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Updated June 2017

Offers may be considered on larger purchases.

V.A. Ferland, Numismatic Art & Antiquities, P.O. Box 2, Minoa, NY 13116-0002 USA

Telephone 315-439-8719 (text first please with your name, location, phone no. and/or your email address).

Thank you!

Please refer to Ref.# ..... example: V1004 .... when considering an order or questions.


GAUL: MASSALIA (the modern Marseilles). Silver Obol. c. 250-220/210 B.C. Bare head of Apollo l. Rv. M-A. Four-spoked wheel. 9-10mm., 0.53gm. Depeyrot (Les Monnaies Hellénistiques de Marseilles), 18.  Fine to Good F  Ref.# V1078 $27.50

c. 320-300 B.C. Silver Nomos (Didrachm). Filleted female head r.; pileus behind, monogram to lower r. Rv. Man-faced bull walking r., head facing, crowned by Nike flying r. carrying wreath, monogram below. 6.91gm. Sambon 449b. Almost VF/Fine  Ref.# V1028  $115
EX NUMISMATICO TINTINNA, Scandiano, Italy (their description and grade).

The obverse of this issue probably represents the Siren Parthenope who was the local goddess of Neapolis. The man-headed bull reverse, with and without Victory, was a type shared by a number of Campanian cities and may have generally been understood as representing Acheloös, the father of Sirens.

APULIA: ARPI. Time of Alliance with Hannibal. 215-212 B.C. Æ15-16. Helmeted head of Athena r. Rv. Bunch of grapes. 3.34gm. HN Italy 650.  RARE.  Good Fine     Ref# V1159     $39.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his description, rarity and grade).
Struck during the Second Punic War in Italy when the city was in alliance with Hannibal.

Arpi (Argyrippa or Argos Hippium) was an ancient city of Apulia, Italy, 20 mi. W. of the sea coast, and 5 mi. N. of the modern Foggia.  It was founded, according to Servius by Diomed, who went from Troy directly to Italy. Its territory extended to the sea, and Strabo says that from the extent of the city walls one could gather that it had once been one of the greatest cities of Italy. The town was loyal to Rome during the war with Pyrrhus, but went over to Hannibal following the disaster at Cannae in 217 B.C.

Remains of antiquity are scanty.

: POSEIDONIA. c. 510-480 B.C. AR Obol. ΠOM (in retrograde, counterclockwise). Poseidon, wearing chlamys dr. over both shoulders, adv. r., brandishing spear. Rv. ΠOM (clockwise). Same type l.  Rare early transitional style. 0.52gm. BMC 56. Good F  Ref# V1137  $75

Struck during the period between the destruction of Sybaris I and II.


: POSEIDONIA. c. 445-420 BC. AR Sixth-Stater (Diobol). Poseidon striding r., attacking. Rv. Bull striding l. on ground-line. 1.25gm. Unpublished? (but cf. BMC 51 = obol).  Very Rare.  Fine, toned.  Ref# V1136  $37.50

, c. 320-315 B.C.,  Æ13. Poseidon advancing r., wielding trident overhead. Rv. Bull butting r.; caduceus above; EY below. 2.32gm. SNG Budapest 311Rare.   Really Good F, dark brownish green patina, thick flan.   Ref# V1135  $16.50

(Poseidonia). Bronze Uncia. Second Punic War (218-201 B.C.). Diad. hd. of Artemis r., bow and quiver at shoulder. Rv.  ΠAIS.  Grain ear; to l., pellet (mark of value) and kerykeion. Crawford, Paestum 7/4. HN Italy 1204. 11mm., 2.51gm.   Rare.  About VF   Ref# V1120   $29.50

Rare symbol. Kerykeion is an alternative name for the Caduceus, a symbol of commerce.

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his attribution, rarity and grading).

: PAESTUM. Uncia, Second Punic War (218-201 B.C.). Diad. hd. of Artemis r.; bow and quiver on her back shoulder; pellet (= mark of value) behind. Rv. ΠAIS. Barley-ear; pellet to upper l. Æ11mm., 1.68gm. HNItaly 1195. Rare. F to Good F, rather thick flan.  Ref# V1134  $14.50

For rarity see Art Coins Roma (ACR) Auction 6, Lot 66.

LUCANIA: SYBARIS. c. 530-525 B.C. Silver (AR) Drachm (= third-stater = third-nomos). Bull standing left, looking back, on ground-line; in exergue: VM (= abbreviation for Sybaris = SY in retrograde archaic letters). Rv.  Incuse of obverse, but to right and without letters. 2.56gm. SNG ANS 847. HN Italy 1736. Rare! Flan somewhat ragged (as usual), otherwise, nice VF    Ref# V1199  SOLD

For rarity see Heritage Auction 3037, Lot 29894. Far superior to the Stack's, New York 2011 International Sale, Lot 13 (also chipped!).

: SYBARIS, 453-448 B.C., Silver Sixth-Stater (Triobol).  Poseidon adv. r. Rv. Bull r. on ground-line. 1.03gm. BMC 29. SNG ANS -.  Rare.   Fine, good style for this rare issue.   Ref# V1198   SOLD

This elusive issue celebrates Sybaris' short-lived alliance with Poseidonia.


. AR Sixth-Stater, ca. 443-400 B.C. 5th Cent. B.C. (not before 443). Hd. of Athena r., wearing Attic helmet decorated with a laurel wreath. Rv. ΘOYPIΩN. Bull walking r., hd. lowered; in ex. fish. HNItaly 1766. Rare.  About F/VG, a small coin, better in hand; pleasant dark tone.  Ref# V1130  $27.50

LUCANIA: THOURIOI (later, Thurium). AR Sixth-Stater, last-quarter of the 5th Century B.C. Hd. of Athena r., wearing crested helmet. Rv. Bull on ground-line, walking r., hd. lowered; tunny below. 1.08gm. BMC 21.  Scarce.   Mediocre/Near F    Ref# V1138   $8.50

LUCANIA: THOURIOI. AR Sixth-Stater, last-quarter of the 5th Century B.C. Helmeted hd. of Athena r. Rv. Bull on ground-line, butting r.; tunny below. 1.01gm. BMC 100.  About Fine  Ref# V1132  $16.50

. AR Trihemiobol, last-quarter of the 5th Century B.C. Laur. and helmeted hd. of Athena r. Rv. ΘOΥΡIO[N]. Rv. Bull on ground-line, walking r., hd. lowered; tunny below. 0.83gm.  BMC 116.  Rare. VG, pleasant dark tone not apparent in the photo.  Ref# V1133  $14.50

c. 440-425 B.C. Silvered Drachm. Hd. of nymph r., hair bound with fillet and turned up behind. Rv. YEΛH. Owl stg. r. on branch; to r., olive-spray. Williams, THE SILVER COINAGE OF VELIA, p. 42, 208A, 22(b) = Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 246 = 2.90gm. (plated).  3.28gm.  Plated.  Rare.  Near VF, a little verdigris.  Ref# V1131  $85

. Silver Quarter-Shekel (= Hemidrachm), c. 212/211 B.C. Wreathed hd. of Tamid (Tanit/Persephone) l. Rv. Horse stg. r. 1.68gm., 12mm. Rutter, HN Italy 2015.  Rare.  Near VF/VF    Ref# V1192   SOLD

Struck during the Second Punic War.

(later, Agrigentum). c. 505 B.C. Silver Didrachm. AKPAΓ-ANTOΣ (in retrograde, running clockwise from rim). Sea eagle standing left with folded wings. Rv. Fresh-water crab. 8.33gm. Jenkins Ia. SNG ANS 909. BMC 8. SNG Cop. -. Dewing -. Babelon – Weber -. Grose -.   Rare.  VF, unusually well centered on an oblong flan.   Ref# V1190  $425 - Sold

SICILY: AKRAGAS (Agrigentum). Phintias, 287-279 B.C. Æ16. Laur. hd. of Zeus l. Rv. Eagle stg. l. on hare. 3.86gm. Calciati 116.  About Fine  Far better in hand.  Ref.# V1076  $17.50

Phintias took power in Akragas and ridded the city of Syracusan domination after the death of Agathokles of Syracuse.

SICILY: HIMERA. c. 420-414 B.C. Æ Hemilitron (= Hexonkion). Pan with conch shell and lagobolon (hunter's stick) riding goat r.; Corinthian helmet below. Rv. Nike flying left, holding filleted aphlaston and hem of chiton; six pellets (mark of value: 6 onkia) to left. 20mm., 5.93gm. Calciati (CNS) 27. Lindgren -. SNG Cop. 318. Weber -.  RareGood F  Ref.# V1088  $42.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (= Good F ). See Sear GCV p. 116, no. 1108 (£50 ~ $100 in F in 1978). As CNG Auc. 327, no. 424 (PR USD $240 not including buyer's fees)

: HIMERA, 415/410 - 409/407 B.C. Hemilitron. Hd. of the nymph Himera l., hair bound in ampyx and sphendone; in front, six pellets (= mark of value). Rv. Six pellets within laurel wreath. 16mm., 3.23gm. CNS I, p. 43, 35. Good VF, attractive dark greenish-brown patina. Much better in hand.  Ref.# V1027  $32.50

480-462 B.C. AR Litra. Hare springing r. Rv. MES (in retrograde). 10mm., 0.81gm. SNG ANS 323. Brett, Boston Museum of Fine Arts (BMFA) 287. Rare. VF, nice dark cabinet toning. Much better in hand.  Ref.# V1034  $95

EX Naumann Numismatik, Munich (their grade).

SICILY: MORGANTINA, c. 340 B.C., Æ Hexas (Onkia). Youthful female hd. of Sikelia (= Sicily: a personification of the island) r., wearing laurel wreath. Rv. M-OPΓAN-TINΩN. Tripod. 15mm., 3.54gm. Gabrici 152. Very Rare. VF, attractive dark patina. Difficult to photograph - much better in hand - with nice surfaces.  Ref.# V1026  $145

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).


SICILY: PANORMOS (called Ziz by the Phoenician, Carthaginian and Punic traders; the present-day Palermo), c. 336-330 B.C. Æ13-14. Laur. male hd. (Esmun?) l. Rv. Forepart of horse r.; below, dolphin r.  3.4gm. Calciati CNS 12. SNG ANS -.  Rare.  Good F, pleasant dark brownish-green patina; some deposits. Small coin, better in hand.   Ref# V1160   $16.50

Ziz =
Phoenician for "flower"

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his description and grade).

SICILY: SYRACUSE. Hieron I (478-466 BC). AR Litra of c. 475-470 B.C. Diademed head of Arethusa r. Rv. Wheel of four spokes. 8mm., 0.78gm.  SNG ANS 116. Good VF, good archaic style and nicely toned. Small coin, better in hand. Ref# V1139   $95

EX London Ancient Coins Ltd. (their grading).

SICILY: SYRACUSE. Dionysos I (405-367 B.C.), Æ Litra of 405/399 B.C. Hd. of Athena l., wearing Corinthian helmet. Rv. Hippocamp swimming l. 18mm., 7.21gm. Calciati II, p. 89, 45. Fine to Good F  Ref.# V1030  $27.50

EX Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co., Munich.


THRACE: ABDERA, c. 360 B.C. Trichalkon. Ermostrates, magistrate.  ABΔΗΡΙΤΩΝ. Griffin rampant l. Rv. ΕΠΙ ΕΡΜΟΣΤΡΑΤΟΥ. Laur. hd. of Apollo r. within shallow circular incuse. Æ17-19mm., 6.32gm. Apparently unrecorded transitional issue (but cf. BMC 89, AMNG 181, Moushmov 2463: all with reverse portrait of Apollo within a linear square border).  Very Rare.  VF, rather thick flan.  Ref.# V1128  $85

EX Gitbud & Naumann (their grade).

The ODRYSIAN KINGDOM of THRACE. Alexander I Sparadokos. Silver Diobol, c. 464-444 B.C. Σ-ΠA. Forepart of horse galloping l. Rv. Eagle with outspread wings and snake, hd. l.: all within shallow incuse square. 11mm., 1.23gm.
BMC 1. Peter 63.  RARE.  VF, the fields pleasantly toned.  Ref.# V1025  $85

Olynthos has been the suggested mint of this issue.

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich/Numismatik Lanz München (his grading).

For another example of this issue also see Numismatik Lanz München, Auction 156 (2. June 2013), lot 91: VF, PR €260/$338

Sparadokos was the first of the Odrysians to strike coinage.

KOTYS (Cotys) I, King of Thrace, 384-359 B.C., AR Trihemiobol (Quarter-Drachm), minted at Cypsela. Bearded hd. of Kotys as Sabazios (Dionysos of Thrace) l. Rv. KO. Kotyle (twin-handled cup); ivy-leaf at r. 0.68gm. SNG Oxford (Ashmolean) Part IV, 3719 (382-359 B.C.) and otherwise unpublished.  VF, toned.   Ref# V1182   $65

The kotyle, a vessel form originating in Corinth, is here a punning allusion on the king's name as well as an attribute of Dionysos.

