnic off the flan.



BITHYNIA: KIOS (Cius). Last-quarter of the 4th Cent. B.C. Chalkon (χαλκον). Hd. of Mithras r., wearing laur. tiara. Rv. K-I between stem of kantharos with two grape vines: all within wreath of grain. 12mm., 1.68gm. BMC - (but. cf Pontus p. 131, 20 = A, above). Laffaille -. SNG Copenhagen 382. SNG von Aulock - (but cf. 7004 = A, above). Waddington, Recueil 8.  Very Rare.  Near VF    Ref# V1435    Sold

For rarity also see Münzen & Medaillen 17, 2005, 748 (similar quality and apparently identified with the less rare K-I/A variety; acquired in 1993 from Bank Leu AG, Zurich).


MYSIA: ASTYRA. Under Tissaphernes, 401-395 B.C. Chalkon (χαλκον, chalkous). Bearded hd. of Tissaphernes r. Rv. AΣTΥΡH. Cult-statue of Artemis Astyrene facing, wearing kalathos. Æ12mm., 1.61gm. BMC -. Klein 253. SNG Cop. -. SNG Paris 124A.  Rare. VF, pleasant very dark patina with portrait in rather high relief and sharp reverse; small coin with a very dark patina, thus difficult to photograph.   Ref# V1388   Sold

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his rarity and grading).

As Obolos (Nomos), 7, 2017, 159 (our reverse far superior in both centering and preservation).

Here at the Yale University Art Gallery.  Here at FORVM in far inferior condition.  

Tissaphernes entered into an alliance with Sparta against Athens which led to the conquest of the greater part of Ionia.

Ancient sources concerning Astyra.

Strabo, Geography 13. 1. 65:
 "The village Astyra belongs to Mysia. It was once a small town, where, in a sacred precinct, was the temple of Artemis Astyrene, which was superintended, along with holy rites, by the Antandrians, who were its nearer neighbors."



MYSIA: GERME. A.D. 193-217. Chalkon. Bearded hd. of Herakles r., lion's skin around neck, within dotted circular border. Rv. ΓΕΡΜΗ-ΝΩΝ. Nemian lion walking r. on ground-line within dotted circular border. Æ15mm, 1.09gm. BMC 7.  Scarce.  VF   Small coin, better in hand.  Ref# V1116  Sold

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).






MYSIA: KYZIKOS (Cyzicus), last decade of the 5th Cent. B.C., AR Hemiobol. Hd. of Attis l., wearing Phrygian cap. Rv. KY-Z-I (clockwise from r.). Hd. of bull r.  7mm., 0.31gm.  Von Fritze II 23. Klein 268. SNG France -. SNG von Aulock 7336.  Very Rare. About VF   Ref# V1633   $42.50

One here at CNG which realized $190 w/ BP

Attis (/ˈætɪs/; Greek: Ἄττις, also Ἄτυς, Ἄττυς, Ἄττης) was the consort of Cybele.




MYSIA: KYZIKOS (Cyzicus). ca. later 4th/earlier 3rd Cent. B.C. Chalkon. Hd. of Kore Soteira r., wearing corn-wreath and sphendone, within circular border. Rv. Tripod; above, crown; below, tunny fish. Æ11mm., 0.95gm. BMC 141, pl. IX, 16. Rare in this smaller denomination. VF, pleasant dark brown patina, some deposits, small coin, better "in hand."   Ref# V1121   Sold

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).


  

MYSIA: LAMPSAKOS (Lampsacus), first-half of the 5th Cent. B.C. AR Diobol. Janiform female hds. Rv. Helmeted hd. of Athena l. within incuse square. 10-11mm., 1.15gm. SNG France BN 1126.  Rare.  VF, dark find patina and of attractive archaic style.    Ref# V1445   $49.50

EX private UK collection > Ares Numismatics, Netherlands (their grading) > private New York collection

For the rarity also see CNG 311, 2013, 665.
             

MYSIA
: LAMPSAKOS (Lampsacus), c. 394-330 B.C. AR Diobol. Janiform female hd. wearing taenia and earring. Rv. ΛΑ Μ. Hd. of Athena r., wearing Corinthian helmet within incuse. 10mm., 1.25gm. BMC 36. VF, of good classical style and toned.  Ref# V1374  $65

        
The PERGAMENE KINGDOM: PHILETAIROS (Philetaerus). 282-263 B.C. Chalkon of Parion (Parium) in Mysia. Helmeted hd. of Athena r. Rv. ΦΙΛΕ-ΤΑΙΡOΥ. Bow, downwards; to r.,  monogram. Æ11mm., 1.71gm. SNG Cop. 349. Good F, pleasant dark patina.   Ref# V1276   Sold
 
There are numerous records of Philetaerus as benefactor to neighboring cities and temples, including the temples at Delphi and Delos. He also contributed troops, money and food to the city of Cyzicus for defense against the invading Gauls. As a result, Philetaerus gained prestige and goodwill for himself and his family. During his rule, he constructed the temple of Demeter on the acropolis of Pergamon, and the temple of Athena (Pergamon's patron deity), and Pergamon's first palace, and he added considerably to the city's fortifications


  

MYSIA: PITANE. 4th Cent. B.C. Hemichalkon. Hd. of Zeus Ammon r., bearded and horned. Rv. Pentagram; in center, pellet. Æ9-10mm, 0.55gm. BMC 4 (Æ.35in. = 9mm. and the smallest denomination of this type listed).   Rare.  VF, very dark brownish-green patina.    Ref# V1448   $29.50

EX private Dutch collection > Ares Numismatics, Netherlands (their grading) > private New York collection



MYSIA: PRIAPOS (Priapus). 3rd Century B.C. Chalkon. Hd. of Apollo facing. Rv. Crayfish. Æ10-11mm., 1.41gm. SNG von Aulock 7527.  Very Rare.   VF, pleasant very dark patina.   Ref# V1090  $29.50

For the rarity also see Roma Numismatics, 12, 2014, 511.


This town was a center of worship for the god of the same name.

         
ISLANDS off MYSIA (Mysian Islands): PROKONNESOS. ca. mid/later 4th Cent. B.C. Chalkon. Laur. hd. of Aphrodite r., wearing sakkos. Rv. ΠΡΟ-ΚΟΝ. Oinochoe.  Æ11mm., 1.31gm. SNG von Aulock 1438. SNG BN Paris 2426. Rare.  Fine, dark green patina with a little dark red mottling.   Ref# V1154    $13.50

For the rarity also see Münzen & Medaillen, 17, 2005, 790.

             

TROAS: ANTANDROS. Second-half of the 5th Century B.C. Silver Hemiobol. Hd. of Artemis Astyrene r., her hair also banded diagonally. Rv. ΑΝΤΑ-Ν. Goat stg. r. 6mm., 0.45gm. Unpublished (but cf. SNG Cop. 214 = "Tritemorion" of 0.58gm.).  Rare.   VF, attractive old dark toning.   Ref# V1277   Sold

For the rarity also see H.D. Rauch, 24, 2017, 63 (=
"SNG Cop. 214" and listed as a hemiobol of .46gm.). An example sold by CNG (= "SNG Cop. 214" and listed as a tritemorion of .54gm.) here for $468 (incl. buyer's fee) - CNG lists no hemiobols and only one tritemorion. (A hemiobol would equal .401gm. at that standard.) Sear lists an obol of .c .65 gm. (Boston BMFA 1625) = no. 4038 (£120 ~ $240 in VF in 1979).


TROAS: ASSOS. Silver Obol. c. second-half of the 5th Cent. B.C. Griffin r., both forepaws raised. Rv. AΣΣ (in retrograde). Hd. of lion r. within incuse square. 10mm., 0.49gm. BMC Troas -.  SNG Copenhagen -. SNG von Aulock -. Babelon  Traité pl. CLXIII, 26 var. (spacing of ethnic); Rosen 528 var. (same). Weber 5318 (no ethnic); BMC 3 (same).  VF   Ref# V1322   Sold

CNG's specimen here
in inferior condition ("VF") which sold for $126 (incl. buyer's fee).

Assos (Aσσος), the modern Ayvacik, was originally founded by Aeolian colonists from Mithymna on Lesbos of which it was located just north of the island. It had the only good harbor on the 50-mile north coast of the Adramyttian Gulf. This made Assos a key shipping station through the Troad. Much of the surrounding area is visible from the ancient Temple of Athena, built on top of a rugged volcanic (trachyte) cliff. The view from this temple on a clear day extends to nearby Lesbos in the south, Pergamum in the southeast, and Mount Ida in Phrygia in the east. To the north, the Tuzla River flows. To the northwest, two massive Hellenic columns still mark the gate to the city. Today, Assos is an Aegean-coast seaside retreat amid ancient ruins.

After leaving the Platonic Academy in Athens, Aristotle (joined by Xenocrates) went to Assos, where he was welcomed by King Hermias, and opened an Academy in this city. Aristotle also married Pythias, the adopted daughter of Hermias. In the Academy of Assos, Aristotle became a chief to a group of philosophers, and together with them, he made innovative observations on zoology and biology.
       
TROAS: BIRYTIS, later 4th/earlier 3rd Cent. B.C. Chalkon. Hd. of Kabeiros l., bearded, wearing pileos. Rv. B-I/P-Y and club, downwards, within laurel-wreath. Æ10mm., 1.35gm. BMC - (but cf. BMC 1-2: both Æ19mm.).  SNG München 170. SNG Tübingen 2574.   Good VF, pleasant dark olive and brown patina.   Ref# V1283   $24.50

Kabeiros was worshiped in a mystery cult closely associated with that of Hephaestus, and his origins may include pre-Greek Aegean, Hittite and/or Phrygian elements.

1 chalkon = 1/8 obol = 1/48 drachm in the silver series.


       

TROAS: BIRYTIS, later 4th/earlier 3rd Cent. B.C. Chalkon. Hd. of Kabeiros l., bearded, wearing pileos. Rv. B-I/P-Y and club, downwards, within laurel-wreath. Æ9mm., 1.25gm.  BMC - (but cf. BMC 1-2: both Æ19mm.).  SNG München 170. SNG Tübingen 2574.   About VF, pleasant olive and brown patina.   Ref# V1282   $8.50

Kabeiros was worshiped in a mystery cult closely associated with that of Hephaestus, and his origins may include pre-Greek Aegean, Hittite and/or Phrygian elements.

1 chalkon = 1/8 obol = 1/48 drachm in the silver series.


       

TROAS: GERGIS. c. 320-270 B.C. Chalkon. Laur. hd. of Sibylle Herophile with laurel wreath in three-quarter view from the front. Rv. Sphinx std. r.  9mm., 0.75gm.  BMC 2.  SNG München 203.  Klein, KM 45, 309.  Rare.   Ref# V1553    VF, pleasant dark green patina.  $24.50

       
TROAS
: KEBREN (Cebren). 5th Cent. B.C. AR Diobol. Hd. of ram r.; [K]EBR[E] below. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square, partitions slightly raised. 8mm., 0.95gm.  BMC 8. SNG München 280. SNG Copenhagen 255.  VF, toned.   Ref# V1290   $49.50

An example (BMC 7) in only fair condition sold by Seaby's (1966) for £10 (= 1966/$26.55 ~ 2017/$200).

See one here which sold for $495

  
TROAS: KEBREN (Cebren). 5th Cent. B.C. Silver Trihemiobol. Hd. of ram r. Rv. Quadripartite mill-sail/swastika patterned incuse square. 9mm., 0.68gm. BMFA 1632. Rosen 530. SNG Copenhagen 254. SNG von Aulock 1544.   Ref# V1291   VF  $75

See one here as a "diobol" (of 0.75gm.) which realized $438 incl. buyer's premium !


        

TROAS
: KEBREN (Cebren), 5th Cent. B.C. AR Tetartemorion. Hd. of ram r. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square, irregularly divided.  7mm., .28gm.  BMC - (but cf. 10: hd. l.).  SNG Copenhagen 256. Klein -. SNG von Aulock -.  Quite scarce!  Good VF, amazingly well-centered on an irregular oblong flan.   Ref# V1292    $42.50

Tetartemorion (Ancient Greek: τεταρτημόριον tetartēmorion) is the name of a silver coin minted in Ancient Greece, valued at 1/4 of an obol. Its name means "quarter part", from tetarton, meaning a fourth, and morion: part, portion.
             

TROAS
: KOLONE (Colone). AR Hemiobol. 4th Century B.C. (before c. 310). Hd. of Athena r. with short hair, wearing Corinthian helmet. Rv. Stellate-pattern (eight-pointed star) in deepened square. 6mm., 0.34gm. Unpublished in any of the collections.  Extremely Rare!  VF   Ref# V1279  $145

As Gorny & Mosch 212, 1769 (our obverse far superior).

        
TROAS: KOLONE (Colone). AR Hemiobol. 4th Century B.C (before c. 310). Hd. of Athena r. with short hair, wearing Corinthian helmet. Rv. Stellate-pattern (eight-pointed star of four dots and four rays) in deepened square. 7mm., 0.33gm. Unpublished in any of the collections.  Extremely Rare!  VF   Ref# V1293  $125

As Gorny & Mosch 212, 1769 (our obverse far superior).


        
TROAS: GARGARA. Mid-4th Century B.C. Chalkon. Laur. hd. of Apollo r. Rv. ΓΑΡ. Horse running r.; below, fulmen. Æ11mm., 1.89gm. BMC 5.  Rare. VF-EF, attractive dark green, almost black, patina.   Ref# V1378   $32.50

For the rarity also see Bertolami Fine Arts, 44, 1017, 253.


       

TROAS: NEANDRIA. 5th Century B.C. AR Hemiobol. Corinthian helmet r. Rv. Amphora in bead-bordered incuse square. 7mm., 0.24gm.  SNG Aul. -. SNG Cop -. Klein - . BMC -. SNG München -. Isegrim -.   Rare!   VF    Ref.# V1037   $39.50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grading).

For the rarity also see Gorny & Mosch, 212, 2013, 1777 (our example of superior preservation).



TROAS: NEANDRIA. Mid-5th Century B.C. Silver Hemiobol. Corinthian helmet r. Rv. Amphora in bead-bordered incuse square. 7mm., 0.27gm.  SNG Aul. -. SNG Cop -. Klein - . BMC -. SNG München -. As Gorny & Mosch 160, 2007, 1476; Hauck & Aufhäuser 14, 1998, 76.    Rare!   Good F    Ref# V1399   $32.50

Also Gorny & Mosch 191, 2010, 1497 (R, $139)



TROAS (Plain of Troy): NEANDRIA. c. 400 B.C. Silver Obol. Laur. hd. of Apollo r. Rv. NEA-N. Ram stg. r. within incuse square.  9mm., 0.56gm. Klein, KM 46, 318.   Very Rare.   VF   Ref.# V1035   $95

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grade).


For the rarity also see Gorny & Mosch, 212, 2013, 1773/4.

For the obverse see ibid., 1774.
 
This town was located in the hinterland, on Mount Chigri, near Kolonai (Colonae).


TROAS (Plain of Troy): NEANDRIA. c. 400-370 B.C. Silver Obol. Laur. hd. of Apollo r. Rv. NEA-N. Ram stg. r. within incuse square. 9mm., 0.51gm.  SNG von Aulock 7628.   Very Rare.   VF   Ref.# V1021  $75

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grade).

For the rarity also see Gorny & Mosch, 212, 2013, 1773.

          
TROAS: NEANDRIA. c. 400-370 B.C. AR Tritemorion (3/4 of an obol). Laur. hd. of Apollo r. Rv. NEA/N. Ram stg. r. in shallow incuse. 7mm., 0.38gm.  Unedited?  This denomination is  apparently unpublished.   Very Rare.   VF/F   Ref# V1315  $39.50

    

TROAS
: NEANDRIA. Late 5th/310 B.C. Trichalkon. Laur. hd. of Apollo r. Rv. NEAN. Horse grazing r.; in ex., grain-ear. 18mm., 6.16gm. SNG Copenhagen 451-2 (sim. cond.).  Very Rare. About VF, attractive dark olive-brown patina.   Ref# V1607   $37.50

Here at £200.

      

TENEDOS (Island off Troas). c. 490-450 B.C. Silver Obol. Janiform head: Hera l.; Zeus r. Rv. Labrys (pelekys: the double-headed ritual axe of Zeus to invoke storm) within raised square: all within incuse square. 8mm., 0.56gm. Apparently unpublished with the raised square on the reverse and no legend.   Very Rare.   Really Good F/VF   Ref# V1280   $42.50

As Rauch, 91, 2012, 103 (but no legend).

The island and town were situated off the coast of the Troad, south-west of Ilion (Troy). The women were renowned for their exceptional beauty. The labrys was the badge of Tenedos.


TENEDOS (
Island off Troas). AR Obol. c. 450-397 B.C. Janiform head: Hera left, Zeus right. Rv. T-E. Labrys (double-headed axe) within incuse square. 9mm., 0.53gm. Klein, KM 47, 325. SNG München 340.   Rare.   Good F   Ref.# V1061  $29.50

Ex Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).

For rarity also see Münzen & Medaillen, 30, 2009, 1005.

Sear GCV 4117: £110/$233 in VF in 1978.

The island and town were situated off the coast of the Troad, south-west of Ilion (Troy). The women were renowned for their exceptional beauty. The labrys was the badge of Tenedos.




AIOLIS (Aeolis): AUTOKANE (Autocane). Early 3rd Century B.C. Hemichalkon. Laur. hd. of Zeus r.  Rv. AYTOKA. Hd. of Athena l., wearing Attic helmet; below, flower-blossom. Æ9mm., 0.62gm. Apparently unpublished. Extremely Rare. Good F, pleasant brownish-green patination.  Ref# V1428  $29.50

EX Solidus Numismatik, Munich.

For the rarity also see see Solidus 6, 2015, 127.

The site of this town has been lost to antiquity; it was apparently W of Pitane.


AEOLIS: KYME (Cyme). c. 480-450 B.C. AR Hemiobol. Hd. of eagle l. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square of millsail pattern. 7mm., 0.35gm. SNG von Aulock 1623. Nearly VF, of attractive refined archaic style with a deep, pleasant find-patina.   Ref# V1581   $37.50




AEOLIS: KYME (Cyme). c. 350-320 B.C. AR Hemiobol. Aiolos, magistrate. Protome of horse. Rv. A-I-O-Λ-O-Σ between petals of rosette: all within circular incuse. 6mm., 0.28gm.  Magistrate unpublished.  SNG Ashmolean-; SNG COP; SNG München-; SNG v. Aulock-; BMC-; Babelon Tr. -. CNG 296, 2013, 46 (= 0.27gm.) and H.D. Rauch 98, 2015, 106 and otherwise unpublished.  Very Rare.   Near VF  Ref.# V1018  $85


AEOLIS: KYME
(Cyme). Later 4th/earlier 3rd Cent. B.C. Silver Hemiobol. K-Y. Forepart of horse r. Rv. Rosette of nine petals with central pellet within circular incuse. 7mm., 0.30gm. Apparently unpublished (but cf. SNG Danish (Copenhagen) 34: eight petals).   Rare!   VF   Ref.# V1056  $49.50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grading).

 
AIOLIS (Aeolis): KYME (Cyme). Late 4th/earlier 3rd Cent. B.C. Damasos, magistrate. Dichalkon. Eagle stg. r.; to r. upwards, ΔAMAΣOΣ (magistrate). Rv. K-Y. One-handled vase. Æ17mm., 3.29gm.  BMC -.  SNG Cop. 48. O. Masson, Quelques Noms De Magistrats Monetaires Grecs - V. Les Monetaires De Kyme d'Eolide (RN 1986), 58. Winterthur 55, 2823. Good F, attractively patinated.   Ref# V1453   Sold

As Münzen und Medaillen 17, 2005, 820 (sim. cond., €80).


AIOLIS: GRYNION (Grynium, Gyrneion). 4th Cent. B.C. (before 306). Æ Chalkon. Hd. of Apollo facing sl. l. Rv. Mussel-shell. 1.42gm. Çekilmez & Poulain, Myrina ve Gryneion, p. 108, 113. SNG Cop. 206.  Rare.  Fine, pleasant dark patina with portrait in high relief.   Ref# V1118   $8.50

For the rarity also see Gorny & Mosch, 212, 2013, 1789.


       

AEOLIS: GYRNEION (alternately known as Gryneion, Grynion, Grynium, Gurneion), late 4th/early 3rd Cent. B.C. Chalkon. Laur. hd. of Apollo almost facing, sl. l. Rv. Mussel shell. Æ11mm., 1.34gm. Çekilmez & Poulain, Myrina ve Gryneion, p. 108, 121. SNG von Aulock 7689. Good F, pleasant dark brown patina.    Ref# V1552   Sold
 
Herodotus, in his History (i.149) lists "Gryneion" as one of the eleven ancient cities of Aeolis. Every reference down to the present day notes Gryneion, Grynion or Grynium as the city name. Yet all the coins are clearly marked ΓΥΡNHΩN - "Gurneion." This is an example of metatheses (the transposition of syllables in a word). The town contained a sanctuary of Apollo with an ancient oracle and a splendid temple of white marble.


      

AEOLIS
: MYRINA. 4th/3rd Cent. B.C. Hemichalkon. Hd. of Athena r., wearing Attic helmet adorned with griffon (gryphon). Rv. MY - PI. Volute krater. 10mm., 0.82gm. SNG Tübingen 2709. SNG von Aulock -.  Scarce.  Good VF, pleasant dark patina. Small coin, much better in hand.   Ref# V1284   $37.50


AEGEAN ISLANDS: LESBOS. Archaic Period. Lesbian Koinòn. 525-513 B.C. Bl Diobol (Twelfth-Stater). Boar's head r.; in front, eye. Rv. Barley grain and pellet within incuse square. 8mm., 1.11gm. Apparently unpublished (but. cf. BMC 23-5 and HGC 6, 1085: reverse with incuse square only). See Lazzarini, A Contribution to the Archaic Billon Coinage of Lesbos, Series II (but also unlisted).  RRR!  Nearly VF   Ref.# V1060  $60

Ex Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grading).



ISLE of LESBOS. Lesbian Koinòn.
525-513 B.C. Silver BI Forty-Eighth Stater. Eye. Rv. Incuse square punch. 5mm., 0.26gm. BMC 37-8. Lazzarini, A Contribution to the Archaic Billon Coinage of Lesbos, Series II unlisted (but cf. p. 91, fig. 1, 17: only Ninety-Sixth Stater recorded).  Very Rare.   Fine, good silver content with pleasant dark toning to the devices.  Ref.# V1020  $49.50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (also see their Auction 23, Lot 335: €525 / $656 PR !!!)

It is very probable that the eye was associated with the Gorgon (head of the staters), thus acquiring an apotropaic (i.e., having the power to avert evil influences or bad luck) value.



  

ÆGÆAN ISLANDS: LESBOS. Archaic Period. 525-513 B.C. Silver BI Hemiobol (Forty-Eighth Stater). Lesbian Koinòn. Two apotropaic eyes (or grain ears). Rv. Square incuse punch. 6mm., 0.28gm. BMC 31. Lazzarini, Contribution Series II, p. 102 (“1/48 of a stater with two eyes / irregular incuse square … the very oxidized surface gave Ag 95%, Cu 2.5 %, Pb 2%”).  Rare.  Good VF, good silver content and pleasantly toned; difficult to photograph, better "in hand."  Ref.# V1300  $42.50


ÆGAEAN ISLANDS: LESBOS. Lesbian Koinòn. Archaic Period. Later 6th/early 5th Cent. B.C. Silver Billon Twelfth-Stater (Diobol). Confronted boars’ hds. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square. 1.24gm. Rosen 566. SNG Copenhagen 287. Rare. VF, good silver content with pleasing old dark tone.   Ref.# V1058  $75

As BMC 17 (= Sear GCV p. 325, no. 3488 = £140 ~  $280 in VF in 1978)

For the rarity also see Jean Elsen, 125, 2015, 74.

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade)



AEGAEAN ISLANDS: LESBOS. Later 6th Cent. B.C. Lesbian Koinòn. Silver Billon 24th-Stater (Obol).  Confronted boars’ hds. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square. 9mm., 0.73gm. Babelon Traité pl. XV, 1. Klein, KM 349.  Rare. VF  Ref.# V1019  $30

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).

For the rarity also see
Münzen & Medaillen, Auction 32, Lot 117.

     

LESBOS: Lesbian Koinòn. c. 510-480 B.C. AR BI Obol (= Twelfth-Stater, Sixth-Shekel). Hd. of Nubian African (Aethiopian, Aethiopi, Negro) r. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square with alternating raised and sunken quarters. 9-10mm., 0.89gm. Babelon, Traité pl. XV, 7. BMC 43 (rude incuse square) or pl. XXX, 19 (= BMC 44 = 12.3 grains = 0.80gm. = chipped/clipped). Lazzarini, A Contribution to the Study of the Archaic Billon Coinage of Lesbos, Series III, p. 95 and p. 99, fig. 2, no. 2 (Sixth-Shekel, similar if not inferior condition). SNG von Aulock 7715. SNG Cop. -.  SNG München -.  Very Rare.  Good F, amazingly well centered on an oblong flan with a pleasant, albeit uneven, find-patina and on a thick flan with portrait in very high relief. Difficult to photograph due to the dark toning; the obverse surface-porosity also much less ubiquitous than the image would imply.  Ref# V1604  $130  Reserved


A rare and popular ethnic representation on a Greek coin.


One here of considerably lighter weight which hammered at £1680 = $2172 with buyer's premium.  One here (mistakenly attributed to SNG Copenhagen 296 which has the head facing left) in sim. cond. which sold for $800 less buyer’s fee ($960 w/ BP). Another here in quite similar condition which realized well in excess of $1,092 w/ BP. Here at CNG in inferior quality with facial damage which realized over $228 w/ BP against an est. of $200.


The Greeks were well acquainted with black Africans; they appear often in Greek literature as mythical or semi-mythical characters and warriors; it appears that they were known in the Greek world as early as the Minoan period, where they were employed by Minoan commanders as auxiliary troops. Indeed, if we may believe Quintus of Smyrna, the Greeks encountered black Africans in the army of Memnon at Troy. Black African contingents also formed a part of Xerxes' army and according to some scholars fought at Marathon (see Frazer, J. G., 1913: Pausanias' Description of Greece, II. Macmillan, London, pg. 434; and Graindor, P., 1908: Les Vases au Nègre. Musée Belge, pg. 29).






LESBOS. Lesbian Koinòn.
Early 5th Cent. B.C. Billon Diobol (Twelfth-Stater). Two boars' hds. vis-à-vis. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square. 9mm., 1.33gm. SNG von Aulock 7712. Babelon Traité 566.  Rare.  Fine    Ref.# V1057  $22.50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade)

For the rarity also see Jean Elsen, Auction 107, Lot 143.

 

LESBOS. Lesbian Koinòn. Late Archaic Period. c. 478-460 B.C.  Silver Billon Twelfth-Stater (Obol). ΛΕΣ. Confronted boars’ heads. Rv. Square incuse punch of rough form. 0.89gm. BMC 13-14. Lorenzo Lazzarini (2011) Lesbos Series IV.  Babelon Traité pl. XV, 1. Klein, KM 349. Rare. Really Good VF, good silver content; attractive old dark tone.   Ref.# V1059    $120

EX Gitbud & Naumann,
Munich.

For the rarity also see Münzen & Medaillen, Auction 32, Lot 117.


LESBOS: ANTISSA(?). c. 480 B.C. AR BI Obol (= Twelfth-Stater, Sixth-Shekel). Hd. of Nubian African (Negro, ) l. Rv. Irregular, framed incuse square containing a human eye, epigraph, spread A (Antissa?) and small globe (pellet). 7mm., 0.82gm. Babelon, Traité I, 599, pl. XV, 9. Lazzarini p. 94 (one specimen!). SNG Copenhagen -. SNG von Aulock -. BMC -. Winterthur 2866. Very Rare.  F-VF, pleasant old dark tone and on a relatively thick flan with portrait in rather high relief. Difficult to photograph due to the dark toning.   Ref# V1404  $130

According to Bodenstedt, the head, which also appears on the coins of Delphi and Phocaea, was associated with the cult of Delphic Apollo, the main cult in Mytilene. The eye was associated with`Methymna.  The African head is also said to be a reference to the Lesbian participation in the establishment of Naukratis in Egypt.



LESBOS
: METHYMNA. c. 500/480-460 B.C. AR Hemitartemorion (= Eighth-Obol). Facing head of Silenos. Rv. Irregular quadripartite incuse square. 6mm., 0.16mm.  Unpublished!  RRR!  Near VF  Very small coin, much better "in hand."  Ref# V1124   $65

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).

Hemiobol/Tetartemorion (= RR) which realized $486 (incl. buyer's fee) here.

Hemitartemorion

An ancient Greek silver coin denomination with a value of 1/2 Tartemorion, or 1/8 obol, or 1/24 drachm.


    

LESBOS: MYTILENE. Silver Obol. c. 440-400 B.C. Hd. of Apollo r., wearing taenia. Rv. MYT[I] at r., downwards; hd. of calf r.: the whole within incuse square. 8mm., 0.55gm. BMC 5. HGC 6, 1039. About Fine, some crystallization. Much clearer "in hand."   Ref# V1299  $22.50


      

CARIA
: KASOLABA. c. 420–400 B.C. AR Hemiobol. Hd. of ram r. Rv. Hd. of young male r. within shallow, round incuse. 6mm., 0.40gm. Konuk, Kasolaba 5.   Rare.  VF, pleasantly toned.   Ref# V1401   $37.50

CARIA: KASOLABA. c. 410–390 B.C. AR Hemiobol. Hd. of ram r. Rv. Hd. of young male r. 7mm., 0.35gm.  Konuk, Kasolaba 10.  Rare.  VF, pleasantly toned.   Ref# V1400  $32.50

See H.A. Troxell, Carians in Miniature, p. 254 for an explanation of this Carian lettering at the reverse bottom.


 

SATRAPS of CARIA: HIDRIEOS (Hidrieus), 353-344 B.C. AR Trihemiobol, Halikarnassos (Halicarnassus), 351-344 B.C. Facing hd. of Apollo, very sl. r., hair flowing. Rv. IΔPIEΩΣ-E (clockwise) between rays of stellate floral pattern. 9mm., 0.67gm. cf. SNG Kayhan 888-9 (ethnic counterclockwise). Very Rare with ethnic clockwise.  VF, dark find patina.   Ref# V1449      Sold

EX private German collection > Ares Numismatics, Netherlands (their grading) > private New York collection

As Hirsch 343, 2018, 2274 (PR €187 = $218 w/ BP in sim. cond.)



 
CARIAN ISLANDS (Islands off Caria): RHODOS. Rhodes, 408-394 B.C., Silver Hemidrachm. Hd. of Helios facing slightly r., hair loose. Rv. P - O either side of rose: all within incuse square. 1.72gm. Ashton 19. BMC 3 (c. 408-400 B.C.). SNG Copenhagen 725 (1.69gm.). SNG v. Aulock 2786. SNG Keckman 368. SNG Finland 366.  Rare.  F-VF, toned with the obverse in very high relief.    Ref.# V1062   $65

EX Dr. Reinhard Fischer, Bonn, Germany.

The Persians invaded and overran the island, but they were in turn defeated by forces from Athens in 478 B.C. The Rhodian cities joined the Athenian League. When the Peloponnesian War broke out in 431 B.C., Rhodes remained largely neutral, although it remained a member of the League. The war lasted until 404 B.C., but by this time Rhodes had withdrawn entirely from the conflict and decided to go her own way. In 408 B.C., the cities of the island united to form one territory. They built the city of Rhodes, a new capital on the northern end of the island. The city's plan was, according to Strabo, superintended by the Athenian architect Hippodamus.



CARIAN ISLANDS (Islands off Caria): RHODOS. Rhodes, 229-205 B.C. AR Hemidrachm. Eukrates, magistrate. Hd. of Helios facing, sl. r. Rv. Rose; bud to r.; above, EYKPATHΣ; below, P-O; to lower l., anchor. 11-12mm., 1.16gm. Ashton 226. BMC 194 (exact same wt.). SNG Cop. -.  VF, pleasing find patina and well centered for this issue.   Ref# V1443   Sold

EX private Dutch collection > Ares Numismatics, Netherlands (their grading) > private New York collection

               

IONIA, Uncertain. Last quarter of the 7th Cent. B.C. EL Myshemihekte (Twenty-Fourth Stater). Phokaic standard. Geometric type. Raised counterclockwise swastika-millsail pattern. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square. 0.69gm. Babelon, Traité I, 234. Boston MFA  - (but cf. 1782: swastika clockwise). Elektron I - (but cf. 33: swastika clockwise). Rosen 365. SNG Kayhan 702-3. Weidauer –.  Nearly EF   Ref# V1267   Sold

EX H.D. Rauch, Vienna.


IONIA. Uncertain early mint. 7th Century B.C. (c. last-quarter). EL Myshemihekte (Twenty-Fourth Stater). Lydo-Milesian standard. Geometric type. Raised clockwise swastika-millsail pattern. Rv. Irregular quadripartite-millsail incuse square. 0.62gm. Boston MFA 1782. Elektron I 44. Rosen - (but cf. 365: counterclockwise). Weidauer –. Babelon Traité I -. SNG Kayhan -.   Good VF   Ref# V1306     Sold

EX Roma Numismatics, London.


        

IONIA: EPHESOS. AR Tetartemorion, 6th Century B.C. (not before 546). Bee with curved wings, viewed from the top. Rv. Eagle's head r. within incuse square. 5mm., 0.16gm. A rare variant of Karwiese,  Die Münzprägung von Ephesos I, 25.  VF, pleasing dark tone; a small coin, better in hand.    Ref.# V1036   $75   $49.50

EX Numismatica Tintinna
, Scandiano, Reggio Emilia, Italy (their grade).


        

IONIA: EPHESOS. End of the 6th Cent. B.C. AR Tetartemorion. Bee with curved wings and coiled tendrils, viewed from the top. Rv. ΕΦ above eagle's hd r.: all within incuse square. 6mm., 0.15gm. Karwiese,  Die Münzprägung von Ephesos I, 35.  Really Good F, pleasing dark tone.   Ref# V1417  Sold



        

IONIA: EPHESOS. c. 545-494 B.C. AR Tetartemorion. Bee with spread wings. Rv. Hd. of eagle r. within shallow incuse square.  6mm, 0.15gm.  Karwiese,  Die Münzprägung von Ephesos I, 52.  Ref# V1416  Near VF/Good F, toned.  $32.50

 
        

IONIA
: EPHESOS (Ephesus). Spartan hegemony of Lysander and King Agesilaus, c. 406-394 B.C. Silver Obol. Bee with straight wings, viewed from above; dotted border. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square, the squares separated by narrow bands. 6mm., 0.47gm. Unpublished for the denomination (but. cf. BMC 10 = diobol and Head, On the Chronological Sequence of the Coins of Ephesos, p. 23, 4 = drachm).   Very Rare.  VF, beautiful dark toning.   Ref# V1281   $125

For this weight cf. Head, ibid., 23, 5 from this Period III (obol = .46 grams).

This weight represents a reversion to an Ephesian/Ionian standard from a Rhodian/Carian standard (during the Persian occupation before 406 B.C.).
 
Ephesus shared in a general revolt of 412 B.C. against Athens, siding with Sparta in the Second Peloponnesian War, and remained an effective ally of Sparta down to the end of the war. Threatened by Persia after 403, Ephesus served in 396 as the headquarters of King Agesilaus of Sparta. In 394 the Ephesians deserted to Conon’s anti-Spartan maritime league, but by 387 the city was again in Spartan hands and was handed by Antalcidas to Persia.



        
 
IONIA: EPHESOS (Ephesus). 2nd-Quarter of the 4th Cent. B.C. Chalkon. Hd. of Artemis l., wearing necklace and stephane. Rv. E - Φ. Bee, viewed from above. Æ10mm., 1.12gm. SNG von Aulock 1839. About F, good brown patina.   Ref# V1354  $14.50

         
      

IONIA: EPHESUS (Ephesos). Pb Tessera, A.D. 2nd/3rd Cent. Eagle stg. facing, hd. r.; wings spread; dotted border. Rv. Blank.  Cf. Gülbay/Kireç, Ephesian Lead Tesserae (Izmir, 2008), 79.  18mm., 3.37gm.  Rare.  Near VF  Ref# V1218   $55

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his attribution and grade).