Cotys I, Rex Thraciae (Κότυς Βασιλέας Θράκης).

KINGS OF THRACE. MOSTIS. 139/138 - 101/100 B.C. Æ19-21 of c. 125 B.C., most probably minted at Bisanthe. Laureate hd. of Apollo r. Rv. BAΣIΛEΩΣ MOΣTIΔOΣ. Horse adv. l.; above, monogram. 4.12gm. SNG BM 310. SNG Cop. 1174.  RAREFine to Good F, legends complete.   Ref.# V1103  $27.50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich

: APOLLONIA (Pontika, Pontike, Pontica), Silver Drachm, c. 390 B.C. Hd. of Medusa (Gorgon, Gorgoneion) facing, hair in ringlets, tongue extended. Rv. Anchor with crayfish at l. and A (=Apollonia) at r.  2.81gm. Very rare variant, unrecorded for this less grotesque portrait and drachm under the Phoenician weight standard of the 4th century.  Good VF   Ref# V1152   $75

As Lanz Auk. 80, 79 (350.- DM = ~ USD 255.-).

EX Professor James Hartley Nichols collection.

: APOLLONIA, ca. 390 B.C., Silver Drachm. Hd. of Gorgoneion (Gorgon, Medusa) facing, tongue extended, hair curled in circlets. Rv. Anchor; A (= Apollonia) to l.; crayfish (crab) to r.  2.85gm.  SNG Cop. 457.
Grose/McClean 7318. SNG BM 161.  Good VF   Ref# V1153   $49.50

For the dating see Numismatik Lanz München Auk. 80, 77

The THRACIAN ISLANDS (Islands off Thrace): THASOS, c. 412-404 B.C., Thasos. AR Trihemiobol. Satyr running l., holding kantharos in r. hand. Rv. ΘAΣ-IΩN. Amphora: within shallow incuse. .67gm. Le Rider, Thasiennes 27; HGC 6, 351; SNG Copenhagen 1030. VF/Good F, holed.  Ref.# V1029   $49.50

The THRACIAN ISLANDS (Islands off Thrace): THASOS. AR Trihemitartemorion = 3/8 obol (Phocaean Standard, silver), c. 412-404 B.C. Mint: city of Thasos.  Hd. of nymph l., hair bound with taenia. Rv. ΘΑ-Σ. Dolphin l., floating within incuse square. 6mm., 0.20gm. Apparently unpublished, but cf. BMC 63, Le Rider, Guide de Thasos, pl. I, 13, SNG Lockett 1239 (all hemiobols).  RRRVF, attractive old dark toning.    Ref# V1188    $39.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).

See Berk, Gemini XI, nos. 84-86 (all hemiobols) @ $500, $350 and $500 respectively !


: OLYNTHOS. Chalcidian League. Silver Tetrobol, c. 410-401 B.C. Laureate head of Apollo r. Rv. X-Α-Λ / ΚΙΔ-ΕΩΝ. Kithara (lyre) of seven strings within shallow incuse. 14mm., 2.06gm. SNG Cop. 243. VF-EF  Ref.# V1033  $125

Same artist as the Sear plate coin!

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his dating).

323-315 B.C. Silver Tetrobol (Fifth-Tetradrachm on the Attic Standard). Hd. of Apollo r. Rv. Jockey on horse leaping r.; below, fulmen. 2.37gm. SNG ANS 436.  Rare.  F/Near F, attractive dark cabinet toning not apparent in the photo.   Ref.# V1023  $27.50

Minted under Philip III. The reverse commemorates Philip II’s victory in the equestrian events at the Olympic games in 356 B.C., the year of Alexander the Great’s birth (106th Olympics: Philip II won the race, riding his horse). Prior to that time, the Macedonians were considered by other Greeks as barbarians. It was an even greater honor for Philip to win the prize. In 356 B.C. his entry won the single horse event.

KINGS of MACEDON: Alexander III “The Great.”
336-323 BC. Æ Unit (Dichalkon). Uncertain mint in Macedon, 325 B.C. or later.  Hd. of Alexander as Herakles r., wearing lion-skin. Rv. Bow in case and club; below, fulmen. 17mm, 5.16gm. Price 376. SNG Alpha Bank 782.  About VF, attractive blackish patina.  Ref# V1119  $22.50
Difficult to photograph because of the dark patina - much better "in hand"

, 277-239 B.C., Æ14, Pella or Amphipolis mint. Hd. of Athena r., wearing Corinthian helmet. Rv. Pan adv. r., naked but for hair wreathed, erecting a trophy. 2.39gm. SNG Cop. 1210. About VF, dark brown patina.  Ref# V1104  $15

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich

c. 370-360 B.C. Dichalkon. Hd. of the nymph Larissa l., wearing pendant-earring and plain necklace. Rv. Laur. and bearded hd. of Asklepios r. with snake rising r. before him: all within shallow circular incuse. Æ16mm., 3.65gm., 12hr. Rogers 305. SNG Copenhagen 146. Very Rare. VF, pleasant dark brown patina.  Ref.# V1032  $60

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).

THESSALY: LARISSA. c. 360-356 BC. AR Obol. Head of the nymph Larissa facing slightly l. Rv. Horse grazing r. 10mm, 0.66gm, 11h.  RareBCD Thessaly 385.6; SNG Copenhagen 135. VF Ref.# V1105  $85

EX London Ancient Coins (LAC)  - their grading

: LARISSA. c. 360-344 B.C. Æ Trichalkon. Hd. of the nymph Larissa facing slightly l., wearing ampyx. Rv. Thessalian horseman advancing r. Æ18-20mm., 5.30gm. Rogers 287a.  Fine  Ref.# V1102  $12.50
EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich.


THESSALY: LARISSA. c. 344-337 B.C. AR Trihemiobol (11mm, 1.10gm., 6h). Head of the nymph Larissa three-quarters l. Rv. Thessalian horseman galloping r. Hermann Group VII, pl. VI, 1; SNG Copenhagen 134. RARE. Good Fine  Ref.# V1106  $65

EX London Ancient Coins (LAC)  - their grading
THESSALY: LARISSA. c. 344-321 B.C. Æ Dichalkon. Hd. of the nymph Larissa r., wearing saccos. Rv. Horse grazing r. 15mm, 3.79gm., 12h. BCD Thessaly 390. BMC 89. Brown patina, VF/Good Fine, nice dark brown patina with a little dark red mottling.   Ref# V1109  $24.50

EX London Ancient Coins Ltd., London (their  description and grade).

: TANAGRA. 387-374 B.C. AR Obol. Boeotian shield. Rv. T A. Protome of horse l. 0mm., 0.93gm. BMC 40.  Rare. VF  Ref# V1115   $39.50

EX Numismatik Naumann GmbH, Munich (their grade).

BOEOTIA, Federal Coinage.
Earlier 3rd Cent. B.C. Æ12 (Chalkon). Boeotian shield. Rv. Ornamented trident; on r., dolphin. 1.38gm. BCD Boiotia 77.  Rare smaller denomination.  About VF    Ref# V1140   $17.50

BOEOTIA. Federal Coinage.
Earlier 3rd Cent. B.C. Æ13 (Chalkon). Boeotian shield. Rv. Ornamented trident; on r., dolphin. 1.94gm. BCD Boiotia 77.  VG-F    Ref# V1141   $12.50

EX Solidus Numismatik, Munich

. Federal Coinage. Earlier 3rd Cent. B.C. Æ18-19 (Trichalkon). Hd. of Athena r., wearing Corinthian helmet. Rv. Trophy of arms with helmet, shield and spear. 5.31gm. BCD Boiotia 88.  VG    Ref# V1142   $7.50

. Federal Coinage. Earlier 3rd Cent. B.C. Æ20 (Trichalkon). Hd. of Athena r., wearing Corinthian helmet. Rv. Trophy of arms with helmet, shield and spear. 5.76gm. BCD Boiotia 88. G-VG    Ref# V1143   $4.

: CORINTH. Silver Drachm. Minted 315-306 B.C. Pegasus flying l., koppa below. Rv. Hd. of the nymph Peirene l., wearing sphendone and long earring;
delta below chin, omphalos phiale behind.  16mm., 2.42gm.  BCD -. BMC 304. Flan a bit ragged, otherwise, nearly EF   Ref# V1201   SOLD

Lovely style !

For the more recent (2014) attribution of the obverse of this particular issue as depicting the head of Peirene rather than Aphrodite, see Ellen Papakyriakou/Anagnostou's COINAGE OF CORINTH.

Pirene or Peirene (Πειρήνη) is the name of a fountain or spring in Greek mythology, physically located in Corinth. It was said to be a favored watering-hole of Pegasus, sacred to the Muses.
Poets would travel there to drink and receive inspiration. The legend about Peirene is that she was a woman who became a spring because of her tears shed in lamentation for her son Cenchrias, who was unintentionally killed by Artemis.

 223-196 BC. Æ12. Hd. of Herakles r. Rv. Forepart of Pegasus r.: koppa and HP monogram below.
 BCD Korinth 310. Price Class E, 2.  Very Rare.  VF, some earthen deposits; a small coin better in hand.   Ref.# V1024   $27.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading and rarity).

. PHLIASIA: PHLIOUS (Phlius). Chalkon (Chalkous), earlier-mid 4th Century B.C. Bull butting left. Rv. Large phi with a pellet to either side. 1.44gm. BMC 14. SNG Copenhagen 10.  RareG-VG  Small coin, better in hand.      Ref# V1202     $7.50

EX Solidus Numismatik, Munich.

. PHLIASIA: PHLIOUS (Phlius). Chalkon (Chalkous). c. 280-270 B.C. Bull (forepart) butting l. Rv. Large phi surrounded by garland of ivy. Æ12-13mm., 1.40gm. MacIssac Issue 3, J; BCD Peloponnesos 145-6 (otherwise apparently unrecorded). Very RareF/VF   Ref# V1203   $17.50

EX Solidus Numismatik, Munich.

MYSIA: KYZIKOS (Cyzicus). ca. later 4th/earlier 3rd Cent. B.C. Chalkon. Hd. of Kore Soteira r., wearing corn-wreath and sphendone, within circular border. Rv. Tripod; above, crown; below, tunny fish. Æ11mm., 0.95gm. BMC 141, pl. IX, 16. Rare in this smaller denomination. VF, pleasant dark brown patina, some deposits, small coin, better "in hand."   Ref# V1121  $16.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).

MYSIA: GERME. A.D. 193-235. Chalkon. Bearded bust of Herakles r., lion-skin around shoulders, within dotted circular border. Rv. ΓΕΡΜΗ-ΝΩΝ. Nemian lion walking r. on ground-line within dotted circular border. Æ15mm, 1.09gm. SNG Danish (Copenhagen) 127.  Scarce.  VF   Small coin, better in hand.  Ref# V1116  $12.50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).

MYSIA: PRIAPOS (Priapus). 3rd Century B.C. Chalkon. Hd. of Apollo facing. Rv. Crayfish. Æ10-11mm., 1.41gm. SNG von Aulock 7527.  Very Rare.   VF, pleasant very dark patina.   Ref# V1090  $29.50

For rarity see Roma Numismatics, Auc. 12 (1 Nov. 2014), Lot 511.

This town was a center of worship for the god of the same name.

(Mysian Islands): PROKONNESOS. ca. mid/later 4th Cent. B.C. Chalkon. Laur. hd. of Aphrodite r., wearing sakkos. Rv. ΠΡΟ-ΚΟΝ. Oinochoe.  Æ11mm., 1.31gm. SNG von Aulock 1438. SNG BN Paris 2426. RARE.  Fine   Ref# V1154    $13.50

TROAS: NEANDRIA. 5th Century B.C. AR Hemiobol. Corinthian helmet r. Rv. Amphora in bead-bordered incuse square. 7mm., 0.24gm. SNG Aul. -. SNG Cop -. Klein - . BMC -. SNG München -. Isegrim -. As Gorny & Mosch 191, 2010, 1497. Rare!   VF    Ref.# V1037   $49.50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grading).

TROAS (Plain of Troy): NEANDRIA.
c. 400 B.C. Silver Obol. Laur. hd. of Apollo r. Rv. NEA-N. Ram stg. r. within incuse square.  9mm., 0.56gm. Klein, KM 46, 318.   Rare.   VF   Ref.# V1035   $95
EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grade).

This town was located in the hinterland, on Mount Chigri, near Kolonai (Colonae).

TROAS (Plain of Troy): NEANDRIA
. c. 400-370 B.C. Silver Obol. Laur. hd. of Apollo r. Rv. NEA-N. Ram stg. r. within incuse square. 9mm., 0.51gm.  SNG von Aulock 7628.   Rare.   VF   Ref.# V1021  $75

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grade).

TENEDOS (Island off Troas)
. AR Obol. c. 350 B.C. Janiform head: Hera left, Zeus right. Rv. Labrys (double-headed axe) within incuse square. 9mm., 0.53gm. Klein 325. SNG von Aulock 1587. SNG München 340. SNG Tübingen 2677.
  Good F  
Ref.# V1061  $29.50

Ex Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).

The island and town were situated off the coast of the Troad, south-west of Ilion (Troy). The women were renowned for their exceptional beauty. The labrys was the badge of Tenedos.

AEOLIS: KYME (Cyme). c. 350-320 B.C. AR Hemiobol. Protome of horse. Rv. A-I-O-Λ-O-Σ between petals of rosette: all within circular incuse. 6mm., 0.28gm. Very rare magistrate.  SNG Ashmolean-; SNG COP; SNG München-; SNG v. Aulock-; BMC-; Babelon Tr. -. CNG 296, 46 (otherwise unpublished).  Near VF  Ref.# V1018  $85

(Cyme). Later 4th/earlier 3rd Cent. B.C. Silver Hemiobol. K-Y. Forepart of horse r. Rv. Rosette of nine petals with central pellet within circular incuse. 7mm., 0.30gm. Apparently unpublished (but cf. SNG Danish (Copenhagen) 34: eight petals).   Rare!   VF   Ref.# V1056  $49.50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grading).

AIOLIS: GRYNION (Gyrneion). 4th Cent. B.C. (before 306). Æ Chalkon. Hd. of Apollo facing sl. l. Rv. Mussel-shell. 1.42gm. SNG von Aulock 7689.  Rare.  Fine, pleasant dark patina with portrait in high relief.   Ref# V1118   $8.50

AEGEAN ISLANDS: LESBOS. Lesbian Koinòn. c. 525-513 B.C. Bl Diobol (Twelfth-Stater). Boar's head r.; in front, eye. Rv. Barley grain and pellet within incuse square. 8mm., 1.11gm. Apparently unpublished (but. cf. BMC 23-5 and HGC 6, 1085: reverse with incuse square only). See Lazzarini Series II (but also unlisted). RRR!  Nearly VF   Ref.# V1060  $60

Ex Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grading).

ISLE of LESBOS. Lesbian Koinòn.
525-513 B.C. Silver BI Forty-Eighth Stater. Eye. Rv. Incuse square punch. 5mm., 0.26gm. BMC 37-8. Lazzarini, A Contribution to the Archaic Billon Coinage of Lesbos, Series II unlisted (but cf. p. 91, fig. 1, 17: only Ninety-Sixth Stater recorded).  VERY RARE!   Fine, good silver content with pleasant dark toning to the devices.  Ref.# V1020  $49.50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (also see their Auction 23, Lot 335: €525 / $656 PR !!!)

It is very probable that the eye was associated with the Gorgon (head of the staters), thus acquiring an apotropaic (i.e., having the power to avert evil influences or bad luck) value.

Lesbian Koinòn. Archaic Period. Later 6th/early 5th Cent. B.C. Silver Billon Twelfth-Stater (Diobol). Confronted boars’ hds. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square. 1.24gm. SNG von Aulock 7712. Rosen 566. SNG Copenhagen 287. Rare.
VF, good silver content with pleasing old dark tone.   Ref.# V1058  $75
BMC 17 (= Sear GCV p. 325, no. 3488 = £140 ~  $280 in VF)
For rarity see: Jean Elsen, Auction 125 (13 June 2015) Lot 74
EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade)

Later 6th Cent. B.C. Lesbian Koinòn. Silver Billon 24th-Stater (Obol).  Confronted boars’ hds. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square. 9mm., 0.73gm Rosen 542. SNG Danish (Copenhagen) 289. VF  Ref.# V1019  $30

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).

LESBOS. Lesbian Koinòn.
Early 5th Cent. B.C. Billon Diobol (Twelfth-Stater). Two boars' hds. vis-à-vis. Rv. Quadripartite incuse square. 9mm., 1.33gm. SNG von Aulock 7712. Rosen 542. Babelon, Traité, 566.  Rare.  Fine    Ref.# V1057  $22.50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade)
For rarity see Jean Elsen & ses Fils S.A., Auction 107, Lot 143.

Lesbian Koinòn. Late Archaic Period. c. 478-460 B.C.  Silver Billon Twelfth-Stater (Obol). ΛΕΣ. Confronted boars’ heads. Rv. Square incuse punch of rough form. 0.89gm. BMC 13-14. HGC 6, 1067. Rosen 542. Lorenzo Lazzarini (2011) Lesbos Series IV. Really Good VF, good silver content; attractive old dark tone.   Ref.# V1059    $120

EX Gitbud & Naumann,

: METHYMNA. c. 500/480-460 B.C. AR Hemitartemorion (= Eighth-Obol). Facing head of Silenos. Rv. Irregular quadripartite incuse square. 6mm., 0.16mm.  Unpublished! RRR!  Near VF  Very small coin, much better in hand.  Ref# V1124   $47.50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).


An ancient Greek silver coin denomination with a value of 1/2 Tartemorion, or 1/8 obol, or 1/24 drachm.

404-394 B.C., Silver Hemidrachm. Hd. of Helios facing slightly r., hair loose. Rv. P - O either side of rose: all within incuse square. 1.72gm. SNG Finland 366. Ashton 19. HGC 6, 1426.  Rare.  F-VF    Ref.# V1062   $65

EX Dr. Reinhard Fischer, Bonn, Germany.

IONIA: EPHESOS. AR Tetartemorion, 546-500 B.C. Bee viewed from the top. Rv. Eagle's head to right within incuse square. 5mm., 0.16gm. SNG Kayan 134. Klein 370-371.   VF    Ref.# V1036   $75

EX Numismatica Tintinna
, Scandiano, Reggio Emilia, Italy (their grade).

. c. 375-360 B.C. Silver Diobol. Laureate head of Apollo left. Rv. Lyre. 11mm., 0.90gm. SNG Copenhagen 142.   Rare.  VF   Ref.# V1017  $32.50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).


KINGDOM OF LYDIA: KROISOS (Croesus), 560-546 B.C., Silver Hemihekte (Twelfth-Stater), mint of Sardes, struck c. 550-546 B.C.  Confronted foreparts of lion and bull. Rev: Incuse punch. 8mm., 0.83gm. Boston Museum of Fine Art 2072. This series represents the very beginnings of silver coinage.    VF, toned.   Small coin, better in hand!   Ref.# V1063  $110

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their attribution and grade).

LYDIA: SARDES. c. 301-297 B.C. Dichalkon. Hd. of Herakles r., clad in lion-skin headdress. Rv. ΣAΡΔI/ANΩN. Amphora; to lower r., monogram. Æ14mm., 3.92gm. Apparently unpublished monogram (but cf. BMC 46-7). RARE. VF, rather thick flan.  Ref.# V1094  $32.50

Ex Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (
his attribution and grade).

LYDIA: SARDES. 2nd/1st Century B.C. (after 133). Dichalkon. Laur. hd. of Apollo r. Rv. ΣAPΔIANΩN. Mace within oak-wreath. Æ14mm., 3.90gm.  BMC 17.  Scarce.  VF, rather thick flan.   Ref.# V1095   $15

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his attribution and grade).

: SARDES. Under the official Libonianus. End of 1st/early A.D. 2nd Cent. Provincial Semis. CAPΔIA NON. Hd. of the young Dionysos r., wearing ivy-wreath. Rv. CTP ΛO IO ΛI-BΩNIANOV. Filleted thyrsos; bee, viewed from above, upwards, in field to r. Æ16-17mm., 3.89gm. Imhoof-Blumer, LSM 290, 13.  Very Rare.  Scratches, otherwise VF   Ref.# V1055  $47.50
Issues under the official Libonianus occur on coins during the reign of Trajan.

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his rarity and grading).
For rarity also see Münzen & Medaillen GmbH (DE), Auction 30 (2009), lot 786.

LYDIA: APOLLONIS. Under the strategist Hermokrates. A.D. 160-169. Assarion. AΠOΛΩNIΔEΩN. Bust of Tyche r., wearing mural crown. Rv. EΠΙ CΤΡ ΕΡΜΟΚΡΑΤΟΥC. Modius filled with barley-ears and poppies. Æ18-20mm., 4.33gm. SNG München 39.  Very Rare.  VF, dark patina.  Ref.# V1064  $22.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his rarity and grading).


PHOENICIA: SIDON. 'Abd'Ashtart (Straton) I. 372-359 B.C. AR Sixteenth-Shekel. Galley sailing l., waves below; Phoenician letter beth above. Rv. King stg. r., fighting with rampant lion l.; Phoenician letter ayin between. 10mm., 0.73gm. Klein 718. VF   Ref.# V1054  $65

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grading).


PERSIA, Achaemenid Empire. Artaxerxes II Mnemon (405-359 B.C.). Not after c. 375. AR Siglos. (Old Persian: Artaxšaçā, or Ṛtaxšaca, meaning "whose reign is through truth." Mnemon = "Exalted."). King adv. r with bow drawn outward in l. hand; annulets on kandys. Counterstamp: flower (on stem). Rv. Very irregular incuse punch (sometimes referred to a a map). 5.55 gm. Carradice Type IV. BMC Persia p. 171, 172. Klein 763. Rosen 674.  Ref# V1193 Really Good VF, unusually good style for these issues and quite scarce.  SOLD

Ian Carradice personally attibuted this specimen to the time of this king's reign. The counterstamp according to myself AND Mr. Carradice represents a flower.
This countermark relates to Tarsus during his reign. The particular weight standard of this piece ceased about 375 B.C. after which the siglos apparently became significantly lighter (below 3.4gm.). cf. Carradice, I., THE 'REGAL 'COINAGE OF THE PERSIAN EMPIRE (B.A.R., Oxford, 1987), p. 95. This countermark probably relates to Tarsus. Cf. Babelon, E. Les Perses Achéménides, Intro., XXVI, Tarse 1d. For an attribution of the annulets as representing pearls cf. Babelon, E., Les Perses Achéménides, p. 14.

He had the longest reign of the Achaemenid kings. He played the role of referee between Athens and Sparta and recovered the cities of Asia Minor after the peace of Antalcidas in 386 B.C.

He became involved in a war with Persia's erstwhile allies, the Spartans, who, under Agesilaus II, invaded Asia Minor. In order to redirect the Spartans attention to Greek affairs, Artaxerxes subsidized their enemies: in particular the Athenians, Thebans and Corinthians. These subsidies helped to engage the Spartans in what would become known as the Corinthian War. In 386 BC, Artaxerxes II betrayed his allies and came to an arrangement with Sparta, and in the Treaty of Antalcidas he forced his erstwhile allies to come to terms. This treaty restored control of the Greek cities of Ionia and Aeolis on the Anatolian coast to the Persians, while giving Sparta dominance on the Greek mainland.

There is apparently evidence indicating that these particular issues helped subsidize the Spartans to finance this war.

KINGDOM of PARTHIA (Arsacid Empire): VOLOGASES III, A.D. 105-147, Silver Drachm, Ecbatana ( Hegmataneh). His diad. and cuir. bust l., with long, pointed beard, earring visible, hair slightly waved. Rv. Stylized Greek inscr.: "King of Kings, the Philhellene, God manifest, just, beneficent." Arsaces, enthroned r., holding bow. 3.66gm. Sellwood 78.4.  Good VF/VF, bold portrait; in nice metal and toned.   Ref# V1173   $49.50

KINGDOM of PARTHIA (Arsacid Empire): VOLOGASES III, A.D. 105-147, Silver Drachm, Ecbatana (Hegmataneh). His diad. bust l., earring visible, wearing torque and long, triangular beard; hair waved. Rv. Arsaces, as archer, enthroned r.; below bow, mint-mark; seven-line Greek inscription. 3.64gm. Sellwood 78.5. Nice VF/Almost VF, portrait in good relief with pleasant toning.   Ref# V1174   $42.50

ELYMAIS. KAMNASKIRES VIII. ca. A.D. 1-15. Drachm, Seleucia on the Hedyphon mint. His bearded, crowned and diademed bust l.; to l., star, crescent and anchor. Rv. Anchor surrounded by pellets and dashes. Æ13-15mm., 2.83gm.  RARE. VF  Ref.# V1096  $47.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz (his attribution and grading).