IONIA. Achaemenid Period. Persian Satraps. Ephesos(?). c. 350-333 B.C. Chalkon (Chalcous, Æ Unit). Persian king in kneeling/running position r., holding spear and strung bow; just behind him, BA, upwards, and just before on lower body, countermark: star within circular incuse. Rv. Incuse relief "map of the hinterland of Ephesos." 14mm., 1.87gm. Johnston, A.E.M., The Earliest Preserved Greek Map: A New Ionian Coin Type, JHS (1967), Æ, 4 (only four specimens listed, three in Berlin and one in London). Imhoof-Blumer, Kleinasiatische Münzen, pl. 18, 22. BMC Ionia p. 324, 7 (also with star c/m, "behind him, IA?"). Mildenberg, Münzwesen, p. 25f and pl. XIII, 112.   RR   Good F, some old scratches on obverse, nicely patinated.   Ref# V1395   Sold

Johnston suggests that this issue was probably struck under the Persian general Memnon at Ephesos, c. 336-334 B.C., in order to pay his army after he had captured the city, but before his defeat by Alexander at the Battle of Granicus in 334.

Also see CNG 60, 2002, 758 (sold for $600 incl. buyer's fee).


IONIA: ERYTHRAI (Erythrae). c. 480-450 B.C. AR Hemiobol. Rosette. Rv. Simpler rosette within incuse square. 6mm., 0.29gm. Babelon Traité II 1976. Klein 387.  Rare.  VF, some light corrosion. Attractive dark tone. A small coin, much better appearance in hand.  Ref# V1287  $65

For the rarity also see Münzen & Medaillen, 36, 2012, 408.


IONIA: ERYTHRAI (Erythrae). c. 480-450 B.C. AR Hemiobol. Rosette. Rv. Simpler rosette in raised circular frame: all within incuse square. 6mm., 0.28gm.  Apparently unpublished (but cf.  Klein 387 = no circle). Very Rare.  VF, attractively toned. Difficult to photograph due to size, toning, and boldness; much better in hand.   Ref# V1288     $75

As Obolos (Nomos) 6 (20 Nov. 2016), 511.

For rarity also see Auctiones GmbH, 21, 2013, 45 (and our example of superior quality although that example graded Good VF).

See CNG 287, 170 (sold for $510 incl. buyer fee).

        
IONIA: ERYTHRAI (Erythrae). c. 480-450 B.C. AR Hemitetartemorion. Rosette ornament. Rv. Pellet pattern within quatrefoil incuse.  4mm., 0.10gm. SNG von Aulock 1847.  Very Rare.    Ref# V1371  VF   Sold

For rarity also see Busso Peus Nachf. 5, 2017, 84.

Hemitetartemorion = eighth-obol.

IONIA: ERYTHRAI (Erythrae). Later 5th Cent. B.C. Hemichalkon. Hd. of Herakles r. Rv. Forepart of bull r. Æ11mm., 0.99gm.  BMC 38.  Rare.  F to Good F, pleasant dark patina.   Ref# V1286   $12.50

       
IONIA: KOLOPHON (Colophon), 525/490 B.C., AR Tetartemorion. Laur. hd. of Apollo facing, archaic style and wearing long hair. Rv. TE (ligated, = value) within incuse square. 7mm., 0.21gm. Milne, K. 32, 7. SNG Tübingen 2895. Kraay, Colophon 5, 9. Klein 398. SNG Kayhan 356. Very Rare.  Fine, old dark tone.   Ref.# V1372  $27.50

One of the few ancient Greek issues to carry a value, in this case TE for Tetartemorion.

For the dating see Fritz Rudolf Künker 62, 119 and 97, 734; for the rarity also see Münzen & Medaillen 36, 2012, 412.

         
IONIA: KOLOPHON. c. 375-360 B.C. Posis, magistrate. Silver Diobol. Laur. hd. of Apollo l. Rv. KOΛΟΦΩ-ΠΟΣΙΣ. Lyre. 11mm., 0.90gm. Milne, Colophon 57a. SNG Copenhagen (Danish) 142.   VF   Ref.# V1017  $32.50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).


An apparently UNIQUE issue of THEMISTOKLES.



THEMISTOKLES (Themistocles), AR Tetartemorion, 465-459 B.C., of Magnesia ad Maeander in Ionia. M - A across field. Diad. male hd. l. (Themistokles, Apollo?). Rv. Θ-Ε across fields. Barley-corn grain; meander border to r.  6mm., 0.22gm.  Apparently unpublished (including Nollé, SNR 75 (1996) ­- ; J. Nollé & A. Wenninger, JNG 48, 1998, ­-) and apparently unique!  VF, attractive dark find-patina.   Ref# V1573   $495   Reserved

Apparently unique, but cf. CNG Triton XIII, 2010, 185 (hemiobol, hd. r., ΘE to one side).

See CNG Triton XIII, 2010, 185 (hemiobol, hd. r., Θ-Ε to one side only) which realized $3,450 with BP. Two others.

Inferior KNOWN hemiobol PR $500+ w/BP.

Exceedingly rare and apparently unique. Themistokles was perhaps the most important, and certainly one of the most powerful, political figures in early fifth century Athens. He persuaded the Athenians to use the newly found wealth from the silver mines of Laurion to build a navy, essential to their defeat of the Persians a short time later. Sometime in the early 460s, Themistokles was ostracized. He fled to Asia Minor, where he was well received by the Persian king, who granted him the income of three cities in Ionia. Themistokles chose Magnesia on the Maeander as his new headquarters, where these coins were struck. After his exile from Athens, Themistocles received a grant from the Great King Artaxerxes of three cities in Asia Minor—Lampsacus, Myous, and Magnesia. He resided at the last of these and ruled it until his death. During this time he issued didrachms inscribed with his name on the obverse, as well as assorted tiny fractions bearing his initials and, possibly, his portrait.


 
IONIA: MAGNESIA (Ad Meandrum), c. mid-5th Century B.C. AR Hemiobol. Hd. of roaring lion l. Rv. Schematic wreath monogram within incuse circle. 7mm., 0.40gm. Unpublished (but cf. Rosen 406: hd. r.).  Extremely Rare.  VF, attractive deep find patina.  Ref# V1273  $75

EX Savoca Numismatik, Munich (attributed to Magnesia).

The "monogram" types of Magnesia only known for Themistokles (see Gemini Auction IV, 2008, 180 where this reverse type - "schematic wreath" within "circular" incuse square - is attributed to Themistokles, c. 465-460/450 B.C.).


After his exile from Athens, Themistocles received a grant from the Great King Artaxerxes of three cities in Asia Minor—Lampsacus, Myous, and Magnesia.


      

IONIA: MAGNESIA AD MAEANDRUM (Magnesia on the Maeander). c. 290-270 B.C. AR Obol. Helmeted hd. of Athena r. Rv. Trident, M-A below; all within circular maeander pattern. 10mm., 0.75gm. BMC 15. SNG Copenhagen 810. SNG von Aulock 2032. SNG München 591.  Rare. VF, pleasant dark find patina.   Ref# V1434  $32.50

EX Ares Numismatics, Netherlands (their grading).

For rarity also see Gorny & Mosch 191, 2010, 1541-2 and ibid, 212, 2013, 1956-7.

Also see CNG, The Coin Shop, 730804 with reverse of lower quality and double-struck which sold for $225.


   

IONIA: MILETOS (Miletus). Last-Quarter of the 6th Century B.C. AR Tetartemorion. Protome of roaring lion r. Rv. Quail stg. l.; pellet above to r. and below to l.; all within incuse square. 6mm., 0.28gm. SNG Tübingen 3014. Klein, Nomismata 3, 432. Demeester, Les Animaux et la Monnaie Grecque 119.  Fine, some encrustation.   Ref# V1377  Sold

As Numismatica Ars Classica (NAC) 82 (2015): The J. Falm Collection: Miniature Masterpieces of Greek Coinage Depicting Animals, Miletos, 185.

   
IONIA: MILETOS (Miletus). c. 510-494 B.C. AR Hemitetartemorion. Protome of roaring lion l. Rv. Quail stg. l. within incuse. 5-6mm., 0.17gm. Klein 430. SNG Tübingen 3001.  Rare.  VF, toned.  Ref# V1373    $17.50

For rarity see Dr. Busso Peus Nach. 376, 2003, 379.

See one here in similar condition which was sold by CNG for $342 incl. buyer's fee and is the more common tetartemorion.


        

IONIA: PHOKAIA (Phocaea).  6th Cent. B.C. (before 544). AR Hemitetartemorion (= Ninety-Sixth Stater, Phoenician Standard). Hd. of Griffin r. Rv. Rough quadripartite incuse square. 6mm, 0.13gm. Cf. BMC 87 (tetartemorion).  Rare.  Good F, pleasantly toned.   Ref# V1415  Sold

Struck on the Phoenician Standard before the Persian conquest and the emigration of the greater part of the population of Phocaea in 544 B.C. (HN p. 588).

EX Holding History, Inc., Wisc. (their attribution).




IONIA
: PHOKAIA (Phocaea).  c. 522-494 B.C. Silver Trihemiobol. Archaic hd. of nymph l., wearing rosette-earring, hair tied in sakkos-helmet. Rv. Rough "mill-sail" quadripartite incuse square. 8mm., 0.92gm. SNG Kayhan 522.  A RARE "true" trihemiobol.  Good VF, test cut; beautiful dark tone.   Ref# V1275  $49.50




IONIA: PHOKAIA (Phocaea). Late 6th Cent. B.C. AR Trihemiobol. Archaic hd. of nymph l., wearing rosette-earring, hair tied in sakkos-helmet. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square, the quarters separated by thin bands. 7mm., 0.90gm. Rosen 596.  A RARE "true" trihemiobol.  VF, some die-rust extant.   Ref# V1278   $49.50

  

IONIA
: PHOKAIA (Phocaea). 510-494 B.C. AR Hemihekton (Diobol). Archaic hd. of nymph l., wearing earring, hair tied in sakkos decorated with a band of pearls. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square, the quarters separated by thin bands. 7mm., 1.28gm. SNG Kayhan 1433 (= 1.25gm.; obv. struck to l. with entire nose and mouth off the flan).  VF   Ref# V1433  $39.50

EX Ares Numismatics, Netherlands (their grading).


          

IONIA: PHOKAIA (Phocaea). c. 521-478 B.C. AR Hemitetartemorion (1/8th of an obol). Archaic hd. of nymph l., wearing sakkos (saccos). Rv. Quadripartite incuse square, the quarters separated by thin bands. 6mm., 0.16gm. Rosen 598, otherwise unpublished and RRR.   Good F, toned.   Ref# V1397  $27.50

For the rarity also see
Numismatik Naumann 99, 2021, 250.

Ημιτεταρτημόριον, 1/8 του οβολού. Hemitetartemorion (Ancient Greek: ημιτεταρτημόριον: hemitetartēmorion) is the name of a silver coin minted in Ancient Greece, valued at 1/8 of an obol. Its name means "eighth part" - from hemi, meaning a half, tetarton, meaning a fourth, and morion: part, portion.


IONIA: SMYRNA. 2nd-Quarter of the 1st Cent. B.C. Tetrachalkon (= Trihemiobol in the silver series). Laur. hd. of Apollo r., bordered by laurel-wreath. Rv. ΣMYPNAIΩN (downwards on r.). Homer, wearing laurel-crown and bearded, std. l., clad in himation, holding scroll and transverse staff. 20mm., 7.93gm. BMC p. 247, 117. Milne, Autonomous 359. SNG Cop 1207. Near VF, very dark patina.   Ref# V1393   $12.50

Smyrna claimed the birthplace of Homer.


EX Numismatik Lanz, Munich (their grading)



    


IONIA
: TEOS. Second-Quarter of the 5th Cent. B.C.. AR Tetartemorion. Aeginetic Standard. Hd. of Griffin r. Rv. Rough incuse square. 5mm., 0.27gm.  SNG Tübingen 3251.  Rare.   EF, toned.  Ref# V1375    Sold

EX Numismatik Lanz, Munich (their grading).
 

For the rarity also see Numismatik Lanz München 117, 2003, 349.

Tetartemorion (Ancient Greek: τεταρτημόριον tetartēmorion) is the name of a silver coin minted in Ancient Greece, valued at 1/4 of an obol. Its name means "quarter part"
- from tetarton, meaning a fourth, and morion: part, portion.


      

KINGDOM OF LYDIA
: KROISOS (Croesus), 560-546 B.C., Silver Hemihekton (Twelfth-Stater = obol). mint of Sardes, struck c. 550-546 B.C.  Confronted foreparts of lion and bull. Rev: Square incuse punch. 8mm., 0.83gm. BMC Lydia, p. 8, 53, pl. 1, 20 (1/12 stater = obol, 12 grains = 0.78gm., and ours of superior centering). Klein - .  SNG Cop. - . SNG Kayhan 1021 (= hemihekton, 0.80gm., and our example in superior condition).   Very Rare.  This series represents the very beginnings of silver coinageVF, types in high relief.   Small coin with attractive old dark toning - difficult to photograph - sharper and better "in hand."   Ref.# V1063  $110  -  Sold

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their attribution and grade).

An example here in similar condition which hammered at $671 including buyer's premium.

One here at $260
One here which realized  CHF1380 = $1213.30 w/ BP.

Sear, GICV 2, 3422 @ GBP140 ~ $280 in VF in 1979.


      

ACHAEMENID KINGDOM of the Persians: DARIUS I (the Great) & XERXES I (the Great), 519–465 B.C., Silver Tetartemorion = Twenty-Fourth Siglos (1/24 Siglos), Sardis mint, c. 505-480 B.C.  Kneeling-running figure of the Great King r., dagger in r., bow in l., bearded, crowned. Rv. Irregular rectangular incuse punch. 5mm., 0.16gm. Unpublished (but cf. Klein 760 = Künker 304, 2018, 702 = 1/32nd siglos = 0.11gm.) and Leu Numismatik 3, 2018, 124 (0.15gm., sim. cond. but called EF, PR CHF 550+ ~ $500+ USD).  Very Rare.  VF, pleasantly toned with nice surfaces; a small coin, difficult to photograph, better "in hand" - the obverse much more attractive than the image would indicate!   Ref# V1390   $85

EX Lanz Numismatik, Munich (their attribution as a 1/24th siglos and obverse and reverse identification, dating, mint, rarity and grading).

Also as Agora Auctions 68, 2017, 73 = Tetartemorion = Twenty-Fourth Siglos = 0.15gm. = "Extremely Rare."


                
LYDIA: SARDES (Sardis, Sardeis), c. 301-297 B.C., Dichalkon. Hd. of Herakles r., clad in lion-skin headdress. Rv. ΣAΡΔI/ANΩN. Amphora; to lower r., monogram. Æ14mm., 3.92gm. Apparently unpublished monogram (but cf. BMC 46-7). Rare. VF, rather thick flan.  Ref.# V1094  $32.50

Ex Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (
his attribution and grade).


                 

LYDIA: SARDES. 2nd/1st Century B.C. (after 133). Dichalkon. Laur. hd. of Apollo r. Rv. ΣAPΔIANΩN. Mace within oak-wreath. Æ14mm., 3.90gm.  BMC 17.  Scarce.  VF, rather thick flan.   Ref.# V1095    Sold

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his attribution and grade).


                      

LYDIA
: SARDES. Under the official Libonianus. End of 1st/early A.D. 2nd Cent. Provincial Semis. CAPΔIA NON. Hd. of the young Dionysos r., wearing ivy-wreath. Rv. CTP ΛO IO ΛI-BΩNIANOV. Filleted thyrsos; bee, viewed from above, upwards, in field to r. Æ16-17mm., 3.89gm. Imhoof-Blumer, LSM 290, 13.  Very Rare.  Scratches, otherwise VF   Ref.# V1055  $47.50

Issues under the official Libonianus occur on coins during the reign of Trajan.

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his rarity and grading).

For the rarity also see Münzen & Medaillen GmbH (DE), Auction 30 (2009), lot 786.

 
                 
LYDIA: APOLLONIS. Under the strategist Hermokrates. A.D. 160-169. Assarion. AΠOΛΩNI-ΔEΩN. Bust of Tyche r., wearing mural crown. Rv. EΠΙ CΤΡ ΕΡΜΟΚΡΑΤΟΥC. Modius filled with barley-ears and poppies. Æ18-20mm., 4.33gm. SNG München 39.  Very Rare.  VF, dark patina (thus difficult to photograph).  Ref.# V1064  $22.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his rarity and grading).

       
LYDIA: SILANDOS (Silandus). c. A.D. mid-2nd/early 3rd Century. Hemiassarion. Laur. and dr. bust of Asklepios r.; serpent before. Rv. CIΛAN-Δ-EΩN. Nike adv. l., holding laurel-wreath and trophy. Æ15mm., 3.78gm.  Zfn 1885, Loebbecke 4 (Berlin).    RRR   Good Fine, good patina; relatively thick flan.   Ref# V1298   Sold

   
LYCIA: MASICYTES (Masikytes), AR Hemidrachm of the Lycian League, minted 27-20 B.C. Laur. hd. of Apollo r. Rv. M-A. Three-stringed kithara (lyre); in lower l. field, tripod: all within shallow incuse square. 15-16mm., 1.09gm. RPC I 3310. Troxell, Lycia, Period IV, Series 6, 110. VF, small test-clip on rim each side of 12 o'clock, pleasant toning and of good style.   Ref# V1441  $49.50

See CNG Coin Shop No. 432943 for an example of less attractive style which sold for $245.

EX private UK collection > Ares Numismatics, Netherlands (their grading) > private New York collection


        

PISIDIA: ETENNA. 1st Cent. B.C. Dichalkon. Nymph adv. r., holding serpent; on ground behind, overturned kantharos: border of dots. Rv. E-T. Sickle-shaped knife (harpa): within shallow circular incise. 17mm., 4.17gm. BMC-.  SNG Copenhagen -. SNG BN 1540 (3.96gm.; obverse and reverse struck off-center).  Rare.  Good F, pleasing dark patina and a well centered example.  Ref# V1422   $20

EX Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co., Munich.

The town has been located 22 km north of Manavgat. Polybios (5.73.3) records that Etenna in 218 B.C. furnished 8000 troops to Garsyenis; he speaks of it as lying in the Pisidian mountain country above Side. It is not mentioned again before the Council of Ephesos in A.D. 341. The site at Sirt is determined by the preponderance of coins of Etenna found there, and confirmed by sherds of the Classical period, such sherds being very rare on the inland sites of this region. The previous location of Etenna at Gölcük, farther east beyond the river Melas, is thus disqualified. The ruins occupy the slopes of a steep hill some 250 m high, north of the village. The ring wall, of irregular ashlar of good quality, is standing in part; the south slope, less steep than the others, is covered with overgrown remains of buildings for the most part unidentifiable. They include however a church, a rock-cut reservoir, and a roofed cistern; a spring of good water supplies the village below. On the north slope are numerous rock-cut tombs, said to number 52 in all. Two statues of women, about life-size, are lying on the hillside, and some half-dozen inscriptions of the Roman period have been seen. There is no theater, and no temple has been recognized.


      

PISIDIA: ETENNA. 1st Cent. B.C. Æ Trihemiobol. Nymph adv. r., holding serpent; at bottom l., amphora. Rv. E-T. Sickle-shaped knife (harpa). 16mm., 3.36gm. BMC-.  SNG Copenhagen -. SNG BN 1539 (2.96gm.; obverse with scratches and rather weakly struck).  Rare.  About VF, pleasing dark patina.  Ref# V1452  $27.50

A quarter-drachm in the silver series.




PISIDIA: ISINDA. Civic Issue, LY (Local Year) 9 = 1 B.C./A.D. 1. Tetrachalkon. Laur. hd. of Zeus r. Rv. IΣIN (below). Rider on horse galloping r., wielding spear to attack coiled serpent r., below; to upper l., Θ (date). Æ19-20mm., 6.13gm. Date unlisted in BMC. RPC I, 3512. VF, pleasant very dark brownish-green patina.   Ref# V1450   SOLD

EX private Dutch collection > Ares Numismatics, Netherlands (their grading) > private New York collection

Dating according to Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris Cabinet des Médailles (although LY 9 unpublished in SNG BN).

Far superior to an example of also Θ date illustrated in the Wikipedia entry for Isinda (!)



KILIKIA (Cilicia): KELENDERIS (Celenderis), mid-4th Cent. B.C. AR Obol. Harnessed horse galloping r. Rv. KE-Λ. Goat protome r., hd. facing l.; behind, kerykeion (caduceus). 10mm., 0.72gm.  Unpublished, but same issue as A. Tkalec AG Switzerland, Auction February 2001, Lot 153 (realized CHF 550 / $329 less buyer’s premium).  Rare. VF, slight porosity.    Ref# V1590   $140

EX Gorny & Mosch (their attribution, dating, grading) > New York private collection.



KILIKIA (Cilicia): TARSOS (Tarsus). Earlier 4th Cent. B.C. AR Hemiobol. Female hd. (Arethusa?) almost facing, very sl. l. Rv. Facing hd. of Bes. 9mm., 0.38gm. Apparently unpublished denomination (but cf. Göktürk 44, SNG France 486, SNG Levante 233 = obols; and Göktürk 45 = tetartemorion).   Very Rare.   VF, pleasing dark tone not apparent in the photos; obverse portrait in very high relief which explains the bit of flattening at the highest point.    Ref# V1305   $29.50

EX Dr. Serop Simonian, Dionysos Antike Münzen und Antiquitäten, Hamburg (Tarsos, sehr schön).

       

KILIKIA (Cilicia): TARSOS (Tarsus). Tiribazos (393-392, 388-380 B.C.). AR Tritartemorion (τριτημόριον, 3 Tetartemoria), struck 386-380 B.C. Nymph, naked to waist, kneeling l., casting astragaloi. Rv. Young male hd. r., wreathed. 11mm., 0.51gm. Klein 677.  Rare.  VF      Ref# V1303    Sold

EX Dr. Serop Simonian, Dionysos Antike Münzen und Antiquitäten, Hamburg (sehr schön).


For the rarity also see Gorny & Mosch, 237, 2016, 1488.


See one here at €565.

The game with astragaloi (knucklebones) is a game of ancient origin, usually played with five astragaloi (of a sheep). These were thrown up and caught in various manners. Sophocles, in a written fragment of one of his works, ascribed the invention of knucklebones to the mythical figure Palamedes, who taught it to his Greek countrymen during the Trojan War. Both the Iliad and the Odyssey contain allusions to games similar in character to knucklebones. Pausanius in his Description of Greece (2.20.3) tells of a temple of Fortune in Corinth in which Palamedes made an offering of his newly invented game. Children′s games were a common temple offering at some temples.

Since Athens under the leadership of Konon seriously endangered Sparta's supremacy in Greece, the Spartan politician Antalkidas appeared in 392 B.C. at the court of Tiribazos to stimulate a comprehensive peace settlement. The subsequent peace conference, to which ambassadors from other Greek states, including Konon, came, failed. Meanwhile, Antalkidas won Tiribazos for the Spartan cause and received money from him to build a new fleet, while Konon was arrested on Tiribazos' orders.



KILIKIA (Cilicia): TARSOS (Tarsus). Tiribazos (393-392, 388-380 B.C.). AR Tritartemorion, struck 386-380 B.C. Baaltars std. r., holding eagle and resting on lotus-tipped sceptre; monogram behind. Rv. Aramaic TRZ (= Tarsus). Baaltars, naked but for cloak over shoulders, stg. r., holding short sceptre and eagle. 9mm., 0.55gm.  Göktürk 19.   Rare.   VF     Ref# V1304    Sold

EX Dr. Serop Simonian, Dionysos Antike Münzen und Antiquitäten, Hamburg (sehr schön).

Baaltars, the Baal/Zeus of the city of Tarsus, appears on the coinage of that city before Alexander the Great.

Since Athens under the leadership of Konon seriously endangered Sparta's supremacy in Greece, the Spartan politician Antalkidas appeared in 392 B.C. at the court of Tiribazos to stimulate a comprehensive peace settlement. The subsequent peace conference, to which ambassadors from other Greek states, including Konon, came, failed. Meanwhile, Antalkidas won Tiribazos for the Spartan cause and received money from him to build a new fleet, while Konon was arrested on Tiribazos' orders.


KILIKIA (Cilicia): TARSOS (Tarsus), c. 360-340 B.C., Silver Obol. Helmeted hd. of Athena r. Rv. Baaltars, naked to waist, std. r., holding lotus-tipped scepter, eagle alighting on his outstetched l. hand. 10mm., 0.63gm. SNG Levant 244.  Rare.  VF    Ref# V1302   Sold

EX Dr. Serop Simonian, Dionysos Antike Münzen und Antiquitäten, Hamburg (Tarsos, sehr schön).

For the rarity also see Münzen & Medaillen, 32, 2010, 154.


     

CILICIA
. TARSOS (Tarsus), later 2nd/1st Cent. B.C. Hemiassarion or Dichalkon. Veiled and turreted hd. of the City as Tyche r. Rv. Naked Sandan, holding hammer and flower, stg. on back of horned and winged, lion-like animal r. Æ18-19mm., 4.35gm. SNG Switzerland Levante-Cilicia 962. SNG Tahberer Cilicia 1434 (4.04gm., sim. cond.). Good F, pleasant very dark brownish green, somewhat glossy patina.   Ref# V1624   $24.50

Sandas (more commonly spelled as "Sandan") was the Anatolian (Hittite) lion god represented in association with a horned lion, and often resided inside a pyre surmounted by an eagle. He was often associated with Herakles, and sometimes to Marduk. In ceremonies, an image of the god was placed inside a pyre and was set on fire.



CILICIA: TARSUS (Tarsos). Under Antoninus Pius, A.D. 138-161. Diassarion. ΛVT KAI TI AI AΔP ANTΩNINOC CЄB ЄV, Π Π across fields, Zeus Nikephorus (with features of Antoninus Pius) enthroned l., holding nike with wreath and scepter. Rv. Tyche (as the city-goddess of Tarsus) std. r. on throne decorated with sphinx, holding grain ears and poppy; at her feet, river-god Cydnus swimming r. Æ25mm., 10.27gm. SNG Levante 1011.  Rare. VF, pleasant dark brown patina.   Ref# V1442   $29.50

EX private UK collection > Ares Numismatics, Netherlands (their grading) > private New York collection

For the rarity also see Münz Zentrum Rheinland 186, 2018, 170.

See CNG 85, Lot 607 (Good VF) - fetched $660 incl. buyer's premium


  

ISLANDS OFF CILICIA (Cilician Islands): ELAIOUSA-SEBASTE (Elaiussa Sebaste or Elaeousa Sebaste: literally, "I respect olive oil"). c. first-half of the 1st Cent. B.C. Assarion. Laur. hd. of Zeus r.; behind, QE, upwards. Rv. ΕΛΑ-ΙΟΥΣΙΩΝ. Nike ad. l., holding wreath; in field l., monogram, EP below. Æ20-21mm., 7.13gm. SNG BN Paris 1144. SNG Levante 830. Good VF, attractively toned.    Ref# V1446     Sold

Superior to the specimen in Sammlung Roland Müller, St. Gallen sold by Münzen & Medaillen in 2009 (Auction 30, lot 690).

Elaiussa, meaning olive, was founded in the 2nd century B.C. on a tiny island on the southern coast of Cilicia attached to the mainland by a narrow isthmus in the Mediterranean Sea.


             

PHOENICIA: SIDON. 'Abd'Ashtart (Straton I). 372-359 B.C. AR Sixteenth-Shekel. Galley sailing l., waves below; Phoenician letter beth above. Rv. King stg. r., fighting with rampant lion l.; Phoenician letter ayin between. 10mm., 0.73gm. Klein 718.  VF   Ref.# V1054  $65

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grading).

He cultivated friendly relations with Athens, indicated in a decree of proxenia (Michel, Rec. d'inscr. gr. No. 93 = CIG. No. 87); his court was famed for its luxury; and the extent to which phil-Hellenic tendencies prevailed at this time in Sidon is shown by the royal sarcophagi, noble specimens of Greek art, which have been excavated in the necropolis of the city.





PHOENICIA: KINGDOM of GEBAL (BYBLOS): KING AINEL (Enylos), 352-332 B.C., Silver Sixteenth-Shekel (Eighth-Drachm) of c. 333 B.C. Phoenician war galley, manned by two hoplites (men armed with shields), sailing l.; the prow terminating in the head of a lion; the stern ornamented with an aplustre; below, hippocamp l. Rv. Phoenician legend, עינאל מלך גבל, Ainel Melek Gebal = "Ainel, King of Gebal." Lion advancing l., taking down a stag. 0.77gm. Babelon 876, pl. CXVII, 27. BMC 8. Rouvier (JIAN IV), 645.  Rare.  Good VF, in excellent silver, lightly toned with golden highlights and some horn silver.   Ref# V1285   Sold

For the rarity also see Seaby Coin & Medal Bulletin 791/2, B151.

EX Prof. James Hartley Nichols.

This king was also known as Ainelor, or Enylus, and was a contemporary of Alexander the Great (Arrian, ii. 20. 1).

This 4th Century kingdom represents the very first coinage of Byblos.



PHOENICIA
: ARADOS. 380-351/0 B.C. AR Obol. Laur. hd. of Ba‘al-Arwad (the patron-god of Arados) r. Rv. Phoenician Pentekonter sailing r.; above, Phoenician aleph and mem; waves below. 8-9mm., 0.63gm. Betlyon, The Coinage and Mints of Phoenicia: The Pre-Alexandrine Period (Harvard Semitic Monographs, Vol. 26), 13.  VF, dark find patina.   Ref# V1561    Sold

EX Ares Numismatics, Netherlands (their grading).

Penteconters were long and sharp-keeled ships, hence described as long vessels (νῆες μακραί, nḗes makraí). They typically lacked a full deck, and thus were also called unfenced vessels (ἄφρακτοι νῆες, áphraktoi nḗes).
  

PHOENICIA: ARADOS (Aradus). 2nd Century B.C. Æ Unit, c. 147 B.C. Laur. hd. of Zeus r. Rv. Prow l.; ethnic above; date below (each in Phoenician). 13mm., 3.95gm. BMC 125f.  VF, pleasant dark brown patina; reverse in a bit of a circular incuse.   Ref# V1319   Sold

The island of Arados (Greek: Ἄραδος), also known as Arvad, Arpad, Arphad, now known as Arwad, covers the entire island. Today, it is mainly a fishing town. The name Arvad is noted in the Bible as the origination of the Arvadites, a Canaanite people. The island was settled in the early 2nd millennium B.C. by the Phoenicians. Under Phoenician control, it became an independent kingdom called Arvad Aradus or Jazirat (the latter term meaning "island"). The Phoenician name for the city was probably Aynook. The city was one of the first known examples of a republic in the world, in which the people, rather than a monarch, are described as sovereign. In Greek it was known as Arados, and Aradus to the Romans. The city also appears in ancient sources as Arpad and Arphad.



PALESTINE
. JUDAEA. The JEWISH COINAGE (Coins of the Jews).  The HERODIAN KINGDOM: HEROD I “The Great.” 40 - 4 B.C. Æ Prutah, Jerusalem mint, 37 - 4 B.C. “Herod King” abbreviated in Greek. Cross outside open diadem. Rv. Temple tripod table within dotted border. 15-16mm., 1.94gm. Hendin 1181 ($75 in F). Meshorer, TJC (A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba, Jerusalem, 2001), 52.  Very Scarce.  Good F   Ref# V1593   $37.50

See one here in sim. cond. which realized $
108 = $118.80 w/ BP.  Another here in sim. cond. but called Choice VF ($200-$250) and mistakenly attributed to Hendin 1184.

   
PALESTINE. JUDAEA. The JEWISH COINAGE (Coins of the Jews).  The HERODIAN KINGDOM: HEROD I “The Great.” 40 - 4 B.C. Æ Prutah, Jerusalem mint, 37 - 4 B.C. “Herod King” abbreviated in Greek. Cross within open diadem. Rv. Temple tripod table within dotted border.  13-15mm., 1.29gm.  BMC 36. Hendin 1179 ($75 in F). Meshorer, TJC (A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba, Jerusalem, 2001), 50. RPC I, p. 679 (4 specimens recorded) and pl. 178, 4906 (sim. cond.). Very Scarce.  Good F   Ref# V1610   $49.50

Here at PR 240 / USD $264 w/ BP


   

PALESTINE
. JUDAEA. The JEWISH COINAGE (Coins of the Jews).  The HERODIAN KINGDOM: HEROD I “The Great.” 40 - 4 B.C. Æ Prutah, Jerusalem mint, 37 - 4 B.C. “Herod King” abbreviated in Greek. Cross within open diadem. Rv. Temple tripod table within dotted border.  13-15mm., 1.29gm.  BMC 36. Hendin 1179 ($75 in F). Meshorer, TJC (A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba, Jerusalem, 2001), 50. RPC I, p. 679 (4 specimens recorded) and pl. 178, 4906 (sim. cond.). Very Scarce.  Good F   Ref# V1609   $32.50

Here at PR 240 / USD $264 w/ BP


PALESTINE. JUDAEA. The JEWISH COINAGE (Coins of the Jews).  The HERODIAN KINGDOM: HEROD I (The Great), 40 - 4 B.C. Æ Prutah, Jerusalem mint, 37 - 4 B.C. “Herod King” abbreviated in Greek. Cross surmounted by diadem; border of dots.  Rv. Temple tripod-table curved legs within circular border. 14-15mm., 1.51gm. BMC Palestine pl. XXIV, 8. Hendin 1181 ($75 in F). Meshorer, TJC (A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba, Jerusalem, 2001), 52. RPC I, p. 679 (4 specimens recorded) and pl. 178, 4906 (sim. cond.).  Very Scarce.  Good F, dark brownish-green patina with earthen highlights.   Ref# V1599   $27.50

See one here which realized $384 w/ BP. Another here which realized €108 = $118.80 w/ BP.

  
PALESTINE. JUDAEA. The JEWISH COINAGE (Coins of the Jews).  The HERODIAN KINGDOM: HEROD I (The Great), 40 - 4 B.C. Æ Prutah, Jerusalem mint, 37 - 4 B.C. Small diadem within legend naming King Herod in irregular lines. Rv. Temple tripod table with curved legs within circular border. 14-17mm., 1.52gm. Hendin 1184. Meshorer, TJC 54a. Meshorer, AJC -. A&F (D.T. Ariel & J.-P. Fontanille, The Coins of Herod: A Modern Analysis and Die Classification. Leiden, 2012) Type 9. RPC I –. HGC 10, –.  Rare.  Good F, dark patina.   Ref# V1608   $75

Superior centering to GNG 118, 2021, 494, PR $212.40 w/ BP.


        

PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. Artaxerxes II Mnemon (405-359 B.C.). Not after c. 375. AR Siglos. (Old Persian: Artaxšaçā, or Ṛtaxšaca, meaning "whose reign is through truth." Mnemon = "Exalted.").  King adv. r with bow drawn outward in l. hand; annulets on kandys. Counterstamp: flower (on stem). Rv. Very irregular incuse punch (sometimes referred to as a map). 5.55 gm. Carradice Type IV. BMC Persia p. 171, 172. Klein 763. Rosen 674.  Ref# V1193  Really Good VF, unusually good style for these issues and quite scarce.  Sold

Ian Carradice personally attibuted this specimen to the time of this king's reign. The counterstamp according to myself AND Mr. Carradice represents a flower.
This countermark relates to Tarsus during his reign. The particular weight standard of this piece ceased about 375 B.C. after which the siglos apparently became significantly lighter (below 3.4gm.). cf. Carradice, I., THE 'REGAL 'COINAGE OF THE PERSIAN EMPIRE (B.A.R., Oxford, 1987), p. 95. This countermark probably relates to Tarsus. Cf. Babelon, E. Les Perses Achéménides, Intro., XXVI, Tarse 1d. For an attribution of the annulets as representing pearls cf. Babelon, E., Les Perses Achéménides, p. 14.

He had the longest reign of the Achaemenid kings. He played the role of referee between Athens and Sparta and recovered the cities of Asia Minor after the peace of Antalcidas in 386 B.C.