EGYPTIAN PTOLEMAIC IMPERIAL COINAGE: QUEEN CLEOPATRA VII, Philopator, wife of Marc Antony and lover of Julius Caesar. Æ Chalkon (Quarter-Obol), Ptolemaic mint of Neopaphos on Cyprus, c. 48-30 B.C. Queen Cleopatra VII, wearing necklace and light drapery, with her hair tied in small bun at neck. Rv. Filleted cornucopiae. 1.29gm. Cf. Kreuzer, The Coinage System of Cleopatra VII and Augustus in Cyprus, p. 44, no. 1. An example from the same series in similar, and, perhaps, inferior condition (but called "Very Fine") sold for $500 + fees at CNG 69 lot 737. Our example of the same series, SNG Cop. 650 vice their 648 (which they apparently mis-attributed to 649). Sear -. VF, attractive greenish-brown, almost black, patina.   Ref.# V1016   $49.50

chalkon = quarter-obol

EGYPTIAN PTOLEMAIC IMPERIAL COINAGE: QUEEN CLEOPATRA VII, Philopator, wife of Marc Antony and lover of Julius Caesar. Æ Chalkon (Quarter-Obol), Ptolemaic mint of Neopaphos on Cyprus. c. 34 - 31 B.C. Laur. hd. of Zeus Ammon r. Rv. Zeus Salaminos stg. almost facing, hd. l., holding grain ear and torch. Cox, Excavations at Curium, 128. BMC Cyprus, lxxxi, 2. Svoronos -. SNG Cop. -. Lichochka, Un Type de Zeus sur les Monnaies Hellenistiques de Neapaphos, 5-6. Museum of the History of Cypriot Coinage, Coin Catalogue (Bank of Cyprus Cultural Foundation, Nicosia, 1996), Ch. 11, 35. Sear -. 1.76gm.   Really Good Fine, good dark brownish-green patina.    Ref.# V1038   $39.50

The statue of
Zeus Salaminos has been uncovered by archaeologists in Salamis.

ZEUGITANIA: CARTHAGE. First-half of the 4th Cent. B.C. Æ Unit. Wreathed hd. of Tanit l. Rv. Horse stg. r. before palm tree. 16mm., 2.93gm. De Luynes 3803.  Good F/F   Decent dark patina and much better "in hand" with occlusions much more feintly apparentRef# V1108   $15
EX Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co., Munich.

ZEUGITANIA: CARTHAGE. First-half of the 4th Cent. B.C. Æ Unit. Wreathed head of Tanit l. Rv. Horse stg. r. before palm tree. 2.91gm., 16mm.  De Luynes 3803.  Good F/F   Decent dark patina and much better "in hand" with occlusions much more feintly apparent!  Ref# V1107   $15
EX Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co., Munich.

ZEUGITANIA: CARTHAGE. c. 350-320 B.C. Æ Unit. Wreathed head of Tanit l. Rv. Horse stg. r. before palm tree. 2.30gm., 16mm. De Luynes 3807.  Fine   Decent dark patina and much better "in hand" with occlusions much more feintly apparent!  Ref# V1146  $12.50
EX Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co., Munich.


INDIA, GUPTA IMPERIAL COINAGE: KING KUMARAGUPTA I. A.D. 414-455, Silver Drachm, Gupta Era Year 107 = A.D. 426/427. His bust r. Rv. Formalized figure of Garuda stg. facing; Brahmi inscr. around. 14-15mm., 2.19gm. As Baldwin's Auction 40, Lot 679.  Rare.  VF, in good silver and toned.  Ref# V1185  $39.50

The HUNS in INDIA. AR Dramma (Obol) of Sind. Śri Yashaaditya. Mid-6th Century. Hunnic hd. r., wearing thin-lined crown. Rv. Trident-symbol with legend naming Śri Yashaaditya (Sri Ya Shaa Di Tya). 0.47gm. Tandon, JONS 197 (2008), 18. Very Rare.   EF   Ref.# V1015  $39.50
EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his rarity and grading).

ALBINUS BRUTUS F. Assassin of Julius Caesar. Silvered Denarius (Subaeratus), 48 B.C. Rome. PIETAS. Head of Pietas with pearl diadem r. Rv. ALBINVS · BRVTVS · F. Two hands in a handshake, behind kerykeion (caduceus). 18mm., 3.48gm. Crawford 450/2; HCRI 26; Sydenham 942; Postumia 10. Corrosion, otherwise, Fine   Ref.# V1065  $85
EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich.
THIS Brutus is the individual that Caesar would have most likely targeted with the phrase"Et tu, Brute?" (rather than Marcus Junius Brutus) during his assassination.

KINGDOM of THRACE. AUGUSTUS and RHOEMETALCES (RHOIMETALKES) I, 11 B.C.-A.D. 12. Æ17-18, Perinthus. Diad. hd. of Rhoimetalkes r. Rv. Bare hd. of Augustus r. 3.92gm. Corpus Nummorum Thracorum 3250. Good F   Ref.# V1053   $17.50

KINGDOM of THRACE. Rhoemetalkes I and Pythodoris with Augustus, 11 B.C.-A.D. 12. Æ21-22, Byzantium. BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΡOIMHTAΛKOΥ ("King Rhoemetalkes"). Jugate hds. of Rhoemetalkes and his wife, queen Pythodoris r.
Rv. KAIΣAΡOΣ ΣEBAΣTOΥ ("Esteemed Caesar"). Bare head of Augustus r. 12.07gm., thick flan. Corpus Nummorum Thracorum 3267.  VG-F       Ref# V1147        $8.50

KINGDOM of THRACERhoemetalces I and his Queen Pythodoris, with Augustus. 12 B.C. to A.D. 12. Æ20-22mm., struck at Byzantium, 11 B.C.-A.D. 12. Jugate heads of Rhoemetalces I and Pythodoris. Rv. Bare head of Augustus r. 7.30gm.  RPC 1711.  About F   Ref# V1148   $12.50

Rhoemetalces I (Ancient Greek: Ῥοιμητάλκης) was king of the Odrysian kingdom of Thrace from 12 B.C. to A.D. 12. The Roman historian Tacitus, describes him as "attractive and civilized." His wife and the mother of his heir, known only through numismatic evidence, was Queen Pythodoris.

TIBERIUS. A.D. 14-37. Æ As of Turiaso (Turiasu, Turismo) in Hispania. TI CAESAR AVG.F IMP.PONT.M. His laur. hd. r. Rv. Bull stg. r.  27-29mm, 11.80gm. SNG Cop. 605.  VF, reverse smoothed.  Ref.# V1093 $18.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).

During the Roman era, Turiaso (the modern Tarazona) was a prosperous city whose inhabitants were full Roman citizens.


TIBERIUS and LIVIA. Provincial As of Thessalonica in Macedon. Minted A.D. 22/23.

 Laur. hd. of Tiberius r. Rv. Diad. hd. of Livia r. Æ22mm., 8.65gm. RPC 1568. Touratsoglou, Thessalonika pl.6, 157. Rare. Obverse scratch, otherwise, VF, attractive glossy black patina.   Ref.# V1014  $49.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz (his grade).

For rarity see Gorny & Mosch Auc. 126, lot 1779.


Caesars,  Provincial Quadrans of Pergamum in Mysia, minted under Tiberius, c. A.D. 23-26. ΓΕΡΜΑΝΙΚΟΣ KAIΣΑΡ. Bare hd. of Germanicus r. Rv. ΔΡΟΥΣΟΣ KAIΣΑΡ. Bare hd. of Drusus r. Æ17-18mm., 3.15gm. RPC 2367. SNG BN 1247-8.  RARE.  VF, pleasant very dark patina.   Ref# V1155   $75

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).

CALIGULA. Æ As. Mint of Rome, A.D. 37/38. C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT. Bare head of Caligula left. Rv. VESTA. Vesta, veiled and draped, seated left on ornamental throne, holding patera and long transverse scepter; S-C across fields. 29mm., 10.83gm. RIC 38. Nice VF, attractive dark brown patina on both obverse AND reverse -- not apparent in the photos. Handsome portrait.  Ref.# V1052  $195

Philo of Alexandria reports that Caligula became ruthless after nearly dying of an illness in the eighth month of his reign in A.D. 37. Juvenal reports he was given a magic potion that drove him insane. Suetonius said that Caligula suffered from "falling sickness," or epilepsy, when he was young.

See one here at $1,500.


CALIGULA. A.D. 37-41. Provincial Semis (= Assarion) of Aezanis in Phrygia. Medeus, magistrate. ΓAIOC KAIΣAP. His laur. hd. r. Rv. AIZANITWN EΠI MHΔHOY. Zeus stg. almost facing, hd. l., holding eagle and scepter. Æ20mm., 5.09gm. BMC 58. RPC 3075.   Rare.   VF, attractive dark brown patina.  Ref# V1125  $79.50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grading).
Cf. Helios Numismatik GmbH, Auction 5, June 2010, lot 885 ("A few pits, dark brown patina, very fine. £300").

Claudius with Messalina, Britannicus and Claudia Octavia.
AR Bil. Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt. Laureate head of Claudius r.; to lower r., date LΓ (= regnal year 3 of Claudius = A.D. 43/44). Rv. MΕΣΣAΛI-NA. Messalina stg. l., leaning l. elbow on column, holding corn-ears, and figures of Britannicus and Claudia Octavia in outstretched l. hand; in lower r. field, a litmus. 24-25mm., 13.85gm. Köln 76. Dattari 124. Milne 77. Emmett 74. RPC I 5132. Top of Messalina's head against flan, but an unusually attractive portrayal for this coinage, and otherwise,  VF+     Ref.# V1051  $125

, Silver Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria, Egypt, minted A.D. Oct. 58/June 59. NEPΩN.KΛAY.KAIΣ ΣEBA.ΓEP.AYTO (= "Of Nero Claudius Caesar Emperor Germanicus Absolute-Ruler"). His laur. hd. r. Rv. IPH NH (across field). Eirene stg. r., holding caduceus and helmet. Regnal Year 5. 13.60gm. Dattari 231. Attractive old dark cabinet toning. Handsome portrait. VF   Ref.# V1050   $85

Nero was between 20 and 21 years old when this coin was struck.

EIRENE (or Irene) was the goddess of peace (eirênê) and of the season of spring (eiar, eiarinos).

EX Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. (their grade).


NERO. AR Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria in Egypt, minted A.D. Oct. 66/June 67. His hd. r., wearing radiate crown and aegis. Rv. Helmeted bust or Roma r. Regnal Year 13. 12.71gm. Dattari 246. Some greenish patches (verdigris) on reverse. VF   Ref.# V1013   $65

EX Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. (their grade).

Nero was between the ages of 26 and 27 when this coin was struck.

NERO, A.D. 54-68. Provincial Semis of Laodicea-On-The-Lycus in Phrygia, under the magistrate Aineias. NEPON ΣEBAΣTOΣ. His laur. hd. r.  Rv. KΩP / AINEIAΣ / ΛΑΟΔΙΚΕΩΝ. Zeus Laodikeos stg. l., holding eagle and scepter. Æ18mm., 4.80gm. RPC 2926.  Near VF   Ref.# V1039  $22.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).

Anonymous Quadrantes. Time of Domitian - Antoninus Pius. A.D. 81-161. Æ Quadrans, Rome mint. Diad. and dr. bust of Venus r. Rv. Dove stg. r. 13mm., 2.23gm. RIC II p. 218, 25. Good F, smoothing. $12.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (their description and grade).

The affectionate dove, the bird of love, was sacred to the goddess Venus (Aphrodite). Doves were said to draw her heavenly chariot, and the Syrian Aphrodite Ashtarte was said to have been hatched from an egg nursed by doves. The phrase attributed to Jesus, "Be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves" (Matthew 10.16), was no random metaphor but a traditional Syrian invocation.

FAUSTINA II (Junior, or Minor). A.D. 147-176. AR Denarius. Rome, A.D. 161-175. FAVSTINA AVGVSTA. Her dr. bust r. Rv. FECVN-DITAS. Fecunditas stg. r., holding scepter in r. hand, infant in l. 18-19mm., 3.20gm. RIC III 677. RSC II 99. VFRef# V1156     $32.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).  

LUCIUS VERUS, A.D. 161–169, Assarion of Antioch ad Orontem, Syria. His laur. hd. l. Rv. S.C. within laurel-wreath; above, theta symbol. Æ16-17mm., 3.28gm. Apparently unpublished. Good VF, attractive black patina.  Ref.# V1089  $29.50


COMMODUS. Æ Dupondius. Rome mint, A.D. 184. His rad. hd. r. Rv. Minerva adv. r., brandishing javelin and holding shield; S - C flanking low across field. 23mm., 7.93gm. Cohen -.  RIC III 419 (S).  Scarce.  Legends weak in places, otherwise, Good VF   Ref.# V1012  $49.50

COMMODUS.  A.D. 180-192.  Orichalcum Semis of Patrae in Achaea.  His laur. and bearded hd. r.  Rv. The City Goddess stg. l., sacrificing with patera and holding cornucopiae. 6.57gm. Dark reddish-brown patina. C. 1102.   RareVery Good  Ref# V1123 $8.50

COMMODUS. A.D. 180-192. Assarion of Alexandria Troas (Αλεξάνδρεια Τρωάς: "Alexandria of the Troad"). His laur. hd. r. Rv. Eagle with bull's head in talons, flying r. Æ22mm., 4.47gm. SNG Danish 129.  Good Fine, attractive forest-green patina.  Ref.# V1049  $32.50

EX Kingston, Ontario private collection.

Assarion = hemiobol in the silver series.

COMMODUS. A.D. 177-192, Assarion of Antioch in Pisidia, c. A.D. 179/80. Laureate head l. Rev. Mên standing r.; r. foot on bucranium and holding scepter and Nike; at lower l., cockerel stg. l. Æ22-24mm., 4.96gm.  Rare. Krzyzanowska -. SNG Copenhagen -. SNG von Aulock -. SNG France -. BMC -. Apparently unpublished. VF, pleasant very dark greenish-brown, almost black, patina.  Ref# V1126  $20

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).

Assarion = hemiobol in the silver series.

Mên (MHN) was the male Anatolean Moon God. His name is corresponding to the masculine form of MHNH = Selene. In Hellenistic times his cult spread out from Phrygia over Lydia, Pisidia and the whole Asia Minor to Attica and Athens. Mên is depicted standing in Phrygian clothing with spear or sceptre, and cock. In Antioch there was a great sanctuary of Mên.

COMMODUS. A.D. 177-192. Assarion of Antioch in Pisidia, c. A.D. 180. His laur., dr. and cuir. bust l. Rv. Mên, wearing Phrygian helmet, stg. almost facing, hd. r., holding sceptre and Nike; to lower l., cockerel stg. l. Æ23mm., 5.87gm. Rare. Krzyzanowska -; SNG Copenhagen -; SNG von Aulock -; SNG France -; BMC -. Apparently unpublished. Almost VF, attractive dark green patina with devices highlighted in "desert" patina.   Ref# V1127  $50

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grading).

Assarion = hemiobol in the silver series.

Mên (MHN) was the male Anatolian Moon-God, his name corresponding to the masculine form of MHNH = Selene. In Hellenistic times his cult spread out from Phrygia over Lydia, Pisidia and the whole Asia Minor to Attica and Athens. Mên is depicted standing in Phrygian clothing with spear or sceptre, and cock. In Antioch there was a great sanctuary of Mên.

SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. Silver Denarius, Rome mint, A.D. 198-200. His laur. hd. r. Rv. Aequitas stg. almost facing, hd. l., holding scales and cornucopiae. 3.06gm. C. 21. RIC 122c. VF to Good VF, bold, well-detailed portrait and reverse type.   Ref# V1180  $37.50

EX Alex Malloy ("EF") @ $90

SEVERUS ALEXANDER. Silver Denarius. Rome mint, A.D. 222. His laur., dr. and cuir. bust r. Rv. Jove (Jupiter), nude except for cloak behind over arms, stg. almost facing, hd. l., holding thunderbolt and scepter. 3.44gm. C. -. RIC 5. Sby. 204a. Good VF, finely detailed bust and portrayal of Jupiter. Silver surface on reverse slightly frosty. Ref# V1184 $37.50

JULIA  MAMAEA. AR Denarius, Rome mint, A.D. 226. Her diad. and dr. bust r. Rv. VESTA. Vesta stg. almost facing, hd. l., holding palladium (figure of Pallas Athena) and scepter. C. 81. RIC 360 (Sev. Alex.). 3.25gm. VF-EF  Ref# V1175 $49.50

GORDIAN III (PIUS). Provincial Sestertius of Viminacium in Upper Moesia, A.D. 239/240. His laur., dr. and cuir. bust r. Rv. PMS CO-L VIM. Moesia stg. facing, hd. l., both hands extended over bull on l. facing r., and lion on r. facing l.; in ex., date, AN.I. (Year 1). 29-30mm., 14.58gm. Pick AMNG 71. Scarce denomination for this yearGood F, attractive dark olivish-green patina, much better in hand.  Ref# V1110  $8.50

The bull and the lion are symbols of the Legions VII and IV which were quartered in the province. Viminacium was founded by Gordian III in 239 or 240 (Year I). This bronze is one of the first pieces for the workshop. Emperor at age 13, married at 16, killed at 19, that's how life could be summed up for this young man who was a victim of the appetites of Philip the Arab, the new praetorian prefect.

PHILIP I. Provincial Sestertius of Viminacium, Moesia Inferior. Year 6 (= A.D. 244/5). His laur., dr. and cuir. bust r. Rv. Moesia stg. facing, hd. l., between lion and bull; in exergue, AN VI. 29mm., 19.82gm. Hristova & Gospodin, Viminacium 29. Varbanov 135. Pick 102. About Good Fine, pleasant dark brown tone.    Ref# V1111    $12.50

The bull and the lion are symbols of the Legions VII and IV which were quartered in the province.

TRAJAN DECIUS. A.D. 249-251. Triassarion of Philomelion in Phrygia. AVT K Γ MЄCK TPAI ΔЄKIO CЄ. His rad., dr. and cuir. bust r. Rv. ΦIΛOMHΛЄΩN ЄΠ ЄVΤVΧΟVC / B. The river god Gallos, wearing himation, naked to waist, reclining 1., holding cornucopiae in r. hand, and resting with 1. against inverted vase from which a stream flows. Æ23-24, 8.31gm. BMC 42. SNG von Aulock 3931. SNG München 437. VF   Ref.# V1048   $35

EX Gitbud & Naumann, Munich (their grade).

Triassarion = trihemiobol = quarter-drachm in the silver series.

HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS. Silver Antoninianus. Rome mint, A.D. 250. Q. HER. ETR. MES. DECIVS NOB. C. His draped bust r., wearing radiate crown. Rv. SPES PVBLICA. Spes advancing l., holding flower and raising skirt. 2.57gm. RIC 149. Cohen 38. Vagi 2205.  Scarce.  VF   Ref.# V1129  $35

EX Savoca Numismatik, Munich (their grading).

Struck on a flan meant for the (rare) denarii of Trajan Decius !

GALLIENUS, A.D. 253-268, Orichalcum Diassarion of Smyrna in Ionia. His bust r., wearing paludamentum and cuirass. Rv. Roma, helmeted, std. l., holding temple in extended r. hand and resting l. on spear; on ground beside seat, shield. 5.88gm.  BMC 469.   Rare.   VG   Ref# V1122   $8.50

CONSTANTIUS I Chlorus. Augustus, A.D. May 1, 305 / 25 July 306. Æ Quarter-Follis, Siscia. IMP C CONSTANTIVS PF AVG. His laur. hd. r. Rv. GENIO POP - VLI ROMANI / SIS. Genius, holding patera and cornucopiae, stg. facing, hd. l.
Æ18-19mm., 2.21gm. RIC VI, p. 475, no. 167.  RareReally Good VF   Ref# V1157   $37.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich

SEVERUS II. Caesar, A.D. 305/6. Æ Quarter-Follis, Siscia. FL.VAL.SEVERVS NOB.C. His laur. hd. r. Rv. GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius stg. l., modius on hd., naked but for chlamys over l. shoulder, holding patera and cornucopiae. Mintmark SIS. 18-19mm., 2.0gm. RIC VI Siscia 170a.  Rare.  Good F   Ref.# V1067  $27.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his description and grading).

LICINIUS I. Silvered Follis, Nicomedia, A.D. 313-15. IMP C VAL LICINIVS PF AVG. His laur. hd. r. Rv. IOVI CONSERVATORI. Jove (Jupiter) stg. almost facing, hd. l., holding Victoria with wreath and scepter; on ground at l., eagle with wreath; mintmark in ex. RIC 13. 20-21mm., 3.39gm. Near EF, toned.  Ref.# V1040  $22.50

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grade).

Group of 4 Late Roman bronze coins

Half-Centenionales of Theodosius II, Marcian (incl. RIC X 543: RARE) and Leo I.

Good to Fine.    Ref# V1165    The lot, $22.50

ETHIOPIA: HAILE SELASSIE I. Reigned 1930-1936 and 1941-1974. 5-Matonas, EE (Ethiopian Era) 1923 = A.D. 1930-1931. His crowned hd. r. Rs: Crowned lion with bannered globus cruciger. Edge: Smooth. Æ21mm, 3.01gm. KM 28.1. Nearly EF, attractively toned.   Ref# V1186   $35

EX Dr. Hubert Lanz, Munich (his grading).

A BROWN-ON-CREAM POTTERY MYCENAEAN STIRRIP JAR (aka False-Necked Amphora), c. 1230-1190 B.C.
Decoration around shoulder and variously sized bands around body in brown on a cream background. The combination of the properties of this vase only exist in the Helladic LHIIICE (early) period (1230-1190 B.C.) which would date it to just before the Mycenaean ("Achaean") participation against Troy in the Trojan War (c. 1188-1178 B.C.). Cf. Furumark, Mycenaean Pottery, Vol. I, p. 611, 171 = Vol. 2, Forms, p. 131, 171. Shoulder Motif/motives Furumark unrecorded (but cf. shoulder: comb pattern (Hallager and Hallager 2000): 141 and n. 41). For the pattern, probably a more developed form of the curvilinear LM IIIA2 motif represented on 56e/2 and 58a/2, Popham 1970b: 199, fig. 3: 41, pls. 47d: 7 – 8, 49a: 13 – 14; Hallager and Hallager 2000: 78 82-P1805, pls. 36, 69a: 1; Rethemiotakis 1997: figs. 27i (= fig. 19, lower right), 28f. For parallel lines cf. Furumark FM 24:g (fig. 51 V. 1). Fabric/paint = Furumark V. 1, p. 14 and V. 2, p. 71 = Mycenae (incl. Lion Gate* necropolis), Asine, Eutresis, Kameiros). Lip of spout = Furumark V. I, Part II: 6, fig. 22, row 3 (= false-necked jar spouts, 4th from l. For neck and handles cf. Furumark V. 1, p. 85, Neck and Handles of False-Necked Jars. fig. 23, 2nd row, 3rd from l., and 3rd row, 2. Cf. Vol. I, fig. 71, 13 (Motif 72, tassel pattern, 13), but their example only linear and with short tassels. Free-standing on a relatively short foot. RARE. Ht. 4-1/4 in. (10.8cm.). Neatly restored from mostly large fragments and complete. Traces of calcification extant.   Ref# V1197  SOLD

EX older private Manhattan, New York collection.

The Lion Gate:

Euboean Late Geometric "Bird and Birdseed" Pottery Skyphos. Second-half of the 8th Century B.C. The painting on the back virtually repeated, save for a bipartite rhomboid versus quadripartite on the front and birdseed spilling from below bird's beak, and of the same quality and preservation. Published! =  Gjerstad (1977): Greek Geometric and Archaic Pottery Found in Cyprus, no. 61 = pl. 6, 8 (= Euboean, second-half of the 8th Century B.C.). The "birdseed" type was also known from Attica (Athens) from this LG IIA period, although the skyphos form was much different: cf. CVA Edinburgh, pl. 3, 1 (Birdseed Workshop, LG IIA, 735-720 B.C.). Recomposed from fragments; one of the handles originally crudely restored with that restoration previously removed. EX Munich ancient art market. Greek Geometric Pottery is very elusive, especially so complete. 4-7/8 in. (12.4cm.) overall rim. dia.  Ref.# V1011  $495

The British Museum's holding of Greek Geometric pottery comprises only 200 items !