He became involved in a war with Persia's erstwhile allies, the Spartans, who, under Agesilaus II, invaded Asia Minor. In order to redirect the Spartans attention to Greek affairs, Artaxerxes subsidized their enemies: in particular the Athenians, Thebans and Corinthians. These subsidies helped to engage the Spartans in what would become known as the Corinthian War. In 386 B.C. Artaxerxes II betrayed his allies and came to an arrangement with Sparta, and in the Treaty of Antalcidas he forced his erstwhile allies to come to terms. This treaty restored control of the Greek cities of Ionia and Aeolis on the Anatolian coast to the Persians, while giving Sparta dominance on the Greek mainland.

There is apparently evidence indicating that these particular issues helped subsidize the Spartans to finance this war.



KINGDOM of PARTHIA (Arsacid Empire): PAKOROS I, A.D. 78-120, Silver Drachm, Ecbatana (Hegmataneh). His diad. and cuir. bust l., with long, pointed beard, earring visible, hair slightly waved. Rv. Stylized Greek inscr.: "King of Kings, the Philhellene, God manifest, just, beneficent." Arsaces, enthroned r., holding bow. 3.66gm. Sunrise Numismatic Art of Persia 439. Sellwood 78.4 (previously attributed to Vologases III). Shore -. Good VF/VF, bold portrait; in nice metal and toned.   Ref# V1173  Sold

As Gorny & Mosch 243, 2017, 369.


KINGDOM of PARTHIA (Arsacid Empire): PAKOROS I, A.D. 78-120, Silver Drachm, Ecbatana (Hegmataneh). His diad. bust l., earring visible, wearing torque and long, triangular beard; hair waved. Rv. Arsaces, as archer, enthroned r.; below bow, mint-mark; seven-line Greek inscription. 3.64gm. Sunrise - (but cf. 439: throne base differs). Sellwood 78.5 (previously attributed to Vologases III). Shore 415 (previously attributed to Vologases III). Nice VF/Almost VF, portrait in good relief with pleasant toning.   Ref# V1174    Sold

As Roma Numismatics E72, 2020, 666.




The INDO-PARTHIAN (Suren) KINGDOM: GONDOPHARES II, the Great* (A.D. 19-46), Billon Drachm, Jammu-Pathankot. His diad. and bearded bust r.; around, barbarous Greek legend naming the king. Rv. Rv. Pallas Athena in fighting attitude, adv. r., with thunderbolt and aegis. 11-12mm., 2.65gm.  MAC 2641. BMC pl. XXII, 7.   Scarce.   Good F, on a thick flan with a pleasing find-patina.    Ref# V1601   $32.50

* Per Alberto M. Simonetta and François Widemann, The Chronology of the Gondopharean Dynasty (in East and West, Vol. 28, No. 1/4, Dec. 1978), p. 161: “ … we find Gondophares the Great ruling in 45 A.D. (having ascended the throne in 19 A.D.) ... ”

According to the Acts of Thomas, the apostle Thomas, against his personal inclinations, was instructed by the appearance of Christ to preach the Gospel to the Indians under the direction of Habban, a minister of King Gondophares, and made several converts, including Gondophares himself. The mention of this king is made in various texts and versions of the Apocryphal Acts of Thomas, and it is remarkable that after so many centuries, the actual existence of this king has been proven by the discovery of his coins in India. His kingdom comprised the areas of Arachosia, Kabul and Gandhara (present Afghanistan and Pakistan). Some scholars recognize his name (also known as: Gondopharnes, Gondophernes, Gundafar) through its Armenian form, Gathaspar, in Gaspar, the traditional name of one of the Three Wise Men who came from the East to worship Jesus Christ at his nativity.

The Indo-Parthian Kingdom, also known as the Suren Kingdom, was a Parthian kingdom founded by the Gondopharid branch of the House of Suren.



The INDO-PARTHIAN (Suren) KINGDOM: GONDOPHARES II, the GREAT* (A.D. 19-46), Billon Drachm, Jammu-Pathankot. His diad. hd. r.; around, barbarous Greek legend naming the king.  Rv. Pallas Athena adv. r., with thunderbolt and aegis. 11-12mm., 2.65gm. Whitehead, Panjab Museum, Vol. 1, Indo-Greek Coins, Coins of the Indo-Parthians, Indo-Parthian Kings, p. 155 and pl. XV, 39. Senior 222.1D.   Scarce.   Good F, on a thick flan with a pleasing find-patina.    Ref# V1602   $32.50

* Per Alberto M. Simonetta and François Widemann, The Chronology of the Gondopharean Dynasty (in East and West, Vol. 28, No. 1/4, Dec. 1978), p. 161: “ … we find Gondophares the Great ruling in 45 A.D. (having ascended the throne in 19 A.D.) ... ”

According to the Acts of Thomas, the apostle Thomas, against his personal inclinations, was instructed by the appearance of Christ to preach the Gospel to the Indians under the direction of Habban, a minister of King Gondophares, and made several converts, including Gondophares himself. The mention of this king is made in various texts and versions of the Apocryphal Acts of Thomas, and it is remarkable that after so many centuries, the actual existence of this king has been proven by the discovery of his coins in India. His kingdom comprised the areas of Arachosia, Kabul and Gandhara (present Afghanistan and Pakistan). Some scholars recognize his name (also known as: Gondopharnes, Gondophernes, Gundafar) through its Armenian form, Gathaspar, in Gaspar, the traditional name of one of the Three Wise Men who came from the East to worship Jesus Christ at his nativity.

The Indo-Parthian Kingdom, also known as the Suren Kingdom, was a Parthian kingdom founded by the Gondopharid branch of the House of Suren.




The INDO-PARTHIAN (Suren) KINGDOM: GONDOPHARES II, the GREAT* (A.D. 19-46), Billon Drachm, Jammu-Pathankot. His double-diad. and bearded bust r.; around, corrupt Greek legend naming the king.  Rv. Pallas Athena adv. r., hurling thunderbolt.   10-11mm., 2.21gm.  Mitchiner ACW 2636.  Scarce.   Good F, on a thick flan with a good find-patina.    Ref# V1603   $32.50

* Per Alberto M. Simonetta and François Widemann, The Chronology of the Gondopharean Dynasty (in East and West Journal, Vol. 28, No. 1/4, Dec. 1978), p. 161: “ … we find Gondophares the Great ruling in 45 A.D. (having ascended the throne in 19 A.D.) ... ”

According to the Acts of Thomas, the apostle Thomas, against his personal inclinations, was instructed by the appearance of Christ to preach the Gospel to the Indians under the direction of Habban, a minister of King Gondophares, and made several converts, including Gondophares himself. The mention of this king is made in various texts and versions of the Apocryphal Acts of Thomas, and it is remarkable that after so many centuries, the actual existence of this king has been proven by the discovery of his coins in India. His kingdom comprised the areas of Arachosia, Kabul and Gandhara (present Afghanistan and Pakistan). Some scholars recognize his name (also known as: Gondopharnes, Gondophernes, Gundafar) through its Armenian form, Gathaspar, in Gaspar, the traditional name of one of the Three Wise Men who came from the East to worship Jesus Christ at his nativity.

The Indo-Parthian Kingdom, also known as the Suren Kingdom, was a Parthian kingdom founded by the Gondopharid branch of the House of Suren.





The INDO-PARTHIAN (Suren) KINGDOM: GONDOPHARES II, the GREAT* (A.D. 19-46), Billon Drachm, Jammu-Pathankot. His diad. hd r.; corrupt Greek legend naming the king.  Rv. 'Maharajasa Guduvharasa Sasasa Jayatasa' ('of Great King Gondophares-Sases the Victorious' in Kharoshthi). Athena Pallas adv. r., flanked by monograms: ' stra' in Kharosthi at l, 'hoa' in Kharosthi at l., brandishing spear with her r. hand and holding shield in her l.  12-13mm., 2.65gm.  Smith, Catalogue of the Coins in the Indian Museum Calcutta, Vol. I, Part I, Indo-Parthian Coins, Pl. IX and p. 56, 19 (cond. poor). Senior 246.9D.   Scarce.   Good F, on a thick flan with a good find-patina and well above average silver content.    Ref# V1605   $22.50   Sold

* Per Alberto M. Simonetta and François Widemann, The Chronology of the Gondopharean Dynasty (in East and West Journal, Vol. 28, No. 1/4, Dec. 1978), p. 161: “ … we find Gondophares the Great ruling in 45 A.D. (having ascended the throne in 19 A.D.) ... ”

An example here from Leu Numismatik, Switzerland, in similar condition, off-center and of lighter weight which realized significantly more than our price.





ELYMAIS. Kamnaskires VI and his successors*, c. 46 B.C. / A.D. 25. Billon Tetradrachm. Diad. bust l.; star and crescent, pellet and anchor behind. Rv. Blundered legend around degenerate diad. bust l. 29-31mm., 14.14gm. Alram NB1. BMC Elymais 13, pl. XXXIX, 3 (ours of superior centering and condition to their example). Van ’t Haaff, P.A., Catalog of Elymaean Coinage, Type 10.4.1.1.  Light occlusions, otherwise, VF   Ref# V1249   $37.50   Sold

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).

Sold for £10 (VF/F) in 1966
(= 1966/$26.55 ~ 2017/$200).

*Kamnaskires VII, VIII and IX according to Pakzadian (2007):
   Kamnaskires VII, c. 28 B.C. - A.D. 1
   Kamnaskires VIII, c. A.D. 1- 15
   Kamnaskires IX, c. A.D. 15- 25

Elymais or Elamais (ἐλυμαΐς, Hellenic form of Elam) was a kingdom with the most important cities (and the coinage-mint locations) of Susa and Seleucia on the Hedyphon located at the head of the Persian Gulf in the present-day region of Khuzestan, Iran (Susiana). The kingdom consisted of three provinces: Massabatice (later Masabadhan), Corbiane and Gabiane.

KINGDOM of ELYMAIS (Elymaean Kingdom, Kingdom of Elam, Elamite Kingdom): KAMNASKIRES VIII. ca. A.D. 1-15. Drachm, Seleucia on the Hedyphon. His bearded, crowned and diademed bust l.; to l., star, crescent and anchor. Rv. Anchor surrounded by pellets and dashes. Æ13-15mm., 2.83gmUnpublished? variant of van ’t Haaff 16.3.2-2A (portrait).   Rare.  VF  Ref.# V1096  $47.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz (his attribution to Kamnaskires VIII, mint and grading).


Seleucia-on-the-Hedyphon (Greek: Σελεύκεια, also transliterated as Seleuceia, Seleukeia, Seleukheia; formerly Soloke or Soloce, Sodome, and Sele, also Surak) was an ancient city on the Hedyphon (now Jarahi) River in Susiana (earlier Elam), east of Mesopotamia, currently the site of Ja Nishin, Khuzestan Province, Iran

               
ELYMAIS (Susiana): ORODES I. c. A.D. 25-35.  Drachm, Susa. His diad. bust l., wearing tiara with anchor; to r., pellet-in-crescent above inverted anchor with single crossbar. Rv. Anchor; series of dashes. 14mm., Æ2.99gm. van 't Haaff 16.3.2-1A.  Rare.  VF   Ref# V1219   $23.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his attribution to Orodes I and grading).

                    

KINGDOM of ELYMAIS: PHRAATES I, c. A.D. 35-50. Drachm, mint of Susa. His bearded and mustached bust facing, wearing pearl-diademed tiara; to r., above, "star" within decrescent moon; below, anchor with crossbar at top. Rv. "Double" diadem w/bow and two ribbons. Æ14-16mm., 2.80gm. van 't Haaff 14.3.1-1Cc.   Rare.   VF    Ref# V1257     $25

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (sehr schön).

Superior grade to the two specimens in the British Museum (1, 2).



                   


KINGDOM of ELYMAIS: PHRAATES I, c. A.D. 35-50. Half Unit (Hemidrachm), mint of Susa. His diad. bust l. Rv. Artemis (as archer) stg., almost facing, hd. r., holding bow and quiver. 12-14mm., 1.78gm. van ’t Haaff 14.6.1.3c.  Already rare as a drachm: VERY RARE (Unique?) as a hemidrachm.   VF   Ref# V1245    $19.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (grading).

For the rarity also see Pegasi 27, 2012, 220.


         

KINGDOM of ELYMAIS (Elymaean Kingdom, Kingdom of Elam, Elamite Kingdom): ORODES II. c. A.D. 50-70. Drachm, mint of Seleuceia-on-the-Hedyphon. His diad. bust facing, very slightly l.; to r., pellet-in-crescent above inverted anchor with one crossbar. Rv. Radiate bust of Belos (= the Elymaean Zeus) facing; circular Aramaic legend around (= "Orodes, son of Orodes"). Æ14mm., 3.31gm. van 't Haaff 13.2.1-2Bk.  Rare.  VF   Ref# V1220   $23.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his rarity, mint and grading).


                

KINGDOM of ELYMAIS (Elymaean Kingdom, Kingdom of Elam, Elamite Kingdom): ORODES II. c. A.D. 50-70. Drachm, mint of Seleuceia-on-the-Hedyphon. His diad. bust facing, very slightly l.; to r., pellet-in-crescent above inverted anchor with one crossbar. Rv. Radiate bust of Belos (= the Elymaean Zeus) facing; circular Aramaic legend around (= "Orodes, son of Orodes"). Æ15mm., 3.43gm. van ’t Haaff 13.2.1-2Ba.  Rare.  VF  Ref# V1253  $20

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his rarity, mint and grading).



ELYMAÏS
(Susiana): ORODES III. c. A.D. 70-75. Drachm, mint of Susa. His dr. bust l., wearing tiara with anchor and dotted rim, diadem band below tiara, ribbon falling behind bust from dot; to r., pellet within crescent above anchor with one crossbar at top. Rv. Dr. bust of Belos l., wearing torque. Æ13mm., 2.93gm. van 't Haaff 16.2.1-2Ab.  Rare.  VF   Ref# V1341  $12.50

EX Numismatik Lanz, Munich
(sehr schön).


KINGDOM of ELYMAIS: PHRAATES II, c. A.D. 75-90. Drachm, mint of Seleukeia on the Hedyphon. His bearded bust l., wearing tiara; to r., pellet inside crescent above anchor with one crossbar. Rv. BACIΛEΩC ΦPAATEC (blundered). Artemis stg. r., drawing arrow from quiver with r. hand, bow in l. Æ14-15mm., 3.88gm. van 't Haaff 14.6.1-1a.  VF   Ref# V1349    $23.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his attribution to Phraates II, mint and grading).


KINGDOM of ELYMAIS: PHRAATES II, c. A.D. 75-90. Hemidrachm(?), mint of Seleukeia-on-the-Hedyphon. His diad. and dr. bust facing; to r., anchor downward with no crossbar. Rv. Eagle stg. facing, hd. l., wings spread. 12-14mm., 2.26gm. As Numismatik Naumann 20, 2014, 378. BMC Elymais p. 278, 56 (2.27gm.). van ’t Haaff 14.2.1-2Ah.  Very Scarce.   VF    Ref# V1242   $24.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his attribution to Phraates II, mint and grading).


                  


ELYMAÏS (Susiana): ORODES III, last decade of the 1st Century. Drachm, mint of Susa. His dr. bust l., wearing tiara; behind, star and crescent moon over anchor. Rv. Dr. bust of Artemis r., wearing kalathos. van 't Haaff 16.1.1-3Aa.  Æ15mm., 3.52gm.  Rare.   VF    Ref# V1260   $20

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (sehr schön).

For dating cf. Wiesehöfer, 1996, p. 318. Pakzadian, 2007, pp. 56-57 & VII-X.


For the rarity also see Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. 409, 2013, 208.


           
 
ELYMAÏS (Susiana): ORODES III, last decade of the 1st Century. Drachm, mint of Susa. His dr. bust l., wearing tall, banded tiara; behind, star and crescent moon over anchor. Rv. Dr. bust of Artemis, wearing kalathos (calathus).  Æ12-13mm., 3.55gm. Unpublished variant of van 't Haaff 16.1.1-1d (tiara).   Rare.   VF, difficult to photograph: somewhat "better in hand" and with a relatively thick flan.    Ref# V1246   Sold

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich
(sehr schön).
 
For dating cf. Wiesehöfer, 1996, p. 318; Pakzadian, 2007, pp. 56-57 & VII-X.

For the rarity also see Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. 409, 2013, 208.


                      



ELYMAÏS (Susiana): ORODES III, last decade of the 1st Century. Drachm, mint of Susa. His dr. bust l., wearing tiara; behind, star and crescent-moon over anchor. Rv. Dr. bust of Artemis, wearing kalathos and necklace.  Æ13-16mm., 3.12gm.    van 't Haaff 16.1.1-1b (otherwise unpublished).   Rare.  VF   Ref# V1258   $22.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (
sehr schön).


                   
 

ELYMAÏS (Susiana): ORODES III, last decade of the 1st Century. Drachm, probable mint of Susa. His dr. bust l., wearing tiara; behind, star and decrescent-moon over anchor. Rv. Field filled with irregularly placed, slightly elongated pellets. 15mm., 4.07gm. An unpublished variant of van 't Haaff 16.2.2-2a-b and our example of superior quality and preservation to those specimens. VF, relatively thick flan.   Ref# V1247   $15  Sold

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).

For dating cf. Wiesehöfer, 1996, p. 318; Pakzadian, 2007, pp. 56-57 & VII-X.


                

KINGS of ELYMAIS. KAMNASKIRES ORODES, c. A.D. 100-120, son of Orodes II. Drachm of Susa mint. Facing diademed bust with bushy hair and top tuft; to r., pellet-in-crescent above anchor with one crossbar on top; pellet between bust and anchor. Rv. Irregular series of dashes. Æ15mm., 3.81gm. van 't Haaff 12.3.1-2A2c (our portrait of superior strike and style).   VF    Ref# V1248   $40

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).


        

KINGS of ELYMAIS. KAMNASKIRES ORODES, c. A.D. 100-120, son of Orodes II. Drachm of Susa. His facing diad. bust r., wearing bushy hair; to r., pellet-in-crescent above anchor with one crossbar on top. Rv. Irregular series of dashes.  Æ15mm., 3.51gm.  van ’t Haaff 12.3.1-1B.   Rare.  VF   Ref# V1252   $35

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).


    
       

KINGS of ELYMAIS. KAMNASKIRES ORODES, c. A.D. 100-120, son of Orodes II. Drachm of Susa. His facing diad. bust r., wearing bushy hair; to r., pellet-in-crescent above anchor with one crossbar on top. Rv. Irregular series of dashes.  Æ15mm., 3.50gm.  van ’t Haaff 12.3.1-1B.   Rare.  VF   Ref# V1265   $35

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).


                   


KINGDOM of ELYMAIS. ORODES IV. c. A.D. 140-160. Drachm, mint of Susa. His diad. bust facing, very slightly l.; wearing hair swept up and top tuft. Rv. Inverted anchor with one crossbar; pellet-in-annulet above; all within wreath. Æ13-14mm., 3.02gm. van ’t Haaff - (but cf. Type 17.3.1-1). Alram –. Very Rare, and an apparently unpublished reverse type.  VF   Ref# V1243   $75

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).

For the rarity and the identical type also see CNG 348, 2015, 410 and 372, 2016, 206 - each realizing $192 incl. buyer's fee.



ELYMAIS: ORODES IV and QUEEN ULPAN. c. A.D. 140-150. Drachm of Seleucia on the Hedyphon. Bust facing l., wearing broad diadem band, with large hair tufts on top of and on side of head, flowing backward; to l., Aramaic legend (wrwd MLK' = King Orodes); pellet border. Rv. Dr. Bust of Queen Ulpan l., wearing necklace, hair tied above with long braid falling behind; to l., Aramaic legend (wip'n = Ulpan); pellet border. Æ14-15mm., 2.35gm. van 't Haaff 17.1.1-1d (ours of overall superior preservation).  VF   Ref# V1348  $25

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his dating, mint and grading).

Ulpan (also known as Ulfan) was the queen consort and queen regnant with Orodes IV of this Helleno-Iranian kingdom known as Elam and then located in what are now southeastern Iraq and the Zagros Mountains of Iran and ruled jointly with him from c. A.D. 140-150.

ELYMAIS: ORODES V. c. A.D. 170-180. Drachm, mint of Seleuceia-on-the-Hedyphon, c. A.D. 170-175. His diad. bust facing, viewed from l., hair in tuft at each side and wearing torque; pellet border. Rv. Bust of Artemis l., wearing tiara and necklace. 14-15mm., 2.63gm. van 't Haaff 17.2.1-1b (otherwise apparently unpublished).  Rare. VF, an attractive example.   Ref# V1385   Sold

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his dating, mint and grading).

For the rarity also see Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. 409, 2013, 211.


  
ELYMAIS: ORODES V. c. A.D. 170-180. Drachm, mint of Seleuceia-on-the-Hedyphon, c. A.D. 170-175. His diad. bust facing, viewed from l., hair in tuft at each side and wearing torque. Rv. Bust of Artemis l., wearing tiara and necklace; to r., anchor with crossbar on top.  13-15mm., 3.12gm. van 't Haaff 17.2.1-1b (otherwise apparently unpublished).  Rare. VF   Ref# V1384   $8.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his dating, mint and grading).

For the rarity also see Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. 409, 2013, 211.

     
ELYMAIS: Unknown Prince (5th). c. A.D. 190-200. Diobol or Hemidrachm, Seleukeia ad Hedyphon. Diad. and bearded hd l., side whiskers of one row of dots; pellet-border. Rv. Artemis stg. r., holding bow in one hand, plucking arrow from her quiver with the other; pellet-border. van 't Haaff 19.1.1-1Bd (ours of similar preservation). Æ11-12mm., 1.28gm.  Rare.   VF   Ref# V1343   $22.50

According to van 't Haaff, too few of these coins are known to determine their denomination.

EX Lanz Munchen (their attribution, mint, dating and grade).


   

ELYMAIS: Unknown Prince (6th). c. A.D. 200-205. Hemidrachm, Seleukeia ad Hedyphon. Diad. and dr. bust l., wearing torque. Rv. Female archer (Artemis) stg. three-quarters r., hd. r., holding bow in her extended l. hand and reaching for arrow from quiver in her r. Æ11-12mm., 1.91gm. van 't Haaff 19.1.1-1Bf (ours of superior preservation).  Rare.  VF   Ref# V1351  $12.50

EX Lanz Munchen (their attribution, mint, dating and grade).

According to van 't Haaff, too few of these coins are known to determine their denomination.





ELYMAIS: Unknown Prince (9th). c. A.D. 215-220. Æ Unit (Diobol or Hemidrachm), Seleucia on the Hedyphon mint. His diad. hd. l., hair tied up behind in a rosette-pattern. Rv. Trident; to l.; crescent and pellet. Æ9-10mm., 1.30gm. Apparently unpublished!  RRR  VF   Ref# V1346   $37.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his attribution, dating, mint and grading).

According to van 't Haaff, too few of these coins are known to determine their denomination.


 

ELYMAIS: Unknown Prince (9th). c. A.D. 215-220. Æ Unit (Hemidrachm), Seleukeia on the Hedyphon. Diad. hd. l. Rv. Anchor with crossbar within wreath.  Æ10-11, 1.58gm. van 't Haaff 21.1.1-1a.  de Morgan -. BMC -. Alram -.  Rare.  VF   Ref# V1345  $9.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his attribution, dating, mint and grading).

According to van 't Haaff, too few of these coins are known to determine their denomination.



ELYMAIS: Unknown Prince (9th). c. A.D. 215-220. Æ Unit (Hemidrachm), Seleucia on the Hedyphon mint. His diad. hd. l.; pelleted border Rv. Anchor with crossbar; to each side, pellet and crescent: all within stylized wreath. Æ9-10mm., 1.40gm. Apparently unpublished (but cp. van 't Haaff 21.1.1-1).   Very Rare.   Ref# V1387  VF   $15

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his attribution, dating, mint and grading).

According to van 't Haaff, too few coins are known in this weight-class to determine a drachmaic denomination.



ELYMAIS
: Unknown Prince (9th). c. A.D. 215-220. Æ Unit (Diobol?), Seleukeia on the Hedyphon. Diad. and bearded bust l., wearing torque. Rv. Anchor within wreath. van 't Haaff 21.1.1-1b.  de Morgan -. BMC -. Alram -. Æ9-10mm., 1.14gm.   Rare.  VF   Ref# V1338  $7.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his attribution, dating, mint and grading).

According to van 't Haaff, too few of these coins are known to determine their denomination.


               

ELYMAIS: ORODES VI. c. A.D. 220-224. Æ Unit (Hemidrachm), Seleukeia ad Hedyphon. Diad., crowned and dr. bust r. Rv. Crescent and 3 pellets within diadem-wreath. 13mm., 1.68gm.  van 't Haaff 21.2.1-1a.   VF    Ref# V1244    $37.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his description, dating, mint and grading); he attributes this issue to "10. unbekannter Prinz" (10th unknown prince), but in fact Orodes VI reigned during these years according to Josef Wiesehöfer in "ANCIENT PERSIA from 550 BC to 650 AD" (London, 1996).

Pieter van 't Haaff refers to the denomination here as a "unit."


ELYMAIS: ORODES VI. c. A.D. 220-224. Æ Unit (Tetrobol), Seleukeia ad Hedyphon. His diad. cr. and dr. bust l. Rv. Diadem containing pellet above and below crescent. 10-12mm., 1.99gm. Apparently unpublished (but see van 't Haaff 21.2.1-1a: portrait r. and 3 pellets on one side of crescent).  RRRef# V1386  VF, relatively thick flan.   Ref# V1394   $47.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his description, dating, mint and grading); he attributes this issue to "10. unbekannter Prinz" (10th unknown prince), but Orodes VI reigned during these years according to Josef Wiesehöfer in "ANCIENT PERSIA from 550 BC to 650 AD" (London, 1996).

Pieter van 't Haaff refers to the denomination here as a "unit."




ELYMAIS: ORODES VI. c. A.D. 220-224. Æ Unit (Hemidrachm), Seleukeia ad Hedyphon. His dr. and diad. bust l. Rv. Diadem containing pellet each side of crescent.. 10mm., 1.62gm. Apparently unpublished (but cp. van 't Haaff 21.2.1-1a: bust r. and 3 pellets on one side of crescent only).  RR.  Ref# V1386  VF, relatively thick flan.  $12.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his description, dating, mint and grading); he attributes this issue to "10. unbekannter Prinz" (10th unknown prince), but Orodes VI reigned during these years according to Josef Wiesehöfer in "ANCIENT PERSIA from 550 BC to 650 AD" (London, 1996).

Pieter van 't Haaff refers to the denomination here as a "unit."




ELYMAIS: ORODES VII. c. A.D. 224/5. Drachm of Seleukeia on the Hedyphon. His diad. and dr. bust l., wearing torque; hair tied in tuft above. Rv. Diad. and dr. bust of Artemis as the city-goddess l., wearing earring and necklace. Æ12-15mm., 3.33gm.  van t'Haff 18.1.1-2Ad (ours with portrait of the king of far superior preservation).  Rare.  VF   Ref# V1350  $32.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his attribution to Orodes VII, mint and grading).



ELYMAIS: ORODES VII. c. A.D. 224/5. Drachm of Seleukeia on the Hedyphon. His diad., crowned and dr. bust l., wearing torque. Rv. Diad. and dr. bust of Artemis as the city-goddess l., wearing earring and necklace. Æ12-14mm., 2.58gm. An unpublished variant of van 't Haaff 18.1.1-1Aa (anchor downwards behind portrait of Artemis; portrait of the king of inferior quality and similar preservation). Rare.  VF   Ref# V1340  $15

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his attribution to Orodes VII, mint and grading).


ELYMAIS: ORODES VII. c. A.D. 224/5. Drachm of Seleukeia on the Hedyphon. His diad., crowned and dr. bust l., wearing torque. Rv. Diad. and dr. bust of Artemis as the city-goddess l., wearing earring and necklace; behind, decrescent moon(?). Æ13-14mm., 2.52gm. An unpublished variant of van 't Haaff 18.1.1-1Aa (anchor downwards behind portrait of Artemis; portrait of the king of inferior quality and similar preservation).  Rare.  VF    Ref# V1352  $15

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his attribution to Orodes VII, mint and grading).


        

EGYPT: CLEOPATRA I ruling for her son Ptolemy VI, 180-176 B.C. Diobol. Diad. hd. of Zeus Ammon r. Rv. Two eagles stg. l., wings closed, on thunderbolt, side by side; in field l., cornucopiae. Æ20-21mm., 7.34gm. Svoronos 1426. Good F/About F, pleasant old dark tone with portrait of good style.    Ref# V1264   $12.50    Sold

Cleopatra I,  the great-great-great grandmother of the famous Cleopatra VII (lover of Julius Caesar and wife of Marc Antony), was regent of Egypt during the minority of her son Ptolemy VI (born c. 185 B.C.) from 180 until 176 B.C.


    
    

EGYPT: CLEOPATRA VII, Thea Neotera. 51-30 B.C., 40-Drachmai, Alexandria (Alexandreia) mint, c. 44-40 B.C. Her diad. and dr. bust r. Rv. KΛEOΠATPAΣ BAΣIΛHΣΣHΣ. Eagle stg. l., wings closed, on thunderbolt; in front, double cornucopia; behind, M (= 40 = mark of value). Æ20mm., 8.24gm. BMC 11, pl. XXX, 8 (ours of far superior centering).  Rare.  F-VF, an unusually attractive style portrait devoid of the usual tooling.    Ref# V1323    Sold

Kleopatra VII Thea Neotera: the 'younger' or 'newer' Goddess.

EX Dionysos Numismatik, Hamburg (their grading and rarity).

For the rarity also see CNG, 72, 2006, 997 and 93, 2013, 629.

Rare coin of the famous Cleopatra!

The 40-Drachmai (hemiobol in the silver series) is considered rare whereas the 80-Drachmai (obol in the silver series) issue is only considered scarce. For this delineation in  the silver series, see Sear, GCV II, p. 754, 7955 note.

Sold for £240 ~ $480 in 1979.

The mint has now been established as Alexandria (see Les monnaies des fouilles du Centre d'études alexandrines. Les monnayages de bronze à Alexandrie de la conquête d'Alexandre à l'Égypte moderne (The coinage of the excavations of the Alexandrian Studies Center. The bronze mints in Alexandria). Alexandrian Studies 25. Études Alexandrines 25 by O. Picard, C. Bresc, T. Faucher, G. Gorre, M.-C. Marcellesi, C. Morrisson) and RPC 1, p. 688.



EGYPTIAN PTOLEMAIC IMPERIAL COINAGE: QUEEN CLEOPATRA VII, Philopator, wife of Marc Antony and lover of Julius Caesar. Æ Chalkon, Ptolemaic mint of Neopaphos on Cyprus, c. 48-30 B.C. Queen Cleopatra VII, wearing necklace and light drapery, with her hair tied in small bun at neck. Rv. Filleted cornucopiae. 1.19gm. Cf. Kreuzer, The Coinage System of Cleopatra VII and Augustus in Cyprus, p. 44, no. 1. An example from the same series in similar, and, perhaps, inferior condition (but called "Very Fine") sold for $600 incl. buyer's fee at CNG 69 lot 737. Our example of the same series, SNG Cop. 650 vice their 648 (which they apparently mis-attributed to 649).   About VF/Good, greenish-brown, almost black, patina.   Ref# V1574    $60

chalkon = eighth-obol in the silver series


   

EGYPTIAN PTOLEMAIC IMPERIAL COINAGE: QUEEN CLEOPATRA VII, Philopator, wife of Marc Antony and lover of Julius Caesar. Æ Chalkon, Ptolemaic mint of Neopaphos on Cyprus, c. 48-30 B.C. Queen Cleopatra VII, wearing necklace and light drapery, with her hair tied in small bun at neck. Rv. Filleted cornucopiae. 1.29gm. Cf. Kreuzer, The Coinage System of Cleopatra VII and Augustus in Cyprus, p. 44, no. 1. An example from the same series in similar, and, perhaps, inferior condition (but called "Very Fine") sold for $600 incl. buyer's fee at CNG 69 lot 737. Our example of the same series, SNG Cop. 650 vice their 648 (which they apparently mis-attributed to 649).  VF, attractive greenish-brown, almost black, patina.   Ref.# V1016   $49.50

chalkon = eighth-obol in the silver series



EGYPTIAN PTOLEMAIC IMPERIAL COINAGE: QUEEN CLEOPATRA VII, Philopator, wife of Marc Antony and lover of Julius Caesar. Æ Chalkon, Ptolemaic mint of Neopaphos on Cyprus. c. 34 - 31 B.C. Laur. hd. of Zeus Ammon r. Rv. Zeus Salaminos stg. almost facing, hd. l., holding grain ear and torch. Cox, Excavations at Curium, 128. BMC Cyprus, lxxxi, 2. Svoronos -. SNG Cop. -. Lichochka, Un Type de Zeus sur les Monnaies Hellenistiques de Neapaphos, 5-6. Museum of the History of Cypriot Coinage, Coin Catalogue (Bank of Cyprus Cultural Foundation, Nicosia, 1996), Ch. 11, 35. Sear -. 1.76gm.   Really Good Fine, good dark brownish-green patina.    Ref.# V1038   $39.50

chalkon = eighth-obol in the silver series

The statue of
Zeus Salaminos has been uncovered by archaeologists in Salamis.




NOMES of EGYPT: PELUSION ( Pelusium). Dichalkon of Hadrian, A.D. 126/7. His laur. bust r., drapery on l. shoulder. Rv. ΠΗΛΟΥ (“of Pelusion”) to l., LIA (= Regnal Year 11) to r. Pomegranate.  Æ13-14mm., 1.56gm.  Dattari 6348. Milne -. RPC III 6533.  Rare.  VF, pleasant medium-dark brown patina/tone and of good style for this rare issue. (The white spots/digital artifacts appearing on the photos are not apparent on the coin).  Ref# V1582   $160

For the rarity also see CNG 297, 2013, 260.

An example here which realized $416.50 w/ BP, well over twice our price in similar condition. Here, inferior, but called Choice VF at $295. Another here at $285.

EX Naville Numismatics, London (their grading), the English partner of NAC, an auction house founded in Zurich in 1988, and well reputed to be one of the world’s leading and most trusted firms for Classical Numismatics, which, over the years, has been honored to sell countless important collections which form part of one of the most important series of sales ever to take place in the history of Numismatics > New York collection.


Pelusium (Pelousion) is named (as "Sin, the strength of Egypt") in the Biblical book of Ezekiel, chapter 30:15.


ZEUGITANIA: CARTHAGE. First-half of the 4th Cent. B.C. Æ Unit. Wreathed hd. of Tanit l. Rv. Horse stg. r. before palm tree. 16mm., 2.93gm. De Luynes 3803.  Good F/F   Decent dark patina and much better "in hand" with occlusions much more feintly apparent!  Ref# V1108   $15

EX Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co., Munich.




ZEUGITANIA: CARTHAGE. First-half of the 4th Cent. B.C. Æ Unit. Wreathed head of Tanit l. Rv. Horse stg. r. before palm tree. 16mm., 2.91gm.  De Luynes 3803.  Good F/F   Decent dark patina and much better "in hand" with occlusions much more feintly apparent!  Ref# V1107   $15

EX Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co., Munich.


ZEUGITANIA: CARTHAGE. c. 350-320 B.C. Æ Unit. Wreathed head of Tanit l. Rv. Horse stg. r. before palm tree. 16mm., 2.30gm.  De Luynes 3807.  Fine   Decent dark patina and much better "in hand" with occlusions much more feintly apparent!  Ref# V1146  $12.50

EX Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co., Munich.


   

INDIA, GUPTA IMPERIAL COINAGE: KING KUMARAGUPTA I. A.D. 414-455. Silver Drachm. His capped bust r. Rv. Formalized figure of Garuda stg. facing; Brahmi inscr. around: Parama bhagavata Maharajadhiraja Sri Kumaragupta Mahendraditya ("Having conquered the Earth and the lords of the Earth, Kumara Gupta wins the Heavens"). 14-15mm., 2.19gm. BMC Gupta 433. Mitchiner, Oriental Coins, Vol. II, The Ancient and Classical World (MACW) 4852.  VF, in good silver and toned.  Ref# V1185  $22.50


The HUNS in INDIA. AR Dramma (Obol) of Sind. Śri Yashaaditya. Mid-6th Century. Hunnic hd. r., wearing thin-lined crown. Rv. Trident-symbol with legend naming Śri Yashaaditya (Sri Ya Shaa Di Tya). 0.47gm. Tandon, JONS 197 (2008), 18. Very Rare.   EF   Ref.# V1015  $39.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his rarity and grading).

   
The ROMAN REPUBLIC. Caius Mamilius Limetanus. C. MAMIL LIMETANVS C. F. Silvered Denarius Serratus. Rome, 82 B.C. Dr. bust of Mercury r., wearing winged petasus; behind, control-mark, E* and caduceus. Rv. C MAMIL / LIMETAN. Ulysses adv. r., dressed as a beggar, holding walking stick in l. hand and extending r. toward his dog, Argus (Argos). 19mm., 3.06gm. Cf. Crawford 362/1. RSC Mamilia 6.  Rare**.  VF   Ref# V1571   Sold

EX Auktionshaus Christoph Gärtner GmbH & Co. KG > Lanz Munich (their descr. and grading) > private New York collection.

Dog lovers the world over have been enamored with the scene on the reverse: Ulysses returns to his home on the island of Ithaca disguised as a beggar so as to surprise the many suitors of his wife Penelope. No one recognizes him but his aged dog Argus, who rushes up to him, overjoyed at his sight after twenty years absence, and falls dead at his feet.

Soon as he perceived
Long-lost Ulysses nigh, down fell his ears
Clapped close, and with his tail glad sign he gave
Of gratulation, impotent to rise,
And to approach his master as of old.
Ulysses, noting him, wiped off a tear
Unmarked.
. . . Then his destiny released 
Old Argus, soon as he had lived to see 
Ulysses in the twentieth year restored.

(Od. 17, 290 [Cowper's translation]).

*The obverse control-letters known for this issue, C LIMETANVS CF, spell out the moneyer’s name !
 
** Denarii serrati are rare as subaerati, as the purpose of the serration was to prevent plating.




The ROMAN REPUBLIC. Lucius Rutilius Flaccus, 77 B.C. Silvered Denarius (Subaeratus). Helmeted hd. of Roma r. Rv. Victory driving galloping biga r., holding wreath and reins. 16mm., 2.81gm. Cf. Rutilia.1a; Cr. 387/1.  Fine/VF, crystallized; pleasant dark toning.   Ref# V1274   $16.50

This moneyer
became a senator in 72 B.C.


ALBINUS BRUTUS F. Assassin of Julius Caesar. Silvered Denarius (Subaeratus), 48 B.C. Rome. PIETAS (downwards). Diad. hd. of Pietas r. Rv. ALBINVS · BRVTVS · F. Two hands in a handshake; behind, kerykeion (caduceus). 18mm., 3.48gm. Crawford 450/2; HCRI 26; Sydenham 942; Postumia 10. Some corrosion, otherwise, Fine   Ref.# V1065  $85

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich.

THIS Brutus is the individual that Caesar would have most likely targeted with the phrase"Et tu, Brute?" (rather than Marcus Junius Brutus) during his assassination.

Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus (Decimus) was a great general and a close friend of Caesar’s who rose in the ranks to become one of the most powerful men in Rome. But in a culture where the concept of “dignitas” — a complex term that meant not just dignity, but also worth, prestige and honor — was the “cherished ideal,” a life spent in Caesar’s shadow rendered Decimus uneasy. He was named as the second heir in Caesar's will, which meant he would have become Caesar's heir and inherited a majority (two-thirds, or in some other sources, three-quarters) of his property if Gaius Octavius (later adopted to the Julii as Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus) hadn't accepted Caesar's will. (But we know then-18-year-old Octavius accepted it, and we have seen the dawn of the Roman Empire. After he and the conspirators killed the "tyrant" Caesar, Decimus Brutus would be killed soon by a Gallic chief, who was loyal to Marcus Antonius, Caesar's loyal friend and cousin.

  
QUINTUS HORTENSIUS HORTALUS. Governor of Macedonia, 44-42 B.C. Provincial Dupondius,  Cassandrea or Dium. Q HORTENSI PRO COS. His bare hd. r. Rv. PRAEF COLON DEDVC. Ox yoke, plow, measuring rod, vexillum; countermark, B.P. Æ26mm., 17.03gm. Kremydi-Sicilianou, Quintus Hortensius Hortalus in Macedonia, 1-19 (19 specimens, 9 with countermark). RPC 1509 (7 specimens). FITA (M. Grant, From Imperium To Auctoritas, A Historical Study of Aes Coinage In The Roman Empire, 49 BC-AD 14), p. 33. Extremely Rare.  Near VF, on a very thick flan with a medium-dark brownish-green patina and a portrait in high relief.    Ref# V1383    Sold

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).

For the rarity also see CNG 415, 2018, 295.

As Gemini, Auction XIII, lot 132 (realized $2,677.50 w/ BP, and the portrait in similar condition).


He was the son and namesake of the famous orator Hortensius (who also served as a senator and consul), and a partisan of Julius Caesar, and not only amongst the first to cross the Rubicon, but also a combatant on Caesar's side in the battle of Pharsalos in 46 B.C. As a reward for his loyalty he was made proconsul of Macedonia. He was also a close friend of the poet Catullus from an early age who dedicated some of his poetry to him. For details of his career and coinage, see the very interesting article by S. Kremydi-Sicilianou cited above.

Although many scholars tend to assign some issues of the series of Quintus Hortensius Hortalus to Dium, the coins appear to have actually been minted at the Roman colony of Cassandrea, one of the oldest Roman colonies in the east (see Nomos AG, Obolos 10, 2018, 267 note). Although, RPC notes (Consolidated Supplement, p. 82): S. Kremydi argues that Hortensius’ activity as founder of a colony should be assigned to Caesar’s initiative, not to Brutus’ and, therefore, his emission dated to 44 BC, not 43/42 BC. But the question to which colony these coins refer still remains open; though provenances favour Dium (where eleven out of the thirty-two known coins of Hortensius were found), the obverse type of the smaller denomination favours Cassandrea.


MARCUS ANTONIUS (Mark Antony). Semis, Naval base of Bibulus, (‘Sistripia’ mint), 38/37 B.C. Fleet Coinage. L. Bibulus M.f., praetor designatus. Bare hd. of Marc Antony r. Rv. Quinquereme r., with three oars and stern ending in boar's head to l.  Leaded bronze, 16-17mm., 2.99gm., 9h. Amandry, Le Monnayage en Bronze de Bibulus, Atratinus et Capito: Une Tentative de Romanisation en Orient, L. Calpurnius Bibulus M.f., E19 (D1/R3). RPC I 4092BMC -. Syd. 1259. Sear, CRI p. 175, no. 277. SNG Cop. -.  Rare. Near F, legends weak, but of good style for these issues.   Ref# V1628   $110

EX private European collection > private New York collection, previously sold for €180.

One here which hammered at $312 w/ BP
; here at €500.

    
KINGDOM of THRACE. AUGUSTUS and RHOEMETALCES (Rhoimetalkes) I, 11 B.C.-A.D. 12. Assarion, Perinthus. Diad. hd. of Rhoimetalkes r. Rv. Bare hd. of Augustus r. Æ17-18mm., 3.92gm. Corpus Nummorum Thracorum (CNT) 3250. Good F   Ref.# V1053   $17.50

Assarion = hemiobol in the silver series


KINGDOM of THRACERHOEMETALKES I and his Queen PYTHODORIS with AUGUSTUS, 11 B.C.-A.D. 12. Triassarion, Byzantium. Jugate hds. of Rhoemetalkes and his wife, queen Pythodoris r. Rv. Bare hd. of Augustus r. Æ21-22, 12.07gm., thick flan. Corpus Nummorum Thracorum 3267.  VG-F    Ref# V1147   Sold

Triassarion = 10–chalkoi = trihemiobol in the silver series


KINGDOM of THRACERHOEMETALKES I and his Queen PYTHODORIS with AUGUSTUS, 12 B.C. to A.D. 12. Diassarion, struck at Byzantium, 11 B.C.-A.D. 12. Jugate heads of Rhoemetalces I and Pythodoris. Rv. Bare hd. of Augustus r. Æ20-22mm., 7.30gm.  RPC 1711.  About F   Ref# V1148   $12.50   Sold

Rhoemetalces I (Ancient Greek: Ῥοιμητάλκης) was king of the Odrysian kingdom of Thrace from 12 B.C. to A.D. 12. The Roman historian Tacitus, describes him as "attractive and civilized." His wife and the mother of his heir, known only
through numismatic evidence, was Queen Pythodoris.


Diassarion = obol in the silver series



AUGUSTUS, with Gaius Caesar. 17 B.C.-A.D. 4. Assarion of Apameia in Phrygia, c. 5 B.C. Gaius Masonius Rufus, magistrate. ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΣ. Laur. hd. of Augustus r. Rv. ΓΑΙΟΣ ΚΑΙΣΑΡ above; ΓΑΙΟΣ ΜΑΣΩΝΙΟΣ ΡΟΥΦΟΣ [AΠΑΜΕΩΝ] in three lines below. Gaius Caesar stg. facing in facing quadriga, holding sceptre. 5.36gm.  Rare.  SNG von Aulock 3484.  Near VF  Ref# V1565  $57.50  

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading; and his attribution to Caligula!).

One sold here for $165 w/ BP and figure of Gaius nearly invisible.




GAIUS CAESAR
, 17 B.C. / A.D. 4. Hemiassarion of Laodicea (Laodikeia) ad Lycum (on-the-Lycus) in Phrygia, under the magistrate Antonius Polemon Philopatris, 5 B.C. ΓΑΙΟΣ ΚΑ(ΙΣΑΡ). Bare hd. of Gaius Caesar r. Rv. Eagle with spread wings, stg. facing, turned sl. to r. and with hd. l., between two monograms; ΛΑΟΔ(ΙΚΕΩΝ) below. 15mm., 2.81gm. BMC 156 (Caligula*).  Rare.   Really Good F/Mediocre, reverse smoothed, but an excellent-style portrait; counter-mark on the back of the head.   Ref# V1430  $47.50

*The issue is now assigned to Gaius Caesar.

Gaius Caesar, b. 20 B.C., was the oldest grandson of Augustus, son of Agrippa and the emperor's daughter Julia. Almost from infancy he and his younger brother Lucius were given an education suitable for heirs to the throne. He was given ever-greater responsibilities, with an experienced staff to guide him (including the somewhat dubious Marcus Lollius, grandfather of Caligula's third wife Lollia Paulina, who amassed an enormous fortune from bribery and, until his enforced suicide in A.D. 2, did his best to cause strife between Gaius and his uncle Tiberius).

He settled a number of problems with the Parthians, but he was wounded by trickery while on campaign against rebels in Armenia. Initially healed, the wound led to serious health problems and he died on 21 February A.D. 4. It has long been rumored that Gaius (as well as his brother Lucius, and others) was actually poisoned on the orders of Livia, as a way of ensuring the succession of her son Tiberius.

This issue was struck when Gaius was 24/25 years old.

     
TIBERIUS. A.D. 14-37. Æ As of Turiaso (Turiasu, Turismo) in Hispania. TI CAESAR AVG.F IMP.PONT.M. His laur. hd. r. Rv. Bull stg. r.  27-29mm, 11.80gm. SNG Cop. 605 (9.53gm.; our obverse in superior condition; reverse also worn).  VF, reverse smoothed.  Ref.# V1093 $18.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).

During the Roman era, Turiaso (the modern Tarazona) was a prosperous city whose inhabitants were full Roman citizens.


          

TIBERIUS and LIVIA. Provincial As of Thessalonica in Macedon. Minted A.D. 22/23.

 Laur. hd. of Tiberius r. Rv. Diad. hd. of Livia r. Æ22mm., 8.65gm. RPC 1568. Touratsoglou, Thessalonika, pl.6, 157. Rare. Obverse scratch, otherwise, VF, attractive glossy black patina.   Ref.# V1014  $49.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz (his grade).

For the rarity also see Gorny & Mosch 126, lot 1779 which realized well over $500 with BP.

      

GERMANICUS and DRUSUS
Caesars, A.D. 14-19. Provincial Quadrans of Pergamum in Mysia, minted under Tiberius. ΓΕΡΜΑΝΙΚΟΣ KAIΣΑΡ. Bare hd. of Germanicus r. Rv. ΔΡΟΥΣΟΣ KAIΣΑΡ. Bare hd. of Drusus r. Æ17-18mm., 3.15gm. RPC I 2367 (similar condition, our obv. somewhat superior).   Very Rare.  VF, pleasant very dark patina.   Ref# V1155   $75

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).

For the rarity also see Münzen & Medaillen, 29, 2008, 2651 (their specimen in inferior condition).

Drusus Julius Caesar (7 October 13 B.C. – 14 September A.D. 23), was the son of Tiberius, and heir to the Roman Empire following the death of his adoptive brother Germanicus in A.D. 19.

CALIGULA. Æ As. Mint of Rome, A.D. 37/38. C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT. Bare head of Caligula left. Rv. VESTA. Vesta, veiled and draped, seated left on ornamental throne, holding patera and long transverse scepter; S-C across fields. 29mm., 10.83gm. RIC 38. Nice VF, attractive dark brown patina on both obverse AND reverse not apparent in the photos. Handsome portrait.  Ref.# V1052  Sold

Philo of Alexandria reports that Caligula became ruthless after nearly dying of an illness in the eighth month of his reign in A.D. 37. Juvenal reports he was given a magic potion that drove him insane. Suetonius said that Caligula suffered from "falling sickness," or epilepsy, when he was young.

See one here at $1,500.

One here of arguably inferior quality and of somewhat lighter weight which realized $700.

     

CALIGULA. A.D. 37-41. Provincial Semis (= Assarion) of Aezanis in Phrygia. Straton, Medeos (magistrate). ΓAIOC KAIΣAP. His laur. hd. r. Rv. AIZANITWN EΠI MHΔHOY. Zeus stg. almost facing, hd. l., holding eagle and scepter. Æ20mm., 5.09gm.  RPC I 3075 (ours of somewhat superior preservation).  Rare.  VF, attractive very dark patina with a very finely detailed, handsome portrait.  Ref# V1125  $79.50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grading).

See Helios 5, 2010, 885 ("A few pits, dark brown patina, very fine. £300")




CLAUDIUS and MESSALINA with BRITANNICUS. Trichalkon of Caesarea (Tralleis) in Lydia, A.D. 43-9. TI KΛAY KAI CEBAC. Confronted busts of Messalina and Claudius. Rv. BRETANNIKOΣ KAIΣAREΩN. Britannicus, togate, standing almost facing, hd. l., holding wheat ears.  Æ18-19mm., 5.95gm.  BMC 124. RPC 2654. SNG Copenhagen 691.  Rare.  Good F, very dark brownish-green patina with portraits of good style.    Ref# V1451     $125

EX private UK collection > Ares Numismatics, Netherlands (and graded VF) > private New York collection

One here at $495

The only example of this issue offered by CNG which realized $132 w/ BP with inferior portraits.

For the dating, denomination and rarity of this particular issue see The Gilbert Steinberg Collection (Numismatic Ars Classica, Zurich, 1994), no. 804.

Tralles was destroyed by an earthquake (as recorded first by Strabo) in 27 B.C. (recorded in the Chronicle of St. Jerome) but was rebuilt by Augustus and took the name of Caesarea.

Claudius, barely three weeks emperor, Messalina on 12 February 41 gave birth to Tiberius Claudius Germanicus, who received the honorary name Britannicus in 43. After the death of Claudius his stepbrother Nero had him poisoned, four months later, on apparently the day before his 14th birthday .



CLAUDIUS with MESSALINA, Britannicus and Claudia Octavia. AR Bil. Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Laur. hd. of Claudius r.; to lower r., date LΓ (= regnal year 3 of Claudius = A.D. 43/44). Rv. MΕΣΣAΛI-NA. Messalina stg. l., leaning l. elbow on column, holding corn-ears, and figures of Britannicus and Claudia Octavia in outstretched l. hand; in lower l. field, a lituus (augur's wand). 24-25mm., 13.85gm. RPC I 5132 (our rev. of far superior strike albeit somewhat off-center). Top of Messalina's head against flan, but an unusually attractive portrayal for this coinage, and otherwise, VF+    Ref.# V1051  Sold


MESSALINA, Augusta, A.D. 41-48, Hemiassarion of Aegae in Aeolis, A.D. 43-48. CEBACTH MECΑΛEΙΝΑ (= "Augusta Messalina" in Greek). Her dr. bust r. Rv. ΑΙΓΑEΩΝ (= "of Aegae" in Greek) following r. rim. Zeus Aëtophorus stg. l. RPC I 2430; SNG Copenhagen 23. Æ17mm., 2.70gm. Very Rare. Good F/F, nice very dark green patina.   Ref# V1205   Sold

Already rare, but very rare in this denomination.

   
       

NERO
, A.D. 54-68. AR Hemidrachm of Caesaraea (Eusebia) in Cappadocia, A.D. 59/60. His laur. hd. r. Rv. Nike stg. r., r. foot on globe, inscribing shield set on knee. 14mm., 1.67gm. RIC 618. RPC 3646. Sydenham, Caesarea 83. VF, toned.    Ref# V1454   $47.50

EX private Dutch collection > Ares Numismatics, Netherlands (their grading) > private New York collection



    

NERO. Silver Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt, minted A.D. 56/7. His laur. hd. r. Rv. OMONOIA. Homonoia std. l., holding patera, date to l. (= Regnal Year 3). 11.55gm. Dattari 237. VF, some dark crimson mottling to the silver; handsome portrait of the young Nero.   Ref# V1213   $65

Homonoia was the goddess (or spirit or personification) of harmony, concord, unanimity, and oneness of mind.

Nero was between 16 and 17 years of age during the regnal year in which this coin was minted.

EX Dr. Busso Peus, Frankfurt ("VF")


              

NERO, Silver Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt, Regnal Year 3 = A.D. 56/7. NEP.KΛAY.KAIΣ.ΣEB.ΓEP.AYTO (= "Nero Claudius Caesar Emperor Germanicus Absolute-Ruler"). His laur. hd. r. Rv. IPH NH (across field). Eirene stg. r., wearing chiton and peplos, and holding caduceus and helmet; below to r., date. 12.66gm. Dattari 229. VF, on a rather thick flan with pleasing dark tone and handsome portrait; reverse sharp on a concave strike.   Ref# V1289   $79.50

EX Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. (VF).

Nero was between 18 and 19 years old when this coin was struck.

EIRENE (or Irene) was the goddess of peace (eirênê) and of the season of spring (eiar, eiarinos).

Struck 13 Oct. 56/12 Oct. 57

Nero b. 15 December 37


NERO. Silver Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt, minted A.D. Oct. 58/June 59. NEPΩN.KΛAY.KAIΣ ΣEBA.ΓEP.AYTO (= "Of Nero Claudius Caesar Emperor Germanicus Absolute-Ruler"). His laur. hd. r. Rv. IPH NH (across field). Eirene stg. r., holding caduceus and helmet. Regnal Year 5. 13.60gm. Dattari 231.  VF, attractive old dark cabinet toning; handsome portrait.   Ref.# V1050   $85

Nero was between 20 and 21 years old when this coin was struck.

EIRENE (or Irene) was the goddess of peace (eirênê) and of the season of spring (eiar, eiarinos).

EX Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. (€100 ~ $120 and their description and grade).




NERO. Silver Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt, minted A.D. Oct. 58/June 59. His laur. hd. r. Rv. Homonoia std. l. on throne, holding phial. Regnal Year 5.  24-25mm., 13.41gm.  Dattari - (but cf. 239). Geissen 136. VF, pleasant old dark cabinet toning.    Ref# V1214   $79.50

Nero was between 20 and 21 years old when this coin was struck.

Homonoia (Greek: Ὁμόνοια), in ancient Greek religion, was a minor goddess of concord, unanimity, and oneness of mind.

EX Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. (€100 ~ $120 and their description and grade).

   

NERO. AR Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria in Egypt, minted A.D. Oct. 66/June 67. His hd. r., wearing radiate crown and aegis. Rv. Helmeted bust of Roma r.  Regnal Year 13. 12.71gm. Dattari 246. Some greenish patches (verdigris) on reverse. VF   Ref.# V1013   $75

EX Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. (their grade).

Nero was between the ages of 28 and 29 when this coin was struck.





NERO, A.D. 54-68. Provincial Semis of Laodicea-On-The-Lycus in Phrygia, under the magistrate Aineias. NEPON ΣEBAΣTOΣ. His laur. hd. r.  Rv. KΩP / AINEIAΣ / ΛΑΟΔΙΚΕΩΝ. Zeus Laodikeos stg. l., holding eagle and scepter. Æ18mm., 4.80gm. RPC 2926.  Near VF   Ref.# V1039   Sold

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).



DOMITIAN. AR Denarius, Rome mint, A.D. 88/9. IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII. His laur. hd. r. Rv. IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS P P P. Minerva stg. r. on galley prow, holding javelin and shield; on prow at r., owl. 17-18mm., 3.05gm. Cohen 253. RIC II 138. Good VF, difficult to photograph due to the (superb) very dark tone; much better "in hand."   Ref# V1308    Sold


     

TRAJAN, A.D. 98-117, Orichalcum Quadrans, Rome, A.D. 107. IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG. His laur. bust r., drapery on his. l. shoulder. Rv. She-wolf stg. r. at bay on ground-line; SC below. 18mm., 2.76gm.  RIC 692. C. - (but cf. 338). BMC 1060. Hill 451. Rare. Near VF, a lovely coin with a very pleasing dark brown patina. The surfaces and types (as well as the mark across the portrait which is much less obtrusive "in hand") are more attractive than the images would imply for this rare issue.   Ref# V1457    $49.50

For the rarity also see Numismatik Lanz 97, 2000, 548.

    
TRAJAN. A.D. 98-117. Assarion, uncertain mint in Syria(?), end of A.D. 102/117. [IMP] TRA[IANO] CAE (clockwise from l.). Eagle stg. facing, head l., on thunderbolt, wings spread. Rv. [GER] (upwards in l. field) / DAC (downwards in r. field). Cornucopiae within wreath. Æ17mm., 5.44gm. Lindgren III 1654.  Very Rare.  About F, on a thick flan with a dark brown patina.   Ref# V1380   $32.50

For the rarity also see CNG 329, 2014, 422 (VF, obverse also struck high on flan, sold for $240 incl. buyer's fee). An attribution to Samosata, Commagene or the northern part of Syria has been suggested.

Attributed with assistance by Dane Kurth (of Helvetica, editor at Wildwinds).


TRAJAN, Dichalkon of Alexandria, Egypt, A.D. 112/13. His laur. hd. r. Rv. Elephant walking r.; above, L Iς (= date = regnal year 16). Æ13mm., 1.39gm. Dattari (Savio) 7323. Geissen (Köln) –. K&G (Kampmann & Ganschow) –. Emmett 701.16 (R5).  Extremely Rare.   F-VF, dark brownish-green patina.   Ref# V1626   $95  - Sold

Here at CNG at PR $144 w/ BP in apparently inferior condition but called VF; another at $198.


TRAJAN, A.D. 97-117, Dichalkon of Alexandria in Egypt, A.D. 112/113. His laur. hd. r. Rv. Crown of Isis; across field, LI - ς (= date = regnal year 16). Æ14-15mm., 1.99gm. Köln –. Dattari (Savio) 1097-8. K&G 27.522. RPC III 4773. Emmett 710.16 (R3). Very Rare. About VF, small old scratch across lower cheek, good very dark brownish-green patina.    Ref# V1618    $47.50

For the rarity also see CNG EA476, 2020, 267.


TRAJAN, A.D. 98-117, Dichalkon of Alexandria, Egypt, A.D. 113/4. His laur. hd. r. Rv. Hem-hem crown of Harpokrates; below, LI-ς (= date = regnal year 16). Æ12-14mm., 1.13gm. Köln –. Dattari (Savio) 1099-1100. K&G 27.521. RPC III 4772. Emmett 707.16 (R2).  F-VF   Ref# V1625   $37.50

One here in sim. cond. at CNG at PR $132 w/ BP !




TRAJAN, A.D. 98-117, Dichalkon of Alexandria, Egypt, A.D. 113/14. His laur. hd. r. Rv. Hem-hem crown of Harpokrates; below, L IZ (= date = regnal year 17). Æ13-14mm., 1.14gm. Emmett 707.17 (R4).   Rare.  Near VF, pleasant dark patina.   Ref# V1621   $49.50

The only example listed by CNG in inferior condition at PR $66 w/ BP.



HADRIAN, A.D. 117-138, Dichalkon of Pelusium (Pelusion), the 14th Nome of Lower Egypt, A.D. 126/7. His laur. bust r., drapery on l. shoulder. Rv. ΠΗΛΟΥ (“of Pelusion”) to l., LIA (= Regnal Year 11) to r. Pomegranate.  Æ13-14mm., 1.56gm.  Dattari 6348.  Milne -. RPC III 6533.  Rare.  VF, pleasant medium-dark brown patina/tone and of good style for this rare issue. (The white spots/digital artifacts appearing on the photos are not apparent on the coin).  Ref# V1582   $160

For the rarity also see CNG 297, 2013, 260.


An example here which realized $416.50 w/ BP, well over twice our price in similar condition. Another here at $285.

EX Naville Numismatics, London (their grading), the English partner of NAC, an auction house founded in Zurich in 1988, and well reputed to be one of the world’s leading and most trusted firms for Classical Numismatics, which, over the years, has been honored to sell countless important collections which form part of one of the most important series of sales ever to take place in the history of Numismatics > New York collection.

Pelusium (Pelousion) is named (as "Sin, the strength of Egypt") in the Biblical book of Ezekiel, chapter 30:15


HADRIAN, A.D. 117-138, Dichalkon of Alexandria, Egypt, A.D. 126/7. His laur. hd. r. Rv. Piloi (caps) of the Dioskouroi surmounted by stars; below, L ΔE (= date = regnal year 10). Æ11mm., 1.16gm.  Dattari (Savio) 1936-7. Emmett 1198.10. Geissen (Köln) –. K&G 32.390. RPC III 5635.  Rare F-Good F, heavily patinated with encrustations, the portrait and piloi much clearer than the photos would imply.   Ref# V1619    $17.50

Here at PR $144 w/ BP; another here at $185 w/ BP.


HADRIAN, Dichalkon of Alexandria, Egypt, A.D. 136/7. His laur. hd. r. Rv. Bundle of three grain-ears; across field, L-IΔ (= date = regnal year 21). Æ12mm., 1.20gm. Emmett 1176.14 (= R5), otherwise apparently unpublished.  Extremely Rare.  Good F, pleasant dark patina.   Ref# V1620    $65




AELIUS. Caesar. Æ As. Rome mint, A.D. 137. L AELIVS CAESAR. His bare hd. r.  Rv. TR POT COS II / S-C. Fortuna stg. facing, hd. l., , holding flower, cornucopia, and rudder.  25mm., 8.64gm. RIC II 1065 (Hadrian). BMCRE 1929 (Hadrian). C. 64.  Scarce F/Near F, some porosity but pleasant, dark brown patina. Better "in hand" - difficult to photograph. Good portrait.   Ref# V1431  $12.50

       

Anonymous Quadrantes. A.D. 138-161. Æ Quadrans, Rome mint. Diad. and dr. bust of Venus r. Rv. Dove stg. r. 13mm., 2.23gm. RIC II p. 218, 25. Good F, smoothing. $12.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (their description and grade).

The latest evidence assigns this issue to the reign of Antoninus Pius
(Weigl, R.D., The Anonymous Quadrans Reconsidered in: Annotazioni Numismatiche Suppl. XI, 1998, p. 19).

The affectionate dove, the bird of love, was sacred to the goddess Venus (Aphrodite). Doves were said to draw her heavenly chariot, and the Syrian Aphrodite Ashtarte was said to have been hatched from an egg nursed by doves. The phrase attributed to Jesus, "Be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves" (Matthew 10.16), was no random metaphor but a traditional Syrian invocation.



ANTONINUS PIUS. A.D. 138-161. Diassarion of Tarsus in Cilicia. ΛVT KAI TI AI AΔP ANTΩNINOC CЄB ЄV, Π Π across fields, Zeus Nikephorus (with features of Antoninus Pius) enthroned l., holding nike with wreath and scepter. Rv. Tyche (as the city-goddess of Tarsus) std. r. on throne decorated with sphinx, holding grain ears and poppy; at her feet, river-god Cydnus swimming r. Æ25mm., 10.27gm. SNG Levante 1011. RPC Online 5030. Rare. VF, pleasant dark brown patina.    Ref# V1442   $29.50

EX private UK collection > Ares Numismatics, Netherlands (their grading) > private New York collection

For the rarity also see Münz Zentrum Rheinland 186, 2018, 170.

See CNG 85, Lot 607 (Good VF) which fetched $660 incl. buyer's premium.


ANTONINUS PIUS, Drachm of Alexandria in Egypt, A.D. 148/9. His laur., dr. and cur. bust r. Rv. ΔΩΔΕΚΑΤΟΥ (= regnal year 12). Isis Pharia sailing r., holding billowing sail, in front of the Pharos lighthouse of Alexandria at r., which is surmounted by a statue and two Tritons. Æ30mm., 21.29gm. Dattari 2677. Emmett 1592. Giessen 1604. Kampmann & Ganschow 35, 434. Köln, Alexandria 1601. Milne 2003. Very Scarce.  F-VF, pleasant patina.   Ref# V1587    Sold

The Pharos lighthouse was built in the third century B.C. to protect ships from foundering as they entered the harbor of Alexandria. Listed among the Seven Wonders of the World, the massive building was designed by architect Sostratos of Knidos under the sponsorship of the Hellenistic king, Ptolemy II. It survived as a monument to the ingenuity of the ancient world until severe earthquakes toppled the structure in the 14th century A.D. The foundation of the lighthouse now lies beneath an Ottoman fort, built with some of the original blocks used to construct the Pharos.



FAUSTINA II (Filia, Junior or Minor). Wife of Marcus Aurelius. A.D. 147-176. AR Denarius. Rome, A.D. 161-175. FAVSTINA AVGVSTA. Her dr. bust r. Rv. FECVN-DITAS. Fecunditas stg. r., holding scepter in r. hand, infant in l. 18-19mm., 3.20gm. RIC III 677. RSC II 99. VF.  Ref# V1156     $32.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).

      

FAUSTINA II. Æ As. Rome mint. A.D. 164-169. FAVSTINA AVGVSTA. Her dr. bust r. Rv. VENERI [VICTRICI] S.C. Venus with attributes of Faustina, nude above hips, stg. facing r., grasping r. arm of Mars, nude but for helmet, stg. facing, hd l., holding shield; on ground-line.  23mm., 9.93gm. C. 241 (12 gold francs in 1881!).  RIC 1680.  Rare.  VF/Really Good F, pleasant brown patina.   Ref# V1560   $180

It has been a matter of conjecture among some numismatists that the reverse type, depicting Venus with the likeness of Faustina, also depicts Mars as Narcissus, a favorite gladiator of Faustina of whom the Romans believed, Marcus not withstanding, was actually the father of Commodus; it is odd that this reverse type only exists for Faustina. For a discussion see: Caroline Vout, POWER AND EROTICISM IN IMPERIAL ROME (Cambridge University Press, 2009), p. 35.

Cf. Artemide Aste, San Marino, sale Dec. 31, 2008, lot 3102 for an example in similar condition which realized €280 ($363.47).



LUCIUS VERUS (Augustus), A.D. 161–169, Provincial Semis (Assarion) of Antiocheia ad Orontem (Antioch on-the-Orontes), Syria. His laur. hd. l. Rv. S.C. and control-mark below: within laurel-wreath; above, Θ. Æ16-17mm., 3.28gm. McAlee (Lucius Verus) 8. Rare. Only 3 specimens known.  Good VF, attractive black patina.  Ref.# V1089    Sold

        

COMMODUS. Æ Dupondius. Rome mint, A.D. 184. His rad. hd. r. Rv. Minerva adv. r., brandishing javelin and holding shield; S - C flanking low across field. 23mm., 7.93gm. Cohen -.  RIC III 419 (S).  Scarce.  Legends weak in places, otherwise, Good VF   Ref.# V1012  $49.50


COMMODUS.  A.D. 180-192.  Orichalcum Semis of Patrae in Achaea.  His laur. and bearded hd. r.  Rv. The City Goddess stg. l., sacrificing with patera and holding cornucopiae. 6.57gm. Dark reddish-brown patina. C. 1102.   Rare.  Very Good   Ref# V1123   Sold



COMMODUS. A.D. 180-192. Assarion of Alexandria Troas (Αλεξάνδρεια Τρωάς: "Alexandria of the Troad"). His laur. hd. r. Rv. Eagle with bull's head in talons, flying r. Æ22mm., 4.47gm. SNG Danish 129.  Good Fine, attractive forest-green patina.  Ref.# V1049  $32.50

EX Kingston, Ontario private collection.

Assarion = hemiobol in the silver series.


COMMODUS. A.D. 177-192, Assarion of Antioch in Pisidia, c. A.D. 179/80. Laureate head l. Rev. Mên standing r.; r. foot on bucranium and holding scepter and Nike; at lower l., cockerel stg. l. Æ22-24mm., 4.96gm.  Rare.  Krzyzanowska -. SNG Copenhagen -. SNG von Aulock -. SNG France -. BMC -. Apparently unpublished. VF, pleasant very dark greenish-brown, almost black, patina with a very attractive portrait; the scratches are all but invisible in hand.  Ref# V1126  $20

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).

Assarion = hemiobol in the silver series.

Mên (MHN) was the male Anatolean Moon God. His name is corresponding to the masculine form of MHNH = Selene. In Hellenistic times his cult spread out from Phrygia over Lydia, Pisidia and the whole Asia Minor to Attica and Athens. Mên is depicted standing in Phrygian clothing with spear or sceptre, and cock. In Antioch there was a great sanctuary of Mên.



COMMODUS. A.D. 177-192. Assarion of Antioch in Pisidia, c. A.D. 180. His laur., dr. and cuir. bust l. Rv. Mên, wearing Phrygian helmet, stg. almost facing, hd. r., holding sceptre and Nike; to lower l., cockerel stg. l. Æ23mm., 5.87gm. Rare. Krzyzanowska -; SNG Copenhagen -; SNG von Aulock -; SNG France -; BMC -.  Apparently unpublished.  Almost VF, attractive dark green patina with devices highlighted in "desert" patina.   Ref# V1127    Sold
EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grading).

Assarion = hemiobol in the silver series.

Mên (MHN) was the male Anatolian Moon-God, his name corresponding to the masculine form of MHNH = Selene. In Hellenistic times his cult spread out from Phrygia over Lydia, Pisidia and the whole Asia Minor to Attica and Athens. Mên is depicted standing in Phrygian clothing with spear or sceptre, and cock. In Antioch there was a great sanctuary of Mên.



SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. Silver Denarius, Rome mint, A.D. 198-200. His laur. hd. r. Rv. Aequitas stg. almost facing, hd. l., holding scales and cornucopiae. 3.06gm. C. 21. RIC 122c. VF to Good VF, bold, well-detailed portrait and reverse type.   Ref# V1180  $37.50

EX Alex Malloy ("EF") @ $90


SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. A.D. 193-211. Dichalkon of Marcianopolis in Moesia Inferior. His laur. hd. r.  Rv. Naked Herakles l. on ground-line, strangling the Nemean lion.  Æ21mm., 4.50gm.  Varbanov 731.  VF, attractive dark patina.   Ref# V1313    Sold

SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. A.D. 196-211. Assarion of Hierocæsarea (Hierocaesarea) in Lydia. His laur. hd. r. Rv. Tyche stg. l., holding rudder and cornucopia. Æ17mm., 2.67gm. Unpublished (but cf. Righetti Coll. #9482; Duesseldorf 11416: legend). Fine/VG, dark brown patina.   Ref# V1314   Sold

This town is mentioned by Ptolemy (VI, ii, 16). The site of Hieroaesarea must have been between the modern Turkish villages of Beyova and Sasova, seven or eight miles southeast of Thyatira, on the left bank of the Koum-Chai, a tributary of the Hermus, in the Ottoman vilayet of Smyrna. The town was originally called Hieracome from an ancient sanctuary of Artemis Περσικη. The name Hierocaesareia was conferred upon it by Tiberius.