Published here in Gjerstad's 1977 corpus

(We also have
Gjerstad's 1977 corpus for sale)

Late Archaic Terracotta Enthroned Goddess
. Corinth or Crete. Early 5th Century B.C. Goddess, wearing polos, seated on throne with winged finials. Buff gone light brown with some dark brown accretions. Solid, molded, with some hand-modeling added. Pin-hole vent at center of back. Base somewhat concave; free-standing.  With strong mineral deposits and root marks. These brown accretions are typical for Knossos (Cnossus), Crete (see Herbert Hoffmann, TERRA-COTTAS, p. 173). The polos and winged finials were derived from Athenian models representative of Athena but here may very likely represent Hera. Cf. Higgins, GREEK TERRACOTTAS, pl. 23, D (Knossian).  Chesterman, p. 59 (Knossian). BMC Terracottas Vol. I, p. 246. See Joan V. O'Brien, The Transformation of Hera (Rowman & Littlefield, 1993), p. 33. Also, The Civilization of Ancient Crete By R. F. Willetts, p. 205. Some light rubbing otherwise intact and quite rare! Ht. 16.0 cm. (6.3 in.) Ref.# V1009 $395


Italic Silver Fibula
, 5th Century B.C.
Decorated with two exterior knobs and strip of granulated twisted-rope design. Further engraving on the latch-plate. Missing coil and pin. 5.0cm. Very Rare; beautiful old dark toning. Cf. BMC Jewellery: Early Italian Jewellery of the Seventh to Fifth Century B.C.,  pl. XX, no. 1401 (also missing coil and pin); Guzzo, P.G., Le Fibule in Etruria dal VI al I Secolo, pl. XIX, ς & ɛ (although those examples less elaborate); Hermann Historica München Auk. 35, lot 255 (~ $545) for a less attractive example. EX highly reputable Munich auction-house.  Ref.# V1042  $140

, late 5th Century B.C. The clay is pale orange with much red IN the clay (i.e., NOT added decoration), exclusively Poseidonian. The portrait-type, including the long neck, is typical throughout the Greek world in the late 5th century B.C.: cf. Amiet, et al, Art in the Ancient World (NY, 1981), Greece, Terracotta Figurines, p. 435, no. 519;  and BMC Terracottas I, p. 316, pl. 159, 1166. Oval vent in back; bottom open. Cf. Ammerman, The Sanctuary of Santa Venera II. The Votive Terracottas, p. 20. Figures of this type were found in large numbers on the site of the temples to Hera, and it seems certain that that goddess is here represented (Higgins, Greek Terracottas, p. 92). Although this type was found in some quantity they are very rarely found on the market. The calciferous deposits suggest a find-spot in one of the underground sanctuaries. Ht. 6-1/2 in. (16.5cm.).  Some surface wear, root marks and otherwise intact.  Ref# V1200   SOLD

Greek Bronze Phalera from Troas (the Troad, the Plain of Troy), 5th/4th Cent. B.C., green patina, round with convex center and central knob, interior with integral bail-strap for attachment.  Collected in the 1960s.   Ref# V1167   $32.50

The falera (from the Latin phalerae, pl., from the Greek φάλαρα, pl.) was originally a side plate of the helmet to fix the connections. The term falera extended to a metal decorative disc which was used to decorate armor, horse-harnesses, or as mere decoration on military-valor decorations at various times including Celtic, Etruscan and Roman.

Phalerae were affixed to helmets and armor, as well as horse-harnesses.

An EAST GREEK RHODIAN LATE ARCHAIC TERRACOTTA VOTARY GODDESS FIGURINE. Kamiros (Camirus), Rhodes, c. 500-470 B.C. Goddess enthroned, her hands resting at her knees, wearing a chiton belted at her waist, and himation over her head. Back roughly modelled. Pale pinkish-orange clay, finely micaceous with traces of calcification. "Knife-thrust" type vent-hole at base (see Higgins, BMC Terracottas, Vol. I, Part One (Text), p. 65, 126 (Camirus, 500-470 B.C.). Free-standing. Two  (original) pieces re-attached to front of left and center of foot-stool, and otherwise complete and intact. 8.9cm. A good example of the type. Cf. Higgins, CATALOGUE OF THE TERRACOTTAS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF GREEK AND ROMAN ANTIQUITIES, BRITISH MUSEUM, Vol. I, pl. 22, 125: Camirus (Kamiros, or Kamieros), 500-470 B.C., and their example of inferior preservation. EX Albert and Rudolf Koelman, Amsterdam and Zurich  Ref.# V1010 $125

A Roman Bronze Boss from Ferentinum
. c. 2nd/1st Century B.C. Probably from a door or a door architrave. Cf. Robinson, J.C., Collections of the Museum of Ornamental Art at South Kensington, p. 88, no. 7776. Collected in the 1960s. Fragmentary as shown. 11cm. dia., 1.7cm. d.  $32.50


Roman Bronze Medical-Box Sliding-Lid and 3 Instruments, c. A.D. 1st Century, plate with a rectangular engraved design with concentric rectangles on one side consisting of lines forming numerous rectangles continuously smaller, forming a thin rectangle in the center. Lid 12.8cm. x 8.0cm. Instruments 16.2cm., 20.5cm., 25.9cm. Ex Dr. Gilles collection, Germany, acquired prior to 1970.  Ref# V1169   $175

For a medical box from the House of the Surgeon at Pompeii, see p. 218 in Coarelli, ed., Pompeii (Christie's note).

For the ligula probes cf. Dörig, J., Collection Privées de Suisse Romand (Geneva, 1975), 366, no. 1.

Also see Bliquez, L.,  The Tools of Asclepius: Surgical Instruments in Greek and Roman Times, no. 83.

See a complete box here with an identical box-lidwith "concentric rectangles" sold by Christie's for $17,500

A Rare Early Roman Imperial Glass Trefoil-Mouthed Oinochoe in light yellowish-green transparent glass with some pretty peacock-blue, gold and silver iridescence in spots, along with some light encrustation. Good proportion and symmetry, standing perfectly upright, and free-standing on a concaved base. Isings (Roman Glass from Dated Finds) records this type of Form 56 with the long neck and ovoid body only for Pompeii (see p. 74f). Ht. 9.5cm. (3-3/4 in.). INTACT. EX C J Martin Coins and Ancient Art (Ancient Coins and Antiquities), London (his dating: ca. A.D. 1st/2nd Century).  Ref# V1194  SOLD

Christopher Martin is chairman of the Antiquities Dealers Association (ADA) and the British Numismatic Trade Association (BNTA), as well as a member of The Association of Art and Antiques Dealers (LAPADA).

A Graeco-Roman Bronze Circular Mirror, reported to have been found in Troas (the Plain of Troy) and dating to the 3rd Century A.D., handleless and undecorated.  Cf. Comstock & Vermeule, Greek and Roman Bronzes in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, p. 275, no. 399 (Necropolis of Assos). 8.5cm. Corrosion but intact. EX Swiss collection formed in the 1930s-1960s.   Ref# V1170   $18.50

"Net-Painted" (aka "Line-Painted") Amphoriskos, twin lug-handles. Proto-Canaanite. Kenyon Proto-Urban B. Central Hill Area. Circa 32nd/earlier 31st Century B.C. Flattened base; free-standing. Red on cream. Diagonal "Net" pattern with vertical partitions. Intact. See Stager, L.E., PAINTED POTTERY AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO THE WEAVING CRAFTS IN CANAAN (in Eretz-Israel: Archaeological, Historical and Geographical Studies, Vol. XXI, Israel Exploration Society, Jerusalem, 1990), p. 84, fig. R (Jerusalem, Ophel Tomb 3); Amiran, pl. 11, 12 (Ophel); Hugues Vincent, Underground Jerusalem: Discoveries on the Hill of Ophel, pl. IX, 2. EX Baidun Family Collection, Jerusalem.  Ref.# V1041  $750

Identical to Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Accession number 74.19.52

Three Middle Bronze Age Pottery Piriform Pitchers from Megiddo.

All intact with stands included. Heights are for the pitchers only (excluding stand).

(All stand perfectly upright on their stands, a fact not apparent in the photos!)

EX Khader M. Baidum & Sons, Jerusalem.

A. MBA III. First-half of the 17th Century B.C. Dark grey, button base, burnished. Cf. Shipton, Notes on Megiddo Pottery, p. 22, §73 and chart (Str. XI). 15.5 cm. (6.1 in.) Ref.# V1006 $275

B. MBA IIB. 18th Century B.C. Reddish brown, bifurcated handle, pointed base, burnished. Cf. Shipton, Notes on Megiddo Pottery, pl. 8, 10 (Str. XII) and pl. 9, 10 (Str. XIII). 16.5 cm. (6.5 in.)  Ref.# V1007 $650

C. MBA III. First-half of the 17th Century B.C. Pinkish-grey, bifurcated handle, nipple base. Cf. Shipton, Notes on Megiddo Pottery, p. 22, §73 and chart (Str. XI). 16.0 cm. (6.3 in.) Ref.# V1008 $225

Sumerian Cuneiform Shu-Suen Ur III Tablet, c. 2043 B.C.

Sumerian Ur III (21st Century B.C.).

Detailed Terracotta Administrative Tablet, reign of King Shu-Suen and Dadaga, the governor of Umma.

What can be read of the visible text is that it details in Sumerian cuneiform script the delivery/receipt of vegetable (olive) oil and is dated month XII, Year 4 = ca. 2043 B.C. of the reign of King Shu-Suen (Shu-Sin, Šu-Suen) reigned c. 2037 - 2029 The seal impression which is clearly visible is of the governor, Dadaga, of Umma.

Dated according to the so-called Middle Chronology which is now by far the most-accepted chronology by academia as a result of the latest research. The most recent work has essentially disproved the short chronology.


4.2cm. x 4.1cm. x 1.6cm.

Following an open revolt of his Amorite subjects, he directed the construction of a fortified wall between the Euphrates and the Tigris rivers in his fourth (!) year, intending it to hold off any further Amorite attacks.

Originally acquired from a highly respected antiquities auction-house (est. $1,000 – $1,200).

Ex Addis Finney, collected in Basel, Switzerland from 1935-1965.

Ref# V1158


Collection of 12 Ancient Egyptian Beads:

7 Badarian Shell Disc-beads,  5th Millenium B.C. Cf. J.E. Quibell and F. W. Green, Hierakonpolis II, 11-12;
2 Pre/Proto-Dynastic shell disc-beads, 32nd-30th Cent. B.C. Cf. Reisner, Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 2., p. 118, XIV, 3;
3 New Kingdom Lapis Globular Disc Beads
. Cf. Catalogue of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, 1980), no. 410, 2 (Dyn. XVIII, c. 1550-1525 B.C.).

   Ref# V1183   The lot, $85

EX C.E. Kolbe, New York, collected in the 1920s-1940s.


A Lovely Egyptian Composition-Glazed Bead-Necklace,  Middle-New Kingdom. Length c. 38.0 cm (15 in.) Condition: restrung on a modern nylon-coated stainless steel flexcord with clasp. Provenance: German private collection. The three large beads dating to the Middle Kingdom, XI/XII Dynasty  (c. 2133-1797 B.C.) Cf. Michael Betz bb-antiken & asiatika (Langweid) Object number: 3-31BB-14. The other, smaller disc-beads dating to the Late New Kingdom, c. 1187-1064 B.C. Cf. Petrie, Kahun, pl. XXVI, 30 (XXth Dynasty).  Ref.# V1005   $85

EGYPTIAN NEW KINGDOM IMPERIAL BLACK-MATTE GLAZED POTTERY JUG, c. 1543-1505 B.C., flattened base thus free-standing. Overall ht. 13.7cm. (5-3/8 in.). Cf. Bourriau, J., Fitzwilliam Museum: Pottery From The Nile Valley, p. 129, no. 255 (Dynasty XVIII, up to the end of Amenophis I, 1526-1505 B.C.). A little rubbing as shown, otherwise intact and really shows much better than the photo. Attractive shape and display. New Kingdom pottery is quite elusive.   EX private Brooklyn collection, collected in the 1940s.  Ref# V1171   $275

in the form of a DUCK, later 16th/earlier 14th Cent. B.C.  Cf. Catalogue of the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology (University College, London) no. 63717.  Most of the handle and the tail no longer extant. Ht. 5.5cm., w. 4.0cm. Encrusted dark green patina.   Ref# V1172   $65

Light-Blue Glazed Steatite Scarab naming Amenhotep
(Amenhetep, Amenophis) III. Probably a commemorative Amarna issue of his son Akhenaten, 1351/53–1336/34 B.C. Cf. BMC EGYPTIAN SCARABS, etc., Vol. I: ROYAL SCARABS, pl. XXIV, 78; Petrie, TELL EL AMARNA, pl. XIV, 10 (fragmentary commemorative issue under Akhenaten); Matouk, Corpus du Scarabée Égyptien, Vol. I: Les Scarabées Royaux, pl. 214, 501 & 509. 0.6cm. A tiny, beautifully executed scarab of pretty light-blue color. Intact.  Ref# V1112  $49.50




An Extremely Rare Egyptian Imperial Amarna Ceramic Twin-Handled Lenticular Flask, New Kingdom, c. 1353-1336 B.C., in pale orange buff with rounded body, funneled neck, and flared lip, beveled at top, and flanked by twin loop-handles. A pleasing, perfectly proportional example with glossy surfaces and light deposits. H: 6 ¾ in (17.1cm). Extremely rare type.  Ex collection of Olga Hirshhorn, Naples, Florida.   Intact and perfectly prortional!  Ref# V1187 $750

These marl-clay flasks were excavated in the North Suburb at Amarna from the reign of Akhenaten. Cf. Catalogue Of Egyptian Antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, 1929), no. 7.1. Extremely rare, and exceptionally so, particularly in such a state of preservation.

This type of pottery - made from the so-called 'marl clay' - was considered superior to the more common "Nile mud" pottery, often used for decorations and other functions. It was often burnished, leaving a shiny glaze-like surface although it was not a truly glazed process.

A life-long patron of the arts, Olga Hirshhorn was a good friend of Georgia O’Keeffe, Willem de Kooning, and Pablo Picasso, among others.