            

CARACALLA. A.D 198-217. Assarion of Cœla (Coela, Cela) in Thrace. His laur. and dr. bust r. Rv. Prow of galley l., containing bundle of corn-ears, acrostilium (stem) ending in volute; dolphin l. below. Æ17mm., 3.86gm.  Apparently unpublished.   Fine or better, pleasant dark brown patina not apparent in the photographs.  Ref# V1368  $37.50

Attributed with assistance by Dane Kurth (of Helvetica, editor at Wildwinds).


                   


CARACALLA
. A.D 198-217. Hemiassarion of Trajanopolis (Traianopolis) in Thrace.  His laur. hd. r.  Rv. TPAIANO ΠOΛEITΩN. Garlanded and flaming altar.  Æ16mm., 2.29gm.  Varbanov 2764.   Rare.   VF    Ref# V1256    $37.50

Ex Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his rarity and grading).



CARACALLA, AR Tetradrachm of Sidon in Phoenicia, struck A.D. 216/17. AYT KAI ANTWNINOC CE. His laur., dr. and cuir. bust r.  Rv.  ΔHMAPX ЄΞ YΠATOC T Δ. Eagle stg. facing, hd. l., wings open, holding wreath in beak; between legs, Europa riding bull r. 27mm., 13.60gm. Prieur 1357.  Rare.  Good VF, of good weight for this rare issue.   Ref# V1586   $135

For the rarity also see Heritage Auctions, 3040, 2015, 31203 (11.61gm., PR $350).



ELAGABALUS, Silver BI Tetradrachm, struck at Antioch in Seleucia Pieria, Emesan Issue* of A.D. 219. AVT K M A ANTWNEINOC CEB. His laur., dr. and cuir. Rv. ΔHMAPX ЄΞ YΠATOC TO B / Δ - Є. Eagle with spread wings stg. facing, hd. l., holding wreath in beak; between the eagle's legs, star*. 24-27mm., 12.57gm. McAlee 762. Prieur 251 & 264.  Rare.  VF, interesting portrait-type.  Ref# V1588   $155

For the rarity also see Leu Numismatik 10, 2019, 923 and 13, 2020, 969.

*Emesa was recorded by Herodian to have been by the 3rd-century the center of a worship of the ancient pagan god Elagabalus, the original name of which is posited to have been El-Gabal or Ilah Al-Gabal ("إله الجبل"). The deity's Latin name, Elagabalus, is a Latinized version of the Arabic Ilāh ha-Gabal, from ilāh ("god") and gabal ("mountain"), meaning "God of the Mountain.” In Emesa, the religious "lord,” or Ba'al, was the cult of Elagabalus. This cult is assumed to have existed already at the time when the dynasty was still ruling (it is believed, as priest-kings), although there might have been originally two separate cults. The deity Elagabalus successfully preserved Arab characteristics both in his names, and in his representations.



SEVERUS ALEXANDER. Silver Denarius. Rome mint, A.D. 222. His laur., dr. and cuir. bust r. Rv. Jove (Jupiter), nude except for cloak behind over arms, stg. almost facing, hd. l., holding thunderbolt and scepter. 3.44gm. C. -. RIC 5. Sby. 204a. Good VF, finely detailed bust and portrayal of Jupiter. Silver surface on reverse slightly frosty. Ref# V1184    Sold



JULIA  MAMAEA. AR Denarius, Rome mint, A.D. 226. Her diad. and dr. bust r. Rv. VESTA. Vesta stg. almost facing, hd. l., holding palladium (figure of Pallas Athena) and scepter. C. 81. RIC 360 (Sev. Alex.). 3.25gm. VF-EF, attractive, bold, EF portrait.  Ref# V1175    Sold

     

GORDIANUS PIUS (Gordian III). Sestertius. Mint of Rome, A.D. 241-3. IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL.AVG. His laur., dr. and cuir. bust r. Rv. LAETITIA AVG. N. S.-C. Laetitia stg. l., holding wreath and anchor. Æ30-32mm., 17.91gm. Cohen, Médailles Impériales, no. 122. RIC (Roman Imperial Coinage) IV, iii 300a (mint of Rome). VF/F, pleasant dark patina not apparent in the photos.   Ref# V1262   $32.50

Catalogue value: David Sear, Roman Coins and Their Values (1988), no. 2488 = GBP £60.00 (~ US$120).

EX Syracuse Stamp & Coin Co. (Jonah Shapiro).


GORDIAN III (PIUS). Provincial Sestertius of Viminacium in Upper Moesia, A.D. 239/240. His laur., dr. and cuir. bust r. Rv. PMS CO-L VIM. Moesia stg. facing, hd. l., both hands extended over bull on l. facing r., and lion on r. facing l.; in ex., date, AN.I. (Year 1). 29-30mm., 14.58gm. Pick AMNG 71. Scarce denomination for this yearGood F, attractive dark olivish-green patina, much better "in hand."  Ref# V1110  Sold

The bull and the lion are symbols of the Legions VII and IV which were quartered in the province. Viminacium was founded by Gordian III in 239 or 240 (Year I). This bronze is one of the first pieces for the workshop. Emperor at age 13, married at 16, killed at 19, that's how life could be summed up for this young man who was a victim of the appetites of Philip the Arab, the new praetorian prefect.


PHILIP I. Provincial Sestertius of Viminacium, Moesia Superior (Upper Moesia), Year 6 (= A.D. 244/5). His laur., dr. and cuir. bust r. Rv. Moesia stg. facing, hd. l., between lion and bull; in exergue, AN VI. 29mm., 19.82gm. Hristova & Gospodin, Viminacium 29. Varbanov 135. Pick 102. About Good Fine, pleasant dark brown tone.    Ref# V1111    $12.50   Sold
The bull and the lion are symbols of the Legions VII and IV which were quartered in the province.

Jekov, Gospodin and Hristova, Nina, The Local Coinage of the Roman Empire - Moesia Superior, VIMINACIUM (Blagoevgrad, 2004).
      
PHILIP I. Provincial Sestertius of Viminacium in Moesia Superior (Upper Moesia), Year 9 = A.D. 248. His laur., dr. and cuir. bust r. Rv. P M S COL VIM / AN VIIII. Moesia stg. facing, hd. l., extending hands to bull and lion stg. at feet to either side. 26-27mm., 14.04gm.  BMC 17. Jekov & Hristova 32. Martin 2.17.1. Varbanov I 138.  About Good Fine, pleasant medium-dark brown patina.    Ref# V1631   $14.50    Sold

Martin, Ferenc - Kolonial Prägungen aus Moesia Superior und Dacia (Budapest-Bonn, 1992).

The bull and the lion are symbols of the Legions VII and IV which were quartered in the province.

An example here (€130-
180 ~ $170-$240).

      
PHILIPP II, Silver BI Tetradrachm of Antioch on the Orontes, A.D. 249. AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB. His lair. bust l., wearing armor with balteus (sword-belt). Rv. ΔHMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠATO Δ. Eagle stg. l., wings open, wreath in beak; below, ANTIOXIA / SC. 27mm., 12.10gm. Prieur 461.  Very Rare.   Ref# V1585   VF, a very rare issue with an interesting portrait-type.   $115

For the rarity also see Numismatik Lanz München 120, 2004, 496 (PR €180 ~ $215 + BP).






PHILIP I & OTACILIA SEVERA. Tetrassarion of Mesembria in Thrace. Spring of 244 until August 246. His laur., dr. and cuir. bust r. (on l.) facing her dr. bust l. (on r.), wearing stephane. Rv. Demeter stg. l., holding grain ears and long torch. Æ25-27mm., 9.80gm. Already rare, and very rare and apparently unpublished with the combination of the reverse legend with HP not ligate (Karayotov II O27) and reverse with MB configuration isolated. Flan flaw and some weakness in legends, otherwise, Good VF, and with an attractive dark brownish green patina.   Ref# V1429   $32.50  Sold


Tetrassarion = diobol in the silver series

TRAJAN DECIUS. A.D. 249-251. Triassarion of Philomelion in Phrygia. AVT K Γ MЄCK TPAI ΔЄKIO CЄ. His rad., dr. and cuir. bust r. Rv. ΦIΛOMHΛЄΩN ЄΠ ЄVΤVΧΟVC / B. The river god Gallos, wearing himation, naked to waist, reclining 1., holding cornucopiae in r. hand, and resting with 1. against inverted vase from which a stream flows. Æ23-24mm., 8.31gm. BMC 42. SNG von Aulock 3931. SNG München 437.  Rare.  VF   Ref.# V1048   $35

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).

For the rarity also see
Auctiones GmbH, Berne, E3, 2012, 93.

Triassarion = trihemiobol = quarter-drachm in the silver series.




HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA, wife of Decius and mother of Hostilian, A.D. 249-251, Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt, A.D. 249/250. Her dr. bust l., wearing stephane. Rv. Homonoia stg. three-quarters l., hd. l., holding cornucopiae in her l. hand, raising r. hand in greeting.). 20-24mm., 8.62gm. Dattari 5102. Emmett 3652 Geissen 2821. Kampmann/Ganschow 80.1. Köln 2821. Milne 3794.  Rare.  About F   Ref# V1403   Sold

For rarity also see Münzen & Medaillen, 14, 2004, 867.

Homonoia was the ancient Greek personified spirit (daimona) of concord, harmony and unanimity, and closely identified with the Theban goddess-queen Harmonia (Harmony).



HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS. Silver Antoninianus. Rome mint, A.D. 250. Q. HER. ETR. MES. DECIVS NOB. C. His draped bust r., wearing radiate crown. Rv. SPES PVBLICA. Spes advancing l., holding flower and raising skirt. 2.57gm. RIC 149. Cohen 38. Vagi 2205.  Scarce.  VF   Ref.# V1129  Sold

EX Savoca Numismatik, Munich (their grading).

Struck on a flan meant for the (rare) denarii of Trajan Decius !





GALLIENUS, A.D. 253-268, Orichalcum Diassarion of Smyrna in Ionia. His bust r., wearing paludamentum and cuirass. Rv. Roma, helmeted, std. l., holding temple in extended r. hand and resting l. on spear; on ground beside seat, shield. 5.88gm.  BMC 469.   Rare.   VG   Ref# V1122    Sold

CONSTANTIUS I Chlorus. Augustus, A.D. May 1, 305 / 25 July 306. Æ Quarter-Follis, Siscia. IMP C CONSTANTIVS PF AVG. His laur. hd. r. Rv. GENIO POP - VLI ROMANI / SIS. Genius, holding patera and cornucopiae, stg. facing, hd. l.
Æ18-19mm., 2.21gm. RIC VI, p. 475, no. 167.  Rare.  Really Good VF   Ref# V1157   $37.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich


SEVERUS II. Caesar, A.D. 305/6. Æ Quarter-Follis, Siscia. FL.VAL.SEVERVS NOB.C. His laur. hd. r. Rv. GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius stg. l., modius on hd., naked but for chlamys over l. shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae. Mintmark SIS. 18-19mm., 2.0gm. RIC VI Siscia 170a.  Rare.  Good F   Ref.# V1067  $27.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his description and grading).


LICINIUS I. Silvered Follis, Nicomedia, A.D. 313-15. IMP C VAL LICINIVS PF AVG. His laur. hd. r. Rv. IOVI CONSERVATORI. Jove (Jupiter) stg. almost facing, hd. l., holding Victoria with wreath and scepter; on ground at l., eagle with wreath; mintmark in ex. RIC 13. 20-21mm., 3.39gm. Near EF, toned.  Ref.# V1040  $22.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grade).

     
MIGRATION PERIOD in EUROPE: Germanic Tribes, mid-4th/early 5th Century. Half-Centenionalis, imitating Constantius II. Diad., dr. and cuir. bust r.; crude legend around. Rv. Soldier spearing fallen horseman; crude legend around. 13mm., 1.82gm. Cf. RIC 152; Numismatik Naumann, Auction 10 (1 Dec. 2013), lot 761. VF, attractive patina.  Ref# V1237   Sold

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his attribution and grading).


  

VANDALS. Under Gaiseric (Genseric), Æ Nummus of his capital, Carthage, c. 440-476. Diad., dr. and cuir. bust r. Rv. Victory stg. l., crowning king, holding spear and resting on shield, with wreath. 13mm., 1.30gm. Only one example listed on acsearch and CoinArchives (Agora 84, 2019, 248). VF, good very dark brownish-green  and 'desert' patina around devices.   Ref# V1447  $29.50

EX private UK collection > Ares Numismatics, Netherlands (their attribution and grading) > private New York collection


ṬABARESTĀN (Tabaristan): DABUYID DYNASTY (Dābūyid Ispahbads): FARRUKHAN THE GREAT, A.D. 712-728. Silver Hemidrachm (locally, known as a Drahm). Dated PYE 68 (= A.D. 719/20). Crowned Sassanian-style bust r.; name and titles of the governor, Farrukhan, in Pahlavi; lower r. in outer margin, 'pd ("excellent"). Rv. Zoroastrian fire-altar flanked by attendants; pellets flanking flames; date to l., TPWRSTʾN (Tabaristan) to r.; alternating triple pellets and star-in-crescents in outer margin. 24mm., 2.09gm.  Malek, p. 133 and pl. 12,  9.5.  RR!  EF   Ref# V1221  $75

As CNG 379, 248 (sold for $264 incl. buyer’s fee and our specimen somewhat superior in quality).

PYE = Post-Yazdgard Era

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading and rarity).

Farrukhan the Great (in Persian: فرخان بزرگ) Farrukhan-e Bozorg (or Buzurg), fl. 712–728, was the independent ruler (ispahbadh) of Tabaristan in the early 8th century, until his death in 728. He is the first actually attested (through his coinage) member of the Dabuyid dynasty, which is traditionally held to have ruled Tabaristan since the time of the Muslim conquest of Persia. He maintained his independence against the attacks of the Umayyad Caliphate, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Dadhburzmihr. During his early rule, he reconstructed the city of Zadracarta and made it his capital, and because his son's name was "Saruyih," he called it by this name, which later became known as Sari.

The Dabuyid or Gaubarid Dynasty was a Zoroastrian Iranian dynasty that started in the early seventh century as an independent group of rulers, reigning over Tabaristan and parts of western Khorasan. Dabuyid rule over Tabaristan and Khorasan lasted from ca. A.D. 642 to the Abbasid conquest in 760.


ṬABARESTĀN (Tabaristan): DABUYID DYNASTY (Dābūyid Ispahbads): KHUSHĪD (also known as Khurshid), A.D. 734–760. Silver Hemidrachm. Dated PYE 101 (= A.D. 752). Crowned Sassanian-style bust r.;  “May xvarrah increase” in Pahlavi behind, “Khushīd” in Pahlavi before; open double circle border with star-in-crescent motif at 3, 6, and 9 o’clock and “excellent” in 2nd quarter of margin. Rv. Zoroastrian fire-altar flanked by attendants; pellets flanking flames; date to l.; TPWRSTʾN (Tabaristan) to r.; alternating triple pellets and star-in-crescents in outer margin; star l. and crescent r. at top of flames.  24mm., 2.05gm.  Unpublished? (but cf. Malek 38.3 (= crescent l., star or crescent r., above flames).   VERY RARE!   EF      Ref# V1222   $79.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grade and rarity).

PYE = Post-Yazdgard Era

Khurshid (Middle Persian: Khōrshēd; Tabari/Persian: اسپهبد ‎خورشید‎, Spāhbed Khōrshīd 'General Khorshid'), erroneously designated Khurshid II by earlier scholars, was the last independent ruler (ispahbadh) of Tabaristan. He succeeded to the throne at an early age, and was supervised by his uncle as regent until he reached the age of fourteen. Khurshid tried to assert his independence from his vassalage to the Caliphate, supported various rebellions and maintained diplomatic contacts with Tang China.

The Dabuyid or Gaubarid Dynasty was a Zoroastrian Iranian dynasty that started in the early seventh century as an independent group of rulers, reigning over Tabaristan and parts of western Khorasan. Dabuyid rule over Tabaristan and Khorasan lasted from ca. A.D. 642 to the Abbasid conquest in 760.


ITALY, NORMAN KINGDOM OF SICILY. WILLIAM II Guglielmo (Wilhelm), 1166-1180. Silver Dirhem Kharruba, Palermo. Legend in Kufic script. Rv. Cross in the center of legend in Kufic script; above, two pellets. 10mm., 0.38gm. Spahr (Le Monete Siciliane, dai Bizantini a Carlo I d' Angio) 116.  Very Rare.  VF   Ref# V1241   $49.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).

Cf. Balog (1961), History of The Dirhem, p. 121.

For the rarity also see Numismatica Ranieri, Asta 4, 2012, 618.


             
 
The CRUSADERS. Cilicia. The Kingdom of Armenia: OSHIN, 1308-1320. AR (Silver) Takvorin. King Oshin riding r. on horseback, carrying transverse scepter tipped with a fleur-de-lis. Rv. Lion walking r.; behind, cross-tipped scepter. 20mm., 2.35gm. Bedoukian 1906b.   VF    Ref# V1250   Sold

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).




ENGLAND. COMMONWEALTH. 1649-1660. Pb Token for Hops, Norfolk. Head l. Rv. B and crosses. 25mm., 9.90gm. LTT 88, pl. 2, A and B.  Rare.  Fine   Ref# V1236   $17.50

EX Teutoburger Münzhandel GmbH (€100 - and their attribution, rarity and grade).

These hop-tokens were used to pay pickers and were also passed as money between the pickers themselves, and were also accepted by the shop-keepers and inn-keepers in the locality. These pickers received these tokens as payment for their work and came chiefly from London for "a holiday with work and pay," and were known as "furiners."



RUSSIA. TSAR PETER I ALEKSEEVICH (PETER THE GREAT). Silver Polushka, 1689-1695. Crowned horseman (St. George) carrying a spear with a pointed tip; dotted circular line. Rv. Legend in old cyrillic naming Peter and his titles. 0.18gm.  K/G 1592.  Lapa 18.  VERY RARE pre-reform issue.  VF+, pleasing very dark toning not readily apparent in the photos.   Ref# V1223    Sold

Silver Polushka (Denga = Half-Kopeck)

Offered elsewhere from a specialty dealer in inferior condition at $195





RUSSIA. PETER THE GREAT (= Peter I = Peter Alexeyevich), 1696-1717. Silver Polushka (= Denga = Half-Kopeck = Kopeika), Old Mint, 1700. St. George riding r. holding lance; below,  CH (1700). Rv. Titular legend naming the tzar.  9-12mm., 0.30gm. K 8-8/6.  VF   Ref# V1233  $12.50  



RUSSIA. PETER THE GREAT (= Peter I = Peter Alexeyevich)
, 1696-1717. Silver Polushka (= Denga = Half-Kopeck = Kopeika), Old Mint, 1701. Horseman (St. George) riding r., holding lance; below, AΨA (1701). Rv. Titular legend naming the czar. 8-10mm., 0.25gm. K/G 1659.   F-VF   Ref# V1227    $7.50



RUSSIA. PETER THE GREAT (= Peter I = Peter Alexeyevich)
, 1696-1717. Silver Polushka (= Denga = Half-Kopeck = Kopeika), Old Mint, 1701. St. George riding r. holding lance; below, ЯΨЯ (1701). Rv. Titular legend naming the tzar. 8-13mm., 0.30gm. K/G 1674.  F-VF   Ref# V1224  $7.50




RUSSIA. PETER THE GREAT
(= Peter I = PeterAlexeyevich), 1696-1717. Silver Polushka (= Denga = Half-Kopeck = Kopeika), Old Mint, 1702. Horseman (St. George) riding r., holding lance; below, ЯΨB (1702). Rv. Titular legend naming the czar. 7-10mm., 0.27gm. K/G 1692.  EF   Ref# V1225   $13.50



RUSSIA. PETER THE GREAT (= Peter I = Peter Alexeyevich), 1696-1717. Silver Polushka (= Denga = Half-Kopeck = Kopeika), Kadashevsky Mint, 1702. Horseman riding r. holding lance; below, AΨB (1702). Rv. Titular legend
naming the czar.  9-12mm., 0.24gm.  K/G 1892.  Good VF   Ref# V1232   $15



RUSSIA. PETER THE GREAT (= Peter I = Peter Alexeyevich)
, 1696-1717. Silver Polushka (= Denga = Half-Kopeck = Kopeika), Old Mint, 1703. Horseman (St. George) riding r., holding lance; below, RYΓ (1703). Rv. Titular legend naming the czar. 8-11mm., 0.25gm. K 8-24/7.   VF   Ref# V1226  $12.50



RUSSIA. PETER THE GREAT (= Peter I = Peter Alexeyevich)
, 1696-1717. Silver Polushka (= Denga = Half-Kopeck = Kopeika), Old Mint, 1704. Horseman (St. George) riding r., holding lance; below, ЯΨД (1704). Rv. Titular legend naming the czar.  8-10mm., 0.27gm.  K/G 1724-6.  F-VF   Ref# V1228   $8.50



RUSSIA. PETER THE GREAT (= Peter I = Peter Alexeyevich)
, 1696-1717. Silver Polushka (= Denga = Half-Kopeck = Kopeika), Old Mint, 1704. Horseman (St. George) riding r., holding lance; below, ЯΨД (1704). Rv. Titular legend naming the czar.  8-11mm., 0.28gm.  K/G 1724-6.  F-VF   Ref# V1231   $7.50


RUSSIA. PETER THE GREAT (= Peter I = Peter Alexeyevich), 1696-1717. Silver Polushka (= Denga = Half-Kopeck = Kopeika), Kadashevsky Mint, 1706. Horseman riding r. holding lance; below, AΨS (1706). Rv. Titular legend naming the czar. 7-11mm., 0.30gm. K/G 2047 (R-IX).  Rare. VF-EF   Ref# V1229   $17.50
 



RUSSIA. PETER THE GREAT (= Peter I = Peter Alexeyevich), 1696-1717. Silver Polushka (= Denga = Half-Kopeck = Kopeika), Kadashevsky Mint, 1707. Horseman (St. George) riding r., holding lance; below, AΨЗ (1707). Rv. Titular legend naming the czar.  8-11mm., 0.24gm.  K/G 2062. Kl 10-31/12.  VF   Ref# V1230  $8.50

India Maratha Malwa
          Giakwars Baroda MALHAR RAO Half PaissaIndia Maratha Malwa
          Giakwars Baroda MALHAR RAO Half Paissa
INDIA. Maratha Kingdoms in Western Malwa and Environs, The Gaekwad Dynasty of Baroda: MALHARRAO (Malhar Rao), Maharaja of Baroda, A.H. 1287-1292 / A.D. 1870-1875. Æ Half-Paissa, Baroda mint.  Gaikwar's initials and legend: sikka mubarek. The blessed coin of the Gaikwar.  Rv. Nagari Ma Ga (Malhar Gaikwara) and date (A.H. 1288). Globe and scimitar. 16mm., thick flan (2mm.), 3.83gm. Mitch., World of Islam, unlisted (but cf. 3413: Paissa). KM Y15. Scarce. Good VF, attractive brown patina.   Ref# V1272    $6


ETHIOPIA: HAILE SELASSIE I. Reigned 1930-1936 and 1941-1974. 5-Matonas, EE (Ethiopian Era) 1923 = A.D. 1930-1931. His crowned hd. r. Rv. Crowned lion with bannered globus cruciger. Edge: Smooth. Æ21mm, 3.01gm. KM 28.1. Nearly EF, attractively toned.   Ref# V1186   $35

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).





Continental Currency $7 Philadelphia May 9, 1776
 
Features vignette of a severe storm at sea. Latin Motto reads "SERENABIT" (It Will be Calm).
The reverse shows skeletonized buttercup leaves (an anti-counterfeiting device), SEVEN DOLLARS at the top, and "PHILADELPHIA: Printed by HALL and SELLERS. 1776" at bottom.
 
Signed by the Continental officials Nicholas Garrison and Peter Stretch.

 "The UNITED COLONIES" along top and bottom borders. "Continental Currency" along left and right borders.  It reads:
"SEVEN DOLLARS. THIS Bill entitles the Bearer to receive SEVEN SPANISH milled DOLLARS, or the Value thereof in Gold or Silver, according to a Resolution of CONGRESS, passed at Philadelphia, May 6, 1776."
THIS ISSUE OF CONTINENTAL CURRENCY WAS IN CIRCULATION AT THE TIME OF THE SIGNING OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE ON JULY 4, 1776!

No pinholes, but shows tear (missing section) across top. Small piece of tape on front, though it is not covering a tear.

G-VG
  Ref.# V1080  $85



     


1787 VERMONT COPPER. BRITANNIA. This distinctive die pair is the most plentiful of all Vermont copper varieties. Tony Carlotto assigns a rating of R.1 and suggests on page 67 that 800 examples survive. The Britannia reverse is a Machin's Mills product, used extensively for imitation halfpence before it was combined with the present obverse, where it always appears as a well-worn die. The reverse die always worn in order to lend credence to their value in relation to the earlier British halfpence issues. Grading is always by the obverse alone (Whitman).  28mm., 6.13gm.  Ryder 13.  Bressett 17-V.  Wh. 2255.  Good, evidence of die "shattering" extant on both the obverse and reverse which is relatively uncommon for these issues with even, very dark brown tone.   Ref# V1209   Sold

Sold for $50 in 1985.

N.B.:  It is the photo which is clipped at the bottom - not the coin.




1846 U.S. Braided Hair Liberty Head Large Cent Early Copper Penny (Small Date Variety). Philadelphia mint. Engraver: Christian Gobrecht. Metal Composition: 100% Copper. Mintage: N/A. 28mm., 10.58gm. Really Good F, a few rim nicks and deposits at rim. Attractively toned.   Ref# V1210    $28

EX old Pennsylvania collection.




1852 U.S. Braided Hair Liberty Head Large Cent Early Copper Penny. Philadelphia mint. Designer: Christian Gobrecht. Content: 100% Copper. 10.44gm., 27mm. Nice VF, pleasant toning.   Ref# V1263   $42.50



1856 U.S. Braided Hair Liberty Head Large Cent (Slanted 5) Early Copper Penny. Philadelphia Mint. Designer & Engraver: Christian Gobrecht. Metal Composition: 100% Copper. 28mm., 10.69gm. Almost VF, toned.    Ref# V1239    $52.50

EX old Pennsylvania collection.

                                    

1863 New York, NY Civil War Token, Broas Pie Baker NY United We Stand One Country 131 41st St, NY. Fuld 630L-9a.  Brass !  Obviously scarce in brass. Issued in 1863 by the Broas Pie Baker company in New York City, this Civil War token is from the three-year period in which many private companies used the existing (front) Indian Head cent of U.S. currency as a promotional vehicle. (The tokens often doubled as real currency because of a coin shortage, but were made illegal in 1864.) 19mm., 3.12gm.  G-VG    Ref# V1251    Sold

          
1865 U.S. Nickel THREE-CENT PIECE.  Designer-Engraver: James B Longacre.  Minted at: Philadelphia. 18mm., 2.01gm. VF    Ref# V1269    Sold

          
1866 U.S. Nickel THREE-CENT PIECE.  Designer-Engraver: James B Longacre.  Minted at: Philadelphia. 18mm., 1.90gm.  VF    Ref# V1270    $22.50




A VILLANOVAN IMPASTO VOTIVE-BOWL, ca. second half of the 8th Cent. B.C. Probably from Tarquinia, possibly Cerveteri (Caere). So-called "Conical Bowl," flared and slightly carinated at the shoulder. Flat disk-foot. Surface sintered. Cf. Heres, L.H., Mededelingen Van Het Nederlands Instituut Te Rome: Antiquity (1991), p. 40f and pl. VI; Gorny & Mosch, 239, 2016, 588c. 12.8cm. dia., 6.8cm. ht. A shallow old rim chip and some ancient chipping to the edge of the foot. Scattered earthen deposits to the inside. Free-standing.  Ref# V1363  $85

EX Howard S. Rose Gallery, NYC > New York private collection.

Similar to the Villanovan cinerary urn covers, but this is identified as a conical bowl, and the stem here is shorter and flat at the foot. It is also considerably smaller.




An Archaic Period ETRUSCAN BUCCHERO KYLIX, c. 630-610 B.C., polished black bucchero, wheel-thrown with applied oblique handles, truncated conical basin, ring foot. 15.5cm. across handles, 11.5cm. rim dia., 6.0cm. overall ht., 3.8cm. foot dia. Cf. Ramage, N.H., Studies in Early Etruscan Bucchero, Type 7H; Rasmussen, T.B., Bucchero Pottery from Southern Etruria, Cups, p. 118, Type 1c and pl. 37. A crack consolidated; some slight, small, ancient rim chipping; some light, old scratches inside the bowl.   Ref# V1550   $125

One here which realized £170.80 ~ $212.95 w/ BP.




An Archaic Period ETRUSCAN BUCCHERO CHALICE, c. 590-570 B.C., on a flaring foot, the bowl decorated with three horizontal grooves above the ridged shoulder. 13.5cm. rim dia. 8.5cm. overall ht. 7.5cm. foot dia. Cf. CVA British Museum 7, Section IVBa and pl. 23, 11; Charles Ede Ltd., Etruscan Pottery: Bucchero Ware (London, 1978), no. 8.  Some sintering, light calciferous deposits.   Ref# V1549   Sold



A miniature ETRUSCAN BLACK-GLAZED KRATER, later 5th/4th Century B.C., squat body, pale pinkish-brown buff pottery, wheel-thrown, applied twin loop handles connecting from the shoulder to the upper outsplayed neck, the base of the body reserved.  Faint chevron pattern to one side.  Fine flat ring-base, convex underneath, and free-standing. 7.7cm. overall ht., 10.0cm. dia., 7.0cm. at rim. Repaired from several fragments with a couple of the smaller shards missing and a chip just below one of the handles.   Ref# V1369  $45

The handles are distinctly Etruscan and derived from the large column-kraters.

EX Parke-Bernet 84, New York.

The shards at the back somewhat hastily reattached (could be re-fitted) but still makes for a rather attractive display from the side shown. An inexpensive example.


         

An ITALIC SILVER FIBULA, 5th Century B.C. Decorated with two exterior knobs and strip of granulated twisted-rope design. Further engraving on the latch-plate. Missing coil and pin. 5.0cm. Very Rare; beautiful old dark toning. Cf. BMC Jewellery: Early Italian Jewellery of the Seventh to Fifth Century B.C.,  pl. XX, no. 1401 (also missing coil and pin); Guzzo, P.G., Le Fibule in Etruria dal VI al I Secolo, pl. XIX, ς & ɛ (although those examples less elaborate); Hermann Historica München Auk. 35, lot 255 (~ $545) for a less attractive example.  Ref.# V1042  $140

EX Munich professional antiquities market > private New York collection.



An ITALIC BUCCHEROID IMPASTO BOWL, Central Italy, Etruria Campana (Campanian Etruria), coastal region of Campania and Latium, early 5th Cent. B.C. Low, rounded shoulder; rim beveled, as well as the short, flaring ring-foot, concave underneath with central nipple. Free-standing. Cp. Mingazzini, P., CVA Italia XLIV, Museo Campano di Capua IV, pl. 9, 9; Rasmussen, T.B., Bucchero Pottery from Southern Etruria, Monte Abatone (Cerveteri), Coarse Ware, Bowls, p. 63; Attema, A.J., et al, Pottery Classifications: Ceramics from Satricum and Lazio, Italy, 900-300 BC, p. 382, 6.2.3.1. Also see Nigel Spivey, Etruscan Art, page 35. 12.9cm. overall dia., 6.5cm. overall ht., 4.3cm. foot dia. Some sintering and calciferous mineral deposits. Small chip on rim, no repairs.    Ref# V1364  $65

EX Howard S. Rose Gallery, NYC > New York private collection.



A small WESTERN GREEK BLACKWARE PATERA, Magna Graecia, Campanian, end of 4th/beginning of 3rd Cent. B.C., probably from Cales, on low foot with stenciled stamped design of five florets framed by an incised circle and raised rim; raised nipple-node at center framed with a raised circle, all within a shallow concave surface. The side insplayed; the bottom with a raised rim and outplayed, wide ring-foot, reserved underneath. 7.6cm. dia. at rim, 8.5cm. overall body dia., 2.2cm. overall ht., 5.0cm. foot dia. A finely thrown example. Cf. Browne, A.H., William Henry Forman Collection at Callaly Castle, Northumberland, p. 38, 253 and p. 40, 302.  A little rubbing and light chipping to the rim, otherwise intact.    Ref# V1361  Sold

Ex Christie's, New York



TERRACOTTA ENTHRONED HERA. Poseidonia, late 5th Century B.C. The clay is pale orange with much red IN the clay (i.e., NOT added decoration), exclusively Poseidonian. The portrait-type, including the long neck, is typical throughout the Greek world in the late 5th century B.C.: cf. Amiet, et al, Art in the Ancient World (NY, 1981), Greece, Terracotta Figurines, p. 435, no. 519;  and BMC Terracottas I, p. 316, pl. 159, 1166. Oval vent in back; bottom open. Cf. Ammerman, The Sanctuary of Santa Venera II. The Votive Terracottas, p. 20. Figures of this type were found in large numbers on the site of the temples to Hera, and it seems certain that that goddess is here represented (Higgins, Greek Terracottas, p. 92). Although this type was found in some quantity they are very rarely found on the market. The calciferous deposits suggest a find-spot in one of the underground sanctuaries. Ht. 6-1/2 in. (16.5cm.).  Some surface wear, root marks and otherwise intact.  Ref# V1200   Sold



An Attractive GREEK BLACK-GLAZED OINOCHOE, Magna Graecia, Greek Colonies in South Italy, 4th Century B.C.  Wheel-thrown with applied trefoil-lipped pouring spout and c-shaped handle, the surfaces with nice thick black glaze. Ht. 10.2cm. (4 in.). Cf. CVA Deutschland 16, Schloss Fasanerie (Adolphseck) 2, p. 47, pl. 88, 9. The handle professionally and nearly invisibly reattached and a couple tiny chips at the edge of the mouth, otherwise, well preserved, and a beautiful form. Small ring-foot, slightly concave underneath, and perfectly free-standing.   Ref# V1556   $275

EX private German collection, acquired in the 1970s > private New York collection.

The CVA example cited above damaged at the mouth and EX collection of Landgrafen Friedrich Karl.




A Large MAGNA GRAECIAN PAESTAN BLACK-FIGURE PYXIS-LID, late 4th/early 3rd century B.C., squat, circular, attractively formed squat bulbous central knobular handle and decorated with concentric circles within two dotted borders and a solid semicircular positioning mark. Convex surface, carinated before the dotted borders. Concave inside the raised fitting-rim on the reserved underside. This double dotted border exists at Poseidonia (Paestum). The shape and pattern are derived from the ceramics of Central Greece, particularly Attic and Boeotian. 19.0cm. dia., raised fitting-rim 12.2cm. inner dia., 13.6cm. outer dia., 1.0cm. h.  Nine shards reglued to one side of the rim; complete.   Ref# V1357  $85

Note: The dark discoloration is not part of the black-figure painting but the extant surface over old abrading.

Ex E. Isard and Sotheby's



A WESTERN GREEK LATE ARCHAIC TERRACOTTA VOTIVE PROTOME, Magna Graecia, Greek colonies on eastern Sicily, Gela (Γέλας), end of the 6th Century B.C., molded with added hand modeling, peach-orange clay slipped in cream gone light grey, depicting a goddess, her hair arranged in tight oblong curls, veiled and wearing a stephane.  Cf. Uhlenbrock, The Terracotta Protomai from Gela, p. 86 and pl. 40, 28 (Bitalemi, end of 6th century); Cf. Ismaelli, T., Materiality of Greek Religion: Votive Practices and Rituals in the Sanctuaries of Gela, Sicily: Coroplastic Materials in Phase II: Protomai as Regular Gifts, p. 19 and p. 20, Fig. 11; Griffo and von Matt, Gela: The Ancient Greeks in Sicily, p. 40, middle protome (end of 6th century, casting somewhat disfigured). Ht. 4" (10cm.). Some minor rubbing and areas of paint loss, otherwise intact.  Free-standing.  Ref# V1362   $495

Included is a copy of the English language edition of Uhlenbrock's The Terracotta Protomai from Gela, hardcover, like new in dust jacket.

Probably from the Sanctuary of Demeter at Bitalemi.

EX Harmer Rooke Galleries, New York > Mary K.F. Long collection, Washington, 1970s-1990s.