Ring Bezel - Prenomen (Birth-Name) of Tutankhamun. This composition-glazed (aka faience) ring-bezel shows part of the birth-name of Tutankhamun (Tutankhaten) "Living image of Amun (Aton)". He changed his birth name of Tutankhaten (living image of Aten) to Tutankhamun (living image of Amun) and his wife of Anchesenpaaton (she lives for / by Aton) in Anchesenamun (she lives for / by Amun). The arrangement of the preserved hieroglyphics and the remaining size of the cartouche fragment suggests that this is probably from the pre-throne time as prince, instead of the time of his ascension to the throne as pharaoh. Finds from the reign of this most renowned of all pharaohs are extremely rare and highly sought-after collectibles. Such faience ring grave goods were very popular in the Amarna Period and were mainly used by people who were close to the royal court, as a salute. Exceedingly rare: much rarer than the throne-name ring-bezels. Size: c. 1.2 cm (overall height of the stand 8.3 cm). Condition: Fragment. Provenance: German private collection. Egypt, New Kingdom, Amarna Period, 18th. Dyn. c. 1332-1323 B.C. Tutankhamun as prince before accession this is probably from the pre-throne time as prince. Born ca. 1341 B.C., became king ca. 1332. Changed to Tutankhamun during third year of reign. Therefore, not after 1329 B.C.   Ref.# V1004  $750

Excessively rarer than bezels with the throne-name. The throne-name is
Nebkheperure and does not contain the ankh sign.

4 Amarna amulets, c.  1351-1323 B.C.: 2 amulets of Bes, the dwarf god of children, dance and games, (a) the first depicting him in his playful squatting position, blue-glazed, head missing.  Cf. Petrie, Amulets, 188. ; (b) the second, red-glazed, depicting him playing a tambourine  Cf. Petrie, Amulets, 189b. ; (c)  a blue-glazed amulet of the lion-headed goddess Sekhmet crowned with solar uraeus headdress. The lion-headed Sekhmet was he warrior goddess who protected the pharaoh. Cf. Petrie, Amulets, 194; (d) and the last depicting a pharaoh wearing the Amarna crown, time of Akhenaton/Tutankhamon, fragmentary. 0.9cm., 1.4cm., 0.9cm., 1.2cm.  Cf. Petrie, Amulets, 127. Ref.# V1045  The group of four amulets:  $95


An EGYPTIAN GEMSTONE KHENMET POPPY-HEAD PENDANT, in red jasper. NEW KINGDOM, DYNASTY XVIII, AMARNA PERIOD, 1353-1335 B.C. Suspension hole at top. 1.4cm. Intact. EX old Berlin collection.Cf. Catalogue of the Petrie Museum (University College, London), no. 31137.  Cf. Petrie, Amulets, 50-1. Cf. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Jewelry Elements for a Broad Collar, Accession Number 31.114.2a, 4th row (New Kingdom, Amarna Period, reign of Akhenaten, ca. 1343-1336).  Ref# V1176   $69.50
, in lapis lazuli. NEW KINGDOM, DYNASTY XVIII, AMARNA PERIOD, 1353-1335 B.C. Suspension hole at top. 1.4cm. Intact. EX old Berlin collection. Cf. Catalogue of the Petrie Museum (University College, London), no. 31137.  Cf. Petrie, Amulets, 50-1.  Cf. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Jewelry Elements for a Broad Collar, Accession Number 31.114.2a, 4th row (New Kingdom, Amarna Period, reign of Akhenaten, ca. 1343-1336).  Ref# V1177   $69.50

NESHMET PENDANT. NEW KINGDOM, DYNASTY XVIII, AMARNA PERIOD, 1353-1335 B.C. Amazonite, 1.4cm. Hole for suspension. Cf. Catalogue of the Petrie Museum (University College, London), no. 31137.  Cf. Petrie, Amulets, 50-1. Cf. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Jewelry Elements for a Broad Collar, Accession Number 31.114.2a, 4th row (New Kingdom, Amarna Period, reign of Akhenaten, ca. 1343-1336).  Intact. EX old Berlin collection.    Ref# V1178   $100

During this period amazonite (neshmet) was mined from two mines at Gebel Migif.

An Egyptian Cornelian and Composition-Glazed Disc-Bead Necklace, Dynasty XX-XXII (not after c. 730 B.C.). 42.0 cm (16-1/2 in.) Condition: restrung on a modern nylon-coated stainless steel flexcord with clasp. Provenance: German private collection. Cf. Petrie, Illahun, Dyn. XXII, pl. XXIX, 26; Petrie, Kahun, pl. XXVI, 30 (XXth Dynasty). The other, smaller disc-beads dating to the Late New Kingdom, c. 1187-1064 B.C. Ref.# V1046  $85

A collection of Egyptian New Kingdom beads,
gold and composition-glazed:

For top row, cf. Petrie, Kahun, pl. XXVI, 30 (XXth Dynasty). ca 1187 to 1064 B.C.

For middle row, cf. Petrie, TELL EL AMARNA, Conventional Flower Jewellery Elements, pl. XVIII, 411. c. 1348-1332 B.C.

For bottom row, cf. Petrie, TELL EL AMARNA, pl. XVIII, 350.  c. 1348-1332 B.C.

Tell el-Amarna, also spelled Tall al-Amarna or Tall al-ʿAmarīnah, site of the ruins and tombs of the city of Akhetaton (“Horizon of Aton”) in Upper Egypt, 44 miles (71 km) north of modern Asyūt. On a virgin site on the east bank of the Nile River, Akhenaton (Amenhotep IV) built the city about 1348 B.C. as the new capital of his kingdom when he abandoned the worship of Amon and devoted himself to that of Aton. About four years after Akhenaton’s death (c. 1332), the court returned to Thebes, and the city was abandoned.

Ref# V1113  The group of 11: $79.50

Egyptian Electrum (Elektron) Horus-Eye Amulet
(Udjat, Wedjat or Uzat). Dyn. XXI, 1069-945 B.C. Cf. Petrie, AMULETS, p. 33, Uzat Eye: Unusual Types, 139, Type C. 7mm.  Intact and rare.  Ref.# V1003  $45

Electrum (Elektron), the naturally occurring alloy of gold and silver, had a religious significance to ancient Egyptians who believed silver was the material of which the bones of the gods and goddesses were made, and their skin of gold.
EX old Berlin collection > Aton Gallery (Oberhausen, Germany)  > New York collection.

Rare Egyptian Wax Ushabti (Shabti, Shawabti) for Irethoreru. Mummiform, wearing wig and holding tripartite agricultural implements. The legs are painted with a cursive column: "Iret-hor-Eru (Ir.t - Hr - r.r - w)."  Wax and black ink (very rare material). Egypt, the beginning of the XXVI Dynasty (mid-7th Century B.C.). 6.8cm.  Intact.    Ref.# V1047   SOLD

See a lot of four here in similar condition which realized €3500 !

A Viking Bronze Annular Brooch from York, England, c. 866 - 967. Engraved with cross and "mock" Latin and Runic script. The (iron) pin no longer extant. 43-44mm. From an old collection. Compare MacGregor & Bolick, A Summary Catalogue of the Anglo-Saxon Collections (Non-Ferrous Metals), BAR British Series 230, 1993, p.87 item 10.28; British Museum NCL-33F414. Pleasing dark brownish green patina.    Ref.# V1091  $37.50

Two finds from a Viking grave at
Holmgård .....


(a) Norse Bronze Shamanic Lynx Pendant. The SCANDINAVIAN VIKINGS (Norsemen) in the East.  Holmgård, 11th Century. Cf. Sedova (1981), fig. 8, 3-4; Korshyn (2013) p. 81; Ingmar-Hansson, THE RURAL VIKING IN RUSSIA AND SWEDEN (Orebro, Sweden, 1997), p. 31. Intact; some minute scratches now patinated over. Superb and beautiful forest-green patina.

(b) FATIMID. al-Hakim. 996-1021 (AH 386-411). Silver Half-Dirham. Misr (Cairo) Style. Legends naming Allah and Muhammad. Rv. Legends naming Allah and the imam al-Hakim.  18mm., 1.01gm. See Nicol, N.D., A Corpus of Fatimid Coins (Trieste, 2006), no. 1369, Type A3. Rare. Superb style for these issues. Edge break, otherwise Near EF

Ref.# V1068  The lot, $175

A Rare Crusader States Teutonic Order Bronze Annular Brooch, Ordensstaat, c. 1346-1410, with hatched decoration, and complete with pin, still moveable. Orginally from an old European collection and EX European professional art market and the late Prof. James H. Nichols (author: Ancient Greek Coins: A History of British Numismatic Literature). Cf. Hattatt (2007), p. 382, Fig. 241, 1333. EX European professional art market and the late Prof. James H. Nichols (author: Ancient Greek Coins: A History of British Numismatic Literature). These annular brooches were almost exclusively a men's fashion accessory. Adopted early in the Viking Age from Irish and Scottish fashions by Viking settlers. It later caught on in Scandinavia and Russia. Fastened on the right shoulder with the pin pointed upward, keeping the sword arm free. 2.3cm. dia. Attractive patina. The state of the Teutonic Order (German: Deutschordensland) or Ordensstaat was a crusader state formed by the Teutonic Knights or Teutonic Order during 13th century Northern Crusades along the Baltic Sea.   Ref.# V1092   $19.50

CHINESE NEOLITHIC POTTERY JAR. Machang Phase of the Jajiayao Culture, c. 23rd/21st Cent. B.C., Gansu-Qinghai Province.
Squat vessel with loop handles. Overall painted red-brown and black geometric decoration. Several small rim chips, otherwise intact. 3-1/4” ht.  Free-standing. This is an authentic Neolithic jar: most are fakes which have flooded the market!   Ref.# V1069  $120

EX collection of Vincent Funiciello, Brooklyn, NY., 1930s - 70s.

A Very Rare Chinese Song Dynasty Lidded Ceramic Vessel having a peaked roofed temple finial. 12th/13th Century.
Rich brown glazed surface with scattered areas of earthen deposits. 13.3cm. (5.25 in.). Intact. Cf.  Treager, Mary, Song Ceramics, fig. 252.  Ref.# V1044  $185

Cf. Galerie Zacke Vienna, Fine Asian Art, (May 14, 2015), no. 74 (€700 - €1,400).
 EX Vincent Funiciello Collection, Brooklyn, collected until the 1970s, mainly in the 1950s.

Pre-Columbian, West Mexico, Two Chupícuaro Preclassic Ceramic Figures
: Head and a head with torso, both 5th/4th Century B.C., on attractive walnut stands (both removable). Ref.# V1098
(a) 6.5cm. w. $27.50
(b) 6.0cm. h. $27.50
or both for $49.50

An excellent Pre-Columbian Colima Figure of a Shaman, ca. 1st Century B.C. This standing Tuxcacuesco-Ortices type male is 6-1/4” (16cm.) high and is adorned with a fancy headdress, necklace and ear ornaments. His layered tunic is highlighted with crisp incising. Nicely burnished, good mineral deposits, mounted on a museum stand. 17.2cm. ht. with the (removeable, i.e. unattachable) stand. Perfect!  Ref# V1181  $260

EX collection of Maria Rendon of Dallas, Texas, by descent from her father.

Pre-Columbian, West Mexico, Colima Pottery Rattle of a Mother Nursing Her Baby, Protoclassic, A.D. 2nd/3rd Century. Seated, hair braided and wearing headdress, otherwise naked. With some neat restoration, otherwise intact and rather charming. Rattles still work! Cp. Catalogue of the Hillwood Art Museum (Brookville, NY, 1993), no. 2. Ht. 6.3cm. (2-1/2 in.).  Ref.# V1097  $49.50

EX priv. Scottsdale, Arizona collection

A Pre-Columbian Nayarit Pottery Head and Torso of a Dog, Post-Olmec (Late-Preclassic), ca. 2nd Century B.C./A.D. 2nd Century. 5.3cm. (2.1 in.). Probably from a quadrupod vessel.  Ref.# V1099  $7.50
Pre-Columbian, West Mexico, Guanajuato Female Pottery Figurine.  Middle Preclassic Period. 9th/8th Century B.C.
Pregnant and wearing wide choker-necklace with central pendant, elaborate headdress with vertical and triangular decor, earplugs and armlets, and vertically pleated short body-dress. Hands and feet have been incised to give the appearance of small fingers and toes. Buff earthenware, stick-polished. Painted decoration extant in feint red and white. Tlatilco Type C1. 8.6 cm. (3.4 in.). Intact.   Ref.# V1070  $175

EX private Southwestern collection, acquired prior to 1970 > Howard S. Rose Gallery (Arte Primitivo), NYC (their provenance and dating: "Tlatilco, Guanajuato variety c. 1,000 B.C.") > private New York collection.