A WESTERN GREEK GELOAN POTTERY PEDESTALLED BOWL, from Gela in Sicily, 6th Century B.C., pale orange clay, slipped in orange-brown, spread pedestal foot, with carinated rim slipped in black, wide band in orange-brown below, flat ring-footed base, conical underneath. Finely wheel-thrown. 6.2cm. overall ht., 9.6cm. dia.    Rare.   Ref# V1356    Sold

A typically Geloan fabric. This form is known in Magna Graecia from the mid-7th Century B.C onwards. See
Åkerstrøm, Å., Der geometrische Stil in Italien (1943), 1943, 92f, pl. 25, 3.

This bowl was identified as having been found at Gela and was originally purchased with the protome V1362 listed above.



A WESTERN GREEK BLACK-GLAZED LIDDED LEKANIS, Magna Graecia, Eastern Sicily, 4th Cent. B.C. Squat, bulbous body; discoid handle at the center of the lid; rather wide, reserved and beveled ring-foot, conically rising underneath, convex at center.  Wheel-thrown. A well potted example. 9.7cm. dia., 8.0cm. ht. The lid repaired from four pieces with a little loss to the rim at one side; body one-third missing. The lid fits perfectly, and, with the missing part only to one side, this vase makes for an attractive display.   Ref# V1360   $50

This particular discoid handle exists at Sicily in the 4th Century.

During reduced firing, sintering of the iron-rich clay led to a shiny black surface. The glaze was added on with a paintbrush on the wheel, or by dipping.



A BROWN-ON-CREAM POTTERY MYCENAEAN STIRRIP JAR (aka False-Necked Amphora), c. 1230-1190 B.C. Decoration around shoulder and variously sized bands around body in brown on a cream background. The combination of the properties of this vase only exist in the Helladic LHIIICE (early) period (1230-1190 B.C.) which would date it to just before the Mycenaean ("Achaean") participation against Troy in the Trojan War (c. 1188-1178 B.C.). Cf. Furumark, Mycenaean Pottery, Vol. I, p. 611, 171 = Vol. 2, Forms, p. 131, 171. Shoulder Motif/motives Furumark unrecorded (but cf. shoulder: comb pattern (Hallager and Hallager 2000): 141 and n. 41). For the pattern, probably a more developed form of the curvilinear LM IIIA2 motif represented on 56e/2 and 58a/2, Popham 1970b: 199, fig. 3: 41, pls. 47d: 7 – 8, 49a: 13 – 14; Hallager and Hallager 2000: 78 82-P1805, pls. 36, 69a: 1; Rethemiotakis 1997: figs. 27i (= fig. 19, lower right), 28f. For parallel lines cf. Furumark FM 24:g (fig. 51 V. 1). Fabric/paint = Furumark V. 1, p. 14 and V. 2, p. 71 = Mycenae (incl. Lion Gate* necropolis), Asine, Eutresis, Kameiros). Lip of spout = Furumark V. I, Part II: 6, fig. 22, row 3 (= false-necked jar spouts, 4th from l. For neck and handles cf. Furumark V. 1, p. 85, Neck and Handles of False-Necked Jars. fig. 23, 2nd row, 3rd from l., and 3rd row, 2. Cf. Vol. I, fig. 71, 13 (Motif 72, tassel pattern, 13), but their example only linear and with short tassels. Free-standing on a relatively short foot.  Rare.  Ht. 4-1/4 in. (10.8cm.). Neatly restored from mostly large fragments and complete. Traces of calcification extant.   Ref# V1197  Sold

EX older private Manhattan, New York collection.

* The Lion Gate:






A CLASSICAL GREEK BOEOTIAN BLACKWARE KANTHAROS, Thebes, early 4th Cent. B.C. Twin vertical, ovular handles with thumb-rests. The shoulder more sharply carinated along the top of the lower handles and again below the handles. Gracefully curved neck with thin-walled lip. Squat bell-foot with a profiled edge. 13.0cm. w. across handles, 9.0cm. rim dia., 8.5cm. ht. Cf. CVA Deutschland 13, Mannheim 1, Reiss-Museum, p. 26 and pl. 12, 7; G. Bruns and P. Wolters, Das Kabirionheiligtum bei Thebes, I, pl. 18, 15. Base of foot chipped; light rubbing; light graffito to one section of the side not shown; light calciferous deposits. An attractive classical shape, later imitated in Roman, as well as neo-classical times. Surface much less rough than the image would indicate.  Ref# V1548    Sold

  The sanctuary of the Kabeiroi was devoted to the deities Kabeiros and Pais, to which Demeter revealed mysteries aiming at reinforcing the fertility of nature animals and human beings. The Kabeiroi were worshiped as protectors of vinyards and animal fertility. During their votive dedications at Thebes copious wine was drunk.




An EARLY GREEK EUBOEAN LATE GEOMETRIC "BIRD AND BIRDSEED" POTTERY SKYPHOS. Second-half of the 8th Century B.C. The painting on the back virtually repeated, save for a bipartite rhomboid versus quadripartite on the front and birdseed spilling from below bird's beak, and of the same quality and preservation. Published! =  Gjerstad (1977): Greek Geometric and Archaic Pottery Found in Cyprus, no. 61 = pl. 6, 8 (= Euboean, second-half of the 8th Century B.C.). The "birdseed" type was also known from Attica (Athens) from this LG IIA period, although the skyphos form was much different: cf. CVA Edinburgh, pl. 3, 1 (Birdseed Workshop, LG IIA, 735-720 B.C.). Recomposed from fragments; one of the handles originally crudely restored with that restoration previously removed. EX Munich ancient art market. Greek Geometric Pottery is very elusive, especially so complete. 4-7/8 in. (12.4cm.) overall rim. dia.  Ref.# V1011  Sold

The British Museum's holding of Greek Geometric pottery comprises only 200 items !

Published here in Gjerstad's 1977 corpus
:



(We also have Gjerstad's 1977 corpus for sale)



An EARLY GREEK PRE-ARCHAIC ATTIC POTTERY SKYPHOS, Middle Geometric II (MG II), c. 760–750 B.C. Opposing so-called maeander-hooks with hatched background between metopes and a star on each side on upper field. Orange-buff clay. white grits, mica, lustrous red-brown paint. Tall, slightly concave lip, decorated with two wide bands on the inside and outside, passing gently into shallow body; disc foot, round handles. The inside of the bowl in black, other than the two parallel bands at the rim. The rim finely beveled with remnants of black. Finely rimmed disc foot, slightly recessed underneath. Cf. Gjerstad (1977), Attic Middle Geometric Pottery: Skyphoi, p. 25 and pl. III, 6 (meander-hooks reversed) and 7 (meander-hooks hatched, background plain); CVA Athens, National Museum, pl. 6, 4 (identical meander-hook and hatching configuration). Finely thrown. 12.4cm. rim dia., 19.0cm. l. across handles, 8.0cm. ht. Free-standing. Probe hole. Recomposed from fragments with a quarter of the bowl missing.  An inexpensive example of Attic Geometric pottery.   Ref# V1358   Sold

See
Gorny & Mosch, Auktion 260, lot 54: a pyxis of identical meander-hook and hatching configuration, fabric and dating which sold for €56,000 ~ $63,000.



An EARLY GREEK PRE-ARCHAIC ATTIC SKYPHOS, Late Geometric Ia (LG Ia), c. 750-735 B.C. Wheel-thrown with applied loop handles. The outside with banded decoration in reddish-brown and black, now faint. Flat disc foot. Cf. CVA Athens, National Museum, pl. 6, 7; BMC (Catalogue of the British Museum, London, 1927), 317, 4; CVA Fogg Museum and Gallatin Collections, 18, pl. 3.6 for the shape. 10.8cm. rim dia., 15.0cm. l. across handles, 6.8cm. ht. Free-standing. The inside of the bowl virtually entirely covered in earthen encrustation, the outside somewhat. Repaired from a dozen or so pieces; complete. The repair-lines are not nearly as severe as the lighting of the photograph implies. Greek Geometric pottery is very elusive; an inexpensive example!   Ref# V1359   $85



An ATTIC BLACK GLOSS FINE WARE (BGW) KOTHON (olpe: wide-mouthed jug or mug*), Athens, c. 450-400 B.C., the body finely fluted (i.e., ribbed); twin coiled handle and a lustrous finish. Ht. 8.3 cm. (3-1/4 in.). Cf. Hesperia IV, p. 476, fig. 1 (*wide-mouthed jug or mug, Athenian Agora) and  Jacopi, G., Clara Rhodos IV, p. 90, XX, 2 = p. 94, fig. 77 (ht. 8.2cm.!).  Intact and in excellent condition, other than some minute chipping.   Ref# V1432  $375

Excavations have revealed these Athenian ribbed "mugs" were also exported to cities as far away as Kamiros (Camirus) on Rhodes and Morgantina on Sicily, and also to Thrace.











A SOUTH AEGEAN EARLY CYCLADIC MARBLE FEMALE IDOL HEAD, Early Cycladic I, 32nd/28th Century B.C. A lovely, small translucent white marble head, facing forward, with a slender neck and sylphic lug-ears; calcified encrustation over lower face (removable). Although the ears and nose of these statuette-heads are defined by carving, the eyes originally would have been enhanced with paint. Cf. Thimme, Kunst der Kykladen: Vorkanonische Idole, 120. On a custom black metal stand. Ht. 2.5cm., 5.2cm. with stand. Intact, good mineral deposits.  Ref# V1423    Sold

EX Private NYC collection, acquired from Ariadne, New York, early 1980s.




A SOUTH AEGEAN EARLY CYCLADIC BEAK-SPOUTED EWER. Central Cyclades, c. 2300 B.C. Buff clay, covered with black slip and burnished; spherical, slightly squat body, low conical neck; funnel-shaped, beaked mouth. Flat base, thus free-standing. Cf. Doumas, C., Silent Witnesses: Early Cycladic Art of the Third Millenium BC, p. 29, Fig. 18:10. Also see Renfrew, C., The Emergence of Civilisation: The Cyclades and the Aegean in the Third Millennium BC, p. 286 Fig. 15-7, no. 3 for the shape (Spedos cemetery, Naxos: this jug contained olive oil!). Ht. 7.5cm. (3 in.). Spout slightly worn, a few fissures in the body.  A rare transitional period squat form of the beak-spouted juglets.  Rare on the market, although the beaked type is well known in the collections of pottery from the Cyclades.   Ref# V1426    Sold

Central Cyclades (Paros, Antiparos, Naxos).

Cycladic pottery has been described as crude in construction, with thick walls and crumbling imperfections ….. featuring a naturalism reminiscent of the sea-based culture of the Aegean islands.

EX Keller Collection, Binningen, Basel (formed through purchases made from Herbert Cahn in the 1950s - 60s) > Jean-David Cahn (son of Herbert Cahn), Basel
> Jean David of Hammer AG, Basel > Private New York collection.
 

Appraised by the expert Jean David of Hammer AG, Basel  > CHF 600.

This type of vessel is found only in this period of the Early Cycladic. The shape is found across the Aegean and may have derived its unusual form from animal-skin vessels. At the closing stages of Early Cycladic II and the transitional phase to the Early Cycladic III period, new pottery shapes make their appearance in the Cyclades. They have dark, burnished surfaces, usually without any kind of incised or painted decoration.





A GREEK LATE ARCHAIC TERRACOTTA ENTHRONED GODDESS. Crete, late 6th/early 5th Century B.C. Goddess with archaic smile, wearing polos, seated on throne with winged finials. Buff gone light brown with some dark brown accretions. Solid, molded, with some hand-modeling added. Pin-hole vent at center of back. Base somewhat concave; free-standing.  With strong mineral deposits including mica and root marks. These brown accretions are typical for Knossos (Cnossus), Crete (see Herbert Hoffmann, Collecting Greek Antiquities: Terra-cottas, p. 173). The polos and winged finials were derived from Athenian models representative of Athena but here may very likely represent Hera. Cf. Higgins, Greek Terracottas, pl. 23, D (Knossian).  Chesterman, p. 59 (Knossian). BMC Terracottas Vol. I, p. 246; O'Brien, J.V., The Transformation of Hera (Rowman & Littlefield, 1993), p. 33; Willets, R.F., The Civilization of Ancient Crete, p. 205, and Erickson, B., Cultural Practices and Material Culture in Archaic and Classical Crete (Mainz, 2011), p. 113. For this head, facial portrayal, and positioning also see Croissant, F., Les Protomés féminines archaïques: recherches sur les représentations du visage dans la plastique grecque de 500 à 480 av. J.-C., pl. 4, 6 (Crete, c. 530-520 B.C.). Ht. 16.0 cm. (6.3 in.).  Some light rubbing otherwise intact.   Ref.# V1009   $395




An AEGINAN ANATOLIAN CHALCOLITHIC MARBLE FEMALE 'STARGAZER' IDOL HEAD, Aegina (Ege Bölgesi) in Western Anatolia, 27th/26th Century B.C., after the Kilya (Kilia, Kiliya) type. These marble female heads are referred to as "stargazers," as their heads are tilted skyward; the tilt on this example is upward 40°. The protruding eyes are obvious and perfectly positioned when viewed at an angle. Cf. Catalog of the Manissa Archaeology Museum (Manissa, Aegina), 7769 (Alaağaç , Manissa, Aegina); Getz-Preziosi, Early Cycladic Sculpture, p. 82, figs. 83, 84; Catalogue of the Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum (Boston, 2003), Cycladic Culture, nos. 286 and 287. 3.4cm. w., 2.5cm. ht. (tilted), 2.9cm. l. Rare. Some light brown carbonate deposits. Mounted on a custom plexiglass stand.   Ref# V1427   Sold

Named for the site of Kilia (an English transliteration of Χηλή, the Greek name for the town of Şile) on the Callipoli peninsula in Eastern Thrace.

For this latest dating and rarity also see Art of the Ancient World (Royal-Athena Galleries, 2019), Vol. XXX, 162.

EX American collection acquired in the 1970s > New York professional antiquities market > New York collection.

One here, a bit larger but in inferior condition, at $2,375; another here at Christie's which realized well over $40,000 incl. buyer premium.

    
A GOOD-SIZED GREYWARE PITCHER, Early Bronze Age Western Anatolia: Troy - Yortan, later 3rd Millenium B.C., with pitched mouth, c-section handle with raised thumb-rest, the upper body decorated with an incised quadrilinear chevron centered on the raised lip with three trilinear chevrons around bordered at the top of the carinated shoulder along with small nodular protrusions. Flattened base thus free-standing. See Fidan et al, An Overview of the Western Anatolian Early Bronze Age, p. 65f; Kâmil, T., The Yortan Culture Within The Early Bronze Age of Western Anatolia, pl. VII, Shape VII, 2; Stephan W. E. Blum And Simone Riehl, Troy in the 23rd Century BC, p. 202, Characteristic shapes of vessels of Troy IV, pl. 1, B18; Horejs and Weninger, Early Troy and Its Significance for the Early Bronze Age in Western Anatolia, (Tübingen, 2016), p. 130; Barbara Horejs, Anatolia and the Aegean from the 7th to the 3rd Millennium BC, p. 115, Fig. 5.19; Schliemann, H., Ilios, p. 251 and p. 533, 1046; Deniz Sari, Cultural and Political Development of Western Anatolia in the Early Bronze Age and Middle Bronze Age, 2.2.2, Fig. 9B.7a; compare an example here in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.  20.5cm. (8.1 in.).  Overall scattered mineral deposits on the surfaces. Handle neatly reattached and otherwise intact.  A rare, later, fully developed example, still predating the Trojan War by some thousand years.  Ref# V1557    Sold

Around 2300 B.C., Troy III was destroyed by an earthquake. Most of the original "maritime culture" population left the area and new migration peoples from the internal areas of the Anatolia occupied the settlement. This new population was soon integrated with the native Troy culture, the settlement was restored, and now the blocks of the houses were attached to each other and more advanced building techniques were introduced.


     
    
A GOOD-SIZED GREYWARE PITCHER, Early Bronze Age Western Anatolia: Troy - Yortan, later 3rd Millenium B.C., dark gray, burnished, with scoop-shaped mouth, C-section handle, the upper body decorated with ten incised bilinear zigzags around, and the shoulder collared with four incised concentric circles. Flattened base thus free-standing. See Fidan et al, An Overview of the Western Anatolian Early Bronze Age, p. 65f; Hutchinson, R.W., Uruk and Yortan, pl. XXIX, 1 (Louvre) and pl. XXX, 1a (Louvre); Stephan Blum And Simone Riehl, Troja im 23. Jahrhundert v. Chr. (Troy in the 23rd Century B.C.), p. 202, Characteristic shapes of vessels of Troy IV, pl. 1, B20; Deniz Sari, Cultural and Political Development of Western Anatolia in the Early Bronze Age and Middle Bronze Age, 2.2.2, Fig. 9B.7b.  23.0cm. (9.1 in.). Root marks. Some neat restoration to the spout and reattached handle, otherwise intact and a rare, later, fully developed jug, still predating the Trojan War by some thousand years.  Ref# V1558    Sold

Around 2300 B.C., Troy III was destroyed by an earthquake. Most of the original "maritime culture" population left the area and new migration peoples from the internal areas of the Anatolia occupied the settlement. This new population was soon integrated with the native Troy culture, the settlement was restored, and now the blocks of the houses were attached to each other and more advanced building techniques were introduced.





Greek Bronze Phalera from Troas (the Troad, the Plain of Troy), 5th/4th Cent. B.C., green patina, round with convex center and central knob, interior with integral bail-strap for attachment.  Collected in the 1960s.   Ref# V1167   $32.50

The falera (from the Latin phalerae, pl., from the Greek φάλαρα, pl.) was originally a side plate of the helmet to fix the connections. The term falera extended to a metal decorative disc which was used to decorate armor, horse-harnesses, or as mere decoration on military-valor decorations at various times including Celtic, Etruscan and Roman.

Phalerae were affixed to helmets and armor, as well as horse-harnesses.




A RARE EAST GREEK LYDION (Λύδιον), Lydia, second/third quarter of the 6th Century B.C., probably from Sardis. Ointment vase with the characteristic finely levigated and micaceous pale orange clay with darker brownish-orange glaze, wide “trumpet” mouth, squat globular body, and high conical foot, hollowed out underneath.  Ht. 8.6cm., outer rim dia. 7.2cm.  See Wrigley, S., The Lydion: Revealing Connectivity across the Mediterranean in the Sixth Century B.C. (Sydney, 2011), p. 93; Greenewalt, C.H. Jr., Lydian Pottery, p. 111, Fig. 4, 96, 33 and Lydian Vases from Western Asia Minor, pl. 2, 3; CVA Geneva, Musee d’Art et d’Histoire 2, p. 71 and pl. 87, 7; CVA Deutschland 6 München, Museum Antiker Kleinkunst 2, pl. 303, 4.   Strong mineral deposits and root marks extant. The glaze slightly rubbed and discolored in places.  No repairs.  Rare.   Ref# V1559  $225 

The fabric is typically Sardian (cf. Nicholas D. Cahill, Lydian Pottery, p. 9 and Wrigley, ibid., p. 93).

These ceramic forms - known as 'Lydia' in the plural - are believed to have been produced to hold the prized Lydian perfume-cream (called bakkaris or baccharis). The name Baccharis comes from the Greek name Bakkaris for the plant with fragrant roots and the pilularis: the sticky globs on its flower buds.

Greenewalt discussed the possible origins of the shape: he considered Boehlau's suggestion of an Egyptian origin unlikely given the chronological divide, and the similarity to Villanovan olle as a coincidence. He saw the vase as being of Lydian origin, and the distinctive shape, usually undecorated, an easily identifiable advertisement for the cosmetic contents. The cosmetic may have been exported around the Mediterranean in bulk, and then packaged in locally made containers, with a gradual decline in production towards the late sixth century B.C. He followed with a discussion about the ancient literary sources which mentioned bakkaris, which concluded with the comment it is "a likely possibility" that lydia were the containers for the unguent. The wide-mouthed shape of the lydion, its small size, and the contexts in which it has been found suggest that the vessel was made to contain a perfumed unguent, perhaps the βάκκαρις (bakkaris) which Athenaeus described when discussing the luxurious ointments associated with the Lydians in Greek literature. Much of the literary evidence for the Lydian ointment called bakkaris comes from Athenaeus, who, though writing in the late second century A.D., preserves valuable fragments of text from earlier authors. One of these was Xenophanes of Kolophon, who, when deriding the dissolute lifestyle of his countrymen in the mid-sixth century B.C., claimed that they had learnt useless luxuries such as the wearing of purple robes, gold-bedecked hair and drenching themselves in the scent of artfully prepared unguents from the Lydians. Athenaeus (XV.44) himself describes the Sardians as being addicted to unguents in the course of a discussion about the type of ointment called bakkaris, and he quotes Magnes from his play, the Lydians (XV.41): A man should bathe, and then with βάκκαρις Anoint himself. And Ion of Chios, in his Omphale: ’tis better to know the use of μύρα (myrrh)
And βάκκαρις, and Sardian ornaments of the skin, Than the manner of life in Pelop's isle. (Ath. XV.41). Athenaeus commented of Ion of Chios: “when he speaks of Sardian ornaments, he means to include perfumes; since the Lydians were very notorious for their luxury” (XV.41).
“I then my nose with bakkaris anointed, Redolent of crocus.” -Hipponax of Ephesos, sixth century B.C. (Ath.15.41).





An EAST GREEK RHODIAN LATE ARCHAIC TERRACOTTA VOTARY GODDESS FIGURINE. Kamiros (Camirus), Rhodes, c. 500-470 B.C. Goddess enthroned, her hands resting at her knees, wearing a chiton belted at her waist, and himation over her head. Back roughly modelled. Pale pinkish-orange clay, finely micaceous with traces of calcification. "Knife-thrust" type vent-hole at base (see Higgins, BMC Terracottas, Vol. I, Part One (Text), p. 65, 126 (Camirus, 500-470 B.C.). Free-standing. Two  (original) pieces re-attached to front of left and center of foot-stool, and otherwise complete and intact. 8.9cm. A good example of the type. Cf. Higgins, Catalogue of the Terracottas in the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities in the British Museum, Vol. I, pl. 22, 125 (Camirus, 500-470 B.C.), and their example of inferior preservation.   Ref.# V1010  Sold

EX Albert and Rudolf Koelman, Amsterdam and Zurich > private New York collection



A miniature EAST GREEK BLACK-GLAZED BAND-SKYPHOS from Rhodes, ca. second-half of the 6th Century B.C., thin-walled, bulbous ovoid body type, lateral twin loop-handles slightly rising, banded on one side in reserve red and black glaze, the opposite side black.  Short, outsplayed ring-base. Missing part of one of the twin handles. A very finely potted, miniature example!  Cf. Lanza Catti, et al., III (2011), C-Type Skyphoi, p. 230, 75. Ht. 6.1cm., 5.1cm. rim dia., 8.8cm. existing l. across handles.    Ref# V1366    Sold

The fabric is Rhodian, as is the decor. For the form cp. MMA 1916,75.11 (East Greek, Lydian, 6th Cent. B.C.). Numerous Rhodian skyphoi were exported to Asia Minor.

EX Christie's East, New York > private New York collection



An ITALIC ENGRAVED GEM of a SEA-GOAT (Goat-Fish), 2nd Century B.C., intaglio in cornelian (carnelian), depicting the mythological sea creature, Capricornus, facing l. 10mm. x 11mm. x 3mm. Cf. Osborne Duffield, Engraved Gems, pl. XXVI, 29. Wear marks. Chipping on the edge.   Ref# V1569   $175

EX Bertolami Fine Art, London and Rome > Private New York collection

The goat-fish combination was originally a Babylonian god-symbol and its appearance here was probably due to the Chaldean astrologers who must have done a thriving business in Italy, since they became of sufficient consequence to be expelled from the city by a special law in 138 B. C. The great popularity of Capricornus at a later period is explained by its being the birth sign of Augustus.



An ITALIC ENGRAVED GEM of an ANTELOPE, 2nd/1st Century B.C., intaglio in sardonyx, prancing l. on ground-line. Mirror polished. 12mm. x 13mm. x 2mm. See Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, No. 01.7574; Ruseva-Slokoska, L., Roman Jewellery (Sofia, 1991), No. 209. Slight wear marks.   Ref# V1568   $475

EX Bertolami Fine Art, London and Rome > Private New York collection


An ITALIC ENGRAVED GEM of an OSTRICH, 2nd/1st Century B.C., intaglio in milky white and light yellow banded agate, depicted stg. on ground-line, facing l., hd. lowered towards the ground. 9mm. x 10mm. x 3mm.  Rare subjectCf. Maxwell Sommerville, Engraved Gems: Their History and an Elaborate View of Their Place in Art, Catalogue Raisonné of Engraved Gems, Greek and Roman Cameos, p. 678, Case K, 163 (White agate - Ostrich).  Slight chipping at edge.    Ref# V1570   $195

EX Bertolami Fine Art, London and Rome > Private New York collection



A Roman Bronze Boss from Ferentinum. c. 2nd/1st Century B.C. Probably from a door or a door architrave. Cf. Robinson, J.C., Collections of the Museum of Ornamental Art at South Kensington, p. 88, no. 7776. Collected in the 1960s. Fragmentary as shown. 11cm. dia., 1.7cm. d.   Sold


            
ROMAN BRONZE MEDICAL-BOX SLIDING-LID and 3 INSTRUMENTS, c. A.D. 1st Century, plate with a rectangular engraved design with concentric rectangles on one side consisting of lines forming numerous rectangles continuously smaller, forming a thin rectangle in the center. Lid 12.8cm. x 8.0cm. Instruments 16.2cm., 20.5cm., 25.9cm.   Ref# V1169   $175

EX Dr. Gilles collection, Germany, acquired prior to 1970.

For a medical box from the House of the Surgeon at Pompeii, see p. 218 in Coarelli, ed., Pompeii (Christie's note).


For the ligula probes cf. Dörig, J., ART ANTIQUE: Collection Privées de Suisse Romande (Editions Archéologiques de l'Université de Genève, 1975), 366, no. 1.

Also see Bliquez, L.,  The Tools of Asclepius: Surgical Instruments in Greek and Roman Times, no. 83.

See a complete box here with an identical box-lidwith "concentric rectangles" sold by Christie's for $17,500




A RARE EARLY ROMAN IMPERIAL GLASS TREFOIL-MOUTHED OINOCHOE, in light yellowish-green transparent glass with some pretty peacock-blue, gold and silver iridescence in spots, along with some light encrustation. Good proportion and symmetry, standing perfectly upright, and free-standing on a concaved base. Isings (Roman Glass from Dated Finds) records this type of Form 56 with the long neck and ovoid body only for Pompeii (see p. 74f).  Ht. 9.5cm. (3-3/4 in.).  Intact.   Ref# V1194  Sold

EX C J Martin Coins and Ancient Art (Ancient Coins and Antiquities), London (his dating: ca. A.D. 1st/2nd Century). Christopher Martin is chairman of the Antiquities Dealers Association (ADA) and the British Numismatic Trade Association (BNTA), as well as a member of The Association of Art and Antiques Dealers (LAPADA).





A JUDAEO-ROMAN IMPERIAL YELLOWISH-OLIVE GLASS LECYTHUS (Lekythos), Jerusalem, c. earlier A.D. 1st Century, Mount Scopus. A blown glass bottle (also described in various references as a flagon, pitcher or jug, juglet) with a bulbous body, applied handle, and wide flared mouth. Free-standing base, somewhat concave underneath.  Ht. 12.1 cm. (4-3/4 in.).  Cf. Isings, C., Roman Glass from Dated Finds: First-Half of the 1st Century: Blown Glass, p. 31, Form 14. For the fabric also see Saldern, A. von (et al), Gläser der Antike: Sammlung Erwin Oppenländer, 564 (Eastern Mediterranean). Overall scattered surface patina with silvery iridescence on each side of the handle. Stable hairline in handle, otherwise intact and in excellent condition.    Ref# V1555    $425

EX private Beverly Hills, California collection, acquired from Sadi Barakat & Sons, David Street, Jerusalem, 1980s > New York professional antiquities market > private New York collection.


       
A GRAECO-ROMAN BRONZE CIRCULAR MIRROR, reported to have been found in Troas (the Plain of Troy) and dating to the 3rd Century A.D., handleless and undecorated.  Cf. Comstock & Vermeule, Greek and Roman Bronzes in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, p. 275, no. 399 (Necropolis of Assos). 8.5cm. Corrosion but intact.   Ref# V1170   Sold

EX Swiss collection formed in the 1930s-1960s.




"NET-PAINTED" AMPHORISKOS, Proto-Canaanite, c. 32nd/earlier 31st Century B.C. Early Bronze Age (EBA) I, Kenyon Proto-Urban B, Central Hill Area. Flattened base; free-standing. Red on cream. Diagonal "Net" pattern with vertical partitions. Twin lug-handles. See Stager, L.E., Painted Pottery and Its Relationship to the Weaving Crafts in Canaan During the Early Bronze Age I (in Eretz-Israel: Archaeological, Historical and Geographical Studies, Vol. XXI, Israel Exploration Society, Jerusalem, 1990), p. 84, fig. R (Jerusalem, Ophel Tomb 3); Hugues Vincent, Underground Jerusalem: Discoveries on the Hill of Ophel, pl. IX, 2. G. Wright, G.E., The Archaeology of Palestine from the Neolithic through the Middle Bronze Age, Journal of the American Oriental Society Vol. 91, No. 2 (1971), p. 280. Hanbury-Tenison, J.W. The Late Chalcolithic to Early Bronze I Transition in Palestine and Transjordan, p.126. 11.0cm. ht. (4 in.), 10.0cm. dia.  Intact, some earthen deposits.  Ref.# V1041  $750

(aka "Line-Painted" = LPG = Line-Painted Group = LPGW = Line-Painted Group Ware, "band-painted," "line-group painted," or "Proto. Urban B" ware)

Proto-Urban B, denoted by painted pottery, occurs chiefly in and near the Judaean hill country.

EX Baidun Family Collection, Jerusalem.


Identical to Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Accession number 74.19.52



THREE MIDDLE BRONZE AGE POTTERY PIRIFORM PITCHERS from Megiddo.

All intact with stands included. Heights are for the pitchers only (excluding stand).

(All stand perfectly upright on their stands, a fact not apparent in the photos!)

EX Khader M. Baidun & Sons, Jerusalem > private New York collection.

A. MBA III. First-half of the 17th Century B.C. Dark grey, button base, burnished. Cf. Shipton, Notes on Megiddo Pottery, p. 22, §73 and chart (Str. XI). 15.5 cm. (6.1 in.) Ref.# V1006 $275

B. MBA IIB. 18th Century B.C. Reddish brown, bifurcated handle, pointed base, burnished. Cf. Shipton, Notes on Megiddo Pottery, pl. 8, 10 (Str. XII) and pl. 9, 10 (Str. XIII). 16.5 cm. (6.5 in.)  Ref.# V1007 $650

C. MBA III. First-half of the 17th Century B.C. Pinkish-grey, bifurcated handle, nipple base. Cf. Shipton, Notes on Megiddo Pottery, p. 22, §73 and chart (Str. XI). 16.0 cm. (6.3 in.) Ref.# V1008 $225



A PHILISTINE CERAMIC SPOUTED STRAINER PITCHER from Megiddo, Iron Age I, Stratum VIa, 11th Century B.C. So-called “Beer-Strainer” from the last phase of Philistine pottery at Megiddo, bichrome black and red on salmon, decorated with three registers of stylized fish with crosshatched bodies, a “maltese” cross-element above the strainer, and metopes of solid, wide and narrow bands. 24.5cm. ht. (9.65 in.). For this Philistine type of pottery form, designated as “beer-jugs,” see Amiran, R., Ancient Pottery of the Holy Land: From Its Beginnings in the Neolithic Period to the End of the Iron Age: Philistine Pottery, p. 266, (a) Form, (2) Local Canaanite character, “beer-jugs,” and p. 267, Photos 272-274; Skupinska-Løvset, I., The Ustinov Collection: The Palestinian Pottery (Universitetsforlaget, Oslo, 1976), Spouted Jugs, p. 90, Fig. 6d, pl. XXIII, UP 173 = Rockefeller Museum, no. 182 (undecorated, and most of spout and neck missing); Dothan, T. and M., People of the Sea: The Search for the Philistines, p. 33 (neck missing), p. 53, fig. (rim missing), p. 67, photo, middle (broken off at neck and handle), and p. 103; also see pl. 5: Assemblage of Philistine Bichrome Pottery. Overall scattered surface encrustation. Upper corner of spout tip reattached and a small chip reattached in rim, some scattered surface erosion; good mineral deposits.  Already rare, and very rare as a complete example.    Ref# V1576   $495  

A nearly identical example here.

EX Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Feuer, New York, acquired in the 1970s - 1980s > private New York collection.



A PHILISTINE ONE-HANDLED CUP from Megiddo, Iron Age I, Stratum VIa, 11th Century B.C. So-called “Beer-Mug.” Bichrome black and red on salmon, decorated with metopes of horizontal squiggly lines and helical cross-hatched diamond-patterns between trilinear vertical borders, between bilinear border at top and trilinear border beneath. The strap-handle decorated in red on the outside and bordered by a wide red vertical band at each side. The inside of the cup also decorated at the top with a red band, two wide black bands below, and a circular black band at the bottom surrounding a reserved circle. Flat, reserved base and thus free-standing. For the mug iconography see Ben-Shlomo, D., Philistine Iconography: Iconographic Representations, p. 52, Fig. 3.12.A.  9.0cm. (3.54 in.) ht., 11.5cm. (4.53 in.) dia.  A rare form, and very rare complete. A few very minor imperfections, otherwise intact and in excellent condition.   Ref# V1577   $375

EX Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Feuer, New York, acquired in the 1970s - 1980s > private New York collection.

Or both V1576 and V1577 for $750




PALESTINE
: PHILISTINIAN POTTERY OFFERING BOWL, Philistine Canaan, Iron Age IB, late 12th Century B.C., Tel Batash? (biblical Timnah),  four opposing rudimentary lugs around against the rim; painted in reddish-brown around the upper shoulder with a bordered “ladder” pattern of parallel vertical lines. Slightly carinated shoulder. Flat base. Cf. Panitz-Cohen, Tel Batash (Timnah) Volume III. Finds from the Second Millennium BCE (2006), pl. 80, 2. 9.5cm. overall dia., 9.0cm. rim dia., 4.0cm. overall ht., 7.0cm. base dia. Earthen deposits on the inside, calciferous mineral deposits outside. Minute chipping to the rim, otherwise intact.   Ref# V1564   $65

EX Christie's > Howard S. Rose Gallery, New York > New York private collection



An EARLY MESOPOTAMIAN SUMERIAN STONE VESSEL, Sumer, Early Dynastic II, 27th Century B.C., probably from Nippur, a limestone cup / deep conical bowl, slightly convex body with a finely bevelled rim and a flat base, thus free-standing. Ht. 10.0cm., dia. 9.8cm. Cp. a smaller bowl in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Acc. No. 62.70.8. Some areas of surface encrustation and a few scattered minor areas of surface erosion, and a professionally restored area of rim restoration. Remarkably well-balanced on a small circular flat foot, thus free-standing. A delicately rendered, albeit quite heavy example!   Ref# V1616   $275

Ex Edward H. Merrin Gallery, NYC. 1970’s (their decal affixed to the base) > private New York collector.

See an example here, somewhat smaller and damaged, at $925.




A GOOD-SIZED SUMERIAN GREYWARE JAR, Ur III (Third Dynasty of Ur), late 3rd Millennium B.C., fine dark grey clay, wheel-made globular body with a rounded base that tapers at the neck before terminating in short flared rim with two hand-modelled pierced lug-handles on each side of the shoulder.  Cf. British Museum 1935.0113.753 (shard only). An attractive, fully developed example of a form existing in the Early Dynastic III and Akkadian periods, although the lug-handles are singular, and it had not yet reached this level of refinement. Very Rare in this condition.  Ht. 5-3/4” (14.6cm.). Intact, with some scattered areas of surface deposits.   Ref# V1355   $475

Pottery of Sumer is very elusive.

EX Medusa Ancient Art, Montréal > Dalen Bayes collection, Washington.

Appraised by Howard S. Rose at $600 - $900




SUMERIAN CUNEIFORM SHU-SUEN UR III TABLET, c. 2034/3 B.C.