One a little earlier in the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art:

A Choice Pre-Columbian Teotihuacan Tripod Jar. A.D later 3rd Cent. This Early Tlamimilolpa example is 3” high, 3-1/2” in diameter and is decorated with a textured band of triangle designs. In perfect condition, with strong mineral deposits and root marks. Dated according to Cowgill.   Ref.# V1071  $185

A Pre-Columbian Blackware Spider-Monkey Sello (Printing-Stamp), Teotihuacán. Tlamimilolpa-Xolalpan, 4th-6th Century. Handle at back with find-spot inscribed in black ink. Fragmentary as shown. 4.1cm. w., 4.0cm. h. The double border-outline is believed to be a reference to the Pyramid of the Sun. Cf. Campbell, C.J., Spider Monkeys, Teotihuacán, pp. 379-80; Werness, H.B., Continuum Encyclopedia of Animal Symbolism in World Art, p. 280.  Ref# V1101 $37.50

Found at Teotihuacán, February 11, 1954

A FINE Pre-Columbian TRIPOD JAR from TEOTIHUACAN,  A.D. early 5th Century. This choice Early Xolalpan vessel is 3-7/8" in diameter and is decorated with panels of stylized designs.  The trio of legs are hollow and contain rattles.  Strong mineral deposits and root marks overall.  This was the time of Teotihuacan's strongest influence with the Maya. See Braswell, G.E. (ed.), The Maya and Teotihuacan: Reinterpreting Early Classic Interaction, p. 37. Cp. Berrin & Pasztory, TEOTIHUACAN: Art from the City of the Gods, p. 245, no. 124 (Early Xolalpan A.D. 400). Latest dating per Cowgill Chronology (1996).   Ref.# V1072  $185

A Pre-Columbian TEOTIHUACAN POTTERY ADORNO, Late Xolalpan, beginning of A.D. 6th Century. Male head with a typical headdress of the period. Such "masks" were attached to incensario-lids. cf. Bushnell, G.H.S., ANCIENT ARTS OF THE AMERICAS (New York, 1965) p. 40 opp., 31c; Rattray. E.C., Teotihuacan: Ceramics, Chronology and Cultural Trends, p. 239. 5.3cm. (2.1 in.) Ref.# V1075 $32.50

For dating cf. Cowgill, George L., (1996) Ancient Mesoamerica 7:329.

A Rare Maya T'uut (Parrot) Vessel, Northern Yucatan, Early Postclassic Period, 11th/12th Century. The wings are molded in high relief along the top of the chamber and the head is expressive. These rare "Tohil Plumbate" types are known from Chichén Itzá (Tinum, Yucatán). A Nicely detailed, superb example. Flat base, thus free-standing. Intact, other than for  a very small old chip to the tip of the beak, and another at the top right tip of the rear feather-cluster. Cf. Hector Neff, Production and Distribution of Plumbate Pottery, p. 28. L. 10.5cm., (4-1/8 in,).   Ref# V1196  SOLD

Chichén Itzá (= "at the mouth of the well of the Itza") was a large pre-Columbian city built by the Maya people of the Terminal Classic period. The land under the monuments had been privately owned until 29 March 2010, when it was purchased by the state of Yucatán. Chichén Itzá is one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico; an estimated 1.2 million tourists visit the ruins every year. Yucatan parrots, "T'uut" in Maya, are a species only found in the Yucatan. These birds travel in flocks from feeding grounds to their roosting sites. Parrots are monogamous for life and become good pets but best enjoy flying free in their medium forest habitat. Yucatan parrots love to fly together in small groups to feed on fruits, seeds, flowers high on tree branches.

EX highly respected American Pre-Columbian antiquities dealer.

A Pre-Columbian Aztec Classic Period Pottery Vessel Leg, probably from an incensario,  depicting the head of a grimacing fox, 14th/15th Century. 5.5cm. (2.2 in.) A 4mm. circular mounting-hole underneath. Ref# V1100 $15

A Pre-Columbian Aztec Pottery Sello (Printing-Stamp) depicting Ozomatli, the Aztec monkey-god of dance, fire, the new harvest, and music. 15th Century. Handle at back. Cf. British Museum nos. Am,St.588.I and Am1943,06.67; Enciso, Design Motifs – Ancient Mexico, page 119. Repair at bottom and complete. 5.7 cm. (2-1/4 in.)   Ref.# V1074  $85


A Pre-Columbian Aztec Pottery Sello (Printing-Stamp) depicting a priest of the god Xochipilli (god of music and dance). c. 1440 - beginning of the 16th Century. Raised handle at back.  6.8 cm. (2-2/3 in.) Intact. Cf. British Museum nos. Am1946, 16.98 and 99.   Ref.# V1073  $85


An Aztec Pottery Twin-Headed Serpent Sello (Printing-Stamp) of Quetzalcoatl, the Aztec god of wind and learning. Huitzilopochco (Churubusco), c. 1440-1520. 6.5cm. (2-1/2 in.) x 4.4cm. (1-3/4 in.). Handle at back. Repaired from two pieces and complete. Ref.# V1086  $75

Quetzalcoatl was a god of the wind connected with the planet Venus, of the dawn, of merchants and of arts, crafts, learning and knowledge. He was also the patron god of the Aztec priesthood.

Quetzalcoatl, God of Wind and Wisdom

A Rare Pre-Columbian Aztec Terracotta Otomi Warrior Head. Aztec Imperial, Tlacetilli Otomi, ca. 1486-1526. Wearing the typical headdress and Xicalcoliuhqui tattoo on each cheek. Ht. 10.5cm. (4.1 in.) Stable crack across upper nose to eye.

See von Hagen, V.W., AZTEC: Man And Tribe, p. 171, 48 (bottom r.) for the tattoo and p. 193, 55 (lower panel upper r.) for the headdress. Also see Aguilar-Moreno, Handbook to Life in the Aztec World, p. 204.

The Otomi or Otontin were an elite Aztec military order, named after the Otomi people who were renowned for their fierce fighting. In the historical sources it is often difficult to discern whether the word otomitl "Otomi" refers to members of the Aztec warrior society, or members of the ethnic group who also often joined the Aztec armies as mercenaries or allies. The Otomi were one of the earliest peoples known to wear tattoos.

Probably from the environs of El Cerrito. Collected in the hills SW of the city of Querétaro by Kenneth Burlingham in 1958 as noted in ink on the back of this head, and collection number inked on bottom. This collector is known to have collected Pre-Columbian artifacts in Mexico in the 1950s and 1960s.

In the later pre-Hispanic period, the area was populated by the Otomi, who had become sedentary urban dwellers with sophisticated politics by the time of the Aztec Empire, who referred to them as the Tlacetilli Otomi or "Otomi Nation/State." This area was under control of the Otomi dominion of Xilotepeque in the 1440s, which in turn was subject to the Aztec Empire of Mexihco-Tenochtitlan. Under the reign of Ahuizotl in the late 15th century, the Aztecs administered the area directly, considering it a bulwark against the Chichimeca lands to the north.

Ref.# V1085  $125

EX private Maine collection > private New York collection.

A Pre-Columbian
Nariño Pottery Glazed Shell-Shaped Ocarina (vessel-flute) from the Highlands of Southern Colombia, c. A.D. 850-1100. Four-holed. Beige clay. Incised with burnished deep-red slip. Slight weathering but intact. Free-standing. A substantial example, unusually large, weighing about a half pound! 11cm. (4-1/3 in.).  Ref# V1150  $75

The ocarina was used for water and curing ceremonies.

EX French collection >
private New York collection.

An Excellent Pre-Columbian Tairona Gold "Chagual" Pendant from Colombia
, 11th-13th Century, of solid, high carat gold. Cp. Mason, J.A., ARCHAEOLOGY OF SANTA MARTA, COLOMBIA: THE TAIRONA CULTURE, PART I (Chicago, 1931), p. 36; Friede, J., ARCHAEOLOGY OF SANTA MARTA, COLOMBIA: THE TAIRONA CULTURE, PART 2, Section 1: Objects of Stone, Shell, Bone, and Metal (Chicago, 1936), 259; Quilter, J. and Hoppes. J.W. (eds.), Gold and Power in Ancient Costa Rica, Panama, and Colombia (Dumbarton Oaks. 2001), p. 303, 10. 17.5mm. l., 3.25gm. Original hole for suspension.  A Rare example of the crescentic types.  Very Fine.  Ref# V1179    $145

This is an authentic Pre-Columbian Tairona object; the market and auctions have lately been inundated with numerous modern copies.

EX New World Artifacts Pre-Columbian Art Gallery, La Jolla, Calif.

Gold Price Per Gram $42.25 x 3.25 = $137.3125

A beautiful Pre-Columbian Moche Owl Jar from Peru, 5th/6th Century. It is 3-1/2” (8.9 cm.) high and depicts a superbly detailed owl. The facial features echo earlier Salinar styles with appliqué eyes and intact suspension loops acting as ears. Cf. Catalogue of the Fowler Museum (UCLA, Los Angeles, 1972), No. 451 (Early Intermediate Period). Vivid paint, strong mineral deposits, perfect.   Ref.# V1082  $225

The owl was divine to the Mochica and was associated with the night.

A Charming and Rare Pre-Columbian Inca Bichrome Cuy Stirrup Vessel, 14th/15th Century. This fine orange-pink ground with painted white details 5-3/8” long (13.65 cm.) and depicts a cuy (Guinea pig) with bulging eyes and broad smile. Adorable!     Ref.# V1084  $375

The cuy was used by the Incas as an instrument of divination.

EX private Southwestern U.S. collection  > private New York collection.

A detailed Pre-Columbian Inca Silver Bird Amuletic Pendant, Peru, 15th Century, hollow-formed and wonderfully hand crafted with incised eyes and tail feathers, double horizontal suspension holes through the forepart of the wings. Cf. Ancient Resource, Auction 30: Fine Ancient Artifacts, Lot 293. 1.5 x 1.5 cm. Intact with light oxide patina.  Ref.# V1083  $135

EX Leroy Irons, Gallatin, TN, collected in the 1970s.  

A Pre-Columbian Imperial Inca Pottery Polychrome Kero, Coastal Peru, A.D. 1460-1532, in white, red and black. Geometric zig-zag and decorated squares. Stylized fish iconography (catfish?) around within the narrow panel just below the rim. A pouring lip just under the inside of the rim. The top of the rim also glazed in dark red. A substantial example, weighing about 1.25 lbs (0.57 kg). Some fading and a couple small chips below rim, otherwise intact. Used for drinking chicha (corn beer) at religious festivals. EX French collection. Free-standing. Cf. Catalogue of the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, 1940), no. 585. 14.5cm. (5.7 in.).  Ref# V1151  $175

Liquid capacity is about 2 pints / 1 liter !

EX French collection > private New York collection.

Pre-Columbian "Venus" Ceramic Figural Pendant. Ecuador, Valdivia Culture, Formative Period D, 15th Century B.C. Forearms laterally placed below breasts. Typical "molar tooth" legs and thighs. Traces of red pigment as usual. Suspension-hole through side of head. Intact. 2.5cm. Cf. Meggers, Early Formative Period of Coastal Ecuador: The Valdivia and Machalilla Phases (Smithsonian, Washington, 1965), pl. 123, l. Also ibid, pl. 120, h for the rear outline of this "Long Bob" hairstyle. Also cf. Américas (OAS, Washington, 1998), Vol. 50, p. 51 for a discussion of these pendants found in a grave burial urn, and their connection with corn as a sacred symbol for the inner development of man. Also, Seifert, G., FRAUEN DES ALTEN AMERIKA in Kult und Alltag: Venus Von Valdivia (Stuttgart, 2001), p. 25, 2; Steinle, R.F., Erotik im Alten Amerika (Iphofen, 2006), p. 55.  Ref.# V1081  $75

Continental Currency $7 Philadelphia May 9, 1776

Here is a very attractive and genuine Continental Colonial Currency note for $7 dated May 6, 1776.
Features vignette of a severe storm at sea. Latin Motto reads "SERENABIT" (It Will be Calm).
The reverse shows skeletonized buttercup leaves (an anti-counterfeiting device), SEVEN DOLLARS at the top, and "PHILADELPHIA: Printed by HALL and SELLERS. 1776" at bottom.
Signed by the Continental officials Nicholas Garrison and Peter Stretch.

 "The UNITED COLONIES" along top and bottom borders. "Continental Currency" along left and right borders.  It reads:
"SEVEN DOLLARS. THIS Bill entitles the Bearer to receive SEVEN SPANISH milled DOLLARS, or the Value thereof in Gold or Silver, according to a Resolution of CONGRESS, passed at Philadelphia, May 6, 1776."

No pinholes, but shows tear (missing section) across top. Small piece of tape on front, though it is not covering a tear.

G-VG  Ref.# V1080 $85

1776 Continental Currency

"EIGHT DOLLARS" Philadelphia July 2, 1776

"This Bill entitles the Bearer to receive EIGHT Spanish milled DOLLARS, or the Value thereof in Gold or Silver, according to a Resolution of CONGRESS, passed at Philadelphia, July 2, 1776"
ƒƒ (= "The larger are in harmony with the smaller")

Printed by HALL & SELLERS 1776

This issue rarely shows up for sale !


G-VG  Ref.# V1080 $85