Sumerian Ur III (21st Century B.C.).

Detailed Terracotta Administrative Tablet, reign of King Shu-Suen and Dadaga, the governor of Umma.

What can be read of the visible text is that it details in Sumerian cuneiform script the delivery/receipt of vegetable (olive) oil and is dated month XII, Year 4 = ca. 2034 B.C. of the reign of King Shu-Suen (Shu-Sin, Šu-Suen). The seal impression which is clearly visible is of the governor, Dadaga, of Umma.

Dated according to the so-called Middle Chronology which is now by far the most-accepted chronology by academia as a result of the latest research. The most recent work has essentially disproved the short chronology.

Intact.

4.2cm. x 4.1cm. x 1.6cm.

Following an open revolt of his Amorite subjects, he directed the construction of a fortified wall between the Euphrates and the Tigris rivers in his fourth (!) year, intending it to hold off any further Amorite attacks.

Originally acquired from a highly respected antiquities auction-house (est. $1,000 – $1,200).

Ex Addis Finney, collected in Basel, Switzerland from 1935-1965.

Ref# V1158

Sold



A MESOPOTAMIAN ASSYRIAN TERRACOTTA PLAQUE of an advancing bull, Kalhu (Nimrud), Neo-Assyrian Period, 9th/8th Century B.C. 10.4cm. (4.1 in.) l., 8.2cm. (3.2 in.) ht. Strong mineral deposits and root marks. Fine condition, chipped.  Ref# V1370   $325

EX German professional antiquities market, 1980s > private German collection > London professional antiquities market > private New York collection.

Kalhu (also known as Caleh, Calah, and Nimrud) was a city in ancient Mesopotamia that became the capital of the Assyrian Empire under Ashurnasirpal II (reigned 884-859 B.C.) who moved the central government there from the traditional capital of Ashur.

The Assyrians experienced a Golden Age during this period (referred to as Neo-Assyrian); the kingdom grew to its largest extent, encompassing the lands from parts of modern Iran to the Mediterranean, from Anatolia to Egypt.



A NEO-BABYLONIAN IMPERIAL CERAMIC TERRACOTTA VOTIVE PLAQUE of ISHTAR, Eber-Nāri (Aram), c. 550-540 B.C., of reddish clay with remnants of red painting, pillar-shaped half-relief depicting Ishtar (later, Astarte), wearing a piled turban headdress and long robe, and holding up the pleat of her robe with her r. hand, and in her l., a bundle. For a somewhat earlier, less developed example cp. Adahl, K., Der Garten Eden - 7 Jahrtausende Kunst und Kultur zwischen Euphrat und Tigris (Mainz: Verlag v. Zabern, Museum Alter Plastik, 1978), p. 182, No. 151.  L. 12.5cm. (4.9 in.), 14.0cm (5.5 in.) with stand. Intact and a rare depiction of Ishtar.   Ref# V1583    Sold

EX private Rhineland collection, acquired in 1981 from Axel G. Weber Kunsthandel, Cologne > Munich professional art market > private New York collection.

From “Inana's Descent to the Underworld” (the Sumerian precursor to “Descent of Ishtar into the Netherworld”), 14-25: She took the seven divine powers. She collected the divine powers and grasped them in her hand. With the good divine powers, she went on her way. She put a turban, headgear for the open country, on her head. She took a wig for her forehead. She hung small lapis-lazuli beads around her neck. She placed twin egg-shaped beads on her breast. She covered her body with a pala dress, the garment of ladyship. She placed mascara which is called "Let a man come, let him come" on her eyes. She pulled the pectoral which is called "Come, man, come" over her breast. She placed a golden ring on her hand. She held the lapis-lazuli measuring rod and measuring line in her hand.




Collection of 12 Ancient Egyptian Beads:

7 Badarian Shell Disc-beads,  5th Millenium B.C. Cf. J.E. Quibell and F. W. Green, Hierakonpolis II, 11-12;
2 Pre/Proto-Dynastic shell disc-beads, 32nd-30th Cent. B.C. Cf. Reisner, Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 2, p. 118, XIV, 3;
3 New Kingdom Lapis Globular Disc Beads
. Cf. Catalogue of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, 1980), no. 410, 2 (Dyn. XVIII, c. 1550-1525 B.C.).

   Ref# V1183   The lot, $85

EX C.E. Kolbe, New York, collected in the 1920s-1940s.




An EGYPTIAN OLD KINGDOM TRAVERTINE "MODEL" COLLARED ("DOUBLE RIM") VASE.  Model types of this form occur at Giza in the 4th Dynasty/Dynasty IV (2613–2494 B.C).  Cf. Giza Archives Project, Stone Vessels, Appendix II, p. 97. Also Aston, B.G., Ancient Egyptian Stone Vessels, Materials and Forms, p. 135, no. 125 (Dynasties 5 - 6). Ht. 6.2cm. (2-7/16 in.). A few minute chips to the rim otherwise intact.   Ref# V1207   Sold

EX Paris professional antiquities market > English professional antiquities market > New York collection

This type of vessel, sometimes referred to as a 'pseudo-vase' or 'dummy' vase because the inner wall is shallow (i.e. not drilled all the way through to the bottom), is actually a rare "Opening of the Mouth" ceremonial vase used to drop out (sprinkle) water on the face mask of the sarcophagus in this rite, known as Oup-Rô, just previous to placing it in the tomb to magically bring the deceased's senses back to life; the vessel was then placed in the tomb with the deceased in order that he/she might be able to re-perform the rite in the afterlife.



An EARLY EGYPTIAN STONE VASE, First Intermediate Period, c. 2181–2055 B.C., a small shouldered jar in high quality pinkish-cream limestone, of squat bulbous form with a wide rim. Cf. Aston, B.G., Ancient Egyptian Stone Vessels, Materials and Forms, p. 140, Form 140 (FIP). Ht. 4.7cm., body dia. 6.3cm., rim dia. outer 5.5cm., inner 4.2cm.  A restored rim chip, otherwise intact. A beautifully executed example. A small but rather heavy vase, perfectly free-standing on a slightly flattened convex base!  Ref# V1617   $275

EX private New York collection



An ANCIENT EGYPTIAN STONE “POPPY-FORM” VASE, New Kingdom, Dynasty XVIII, 1550-1320/1307 B.C., an elegant pot-stand footed jar of travertine (calcite, also called Egyptian alabaster), the globular body with a slightly concave neck, a flat ledge rim, and on a circular pot-stand foot. Ht. 11.0cm. (4.33 in.), 75mm. (3 in.) overall body dia., 70mm. outer rim dia., 55mm. inner rim dia., 4.9cm. foot dia. Cf. Aston, B.G., Ancient Egyptian Stone Vessels, Materials and Forms, p. 151, no. 173 (Dynasty 18);  Brovarski and Freed, ed., Egypt's Golden Age: The Art of Living in the New Kingdom, 1558-1085 B.C., Catalogue of the Exhibition, Museum of Fine Arts Boston, p. 130, no. 123; Lilyquist, C., Tomb of the Three Foreign Wives of Tuthmosis III, (The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York and Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2003), Part B, Vessels and Lids, p. 257, Fig. 201, “Two travertine precious vessels,” Cat. 175 (right, above and below). Also compare Loeben, C.E., Aegyptiaca Kestneriana Band 1, Für die Ewigkeit! Altägyptische Steingefäße (For Eternity! Ancient Egyptian Stone Vessels), Katalog, p. 76, III.6 (Dyn. XVIII, c. 1400 B.C., serpentine, H. 6.9cm.). A very minor foot rim flake, otherwise intact and excellent. A rare and beautiful example, superior in form and/or quality to the examples in the British Museum, the Brooklyn Museum, Le Louvre, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.   Ref# V1600   $3,450   Sold


EX Christie’s New York (Rockefeller Center, 6 Dec 2000,  Lot 317 (realized $4,465 PR) > Dr. Jerome M. Eisenberg private collection > Royal-Athena Galleries, New York 12/2016 - published Royal-Athena Galleries, Art of the Ancient World, Vol. XXVI (2015), p. 75, no. 208 (listed at $9,500) > private New York collection. (We have these two publications also available.)

An interesting PDF on the significance of such jars.





An EGYPTIAN ELECTRUM (ELEKTRON) HORUS-EYE AMULET (Eye of Horus, Udjat, Uzat, Wadjet or Wedjat). Middle Kingdom, Dynasty XII, 1991-1786 B.C. Cf. Petrie, Amulets, p. 33, Uzat Eye: Unusual Types, 139, Type C. Cp. Mueller-Winkler, Die ägyptischen Objekt Amulette, pl. 5, 103. Reisner, G.A., Amulets -.  7mm.  Intact.   Rare.  Ref.# V1003  $65

Electrum (Elektron), the naturally occurring alloy of gold and silver, had a religious significance to ancient Egyptians who believed silver was the material of which the bones of the gods and goddesses were made, and their skin of gold.
  
EX old Berlin collection > Aton Gallery (Oberhausen, Germany)  > New York collection.

A Swiss collection here originally acquired from the Aton Gallery.

   hi

A Lovely Egyptian Composition-Glazed Bead-Necklace,  Middle-New Kingdom. Length c. 38.0 cm (15 in.) Condition: restrung on a modern nylon-coated stainless steel flexcord with clasp. Provenance: German private collection. The three large beads dating to the Middle Kingdom, XI/XII Dynasty  (c. 2133-1797 B.C.) Cf. Michael Betz bb-antiken & asiatika (Langweid) Object number: 3-31BB-14. The other, smaller disc-beads dating to the Late New Kingdom, c. 1187-1064 B.C. Cf. Petrie, Kahun, pl. XXVI, 30 (XXth Dynasty).  Ref.# V1005   Sold

Ex Galerie bb-Antiken & Asiatika, Michael Betz, Langweid, Augsburg, Bavaria > private New York collection.


EGYPTIAN NEW KINGDOM IMPERIAL BLACK-MATTE GLAZED POTTERY JUG, c. 1543-1505 B.C., bulbous ovoid body. sloping funnel neck, beveled rim, ribbon handle, flattened base thus free-standing. Overall ht. 13.7cm. (5-3/8 in.). Cf. Bourriau, J., Fitzwilliam Museum: Pottery From The Nile Valley, p. 129, no. 255 (Dynasty XVIII, up to the end of Amenophis I, 1526-1505 B.C.). A little rubbing as shown, otherwise intact and really shows much better than the photo.   Ref# V1171    Sold

Attractive shape and display.

New Kingdom pottery is quite elusive.


EX private Brooklyn collection, collected in the 1940s.


A RARE EGYPTIAN NEW KINGDOM BRONZE BRANDER in the form of a DUCK, later 16th/earlier 14th Cent. B.C.  Cf. Catalogue of the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology (University College, London) no. 63717.  Most of the handle and the tail no longer extant. Ht. 5.5cm., w. 4.0cm. Encrusted dark green patina.   Ref# V1172   Sold

EX Swiss collection formed in the 1930s-1960s.



A LIGHT-BLUE GLAZED STEATITE SCARAB naming AMENHOTEP (Amenhetep, Amenophis) III. Probably a commemorative Amarna issue of his son Akhenaten, 1351/53–1336/34 B.C. Cf. BMC Egyptian Scarabs, etc., Vol. I: Royal Scarabs, pl. XXIV, 78; Petrie, Tell El Amarna, pl. XIV, 10 (fragmentary commemorative issue under Akhenaten); Matouk, Corpus du Scarabée Égyptien, Vol. I: Les Scarabées Royaux, pl. 214, 501 & 509. 0.6cm. A tiny, beautifully executed scarab of pretty light-blue color. Intact.  Ref# V1112  $49.50

Ex Galerie bb-Antiken & Asiatika, Michael Betz, Langweid, Augsburg, Bavaria > private New York collection.

Front:


Back:


Side:


An EGYPTIAN CERAMIC TWIN-HANDLED LENTICULAR FLASK, New Kingdom, Amarna, 1353-1336 B.C., in pale orange buff with rounded body, funneled neck, and flared lip, beveled at top, and flanked by twin loop-handles. A pleasing, perfectly proportional example with glossy surfaces and light deposits. H: 6 ¾ in (17.1cm).  Rare.  Intact and perfectly proportional!   Ref# V1187   Sold

These marl-clay flasks were excavated in the North Suburb at Amarna from the reign of Akhenaten. Cf. Catalogue Of Egyptian Antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, 1929), no. 7.1. Already rare, and exceptionally so, particularly in such a state of preservation.

This type of pottery - made from the so-called 'marl clay' - was considered superior to the more common "Nile mud" pottery, often used for decorations and other functions. It was often burnished, leaving a shiny glaze-like surface although it was not a truly glazed process.

Ex collection of Olga Hirshhorn, Naples, Florida.  A life-long patron of the arts, Olga Hirshhorn was a good friend of Georgia O’Keeffe, Willem de Kooning, and Pablo Picasso, among others.




 

An EGYPTIAN ROYAL BLUE GLAZED RING BEZEL for TUTANKHATEN, c. 1332-1329 B.C. This composition-glazed (aka faience) ring-bezel shows part of the birth-name of Tutankhamun (Tutankhaten) "Living image of Amun (Aton)". He changed his birth name of Tutankhaten (living image of Aten) to Tutankhamun (living image of Amun) and his wife of Anchesenpaaton (she lives for / by Aton) in Anchesenamun (she lives for / by Amun). The arrangement of the preserved hieroglyphics and the remaining size of the cartouche fragment suggests that this is probably from the pre-throne time as prince, instead of the time of his ascension to the throne as pharaoh. Finds from the reign of this most renowned of all pharaohs are extremely rare and highly sought-after collectibles. Such faience ring grave goods were very popular in the Amarna Period and were mainly used by people who were close to the royal court, as a salute. The display-stand inscription reads: Eigenname für Pharao Tutanchaton (Tutanchamun) "Lebindiges Abbild des Aton" ca. 1332 bis 1323 vor Christus = Name for Pharaoh Tutankhaten (Tutankhamun) "Living image of the Aton." ca. 1332 to 1323 B.C.  Size: c. 1.2 cm (overall height of the stand 8.3 cm). Condition: Fragment. Provenance: German private collection. Egypt, New Kingdom, Amarna Period, 18th. Dyn. c. 1332-1323 B.C. Tutankhamun as prince before accession this is probably from the pre-throne time as prince. (Born ca. 1341 B.C., became king ca. 1332. Changed to Nebkheperure during third year of reign. Therefore, not after 1329 B.C.)  Exceedingly rare: much rarer than the throne-name ring-bezels.   Ref.# V1004  $750

Excessively rarer than bezels with the throne-name. The throne-name is
Nebkheperure and does not contain the ankh sign.

Ex Galerie bb-Antiken & Asiatika, Michael Betz, Langweid, Augsburg, Bavaria > private New York collection.









4 AMULETS, Amarna, c.  1351-1323 B.C.): 2 amulets of Bes, the dwarf god of children, dance and games, (a) the first depicting him in his playful squatting position, blue-glazed.  Head missing.  Cf. Petrie, Amulets, 188. 9mm. (b) the second, red-glazed, depicting him playing a tambourine. Legs missing. Cf. Petrie, Amulets, 189b. 14mm. Both for $32.50  (c) a blue-glazed amulet of the lion-headed goddess Sekhmet, crowned with solar uraeus headdress. The lion-headed Sekhmet was the warrior-goddess who protected the pharaoh. Head only. Cf. Petrie, Amulets, 194. 9mm.  Sold  (d) and the last depicting a pharaoh, wearing the Amarna crown, and holding a heka (staff) and nekhakha (flail). Fragmentary. Cf. Petrie, Amulets, 127. 12mm. $62.50  Ref.# V1045

All
Ex Galerie bb-Antiken & Asiatika, Michael Betz, Langweid, Augsburg, Bavaria > private New York collection.
 

An EGYPTIAN GEMSTONE KHENMET POPPY-HEAD PENDANT, in red jasper. NEW KINGDOM, DYNASTY XVIII, AMARNA PERIOD, 1353-1335 B.C. Suspension hole at top. 1.4cm. Intact. EX old Berlin collection.Cf. Catalogue of the Petrie Museum (University College, London), no. 31137;  Petrie, Amulets, 50-1. Cf. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Jewelry Elements for a Broad Collar, Accession Number 31.114.2a, 4th row (New Kingdom, Amarna Period, reign of Akhenaten, ca. 1343-1336); Bienkowski, P. and Tooley, A., Gifts of the Nile: Ancient Egyptian Arts and Crafts in Liverpool Museum, p. 54, 75, 5th row, 4th from l.  Ref# V1176    Sold

Ex Galerie bb-Antiken & Asiatika, Michael Betz, Langweid, Augsburg, Bavaria.

 
An EGYPTIAN GEMSTONE KHESBAD POPPY-HEAD PENDANT, in lapis lazuli. NEW KINGDOM, DYNASTY XVIII, AMARNA PERIOD, 1353-1335 B.C. Suspension hole at top. 1.4cm. Intact. EX old Berlin collection. Cf. Catalogue of the Petrie Museum (University College, London), no. 31137.  Cf. Petrie, Amulets, 50-1.  Cf. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Jewelry Elements for a Broad Collar, Accession Number 31.114.2a, 4th row (New Kingdom, Amarna Period, reign of Akhenaten, ca. 1343-1336).  Ref# V1177   $69.50

Ex Galerie bb-Antiken & Asiatika, Michael Betz, Langweid, Augsburg, Bavaria.

    

A GEMSTONE POPPY-HEAD NESHMET PENDANT. NEW KINGDOM, DYNASTY XVIII, AMARNA PERIOD, 1353-1335 B.C. Amazonite, 1.4cm. Hole for suspension. Cf. Catalogue of the Petrie Museum (University College, London), no. 31137; Petrie, Amulets, 50-1; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Jewelry Elements for a Broad Collar, Accession Number 31.114.2a, 4th row (New Kingdom, Amarna Period, reign of Akhenaten, ca. 1343-1336); Bienkowski, P. and Tooley, A., Gifts of the Nile: Ancient Egyptian Arts and Crafts in Liverpool Museum, p. 54, 75, 5th row, 2nd from l.  Intact. EX old Berlin collection.    Ref# V1178   $100

During this period amazonite (neshmet) was mined from two mines at Gebel Migif.

Ex Galerie bb-Antiken & Asiatika, Michael Betz, Langweid, Augsburg, Bavaria.



A BLUE COMPOSITION-GLAZED FINGER-RING BEZEL. AMARNA PERIOD, Time of NEFERTITI, 1353-1336 B.C. This ring fragment shows a Neb glyph, Udjat Eye ("salvation") and three Nefer signs ("perfection"). Perfection [in] salvation. "My lord has done the best for me." Cf. Petrie, Tell El Amarna, pl. XV, 87 (Nefertiti). Cp. Hilton Price 1057 (Akhmim). 1.0cm. w., 1.1cm. h.    Ref# V1268   Sold

The wedjat-eye, Nefer hieroglyphs and Neb-sign also bears the wish formula nfr.w wDA nb the meaning of which is "all perfection and well-being." A similar piece (Petrie), only with four Nefer-Signs, he translates as Neferneferuaten the meaning of which is "she is good for her husband." This title is reserved for a female royal person, the full name was usually Neferneferuaten Nefertiti. Ref. Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie, London, Inv.-nr. UC74772.

EX German collection.

Evidence suggests Nefertiti came from Akhmim (Khemmis), although she is known to have been born at Thebes. Akhmim was known in Ancient Egypt as Ipu, Apu or Khent-min. It was the capital of the ninth (Chemmite) nome of Upper Egypt.







An Egyptian Cornelian and Composition-Glazed Disc-Bead Necklace, Dynasty XX-XXII (not after c. 730 B.C.). 42.0 cm (16-1/2 in.) Condition: restrung on a modern nylon-coated stainless steel flexcord with clasp. Provenance: German private collection. Cf. Petrie, Illahun, Dyn. XXII, pl. XXIX, 26; Petrie, Kahun, pl. XXVI, 30 (XXth Dynasty). The other, smaller disc-beads dating to the Late New Kingdom, c. 1187-1064 B.C. Ref.# V1046  Sold

Ex Galerie bb-Antiken & Asiatika, Michael Betz, Langweid, Augsburg, Bavaria.





A collection of Egyptian New Kingdom beads, gold and composition-glazed:

For top row, cf. Petrie, Kahun, pl. XXVI, 30 (XXth Dynasty). ca 1187 to 1064 B.C.

For middle row, cf. Petrie, Tell El Amarna, Conventional Flower Jewellery Elements, pl. XVIII, 411. c. 1348-1332 B.C.

For bottom row, cf. Petrie, Tell El Amarna, pl. XVIII, 350.  c. 1348-1332 B.C.

Tell el-Amarna, also spelled Tall al-Amarna or Tall al-ʿAmarīnah, site of the ruins and tombs of the city of Akhetaton (“Horizon of Aton”) in Upper Egypt, 44 miles (71 km) north of modern Asyūt. On a virgin site on the east bank of the Nile River, Akhenaton (Amenhotep IV) built the city about 1348 B.C. as the new capital of his kingdom when he abandoned the worship of Amon and devoted himself to that of Aton. About four years after Akhenaton’s death (c. 1332), the court returned to Thebes, and the city was abandoned.

Ref# V1113  The group of 11:  $79.50   

Ex Galerie bb-Antiken & Asiatika, Michael Betz, Langweid, Augsburg, Bavaria.




A RARE EGYPTIAN WAX USHABTI (Shabti, Shawabti) for Irethoreru. Mummiform, wearing wig and holding tripartite agricultural implements. The legs are painted with a cursive column: "Iret-hor-Eru (Ir.t - Hr - r.r - w)."  Wax and black ink (very rare material). Egypt, the beginning of the XXVI Dynasty (mid-7th Century B.C.). 6.8cm.  Intact.  Ref.# V1047  Sold

See a lot of four here in similar condition which realized €3500 !




A Rare West African  BURA ASINDA-SIKKA HEAD, Valley of the Niger, ca. 3rd Century, a so-called "memorial head," hand-modelled and fired terracotta, with curved nose, drilled petite eyes, vertically ridged “scarification” lines between the eyes and across the bridge of the nose; the back basically undecorated save for a lightly modeled vertical coiffure and neck-collar, and the ears pierced through. 57mm. (2-1/4 in.), 173mm. (6.8 in.) on custom walnut removable base. Cf. Neumeister, Munich: Afrika - Collection Dr. Karl-Ferdinand Schaedler (15 Oct. 2009), lot 1191. Also Editions de la Réunion des Musées Nationaux, Vallées du Niger (Paris, 1993), p. 551, fig. 100; Schädler, K.-F., Erde und Erz (Earth and Ore), fig. 91; Gilbert, M., Niger Terracottas (in African Arts, Spring 2020, Vol. 5, 1), p. 72, 16. Rare type. Displays well on the custom wood display-stand which is included.   Ref# V1580   $245

EX private Pennsylvania collection > private New York collection.

With a custom museum walnut stand, ingeniously built up with an attached walnut-stained epoxy base to allow the sculpture to stand securely but remain removable. 

These heads were initially discovered in 1975, many by farmers who were preparing their fields. Hence many Bura sculptural works were accidentally broken by shovels before serious archaeological excavations began in 1983.
These anthropomorphic heads of the Bura culture have been much sought after for their unusual abstraction and simplicity.

See one here (the lot 1191 referenced above) which realized $1,789 (€1,200 against an est. of 2,000 - 3,000), albeit a larger example.




A Rare West African SOKOTO TERRACOTTACHIEF HEAD,” Northwest Nigeria, c. A.D. 400, also referred to as "Nok, Sokoto style," a so-called "Chief Head” in orange-brown terra-cotta, hand-modeled, with characteristic overhanging brows, wearing “laureated” (hatched) crown and long beard, typical of the anthropomorphic figures are the distinctive eyes with the pupils created by an oval recess, as well as the distinctive jewelry and the beards, and headgear. Cf. Bernard de Grunne, The Birth of Art in Africa, p. 24, p. 26 (only about 130 “fragments” known) and pp. 104-7, nos. 62-5. Ht. 16.3cm. (6.4 in.), 17.6cm. (6.9 in.) with stand (removable). The eroded surfaces of the terracottas produced using the construction technique were originally smoothly coated and are now mostly grainy weathered. A heavy, dense example. Fragmentary with no repairs.  Rare.   Ref# V1592   $575

EX Galerie Walu, Zurich (1995) > private Swiss collection > Basel art market > private New York collection.

With TL test (thermoluminescence report) from Kotalla identifying it as Sokoto Merkmale (= Sokoto characteristics) and ± 1,600 years old.  (A TL test alone can cost $275 to $750 not including shipping the object both ways!)

Compare Musée du Louvre, Pavillon des Sessions, Numéro d'inventaire Quai Branly 70.1999.8.2; Gorny & Mosch 275, 2020, 438 which realized a total of $2780 w/ BP; also see Gorny & Mosch 272, 2020, 431 which realized a total of $4856 w/ BP.

Sokoto ceramic sculptures are considerably rarer than their Nok counterparts; they are sometimes referred to as “Nok (Sokoto Style).” This piece was originally purchased as “Nok,” however,  the TL report refers to it as “Sokoto.” The Sokoto and Nok terracotta sculptures are the oldest to be found in West Africa and all of Africa other than Egypt. These statuettes of humans and animals with distinctive features represent a rare form of artistry found exclusively in the West African region. The main Sokoto characteristics are the large size, the pierced oval eyes under a strong frontal ridge, the flattened snub nose, the lips and the beard. It also has a distinctive line that underscores each eye, meeting at an apex on the bridge of the nose (although single lines are more commonly found in Sokoto heads). Unlike the traditional Nok (Jemaa) ornate hairstyles, the tall and domed head is plainly covered with a skullcap that has a simple band of decoration running around the apex of the forehead and around the circumference of the head above the ears.



A RARE WEST AFRICAN KRONKRONBUA “GARGOYLE” CONE SCULPTURE, Koma-Bulsa, N. Ghana, Koma Land (Komaland), ca. later 14th Century, a theriomorphic so-called cone figurine, hand-modeled and fired in pale-orange terra-cotta with a dark patina, depicting a mythical creature (Koma, Cosmos Serpent), referred to as a gargoyle, one eye protruding, the other recessed, with “tongue” protruding, tufts along the middle of the forehead; earring on the proper left ear, the other pierced. The top concave, circular and pierced in the center; protrusion at midriff, lightly grooved (representing digits, paws or claws?). Cf. Insoll, T., et al, Fragmentary Ancestors: Figurines from Koma Land, Ghana, p.16, bottom l. (cone figurine) and p. 21 & 26 (mythical creatures); Insoll, T., et al, Internal Meanings: Computed Tomography Scanning of Koma Figurines from Ghana, p. 28 and Fig. 9. Cp. Kankpeyeng, B., et al, Indigenous Cosmology, Art Forms and Past Medicinal Practices: Towards an Interpretation of Ancient Koma Land Sites in Northern Ghana, p. 211, fig. 1.  Ht. 12.5cm., 14.5cm. with removable display-stand.  With a detailed TL test (thermoluminescence report) from Kotalla Laboratories identifying it as ± 600 years old.  Rare “gargoyle” type.   Ref# V1629   $575

EX Galerie Walu, Zurich (before 1987) > private New York collection.

With TL test (thermoluminescence report) from Kotalla identifying it as ± 600 years old.
(A TL test alone can cost $275 to $750 not including shipping the object both ways!) 
 

A SAXON BELT-BUCKLE, South Saxon, late 6th/early 7th century, South-Eastern Tradition, a tinned copper-alloy kidney-shaped belt buckle with large pin. 45mm. x 35mm., 41gm. Cf. Brett Hammond, British Artefacts: Volume 1 - Early Anglo-Saxon, p. 61, Fig. 1.2.1-f.  Fine condition.    Ref# V1578   $75

EX private English collection formed before 1950 > Brett Hammond > private New York collection.

The Kingdom of the South Saxons, today referred to as the Kingdom of Sussex (/ ˈ s ʌ s ɪ k s /; Old English: Sūþseaxna rīce), was one of the seven traditional kingdoms of the Heptarchy of Anglo-Saxon England. On the south coast of the island of Great Britain, it was originally a sixth-century Saxon colony and later an independent kingdom.



A VIKING BRONZE ANNULAR BROOCH from York, England, c. 866 - 967. Engraved with cross and enigmatic inscription between two inscribed lines. The (iron) pin no longer extant. 43-44mm. From an old collection. Cp. MacGregor & Bolick, A Summary Catalogue of the Anglo-Saxon Collections (Non-Ferrous Metals), BAR British Series 230, 1993, p. 87, 10.28; British Museum NCL-33F414; Hammond, B., Medieval Artifacts of England and the United Kingdom, p. 43, MB-49069 (£100-£150). Pleasing dark brownish green patina.   Ref.# V1091  Sold



An ANGLO-SAXON GILT STRAP-END, 10th/11th Century, Winchester Style. A gilt bronze strap-end with a male, facing, restraining a beast (“Dog of War”) left, facing backwards, probably a hunting dog, executed in openwork on a D-shaped mount with thick border, two piercings to the plate with the pins extant and simple hinge to the lower edge. 27mm. x 22mm., 8.44gm. Probably for a leather purse of pouch. Cf. Brett Hammond, British Artefacts: Volume 3 - Late Saxon, Late Viking & Norman, p. 52, Fig. 1.6-k (East Anglia).  Ref# V1577    $125

EX old English collection > private Essex, England collection > professional London antiquities market > private New York collection

Dating per Brett Hammond.

The Anglo-Saxon Dog of War was apparently the ancestor of the deerhound.



An ANGLO-SCANDINAVIAN BEAR-HEADED BUCKLE-LOOP, 10th/11th Century. A rectangular bronze belt-buckle of Scandinavian type, the forward bar segmented with a triangular couch for the tongue; the side bars chamfered, with segment detailing on both outer faces; the rear bar round-section, detached on one side; to each corner a triangular beast-head motif with square muzzle and two prominent, rounded ears, those on the forward edge facing forwards and those on the rear facing backwards. Cf. Hammond, B., British Artefacts: Vol. 2 - Middle Saxon & Viking, no. 1.2-c (Gloucestershire, very rare, and ours of superior preservation).  42mm. x 35mm. Very Rare. In fine condition with an attractive forest-green patina.   Ref# V1579    Sold

Found near Kemble, Gloucestershire, exact findspot unknown.

Appraised by Brett Hammond > £100 ~ $137



A Matching Pair of VIKING BOOK-MOUNTS, Urnes Period, 11th/12th Century, St Neots?. A matched pair of bronze mounts, each a tongue-shaped panel with attachment pins, openwork body with intricate raised ladder detailing. 91mm. overall l. ea.  Rare.  Fine condition.    Ref# V1554   $85

EX private Cambridge, England collection, formed in the last century > Brett Hammond > private New York collection.

£100 - £140 (~ $137 - $192) valuation by Brett Hammond and unlisted in his reference, British Artefacts: Middle Saxon and Viking.


Two finds
from a Viking grave at
Holmgård .....

         




(a) A NORSE BRONZE SHAMANIC LYNX PENDANT. The SCANDINAVIAN VIKINGS (Norsemen) in the East.  Holmgård, 11th Century. 32mm. overall. Cf. Sedova (1981), fig. 8, 3-4; Korshyn (2013) p. 81; Ingmar-Hansson, The Rural Viking in Russia and Sweden (Orebro, Sweden, 1997), p. 31. Intact; some minute scratches now patinated over. Beautiful forest-green patina and superb.

(b) FATIMID. al-Hakim (Abu ´Ali al-Mansur al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah), A.D. 996-1021 (AH 386-411). Silver Half-Dirham (1/2 dirhem), Misr (Cairo) Style. Legends naming Allah and Muhammad. Rv. Legends naming Allah and the imam al-Hakim.  18mm., 1.01gm. See Nicol, N.D., A Corpus of Fatimid Coins (Trieste, 2006), no. 1369, Type A3. Rare. Superb style for these issues. Edge break, otherwise, Near EF

Ref.# V1068 - Sold



A Rare CRUSADER STATES TEUTONIC ORDER BRONZE ANNULAR BROOCH, Ordensstaat, c. 1346-1410, with hatched decoration, and complete with pin, still moveable. Cf. Hattatt (2007), p. 382, Fig. 241, 1333. 2.3cm. dia. Attractive patina.    Ref.# V1092   $19.50

Originally from an old European collection and EX European professional art market and the late Prof. James H. Nichols (author: Ancient Greek Coins: A History of British Numismatic Literature).

These annular brooches were almost exclusively a men's fashion accessory. Adopted early in the Viking Age from Irish and Scottish fashions by Viking settlers. It later caught on in Scandinavia and Russia. Fastened on the right shoulder with the pin pointed upward, keeping the sword arm free. The state of the Teutonic Order (German: Deutschordensland) or Ordensstaat was a crusader state formed by the Teutonic Knights or Teutonic Order during 13th century Northern Crusades along the Baltic Sea.


A CHINESE NEOLITHIC POTTERY JAR (Guan). Machang Phase of the Majiayao Yangshao Culture, later 24th/earlier 21st Cent. B.C., Early Machang Phase (Early MCP), c. later 24th/23rd Cent. B.C., Qinghai. A squat vessel, known as a Guan, with loop handles. Overall painted red-brown and black geometric decoration. See Ling-yu Hung, Pottery Production, Mortuary Practice, and Social Complexity in the Majiayao Culture, NW China (ca. 5300-4000 BP), p. 321, Early MCP painted pottery vessels unearthed from Liuwan in Ledu County, Qinghai, Figure 4.11.1. Several small rim chips, otherwise intact. 8.3cm. (3-1/4”) ht.  Free-standing. This is an authentic Neolithic jar: most are fakes which have flooded the market!   Ref.# V1069  $120

EX collection of Vincent Funiciello, Brooklyn, NY., 1930s - 70s.


See an example here at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Two related examples here at Christie's realized US$16,250 not including the buyer's premium.



A Very Rare CHINESE SONG DYNASTY LIDDED CERAMIC VESSEL having a peaked roofed temple finial. 12th/13th Century. Rich brown glazed surface with scattered areas of earthen deposits. 13.3cm. (5.25 in.). Intact. Cf.  Treager, Mary, Song Ceramics, fig. 252.  Ref.# V1044  $185
 

Cf. Galerie Zacke Vienna, Fine Asian Art, (May 14, 2015), no. 74 (€700 - €1,400).
 
 EX Vincent Funiciello Collection, Brooklyn, collected until the 1970s, mainly in the 1950s.





PRE-COLUMBIAN MICHOACÁN POLYCHROME TRIPOD VESSELS, Tzintzuntzán, 4th/2nd Century B.C., four fine miniatures.  Cf. Catalogue of the Bristol Museum and Art Gallery, Object Number: Ea10057 (damage with feet missing); Goggin, J.M., An Archaeological Survey of the Rio Tepalcatepec Basin, Michoacán, Mexico (in American Antiquity, Vol. 9, No. 1), p. 51.  All are high quality examples.  Ref# V1614    Sold

EX Collection of Albert J. and Monique Grant, NYC., acquired 1950’s - 1960’s

Latest dating per the experts Howard Rose of New York and Serge Reynes of Paris.

(a) Bichrome, having a white petal rim and depicting a bird on the tondo. Overall l. 5.5cm., inner dia. 3.9cm., 6.0cm. across petals, ht. 3.0cm. Intact.    Sold

(b) Trichrome, having a decorated segmented border with an interior stylized flower on the tondo. Overall l. 5.5cm., dia. 4.6cm., ht. 3.0cm.  A tiny ancient chip underneath one of the petals, otherwise intact.    Sold

(c) Trichrome, depicting interlocking monkeys on the tondo.  Overall l. 5.0cm., dia. 4.3cm., ht. 3.0cm.  Intact.    Sold

(d) Trichrome, large loop handle and depicting a bird on the tondo.   Overall l. 7.0cm., dia. 4.9cm., ht. 3.5cm.   Intact.    Sold


PRE-COLUMBIAN, WEST MEXICO, TWO PRECLASSIC CERAMIC PRETTY LADIES.
  (a) Michoacán, 4th/2nd Century B.C. Head of a "Pretty Lady." Cf. Howard S. Rose Gallery, Arte Primitivo 94, 2019, Michoacan Pretty Ladies, 31. (b) Chupícuaro, 5th/4th Century B.C. Head with torso, so-called pretty lady with headdress and coffee-bean eyes. Cf. The Natalie Wood Collection of Pre Columbian Ceramics from Chupicuaro (UCLA, 1969), 417. On attractive walnut stands (both removable). Ref.# V1098
(a) 6.5cm. w. $27.50
(b) 6.0cm. h. $27.50
or both for $49.50

EX private Scottsdale, Arizona collection



An excellent Pre-Columbian COLIMA SHAMAN FIGURE, c. 1st Century B.C. This standing Tuxcacuesco-Ortices type male is 6-1/4” (16cm.) high and is adorned with a fancy headdress, necklace and ear ornaments. His layered tunic is highlighted with crisp incising. Nicely burnished, good mineral deposits, mounted on a museum stand. 17.2cm. ht. with the (removeable, i.e. unattachable) stand. Perfect!  Ref# V1181  $250

EX collection of Maria Rendon of Dallas, Texas, by descent from her father.



A PRE-COLUMBIAN COLIMA CERAMIC DOG FIGURAL VESSEL, Late Formative/Early Protoclassic (1st Century B.C. / A.D. 1st Century), redware, standing, having a tail spout and arched back, grimacing face with incised features, perked ears and sloping belly.  Rare in this smaller-size depiction.  L. 19.5cm. (7-2/3 in.) overall, ht. 10.4cm. (4.1 in.), w. 10.4cm. (4.1 in.).  Overall areas of heavy calcified and mineral deposits on the surface. Some professional restoration to the right ear and rear left leg, otherwise intact.   Ref# V1332  $350

This particular rendition in size with rudimentary feet is known to exist during this period. Also see Furst, P.T. & J., Pre-Columbian Art of Mexico, p. 30-2.

For this particular portrayal see Catalogue of the The Walters Art Museum (Baltimore, 2009), 20, 178 and Sotheby's, New York, Pre-Columbian Art (Nov. 21, 1988), lot 404.

EX Dr. David Harner Collection, Arkansas, collected in the 1950s-1960s > private Nevada collection.  Exhibited at the Marjorie Barrick Museum, UNLV, 1980s and late 1990s.

Appraised by Howard S. Rose at $400 - $600.

An example here which realized $684.75 w/ BP against an est. of 
$1,000 - $2,000.
 
The animal most frequently depicted in Colima art is the hairless dog, known as the Techichi or Escuincle. It is believed to be a relative of the Chihuahua and/or the Mexican Hairless (Xoloitzcuintle). The word Xoloitzcuintle (pronounced show-low-eats-queen´-tlee) is derived from the name of the Aztec god Xolotl (twin brother of the god Quetzacoatl), and the Aztec word for dog, itzcuintli. Known to exist in Mexico for more than 3,000 years, the Xolo (show-low) can justly claim the distinction as first dog of the Americas.




Pre-Columbian, West Mexico, COLIMA POTTERY RATTLE OF A MOTHER NURSING HER BABY, Protoclassic, A.D. 2nd/3rd Century. Seated, hair braided and wearing headdress, otherwise naked. With some neat restoration, otherwise intact and rather charming. Rattles still work! Cp. Catalogue of the Hillwood Art Museum (Brookville, NY, 1993), no. 2. Ht. 6.3cm. (2-1/2 in.).  Ref.# V1097  $49.50

EX private Scottsdale, Arizona collection



A PRE-COLUMBIAN NAYARIT POTTERY HEAD AND TORSO OF A DOG, Post-Olmec (Late Preclassic), ca. 2nd Century B.C./A.D. 2nd Century. 5.3cm. (2.1 in.). Probably from a quadrupod vessel.  Ref.# V1099  $12.50
          
A CHOICE PRE-COLUMBIAN CHUPÍCUARO FEMALE POTTERY FIGURINE, West Mexico, Guanajuato, Middle Preclassic Period. 9th/8th Century B.C., pregnant and wearing wide choker-necklace, elaborate headdress with vertical and triangular decor, earrings and armlets, and vertically pleated short body-dress. Buff earthenware, stick-polished. Painted decoration extant in feint red and white. Cf. The Natalie Wood Collection of Pre Columbian Ceramics from Chupicuaro (UCLA, 1969), p. 60, 430; Porter, M.N., Excavations at Chupicuaro, Guanajuato, IX., Human Figurines, Choker figurines, p. 557.  Ht. 8.6 cm. (3.4 in.).  Intact.  Ref.# V1070  $175

EX private Southwestern collection, acquired prior to 1970 > Howard S. Rose Gallery, NYC (their provenance and dating: "Chupicuaro, Guanajuato variety, c. 1,000 B.C.") > private New York collection.





Two good-sized Pre-Columbian PRE-CLASSIC CHUPÍCUARO CERAMIC BICHROME RED-ON-CREAM TRIPOD RATTLE-BOWLS. Mexico, Guanajuato Valley, Late Preclassic, 5th/4th Century B.C.

Two similar hand-built bichrome terracotta red on cream slipped and painted pottery bowls having pointed tripod legs:

The first decorated on the interior with a fine double herringbone pattern, exterior with a cream painted ground having a band of red painted oval elements. Cf. The Natalie Wood Collection of Pre Columbian Ceramics from Chupicuaro (UCLA, 1969), Spider Leg Tripod Bowls, p. 64 and pl. 65, 248 and Spider Leg Tripods, p. 80; Porter, M.N., Excavations at Chupícuaro, Guanajuato, Mexico, VIII. Pottery: Red-on-Buff, p. 548. Dia. 8-1/2 in. (21.6 cm.), ht. 4-3/4 in. (12.1 cm.). Intact, excellent condition. (No longer rattles.)   Ref# V1551     SOLD

Together with
a similar tripod bowl having four triangular herringbone elements with a central stylized star element. Exterior decorated with an overall triangular and chevron design. Cf. The Natalie Wood Collection of Pre Columbian Ceramics from Chupicuaro (UCLA, 1969), Spider Leg Tripod Bowls, p. 64 and pl. 65, 252 and Spider Leg Tripods, p. 80; Porter, M.N., Excavations at Chupícuaro, Guanajuato, Mexico, VIII. Pottery: Red-on-Buff, p. 548.  Dia. 9-1/2 in. (24.13 cm.), ht. 4 in. (10.2 cm.). Two small rim flakes, otherwise intact, overall excellent condition. Still rattles! One here, a bit smaller and from the same collection, sold by Artemis Gallery which realized $560 incl. BP against an estimate of $700 – $900!   Ref# V1552    SOLD

EX Dr. David Harner collection, Arkansas, 1950s-1960s > private Nevada collection.



A Rare and Impressive PRE-COLUMBIAN CERAMIC POLYCHROME INCENSARIO LID (BRAZIER), Basin of Mexico, Teotihuacán, c. later 5th/earlier 6th Century, terracotta with post-fire stucco and pigments in light blue, red, yellow and white, with two large, protruding, triple-perforated handles. On the front the edge is pulled up like a "triangular shield" which is decorated with a row of colored ceramic bead-appliques, evidently a reference to the water-deity, Chalchiuhtlicue, "she of the jade skirt." Below is the figure of a dark-skinned shaman-warrior with a high, red-painted, three-part feather crown (plumes of Quetzalcoatl) and a short, pleated apron, his right hand on his chest, his face has a wide nose plate and ear-plugs, and his arms and legs are decorated with colored hoops. He holds a pouch (medicine-bag) hanging from its strap on his left forearm. With TL test (thermoluminescence report) from Kotalla identifying it as ± 1,550 years old. According to the TL report, there were secondary tests on the appliques, etc. including the chin and hip with a date ± 1,450 years old and were therefore evidently added some 100 years later, ca. first-quarter of the 7th Century. Ht. 14-1/4 in. (36cm.), dia. 9.1 in. (23cm.). Reassembled from several fragments with restoration over break-lines, particularly at the handles and on top, and complete.   Ref# V1584    Sold
 
EX Collection of Professor Dr. Günther Marschall, Hamburg (1913 - 1997), acquired between 1967 and 1975 > private New York collection.

With TL analysis from the renowned German Laboratory Kotalla on April 30, 2017.
  (A TL test alone can cost $275 to $750 not including the shipping cost of the object both ways!)

This
object previously sold here for $3,500! Re-attributed by Dr. Margret Nollé to the Teotihuacán Culture, AD 100 - 650 “the lid of an incensario – is not Aztec but belongs to the Teotihuacán Culture and is therefore dated between AD 100 – 650. This dating is also compatible to the TL-analysis.”

Numerous scholars have suggested that censers like this example were instrumental to a cult dedicated to warriors killed in combat.

   

A CHOICE PRE-COLUMBIAN TRIPOD JAR. Teotihuacán, Miccaotli Phase, c. A.D. 150-225, decorated with a textured band of triangle designs. Overall ht. 8.0cm. (3.15 in.), 9.3cm. (3-2/3 in.) dia. In perfect condition, with strong mineral deposits and root marks. Cf. Cowgill, G.L., Ceramica de Teotihuacan / Ceramics of Teotihuacan (in Artes de Mexico, No. 88, Mexico City, 2008), p. 28 and p. 29, 2nd row, 2nd and 3rd from l.; Séjourné, L., Arqueología de Teotihuacán: La Cerámica, 3) El vaso cilindrico, p.160.   Ref.# V1071  $185

EX Arte Xibalba, Florida > private New York collection.




A PRE-COLUMBIAN BLACKWARE SPIDER-MONKEY SELLO (Pintadera, Printing-Stamp), Teotihuacán. Tlamimilolpa-Xolalpan, 4th-6th Century. Handle at back with find-spot inscribed in black ink. Fragmentary as shown. 4.1cm. w., 4.0cm. h. The double border-outline is believed to be a reference to the Pyramid of the Sun. Cf. Campbell, C.J., Spider Monkeys, Teotihuacán, pp. 379-80; Werness, H.B., Continuum Encyclopedia of Animal Symbolism in World Art, p. 280.  Ref# V1101 $37.50

Found at Teotihuacán, February 11, 1954


EX private Scottsdale, Arizona collection



A FINE PRE-COLUMBIAN TRIPOD JAR from Teotihuacán,  A.D. early 5th Century. This choice Early Xolalpan vessel is 3-7/8" (9.75cm.) in diameter and is decorated with panels of stylized designs.  The trio of legs are hollow and contain rattles.  Strong mineral deposits and root marks overall.  This was the time of Teotihuacan's strongest influence with the Maya. See Braswell, G.E. (ed.), The Maya and Teotihuacan: Reinterpreting Early Classic Interaction, p. 37. Cp. Berrin & Pasztory, Teotihuacán: Art from the City of the Gods, p. 245, no. 124 (Early Xolalpan A.D. 400); Séjourné, L., Arqueología de Teotihuacán: La Cerámica, Lám. 29, 2nd row, 1st from l. (damaged). Latest dating per Cowgill Chronology (1996). Intact.  Ref.# V1072  $185

EX Arte Xibalba, Florida > private New York collection.




A PRE-COLUMBIAN POTTERY ADORNO, Teotihuacán, Late Xolalpan, beginning of A.D. 6th Century. Male head with a typical headdress of the period. Such "masks" were attached to incensario-lids. cf. Bushnell, G.H.S., ANCIENT ARTS OF THE AMERICAS, p. 40 opp., 31c; Rattray. E.C., Teotihuacan: Ceramics, Chronology and Cultural Trends, p. 239. 5.3cm. (2.1 in.)  Ref.# V1075  $45

For dating cf. Cowgill, George L., (1996) Ancient Mesoamerica 7:329.






An excellent MAYA CHIEFS BOWL from El Salvador, A.D. later 3rd/5th Century. This early example is 20cm. (7-3/4”) in diameter and features six seated lords, each presenting an offering. The interior has six vultures, each with speaking symbol in their beak, arrayed around an unusually complex central glyphic symbol of decretive (i.e. having the force of a decree: decretory) meaning. Even the underside of this one is decorated. Overall in excellent condition, with vivid paint, good mineral deposits and just minor repair.    Ref# V1266   Sold




A MAYA (Mayan) PRIEST-FIGURINE, Classical ("Classic") Period, 7th/9th Century, depicted holding a ritual-offering in his hands and wearing ear-spools, a double-necklace and a loincloth. The custom removable museum-stand in steel and dark-brown stained hardwood included. For this depiction see the Catalogue of Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1988, no. 1204. Pale indian-red terracotta, ht. 14cm. (5.5 in.), w. 7cm. (2.75 in.), 22.5cm. (8.9 in.) total ht. with stand. Old loss as noted in the photograph.  Rare.   Ref# V1261   $145

EX Origine Expert, Paris > private New York collection



A MAYA ZOOMORPHIC JADE DISC-PENDANT, avian form (head of an owl), c. A.D. 790-920, a “currency” pendant, convex with flat back, tufted/scalloped edge, finely polished surfaces, with an added antique, custom 14K gold swivel bail finding, hand-made with stamped decor and allowing for the addition of a strand. Semitranslucent jade of light aqua color, an elegant and beautiful pendant. See Hirth, K.G. & S., Ancient Currency : The Style and Use of Jade and Marble Carvings in Central Honduras (in Lange, F.W., ed., Precolumbian Jade), pp. 174ff and p. 179, Fig. 13.3d.    40mm. (1.57 in.) dia., 58mm. (2.28 in.) overall l. with bail, total wt. 23.80gm. Rare. Some mineral deposits extant and intact.  Ref# V1611   $325

EX Howard S. Rose Gallery (Arte Primitivo), New York, early 2000s > private Florida collection (gold bail finding added) > private New York collection.





A Rare MAYA T'UUT (Parrot) VESSEL, Northern Yucatan, Early Postclassic Period, 11th/12th Century. The wings are molded in high relief along the top of the chamber and the head is expressive. These rare "Tohil Plumbate" types are known from Chichén Itzá (Tinum, Yucatán). A Nicely detailed, superb example. Flat base, thus free-standing. Intact, other than for  a very small old chip to the tip of the beak, and another at the top right tip of the rear feather-cluster. Cf. Hector Neff, Production and Distribution of Plumbate Pottery, p. 28. L. 10.5cm., (4-1/8 in.).   Ref# V1196   Sold

Chichén Itzá (= "at the mouth of the well of the Itza") was a large pre-Columbian city built by the Maya people of the Terminal Classic period. The land under the monuments had been privately owned until 29 March 2010, when it was purchased by the state of Yucatán. Chichén Itzá is one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico; an estimated 1.2 million tourists visit the ruins every year. Yucatan parrots, "T'uut" in Maya, are a species only found in the Yucatan. These birds travel in flocks from feeding grounds to their roosting sites. Parrots are monogamous for life and become good pets but best enjoy flying free in their medium forest habitat. Yucatan parrots love to fly together in small groups to feed on fruits, seeds and flowers high on tree branches.

EX highly respected American Pre-Columbian antiquities dealer.




A Large and Very Rare
AZTEC RITUAL PEYOTE TRIPOD-BOWL, c. 1325-1519, in beige terracotta, slipped in orange, and cut with complex shamanic glyptic symbols arranged symmetrically around a central cross (the cross was associated with Chalchiuhtlicue and her relationship with Quetzalcoatl) in white in the inside-center. The feet are in the shape of peyote (Lophophora Williamsii) buttons, the divine plant of the spirit gods used by the general Aztec population, as well as by the shamans, as an entheogen. Cp. Aztec Archeological Potteries (in the International Journal of Thermophysics · November 2006), p. 1899, 1, fig. 1 photo (from the “Templo Mayor” archeological site, after 1325 to 1521, of Tenochtitlan, Mexico City). For the form, fabric and pigments compare The Aztec Empire: Catalogue of the Exhibition (Guggenheim, 2004), p. 62, no. 276 (1440-1521). Also see Carod-Artal, F.J., Alucinógenos En Las Culturas Precolombinas Mesoamericanas (in Neurología, Cuenca, Spain, 2011, Vol. 30, No. 1), pp. 42ff and Carrasco, D. and Sessions, S., Daily Life Of The Aztecs: People of the Sun and Earth, pp. 236-8; Furst, P.T., Hallucinogens In Precolumbian Art, pp. 57 and 72; James W. Salterio Torres, Aztec Mythology, p. 146.  Dia. 25cm. (9.8 in.), ht. 9cm. (3.5 in.). Rather neatly repaired from a large fragment and a few smaller with some slight surface restoration and complete.   Ref# V1259   $375

Lophophora williamsii or peyote is a small, spineless cactus with psychoactive alkaloids, particularly mescaline. The English common name peyote is a Spanish loanword, which comes from the Nahuatl name peyōtl, said to be derived from a root meaning "glisten" or "glistening."

EX Origine Expert, Paris > private New York collection.




A PRE-COLUMBIAN AZTEC CLASSIC PERIOD POTTERY VESSEL-LEG, probably from an incensario,  depicting the head of a grimacing fox, an emblem of the goddess Tlazōlteōtl. 14th/15th Century. 5.5cm. (2.2 in.). A 4mm. circular mounting-hole underneath.  Ref# V1100  $27.50

EX private New York collection.





A PRE-COLUMBIAN AZTEC POTTERY SELLO (Pintadera, Printing-Stamp), depicting Ozomatli, the Aztec monkey-god of dance, fire, the new harvest, and music. 15th Century. Handle at back. Cf. British Museum nos. Am,St.588.I and Am1943,06.67; Enciso, Design Motifs – Ancient Mexico, p. 119. Repair at bottom and complete. 5.7 cm. (2-1/4 in.)   Ref.# V1074  $85

EX private New York collection.


 

A PRE-COLUMBIAN AZTEC POTTERY SELLO (Pintadera, Printing-Stamp), depicting a priest of the god Xochipilli (god of music and dance). c. 1440 - beginning of the 16th Century. Raised handle at back. Cf. British Museum nos. Am1946, 16.98 and 99. 6.8 cm. (2-2/3 in.) Intact.    Ref.# V1073  $85

EX private New York collection.

   

An AZTEC POTTERY TWIN-HEADED SERPENT SELLO (Pintadera, Printing-Stamp), of Quetzalcoatl, the Aztec god of wind and learning. Huitzilopochco (Churubusco), c. 1440-1519. 6.5cm. (2-1/2 in.) x 4.4cm. (1-3/4 in.). Handle at back. Repaired from two pieces and complete. Ref.# V1086  $75

EX private New York collection.


Quetzalcoatl, God of Wind and Wisdom
, connected with the planet Venus, of the dawn, of merchants and of arts, crafts, learning and knowledge. He was also the patron god of the Aztec priesthood.



An AZTEC CERAMIC BICHROME TRIPOD MORCILLO MOLCAJETE BOWL, ca. 1478 - 1520, so-called chili-grinder bowl, slipped in red and white on buff, the tondo scored/grilled which it has been suggested may have been utilized to grind peppers (see Werner Forman Archive / Museum fur Volkerkunde, Berlin. Loc. 26). Cf. Smith, M.E.. Postclassic Ceramics from the Toluca Valley in US Museums: The Bauer and Blake Collections (in Mexicon, Vol. XXIII, December 2001), p. 144, Fig. 3 (Molcajetes). For other examples with this tondo decor see the Catalogue of the Collections in the Brooklyn Museum: Arts of the Americas, Aztec, Tripod Pottery Bowl, ca. 1440-1521, acc. no. 48.22.15, an example in the Museo de América, Madrid (image ID RPYF98), and another:  Sammlung Ethnologisches Museum Amerika (Berlin), Ident. Nr. IV Ca 25776 (Molcajete Tongefäß, Municipio Calimaya, Toluca, Azteken Kultur). Also compare Jesús Vico, Auc. 10, 2020, 527 for the fabric. Ht. 9.0cm. (3.5 in.), dia. 16.5cm. (6.5 in.). Intact. Good mineral deposits extant.  Rare.   Ref# V1612   $235

EX private New York collection.




A Rare PRE-COLUMBIAN AZTEC TERRACOTTA OTOMI WARRIOR HEAD. Aztec Imperial, Tlacetilli Otomi, ca. 1486-1526. Wearing the typical headdress and Xicalcoliuhqui tattoo on each cheek. Free-standing. Ht. 10.5cm. (4.1 in.). Stable stress-crack across upper nose to eye.  Ref.# V1085  $125

See von Hagen, V.W., AZTEC: Man And Tribe, p. 171, 48 (bottom r.) for the tattoo and p. 193, 55 (lower panel upper r.) for the headdress. Also see Aguilar-Moreno, Handbook to Life in the Aztec World, p. 204.

The Otomi or Otontin were an elite Aztec military order, named after the Otomi people who were renowned for their fierce fighting. In the historical sources it is often difficult to discern whether the word otomitl "Otomi" refers to members of the Aztec warrior society, or members of the ethnic group who also often joined the Aztec armies as mercenaries or allies. The Otomi were one of the earliest peoples known to wear tattoos.

Probably from the environs of El Cerrito. Collected in the hills SW of the city of Querétaro by Kenneth Burlingham in 1958 as noted in ink on the back of this head, and collection number inked on bottom. This collector is known to have collected Pre-Columbian artifacts in Mexico in the 1950s and 1960s.

In the later pre-Hispanic period, the area was populated by the Otomi, who had become sedentary urban dwellers with sophisticated politics by the time of the Aztec Empire, who referred to them as the Tlacetilli Otomi or "Otomi Nation/State." This area was under control of the Otomi dominion of Xilotepeque in the 1440s, which in turn was subject to the Aztec Empire of Mexihco-Tenochtitlan. Under the reign of Ahuizotl in the late 15th century, the Aztecs administered the area directly, considering it a bulwark against the Chichimeca lands to the north.

EX private Maine collection > private New York collection.




A PRE-COLUMBIAN NARIÑO (Capulí) POTTERY GLAZED SHELL-SHAPED OCARINA (VESSEL-FLUTE) from the Northern Andes Highlands of Southwestern Colombia, c. A.D. 850-1100. Four-holed, beige clay, incised with burnished deep-red slip. For a later example, see: Bray, W., The Gold of Eldorado, p. 219, 500. Slight weathering but intact. Free-standing. 11cm. (4-1/3 in.). A substantial example, unusually large, weighing about a half pound!  Ref# V1150   Sold

The ocarina was used for water and curing ceremonies.

EX French collection > Origine Expert, Paris > private New York collection.




An Excellent PRE-COLUMBIAN TAIRONA GOLD "CHAGUAL" PENDANT from Colombia, 11th/13th Century, of solid, high carat gold. Cp. Mason, J., Archaeology Of Santa Marta, Colombia: The Tairona Culture, Part I (Chicago, 1931), p. 36; Friede, J., Archaeology Of Santa Marta, Colombia: The Tairona Culture, Part II, Section 1: Objects of Stone, Shell, Bone, and Metal (Chicago, 1936), 259; Quilter, J. and Hoppes. J.W. (eds.), Gold and Power in Ancient Costa Rica, Panama, and Colombia (Dumbarton Oaks, 2001), p. 303, 10.  17.5mm. l., 3.25gm.  Original hole for suspension.  A Rare example of the crescentic types.  Very Fine.  Ref# V1179  $195 

EX New World Artifacts Pre-Columbian Art Gallery, La Jolla, Calif. > private American collection > Arte Xibalba, Florida > private New York collection.

This is an authentic Pre-Columbian Tairona object; the market and auctions have lately been inundated with numerous modern copies.



A NAZCA POLYCHROME DECORATED POTTERY KERO, Early Classic Nazca A (c. A.D. 20 / c. 333), in light, medium and dark brown, black and cream, and having a wide, central exterior band of scroliate elements, upper rim band of stepped decoration. Cf. Martin-Vegue, Nazca Pottery at Florida State University, Table 1 and pl. XLV, B3-4.  Ht. 4-1/2 in. (11.4cm.), dia. 6-1/8 in. (15.6cm.). Two large original pieces reattached in one side with restoration over the break lines, otherwise intact.    Ref# V1455   $295

For the dating see Middle American Research Records (Middle American Research Institute, Tulane University), Issue 18, p. 25.

EX private Texas collection (formed since 1960s)

Appraised by the Pre-Columbian expert Howard S. Rose at $500-$800.



EARLY FORMATIVE CHAVÍN-CUPISNIQUE BLACKWARE BOTTLE, Chongoyape, Peru, Tembladera Phase, c. 12th/11th Century B.C., burnished, incised and textured, an unusually elegant single-spout shape with incised and “scratch/combed*” stepped decor, repeated on either side. Ht. 20.5cm. (8.1 in.), dia. 13.0cm. (5.1 in.) This “bevelled-lip” (i.e. prominent-lip) in combination with the “concave-shaped spout” is indigenous to Chongoyape (see Burtenshaw-Zumstein, J.T., Cupisnique, Tembladera, Chongoyape, Chavín? - A Typology of Ceramic Styles from Formative Period Northern Peru, 1800-200 BC [University of East Anglia, 2014], p. 214).  Rare (ibid., p. 145). *Ibid, p. 412, Table 6.1 and p. 174; Burger, R.L., Chavin and the Origins of Andean Civilization: The Old Temple: Gallery of the Offerings, p. 139, no. 133 ("dentate rocker stamping"). For this fabric also see Millon et Associés, Art de l’Amérique Précolombienne (Paris, 2018), no. 6.  Also compare a bottle here.  Choice condition.   Ref# V1562   $325

Cupisnique culture, which arose on the north coast of Peru, was strongly influenced by Chavín culture, centered in the highlands. This dark, thick-walled, and highly burnished vessel with incised decoration may have been used during special feasts, ceremonies, and other public gatherings. The Cupisnique people modeled their pottery and then fired it in wood-burning kilns which produced a lot of smoke, giving the ceramics their dark color. Decoration was produced through the incision technique.

Chongoyape is named after an archaeological site located near the town of the same name, in the department of Lambayeque, Peru. Some of the oldest examples of metalwork in Peru have been found here. Although Chongoyape is traditionally considered to belong to the Chavín culture, it is closer to Cupisnique style, and is thus often referred to as Chavín-Cupisnique style.




A Beautiful PRE-COLUMBIAN MOCHE OWL JAR from Peru, 5th/7th Century. It is 3-1/2” (8.9 cm.) high and depicts a superbly detailed owl. The facial features echo earlier Salinar styles with appliqué eyes and intact suspension loops acting as ears. Cf. Catalogue of the Fowler Museum (UCLA, Los Angeles, 1972), No. 451 (Early Intermediate Period). Vivid paint, strong mineral deposits, perfect.   Ref.# V1082  $225

The owl was divine to the Mochica and was associated with the night.

EX estate of Leroy Irons, Gallatin, TN, collected in the 1970s
> Arte Xibalba, Florida > private New York collection.


A Charming and Rare PRE-COLUMBIAN MOCHE BICHROME CUY STIRRUP VESSEL, Moche valley in northern Peru, Mochica Period IV, later 5th/earlier 6th Century. This fine effigy vessel of orange-pink ground with painted white details is 5-3/8” long (13.65 cm.) and depicts a cuy (Guinea pig) with bulging eyes and broad smile. Intact. Adorable!    Ref.# V1084   $375  
 
See Domingo, Archeologia Andina: Peru, p. 118, 130.

The cuy was a household pet for the Mochica, and also used by the Chim
ú and Inca as an instrument of divination where the depiction of the cuy also exists in the form of stirrup vessels.

EX private Southwestern U.S. collection  > Arte Xibalba > private New York collection.



A Large NAZCA-HUARI POLYCHROME DOUBLE-SPOUT-AND-BRIDGE VESSEL, Peru, South-Central Coast, 8th/9th Century, bulbous body having two long spouts connected with a strap bridge type handle. Painted black and red stepped geometric decoration on a white ground. Low relief decoration around the base. Free-standing. Professionally repaired from fragments but complete with restoration only over the break lines. Ht. 8-1/2 in. (21.5cm.).  Rare example.   Ref# V1330   $175

See Griffin, G., Guide to Arts of the Americas, Pre-Columbian: Nazca: Early Huari, p. 123, B, and note.

EX prestigious Manhattan Pre-Columbian art gallery and private Texas collection.




A Large and Early SICÁN Double-Spout-And-Bridge Vessel from Peru, later 8th/9th Century, of footed, saucer form with multi-spiked and some circular, flat decor, perhaps in representation of the nopal (opuntia) cactus, and tall, tapered spouts connected with a bridge-type handle. Painted black highlights and circular elements on a white-ground lower body.  See Hoyle, R.L., Peru, p. 161 (form); Domingo, Archeologia Andina: Peru, p. 199, 249, P. 315 (decor).  Free-standing.   Rare.   Ht. 9-1/2 in. (24.1cm.). Repaired from fragments but complete; professional restoration over some of the breaklines.   Ref# V1331  $175

See Art of The Andes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections (1983), p. 204.

EX prestigious Manhattan Pre-Columbian art gallery and private Texas collection.

The Pre-Inca SICÁN Culture (700 - 1100) also known as the "Lambayeque" Culture, settled down in the north coast; The Batán Grande or Sicán Archaeological Complex, just north of Chiclayo, Lambayeque Province, Peru, is an ancient archaeological site that was their cultural center. In it, 50 pyramids have been identified. The archaeological site is located in the Historic Forest Sanctuary of Pómac.




A CHARMING AND RARE INCA POLYCHROME DEER-HEAD VESSEL, Cusco, c. first quarter of the 15th Century. Pottery vessel decorated in indian-red, cream and black, depicting a white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) head, holding an olla between his long antlers. Olla decorated with a geometric band around the upper rim. "Negative-resist" clouding to one side of the bowl. Convex base flattened in the center and perfectly free-standing. Cf. Meyers, A., Algunos Problemas en la Clasificación del Estilo Incaico, p. 25, Motif 3e (Cuzco); Pardo, L.A., Clasificación de la Cerámica Cuzqueña: Epoca Incaica, Fig. 11, no. 13 (base); also cp. Valdez, F. & Veintimilla, D., Amerindian Signs, p. 47 and p. 196, no. 26.  Ht. 7-1/2 in. (19.1cm.).  Long, stabilized hair-line from the rim to base of olla and a shallow rim-chip, otherwise intact. A rare pre-Imperial Inca ceramic. Adorable!   Ref# V1456  $595  Reserved

EX John A. Moir, Jr. Trust of 2013 >
EX Howard S. Rose Gallery, NYC > New York private collection.

Appraised by Howard S. Rose at a valuation up to $900.

One here, undecorated, sold by Galerie Zacke, Vienna, which realized ~ $665 w/ BP against an estimate of up to €700 (~ $1,035).



A Detailed PRE-COLUMBIAN INCA SILVER BIRD AMULETIC PENDANT, Peru, 14th/15th Century, hollow-formed and wonderfully hand crafted with incised eyes and tail feathers, double horizontal suspension holes through the forepart of the wings. Cf. Ancient Resource, Auction 30: Fine Ancient Artifacts, Lot 293. 1.5 x 1.5 cm. Intact with light oxide patina.  Ref.# V1083  $135

Silver was reserved for the elite females in the culture.

EX Leroy Irons, Gallatin, TN, collected in the 1970s.

An identical example here which realized $210 incl. BP.



A choice INCA IMPERIAL PUCHUELA CEREMONIAL PITCHER, North Coastal Inca Empire (Highlands of Perú), Late Horizon (1476-1532). This finely made, squat, handled aribaloid vessel is decorated with two bands of elongated-diamonds painted in black over the highly burnished red slip. The broad strap handle is decorated with five diagonal crosses each between bands and shows sign of extensive usage. Cf. Domingo, Arqueologia Andina Peru, p. 278, fig. 1 and p. 372,  P 771 (= Museo de América de Madrid, Collection No. 595). Ht. 10.8cm. (4-1/4 in.). Flattened at the base, thus free-standing. Intact, and the handle showing signs of usage in antiquity.   Ref# V1424  $275

EX Erika Roman (Santa Cruz, Calif., 1985) > Pamela Llerena (Miami, Florida) collections
> Arte Xibalba, Florida > private New York collection.



A PRE-COLUMBIAN IMPERIAL INCA POTTERY POLYCHROME KERO, Coastal Peru, A.D. 1460-1532, in white, red and black. Geometric zig-zag and decorated squares. Stylized fish iconography (catfish?) around within the narrow panel just below the rim. A pouring-lip at one point just under the inside of the rim. The top of the rim also glazed in dark red. Free-standing. Cf. Catalogue of the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, 1940), no. 585; for this particular outline-shape - only existing in the Late Horizon Period: Domingo, M.C., Catalogo de Museo de América de Madrid (Madrid, 1980), 391. 14.5cm. (5.7 in.). Some fading and a couple small chips below rim, otherwise intact. Ref# V1151  $165

Imperial Inca keros are relatively elusive in the Late Horizon Period: the majority extant were produced in the Colonial Period and usually of wood composition.

Used for drinking chicha (corn beer) at religious festivals. A substantial example, weighing about 1.25 lbs (0.57 kg); liquid capacity is about 2 pints / 1 liter(!).

EX Origine Expert, Paris > private New York collection.



An INCA IMPERIAL PANTANAL JAGUAR BOTTLE, Chimu influenced. Inca Period, North Coastal Inca Empire (Highlands of Perú), Late Horizon (1476-1532). This finely made vessel is decorated with a pair of different Pantanal Jaguars, each appearing seated, on each side.  Ht. 18cm. (7”). In perfect condition, with good mineral deposits.   Ref# V1211   Sold

Chronology according to Rafael Larco Hoyle and John Rowe.



A VALDIVIA STONE PLAQUE, Ecuador, late 21st/20th Century B.C., a so-called "stone owl," sculpted in bas-relief from the characteristic greenish-grey sedimentary limestone. Cf. Stothert, K.E., Valdivia Stone Figurines (in The Secret Art of Pre-Columbian Ecuador), p. 15 and 46, 10; Zeidler, J.A., The Ecuadorian Formative: Valdivia (in The Handbook of South American Archaeology), p. 466; Cevallos, I.C., The World of Spirits in Pre-Columbian Ecuador, pp. 27-33.  Ht. 16.8cm. (6.6 in.); 20.8cm. (8.2 in.) with the (removable) museum-stand. Intact; good mineral deposits.  Rare example from the Piquiá Phase.  Ref# V1425   $575

EX Indiana estate > Arte Xibalba, Florida > New York collection.

These smaller "owl plaques" are recorded in the Early Formative Valdivia Phase 8, also known as the Piquiá (Piquigua) Phase. For the dating also see Latin American Antiquity, Vol. 9, No. 2 (Jun., 1998), p. 173.

An example here which realized CHF3,500 ~ $3,725 with BP.



A CERAMIC FEMALE FIGURAL PENDANT. Ecuador, Valdivia Culture, Formative Period D, 15th Century B.C. Forearms laterally placed below breasts. Typical "molar tooth" legs and thighs. Traces of red pigment as usual. Suspension-hole through side of head. 2.5cm. Cf. Meggers, Early Formative Period of Coastal Ecuador: The Valdivia and Machalilla Phases (Smithsonian, Washington, 1965), pl. 123, l. Also ibid, pl. 120, h for the rear outline of this "Long Bob" hairstyle. Also see Baumann, P., Valdivia. Die Entdeckung der ältesten Kultur Amerikas, p. 99; Américas (OAS, Washington, 1998), Vol. 50, p. 51 for a discussion of these pendants, found in a grave burial urn, and their connection with corn as a sacred symbol for the inner development of man. For the existence of these smaller figurines down to 2 centimeters, cf. Stothert, K.E., Valdivia Ceramic Figurines (in The Secret Art of Pre-Columbian Ecuador), p. 19.  Intact.  Ref.# V1081  $75



A JAMACOAQUE (Jama-Coaque, Jama Coaque) CERAMIC FEMALE FIGURE from the coastal lowlands of Ecuador's Manabí Province, Jama-Coaque I, c. 240 B.C. / A.D. 90, depicting a shamanic Andean dancer, an early standing female depicted with arms to the sides in praying stance, bare-breasted and wearing a long skirt, a multistrand necklace with a sizable pendant, and a head cover, as well as ear and nose ornaments. Cf. Cevallos, I.C., Amuletos En El Ecuador Precolombino, 99.  Nicely burnished. Sintered with good mineral deposits. Mounted on a custom stand (rotatable and also removable).  8.8cm. (3-½ in.), 10.2cm (4 in.) with stand.   Ref# V1594   $115

EX Calway Dodson estate, Sarasota, FL > Arte Xibalba, Osprey, Florida > private New York collection.